International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 11, Issue 8, August 2021 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
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      Dodanwalage Asela Kumar Perera

Abstract: Norwegian health care system is increasing in size and complexity to meet the various health expectations of people. Norway provides a comprehensive health care service to the population through specialist care and the primary care system. The government is responsible for specialist health care delivery while 357 municipalities are responsible for primary care delivery.

      Prianto Budi Saptono, Ridwan Andretya Cunis, Tri Handoko Sitorus

Abstract: Double taxation is a problem that often occurs due to differences in the application of taxation principles in various countries. Corporate entities will face tax payments for multiple countries. Especially Multinational Companies which have subsidiaries in numerous countries will get a high impact. Double taxation has an impact on business activities and cash flows for the Company. Various countries gathered together to formulate a treaty on the avoidance of double taxation. This treaty is to provide flexibility for business entities in operating and increasing their economic activities. Different tax relief methods are applied in each of these agreements, both for each country and the agreement article.


Abstract: The study aimed to investigate the effect of learning using the seven-cycle learning(7Es)strategy on the achievement in English language for sixth grade female students in Karak Governorate. The quasi-experimental approach was used to conduct the study. The study sample consisted of (85) female students who were randomly selected from Mahmoudiyah Basic Mixed School. The study sample was divided into two groups: an experimental group consisting of (42) students, who studied using the seven-cycle learning strategy, and the control group consisting of (43) female students, who studied using the traditional method.

      Kavita Thapa

Abstract: Human Trafficking is one of the mostly committed crime in the world for the purpose of forced labour, sexual slavery or for sexual exploitation. Nepal is one of the world’s most lucrative markets for human trafficking and women and girls make up the majority of all victims. Many are trafficked for sex work, domestic labour, entertainment sector or the illegal organ trade in India, Southeast Asia and the Gulf. Number of factors like unstable government, illiteracy, poor economic condition makes the women and girls more vulnerable to human trafficking but this pandemic has exacerbated these issues. Due to the covid-19 outbreak and subsequent lockdown affected almost all the areas.

      Vina Yuwanda, Bobby R. E. Sitepu

Abstract: Introduction: This study aims to evaluate dry eye symptoms after phacoemulsification. Materials and methods: A prospective observational descriptive study was performed with total 80 eyes with cataracts in April 2021. All participants underwent phacoemulsification. All participants were asked Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI), Dry Eye Questionnaire-5 (DEQ-5), and Standardized Patient Evaluation of Eye Dryness (SPEED) preoperatively, 1 day, 1 week and 1 month after surgery.

      Agus Tyono Amas Noer

Abstract: Through this research to provide an analysis of a policy related to international Taxation in Indonesia. After the issuance of Law no. 4 of 2009 issued by the Government has a very significant impact on the future of the economy of other countries, especially on the import of Nickel raw material, which is the main material for various businesses such as automotive and others. Other countries Producers need raw materials for Nickel and different types of minerals from Indonesia.

      Desy Farina, Ghulam Fathul Amri, Prianto Budi Saptono

Abstract: Tax revenue is a very vital thing in a country. However, it cannot be denied that there are parties who are taxpayers who try to avoid this obligation. Therefore, a country tries to pursue the tax debts of taxpayers in its country. One of the methods used to collect unpaid taxes is by means of a tax amnesty. The purpose of writing this paper is to map the countries that have implemented the program and how they got the results.


Abstract: Transfer pricing is a pricing policy for the sale of goods/services in the internal company. Transfer pricing is widely used for tax planning purposes for divisional performance measurement. PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia also conducts transfer pricing for planning purposes.

      Shweta M Patil, Nirdosh Patil, Parvati S G and Ambika Bhusange

Abstract: The synthesis and characterization of an unique tetradentate Schiff bases were presented in this report namely: 2-(4,5dihydro-1,5-diphynyl-1H-pyrazole-3-yl)phenol (HL1) and 2-(4,5dihydro-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-phynyl-1H-pyrazole-3-yl)phenol (HL2) and their copper complexes. On the basis of elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, conductivity, electronic, IR, ESR spectral data and powder X-ray powder diffraction observations indicated that for investigated complexes have been proposed octahedral geometry.

      Dr. Martha Daniel Ekpe & Dr. Eyong Emmanuel Ikpi

Abstract: The paper focused on predictive study of parents’ teachers’ association and teachers teaching effectiveness in Yakurr Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. In the course of the study, three (3) objective, research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study and the study adopted the ex-post facto research design with a population of the 1682 primary six (6) pupils of public and private primary schools in Yakurr Local Government area of Cross River State, Nigeria The study adopted the stratified and simple random sampling techniques.

      Salvilla, Remi Charlene M., Faller, Erwin M

Abstract: The coronavirus has spread around the world that it was declared a pandemic in March 2020. Millions of people have been infected, and even died because of it. Researchers and pharmaceutical companies have been working on vaccines and treatments to curb the infection. People have looked into the utilization of traditional medicines as a complementary and preventive therapy for COVID-19. Indian and Chinese traditional medicines contain ingredients that were found to have potential as complements to COVID-19 therapy.

      G. E. Jaja, O. A. Davies and V. Baatee

Abstract: For decades, saline water contamination of fresh drinkable water has been a major problem in many coastal communities in Rivers State. It is suspected that with an increase in population and industrialization, this problem is going to get worse with time. This study was therefore designed to delineate saline/fresh water aquifers in some coastal communities in Rivers State, Nigeria. To this end, Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES), employing the Schlumberger array, was carried out in twelve (12) coastal communities in Rivers State. The total current electrode spread of the sounding varied from 240m-800m. Data obtained was used to estimate the apparent resistivity of the subsurface rocks, which was plotted on a log graph against half current electrode separation spacing and then analysed to determine depth to subsurface structures and their hydrogeologic characteristic. Results obtained showed that brackish and saline water were mostly present in the study areas at depth range of 5.57m to 75m while freshwater was present in some study area at an estimated depth of 8m below the surface. Therefore, there is an overlap in the depth of freshwater/saline water aquifers within Rivers State.

      Maricar V. Maniquis

Abstract: The main thrust of this study was to determine the level of knowledge and skills in the use of data analytics in the decision-making process performed by Company Managers as assessed by the employees specifically in the areas of forecasting and planning, employee learning and development, setting-up of key performance indicators, and process improvement. The development program to improve the data knowledge and skills of the Employees and Company Managers to support a better decision-making process was the output of the study.

      Sara Zinyuk, Josiah Mwachi Waiti

Abstract: This study sought to establish aspects of written English grammar that incurred attrition due to the long closure of schools amidst Covid-19 pandemic. Kenyan secondary school students learn listening and speaking, reading and writing skills through English, the language of instruction (LOI), a second language which attrited dismally amidst the Covid-19 pandemic making educators, teachers of English and the general Kenyan public worried. Language attrition in Kenyan secondary schools was three-fold. First, as a result of declining use of English as a second language by students who changed their linguistic environment, that is students’ discontinued contact with the L2 in classroom practices.


Abstract: This study aims to characterize, to optimize, and to classify the pectins obtained from the mixtures of mango peel, passion fruit rinds, and Bambara groundnut shells wastes. A Mixture Experiments with Process Variables (MPV) design was applied. The low level of the process variables (pH and liquid/solid ratio: LSR) were set at 1.5 and 12.5ml/g respectively, the high level at 2 and 15ml/g. Citric acid was used as extracting agent in two-stepped extraction at 80°C and 60 minutes separately. The yield, equivalent weight (EW), methoxyl content (MeO), anhydrouronic acid content (AUA), and the degree of esterification (DE) of the 28 experimental points were determined.

      Dr. Shantha Wanninayake

Abstract: Foreign earning from overseas migrant workers is the second largest source of foreign earnings in Sri Lanka which has been the main factor that has driven the attention of the government towards the foreign employment migrants. However, there is a growing concern with the socio economic impact on women and their families. Hence, investigations are required on both economic and social impacts of female migration. Previous research on the impact of migration in Sri Lanka has focused mainly on economic impacts while the social impacts have attracted little research attention. Hence, this study seeks to contribute in this latter area.

      Maryam Siddiqui, Chaitali Ahuja

Abstract: A comprehensive idea of a pioneer’s life can only be established by the parallel understanding and criticism of multiple texts and forms of writing, including biographies, autobiographies and academic texts. When assessing an architect’s life, their evolution of philosophy and design methods also demand to be studied through an analysis of individual works in a chronological order. Spaced even if at gaps of a few years, their buildings present a unique glimpse into the mind of the creator and often add more meaning to the readings they are coupled with. This paper aims to study the life and works of Frank Lloyd Wright in light of the various readings that surround him, with an aim to separate the man from the myth.

      Manzi Isaac

Abstract: This study investigated the contributions of Rwanda Defense Forces (RDF) of socio-economic activities and community welfare of citizens of Rwanda the case study of Gasabo district. The study applied both qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and analysis using questionnaires and interviews. Data was collected from a total of 379 general RDF field officers and 384 community members using survey questionnaires and 5 high rank RDF officers using interview guide. The study findings revealed that the significant socio-economic activities conducted by RDF include; construction of classrooms (mean=2.5736), construction/rehabilitation of houses for vulnerable people (mean= 2.6138), houses constructed for genocide survivors (mean=2.6882), distribution of electricity (mean=2.6260), agricultural and environmental protection (mean=2.6756) and construction of Health, milk and potato collection centres (mean=2.7202).

      Rashmeesh S. Sepeya, Prof. Mridula Sharda

Abstract: Marx propagated Scientific Socialism was buzz word throughout the world in 19th and 20th century. With its success in 1917 Russian revolution, the philosophy attracted men throughout the world. However, with the collapse of Soviet Union, the world is looking for a new philosophy to guide it through the turbulent times. An important constituent of Marxist ideology was its anti- religious stance. In India, the current government of Bhartiya Janta Party is following the path suggested by Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya through his philosophy of Integral Humanism during 1960s which lays emphasis on ‘Dharma’. So, it becomes important to analyse Marx’s ideas on religion viz-a-viz, the concept of Dharma propagated by Upadhyaya.

      Elly Olomo, Jasper Okino

Abstract: Uganda is one of the countries with the fastest growing populations in the world and a GDP growth rate of 5-6% p.a. for the last two decades. The county’s Vision 2040 agenda outlines the countries aims to attain an upper-middle income status by year 2040 and among the targets set forth is the electricity generation target of 41,738 MW. Of these a significant fraction is to be generated from renewable energy sources such as hydro power (4,500 MW); geothermal (1,500 MW); solar (5,000 MW); biomass (1,700 MW) and wind. This Vision is also outlined in the country’s blueprint Renewable Energy Policy for Uganda of 2007.

      Praise Ebimaye Tangbe, Temiloluwa Ogundeyi, Border-ere Fiemotonghan

Abstract: Background: The increasing rate of Chlamydia genital infection among teens in Mississippi remains a public health concern. Aims and objectives: This study aims to examine prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and the usage of condom according to age, race, and grade.

      Adiji A.O; Ademola, A.A; Orire L.T and Adebisi A.A

Abstract: This study assessed the awareness of smallholder’s furniture and carpenter on wood biodeteriorating agents in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo state using questionnaires and interviews. Five local governments’ areas were randomly selected within Ibadan metropolis. A total of 100 copies of questionnaire were administered to the respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation. All the sampled furniture makers and carpenters were male (100%), while majority were married (85%) and within the age category of 40- 49 years (44%). Most of the furniture makers and carpenters had been into production for over 11 years (40%).

      Vivek Kumar Yadav and D.V. Singh

Abstract: Salinity is a problem of irrigated agriculture and recognized as a serious threat to crop production. “Usar” soils are extensively distributed in the northern part of India (2.5 million ha) and are characterized as alkaline and or/ saline depending on the salt contents. The vast areas of ‘Usar’ lands occurring in Uttar Pradesh, found with varying degrees of salinity and alkalinity. In Uttar Pradesh, “Usar” soils distributed in Azamgarh, Ghazipur, Mau, Jaunpur and Varanasi and many other districts covering about 1.29 million hectares. Saline/alkaline soils (“Usar”) have high ph. and undesirable salts on their surface. Increasing soil salinity, high soluble salts, sodicity and high exchangeable sodium all are serious land degradation issues worldwide. Cyanobacteria (Blue-Green Algae) are a group of primitive phototrophic, Gram-negative and prokaryotic microbes occurring in a wide range of habitats including saline/alkaline soils.

      Thi Ngoc Ha Tran, Thu Huong Nguyen

Abstract: The article focuses on studying the current status of ecotourism development and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on ecotourism in Tan Cuong tea area of Vietnam. By using the SWOT model and methods of data collection, analysis, processing, field observation, survey of 200 tourists and 222 tea growing households, the research showed real results.

      Fityatul Mila, Bagyo Yanuwiadi, Amin Setyo Laksono

Abstract: Environmental conservation in Islamic boarding schools is very important. One of the efforts to conserve the environment is by building a caring attitude towards the environment. The potential environmental care attitude was applied through the Islamic approach (Ecoteology) in Islamic boarding schools. One of the Islamic boarding schools in the Malang Regency that has the potential to implement Eco-Islamic boarding schools was An-Nur 2 Islamic boarding school in Bululawang, Malang Regency.

      Faye Joy F. Delos Reyes, Dennis G. Caballes

Abstract: Education is essential for each persons personal interests as well as his role as a citizen. The utilization of instructional material is linked to the advancement of knowledge and technology while being consistent with national and educational objectives. Educators convey the subject and learners acquire it in daily tasks that become routines. Learners, of course, require engaging instructional materials as a tool for gathering information during the learning process, therefore learning materials with exciting innovations are required so that students are motivated to learn.

      D.C. Ochiegbu

Abstract: The study was conducted at Kano state of Nigeria with data from the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) using the meteorological station of Mallam Aminu international airport of Kano state. The wind direction of dust transport to Kano state indicated that the majority of the dust events blow from the North-east of Kano state Nigeria, which comes from Lake Chad that has aboundary with Nigeria. The back trajectory also confirmed that most of the dust to Kano comes from the North-east of Nigeria. The dust transportation and mobilisation to Kano state are easy due to the fine nature of the sediments. This harmattan dust mobilisation and deposition are naturally controlled especially by the meteorological factors completely away from the human influence. The effects of these winds are obviously felt in the homes, offices, schools, due to the widespread of the air-borne dust that covers beds, tables, chairs, cars and mostly all available surfaces.

      Muwanga ALLAN and Ru Guo

Abstract: Sustaining energy consumption and enhancing energy efficiency remain key policy issues in Uganda. This paper employs a stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to analyze the determinants of household energy consumption and efficiency in Uganda. The study utilized data collected from 344 domestic energy consumers in Uganda. Stochastic energy frontier results indicate that mean electrical efficiency for domestic electricity consumers was 74.5 percent.

      Khadija Namasaya, Dr. Ruth Simiyu and Dr. Ferdinand Nabisw

Abstract: Despite the extensive efforts made by the United Nations and other agencies to achieve a food secure world, food insecurity remains a major issue in poor countries. Developing countries around the world are still suffering from hunger, forcing their governments to seek outside assistance, but the relief has only been transitory in the best-case scenarios. Kitui County is one of Kenyas worst-affected regions in this regard, and the situation could have a variety of consequences for ECD students. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of food security strategies used to enhance academic competencies of ECD children in Mutomo, Kitui County. Maslows theory of wants and the cause and effect theory of attention drove the research. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design.

      James, Nma C, Kalejaye, S. Abiola, Kparou, Hanoukoume Cyril

Abstract: Speech writing, audience analysis and speech delivery are integral parts of language pedagogy. Diverse studies exist on speech writing, however, a paucity of studies exists on audience analysis and speech delivery. Therefore, this paper validated audience analysis and speech delivery skills of selected secondary school students in Ogun State, Nigeria. Descriptive Survey research design was used and population of the study comprised three purposively selected Senior Secondary Schools students in Ikenne Local Government Area in Ogun State. The schools were Isanbi Model Secondary School, Ilishan High School and Ikenne Comprehensive Secondary school respectively. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire which was validated through Cronbach.

      Richard Sylvester Yale, Micah Sale Pukuma, Jibril Hamman Buduwara and Ruth Sami

Abstract: Fresh vegetables are important element of human food for healthy living. Yet the use of fresh vegetables plays an important epidemiological role in the transmission of food-borne parasitic diseases. This study was conducted to identify parasitic organisms whose cysts and ova are present in vegetables, determined the prevalence of pests on vegetables and to assess the distribution and the contamination of vegetables with cyst and parasitic eggs. Three local government areas were randomly selected by balloting in Adamawa State, North-eastern, Nigeria.

      Maria Cecilia A. Mañanita

Abstract: The study aimed to assess the adequacy and utilization of instructional materials in teaching Technical-Vocational and Livelihood Subject in Obando Senior High School during the School Year 2017-2018. The respondents of the study were the one (1) teacher and eleven (11) learners in cookery and bread and pastry making of Obando School of Fisheries, and one (1) teachers and nineteen (19) learners in bread and pastry, and sixty one (61) learners in cookery of Obando Stand Alone Senior High School.

      Margono, Sularno

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify proactive and innovative leadership and implement a comprehensive work program accompanied by strengthening character education through extracurricular coaching "Hizbul Wathan (HW)" as a non-academic activity, to realize the quality of education, at the the SMA-M25, Banten. The main data collection by interview, is also equipped with observation and documentation.

      Aflintua H. Sormin, Alhabieb Amanggori, Dr.Prianto Budi Saptono

Abstract: Avoidance of double taxation is an agreement between two countries that regulates the imposition of taxes on income received by residents of one or both parties.

      Chimezie Oji, Obi Nwankokwo, Christiana Adu

Abstract: An enhanced bandwidth control platform for effective monitoring of resource utilization in corporate networks was developed based on the issues identified with corporate networks such as: no effective control of the use of bandwidth, constant attack on core applications of the institution due to users surfing sites they ought not to, no sure way to pick out the device that consumes most of the resources, a constant increase in the cost of purchasing more bandwidth to meet the demands of customers, no effective way to identify devices housing applications and sites that are a threat to the institutions, no effective way of isolating the devices consuming the data, and no effective use of bandwidth to increase the general operation of a company’s corporate network.

      Ezekiel Yonnana

Abstract: The analyses of migration patterns and rates over time the mapping of Channel Migration Zones (CMZ) and are vital geomorphologic activities for policy making and management of riparian land uses in a river valley system. In this study, an assessment of recent (2006 – 2021) Lateral Channel Migration of a segment of River Digil was conducted. The study focused on assessing the nature and magnitudes of lateral channel migration of the Digil River in the recent times, mapping out the CMZ and ascertaining the present and future implications of the channel migration process on the riparian land uses.

      Okoro, Oliver Chibuzor, Asiagwu, Ekene Catherin, Okoh-Inya Agha, Maria Eleje

Abstract: This study investigated the economic recession effect on consumer buying behaviour towards imported foods in South-East Region of Nigeria. This became necessary following the devastating effect of recent economic recession on Nigerian economy due to the global Covid-19 Pandemic.

      Judy Ntabo, Dr. Daniel Mokaya, Caroline Musita

Abstract: Cervical cancer remains a public health concern, despite availability of National policy guidelines in early detection of the disease, and prompt initiation on treatment. Screening through Pap smear test or visual inspection are the primary methods recommended for use by Ministry of Health. In Kisumu County the high HIV prevalence, coupled with cervical cancer disease threatens better female population outcomes in the region. Currently, the uptake of cervical cancer screening in female health workers in Kisumu County remains unknown. This study set out to determine the factors associated with uptake of cervical cancer screening services among female health workers in level 4 health facilities within Kisumu County.

      Dennis Otieno

Abstract: Due to water scarcity and unreliable rainfall regimes, irrigation plays an important role in the production of food worldwide. Farmers’ willingness to pay, Scarcity and opportunity cost of water, as well as financing are key determinants of sustainability of irrigation in developing countries. There is little empirical evidence to show the consequences of irrigation water pricing based on direct survey of smallholder farmers’ WTP for irrigated maize production in Kenya. This paper thus evaluated farmers’ willingness to pay for irrigated maize production using cross sectional field data with the aim of establishing the value of water used in irrigated maize production.

      Riski Hidayat, Delyuzar, M. Nadjib Dahlan Lubis

Abstract: Background: Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a rare fibroepithelial neoplasm, wherein constitutes 0.3-1% of all breast tumors. According to the WHO classification, PTs are divided into benign, borderline, and malignant. Malignant transformation is often accompanied by significant metabolic changes. In 1924, biochemist Otto Warburg and his colleagues discovered that cancer cells take up large amounts of glucose and metabolize it via glycolysis to lactic acid, then is called the “Warburg effect”. High activity of glycolysis is associated with high uptake of glucose in cells. Glucose in the metabolic process requires a specific protein carrier in order to pass through the plasma membrane of cells. This process is regulated by the glucose transporter (GLUT). Abnormal expression of GLUT-1 is associated with aggressiveness of tumor growth and poor prognosis.

      Fahmi Riskian

Abstract: Alongside with the development of science and technology, the use of information and communication technology (ICT) within an organizational environment has become a necessity in achieving institutions’ efficiency and effectiveness. Added with the major impacts on the globalization, Indonesian government has embedded digital transformation as the country’s prioritized agenda – known from the new policies and programs taken by the government. As part of the central government that helps the President, Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Information or known as “Kominfo” occupies a strategic and practical position for the implementation of digital transformation in Indonesia. However, in the real life, Kominfo’s staffs spend too much time working on administrative work, instead of the substantial ones.

      S. Gorakula, M.S.R. Bondugula, S. Patel, A. Inapanury

Abstract: Recent space developments are implementing several simpler and less expensive rocket technologies. Environmental concerns and following governmental restrictions necessitate to replace current (hydrazine-based) toxic propellants with green ones, with a minimum loss of performance. Hydrogen peroxide is a promising candidate for the future of green propellants due to its flexibility and its benign nature allows the advancement of simple, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly propulsion with sufficient performance to replace hydrazine or other high-performing toxic propellants. Consequently, this thesis is devoted for the study of hydrogen peroxide-based propellants for future space propulsion applications.

      Mushref Mohammed Qasem Saeed, Zhang Xizheng, Rasheed Abdulwase

Abstract: With the development of hotel industry, service quality and customer satisfaction have become the main part of hotels to obtain a competitive advantage, since they are the prerequisites for customer loyalty and higher profitability. Therefore, this study is based on SERVQUAL scale to measure the relationship between service quality and customer satisfaction from the perception of hotel guests in Changsha city, Yuelu District. By using a convenience sampling method, the questionnaire was distributed to 200 respondents in 6 hotels. However, data was collected from 167 completed questionnaires. The data were analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 and Smart PLS 3. Reliability and validities of latent variables were confirmed.

      Nwanne Onumah, Austine Onyia, Faith Iseguede

Abstract: Suicidal behaviors play a major role in suicidal deaths among adolescents in the United States. This study examines the prevalence of suicidal behaviors among youths in Mississippi by age, race/ethnicity, grade, and gender. Data were analyzed from the Mississippi Youth Risk Behavior Survey for 2019. The survey employed a representative sample of students in grades 9 – 12. The prevalence of suicidal behaviors among participants was adjusted for gender, age, race, and grade reference data from the CDC growth chart. Differences in the groups were examined with univariate t-test statistical analysis at p- value<0.05 and frequency distribution to determine the percentage differences.

      Aan Nurhadi, Arief Soendjoto, Rudi Fakhriadi, Nita Pujianti, Lenie Marlinae, M. Syarif Hidayatullah, Lalily Khairiyati, Agung Waskito, Noor Ahda Fadillah, Nida Ulfah

Abstract: Ambahai Village is one of the Companys operational villages located in Paminggir District, Hulu Sungai Utara Regency (HSU)..Ambahai village is the first village that has implemented the Integrated Posyandu program in 2010 from the CSR program of PT. Adaro Indonesia. The purpose of conducting a social impact study on the integrated posyandu program is to identify the important impacts of the implementation of community empowerment programs that have the potential to be a source of impact on the social environment of the community. Significant impacts that arise can be in the form of positive or negative impacts, either directly or indirectly.

      Lenie Marlinae, Danang Biyatmoko, Husaini, Chairul Irawan, Laily Khairiyati, Agung Waskito, Eko Suhartono, Syamsul Arifin, Andre Yusufa Febriandy, Raudatul Jinan

Abstract: The existing water problem does not only originate from household waste, but also comes from floods, mining, and also wetland areas. At the time of a disaster, the availability of water is very crucial. The need for clean water for daily needs such as drinking, bathing, cooking, washing and so on is very difficult to fulfill in the midst of a flood disaster. In addition, mining involves a process that uses an open mining system involving a lot of heavy equipment for excavating the ground or using blasting. This results in the loss of the shape of the earths surface resulting in a decrease in environmental quality. One of the impacts of the mining process is the emergence of Acid Mine Water (AAT).

      Kalejaiye, S. Abiola

Abstract: Politicians, in legitimising their ideologies exploit language. They consciously produce specific kinds of speech acts in order to covertly authorise their beliefs and persuade their audience. A plethora of studies exist on propositional meanings in Nigerian political speeches nonetheless a paucity exists on utterance meanings in foreign political speeches and on discordant concept of Religion and politics. Therefore, this paper investigated the kinds of speech acts Obama employed in legitimising his ideology about religion in his 2006 political speech titled Faith and Politics.

      Zrakpa Melaine OUOYA

Abstract: Poverty and vulnerability to poverty are two concepts measuring the same economic reality at different time horizons. While the first is measured ex-post, the second relates to an ex-ante measurement. We first attempt to identify the different approaches of poverty analysis. From the work of Ruggeri Laderchi et al. (2003) on the multidimensional approach to poverty, Carr (2008) traces an intermediate path between the absolutes of universalizing approaches and the tendencies to atomize basic approaches to the understanding of poverty / poverties. He thus assigns a role to local knowledge, external expertise and the practitioners development perspective to build the basic critical approach to development

      Ria Rizki Kusumasari, Sri Sundari

Abstract: Background: Patient satisfaction is an important goal in the health care system and the length of waiting time is a sensitive matter because it can cause a decrease in the quality of health services in hospitals. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect and causes of length of waiting time of patients in the Emergency Room. Subjects and Methods: This research method is a mixed method with an exploratory sequential approach. The data was collected through interviews and surveys using questionnaires, patient internal transfer sheets, and handover sheets for inpatients. The analysis of the data used content analysis method and SPSS software.

      Pham Thi Kieu Oanh, Dinh Thi Lien

Abstract: Nowadays, the significance of cooperative learning inside the classroom to students who study language is undeniable. This study is conducted to examine the effect of literature circle technique in cooperative activities inside the classroom of English-speaking lessons for students at Class 10A4, Thai Nguyen High School, Thai Nguyen City, Vietnam. Particularly, the researchers aim to explore a) the current state of cooperative learning at grade 10, Thai Nguyen High School, b) the struggles that English teachers at Thai Nguyen High School experienced when holding cooperative activities inside the classroom, d) attitudes of the students and teachers when organizing and working with literature circle technique in speaking lessons.

      Mr. Kalpesh Kumar

Abstract: Adolescence has been considered as a period marked with identity crisis. The adolescent crisis of ego identity versus role confusion, when resolved, enables individuals to integrate all the images about oneself into a personal identity and consolidate various roles one has to play. As part of one’s overall health, mental and emotional health or well being is a necessary condition to enable one to manage one’s life successfully.

      Abdo Wudad, Dereje Biru, Ashenafi Darcho, Endris Mohammed, Fekadie Bazie

Abstract: The integration of GIS and remote sensing was applied to delineate ground water potential zone by interpreting nine thematic layers. The parameters like drainage density, elevation, geology, geomorphology, land use and land cover, lineaments, rainfall pattern, slope gradient and soil texture were used for identification of ground water potential within the study area. The parameters like drainage density, elevation, geology, geomorphology, land use and land cover, lineaments, rainfall pattern, slope gradient and soil texture were used for identification of ground water potential within the study area.

      Elvis Mwandawiro Mbatia, Eunice Muthoni Mwangi, Wanja Mwaura-Tenambergen

Abstract: Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (EmONC) has become a priority especially in developing countries like Kenya. However, access to obstetric and neonatal care has been hindered by lack of medical commodity, equipment’s and vaccines related to Maternal Child Health (MCH), resulting to high maternal and neonatal mortality rates. The study is anchored in the health products, vaccines and technologies pillar of a health system.

      Rahayu Asih Putri, Lidya Imelda Laksmi, Delyuzar

Abstract: Background: Urothelial carcinoma is the most common type of bladder cancer. WHO Classification of Tumors of Urinary System and Male Genital Organs 2016 classifies urothelial carcinoma based on its histological structure and cell morphology, namely, low grade urothelial carcinoma (LGUC) and high grade urothelial carcinoma (HGUC). Tumor grading should be reported because it is one of the important prognostic factors in infiltrating urothelial carcinoma. Tumor budding has been extensively studied and has been established as a prognostic factor in several types of carcinoma where it has independent predictive and prognostic relevance. Research on tumor budding is still very rarely done on infiltrating urothelial carcinoma and in Indonesia there are no published journals related to tumor budding on infiltrating urothelial carcinoma.

      Dr. Maripaz T. Mendoza

Abstract: One of the prominent features of K to 12 Curriculum is ensuring unified and seamless learning. This is done with the introduction of spiral progression and horizontal articulation. The Round Robin Scheme schedule was practiced in the Secondary Schools in the division where teachers handle subjects which are of their specialization or which they have mastered through the length of time teaching the subject to address teachers’ concern on the content of teaching and learning. This research sought to find out the perceptions of both teachers and learners through a questionnaire and a focus group discussion form the administrators.

      Prianto Budi Saptono, Gustofan Mahmud

Abstract: This study analyzes the factors that are thought to affect tax revenues. The data used in this study is panel data involving seven ASEAN countries for 2009 - 2015. The Hausman test was carried out to determine the estimation model correctly, and the results revealed that the fixed-effects model was preferred. Based on the fixed-effects models estimation results, this study finds that per capita income, the industrial sectors contribution in GDP, and trade liberalization have a significant and positive effect on tax revenue. In contrast, inflation worsens the flow of tax revenues significantly. Based on the results of this study, we recommend several policies that can be taken to increase the productivity of tax revenues by focusing on those four macroeconomic factors.

      Ali Hassan Idow, Dr. Sammy Yaah Baya, and Dr. Idah Muchunku-Mwenda

Abstract: Institutions of higher learning are experiencing rapid changes and as a result they have been challenged to adopt effective change management strategies in order to remain competitive. Effective internal communication is regarded as a vital ingredient in successful management of change as it will affect how organizational leaders engage with employees and achieve change objectives. Several scholars have established that there is need for effective communication with employees especially during organizational change.

      Alaulddin Adel Albla

Abstract: "Wireless Sensor Network, WSN) are distributed systems consisting of sensors connected by a wireless communication network. The application of wireless sensor networks is based on the use of small, cheap and multifunctional platforms that independently form an ad hoc wireless network and deliver the data collected from the sensor to the user. Wireless sensor networks are used in ecology, e-health, smart traffic and other areas. "

      Pham Thi Kieu Oanh, Dang Thi Thanh Dung, Ngo Thi Ngoc Anh

Abstract: Reading comprehension is incredibly complex to students who use English as a second language because it requires them to interpret not only the main meaning of the text but also the intention of the writer. The English learners always have to struggle to use different reading techniques to grasp the meaning of the passage. One of the most effective techniques which can help students enhance reading comprehension in English is “Chunking technique”. This study aims to investigate a) the current situation of the first-year English majors’ reading comprehension at Thai Nguyen University of Education; b) the effectiveness of using Chunking technique in order to improve English reading comprehension for first-year English students.

      Md. Aktaruzzaman Santi, Abdur Rahim

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of performance management (PM) on employee productivity in the Consumer Food Products Ltd. More specifically, the study sought to determine the extent to which performance appraisal, explore the extent to which training and development and determine the extent to which rewarding systems and contrast the extent to which feedback and coaching influence on employee productivity. In order to test four (04) hypothesis and achieve the objectives of this research structured questionnaire had been applied to gather primary data for analysis and interpretation.

      Maddumage Upeksha Swarnamalie, Jagath Rajapaksha, Jagath Gunatilake

Abstract: Duration of Sri Lankan fishing fleets has been reported as 2-4 weeks to catch the average target of approximately 2 tones per trip. However, low catch rates are caused by the uncertainty of catches due to lack of technology available to find fishing grounds. This study is focused on the impact of temperature and ocean currents at the depth where Yellowfin tuna (YFT) has been caught. Currents and temperature data at different depth levels were obtained from Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). Longline tuna catch datasets were obtained from the Department of Fishery, Sri Lanka.

      Abdul Joseph Fofanah, Saidu Koroma, Issa Fofana

Abstract: In this paper, we present concepts, theories, and overview of knowledge management in an autonomous optical networks and Lamba Architecture in cloud related environment. This study presents some illustrative cases that has been used to illustrate the potential application of KM architecture and to evaluate the various policies for the knowledge sharing and integration algorithm. Here the knowledge is used at the optical transponder system level, sharing, and integration implemented at the node level and supervising and data analytics (SDA) controller level. The KM process has been evaluated by integrating on a metro-network situation in terms of model error convergence time and the data shared among agents. Indeed, the propagation and reinforcement actions illustrated by similar convergence time than data-based policies at various phases of the network learning process without compromising the convergence accuracy of the model prediction. The Lambda Architecture is the new model for Big Data and database research focus, that helps in data processing with a balance on throughput, latency, and fault-tolerance.

      E. Radeva, R. Radev, M. Maznev, Ts.Uzunov

Abstract: Introduction: The presence of a curve limits the preparation of the root canal and can lead to procedural errors related with the formation of ledges, fracture of instruments, canal transportation or perforation of the apical foramen. Nickel-Titanium instruments are recommended to use in such cases due to their superior flexibility and resistance to cyclic fatigue. Aim: To assess the shaping ability of ProTaper Gold in preparation of moderate curved canals (25º-30º) on extracted human teeth, using x-ray.

      Juan Habib Bendeck Soto, Diana Carolina Toro Ocampo

Abstract: This paper is related to the application of the agile methodologies and learning sprints in a private university in Colombia, considering its use for teaching and learning grammar in English as a Foreign Language (EFL), allowing students to strengthen teamwork, develop autonomy to work with other peers through the designation of specific roles based on these methodologies, and learn English grammar differently. This study considered a qualitative approach and was applied in English courses from regular semesters, incorporating different topics from the current English grammar curriculum, so students could develop them with other peers from different faculties. The results and findings described that 108 students were strongly identified with applying the different methodologies in a 3-month period basis during a semester, so that it could be applied in other core topics of their careers, considering advantages and disadvantages these methodologies could derive in.

      Abdulmunm Saadi

Abstract: Adjusting the newly termed circumstances and challenges, electronic business goes through significant changes. In order for financial speculation to adapt its range of products and services through new distribution channels, new modern information technologies in the field of electronic payment are used. Products and services are provided with electronic payment that provides customer service users with a daily communication with a bank, special channel of electronic posting. There is a large number of benefits that the application of information technologies in the field of electronic business such as cost reduction, increase efficiency, innovation, mobility, etc.

      B. S. Mehta, Dnyaneshwar Talekar & Archana Gentyal

Abstract: Groundwater is one of the most important natural resources of the region which is the principal source of drinking water as well as for the agricultural activities for most of the villages in the study district. Repeated droughts are the common phenomenon of this area. This case study is carried out to determine the impact on ground water level due to various water conservation activities are being done in 110 villages of Marathwada region in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra, India by the CSR of BAJAJ group of companies since 2017.

      Arwa Aleryani

Abstract: Many companies and businesses - large and small- intend to migrate databases to the cloud in order to take the advantages and benefits of this transition. The current research aims to study and examine the readiness of the database administrator to migrate and manage the database in the cloud. The research aims to examine and find out the tasks that will be added to the responsibilities of the database administrator that she/he must perform regards this transition.

      Muhammad Husni

Abstract: Background: Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is a common cause of hearing loss in developing countries. CSOM is a disease with high prevalence, and if not treated properly, it can lead to various complications that lead to decreased quality of life and death. The incidence of chronic suppurative otitis media in multiple regions in Indonesia is still relatively high. It can be estimated that there are 6.6 million people with CSOM from the 220 million population of Indonesia.

      Unyime-Abasi I. U, Ugochukwu S.C and Okongwu M.I

Abstract: This study appraised the problems hindering effective housing budgeting practice in Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria. In order to achieve this, the challenges facing housing budget preparation, performance and other salient budget issues were analyzed, with a view to proffering workable solutions for an improved housing budget process and ultimately, housing delivery in Akwa-Ibom State. The study was conducted for a period of 10 months and during that period; the factors affecting the budget process were carefully gathered from relevant literature, interviews and personal observations.

      Odenigbo J.O., Chime T.O., Egbuna S.O.

Abstract: The thermally modified Iyi-Nsukka kaolinite clay catalyst (TMIKCCat800) was prepared and characterised by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Atomic abrasion spectrophotometry (AAS) to verify catalyst properties. Gmelina seed oil was extracted using Soxhlet extraction method using hexane as solvent.

      Odenigbo J.O., Chime T.O., Egbuna S.O.

Abstract: The comparative study of unmodified indigenous kaolin clays as catalysts for biodiesel production were investigated. The unmodified Iyi-Nsukka kaolinite clay and unmodified Ukpo Kaolinite clay catalysts were prepared, characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Atomic abrasion spectrophotometry (AAS) to verify catalyst properties. Gmelina seed oil was extracted using Soxhlet extraction method using hexane as solvent.

      Sanju Pukhraj Khawa

Abstract: Pressure ulcers are one of the most common issues among children admitted in intensive care units or those who are critically ill. There is abundant data regarding incidence and risk factors of pressure ulcers among hospitalized adults but when children literature is considered, the data is limited. There are limited evidences that support incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers in children because their anatomy and physiology is completely different from adults. Also, various guidelines and treatments taken from adult care in order to prevent risk of pressure ulcers among children does not evidence based data.

      K. A. B. Fernando, H. P. Wakkumbura

Abstract: Antenatal care is a preventive health care system that is mentioned in Ayurveda as Garbhini Paricharya. Acharyas have advised Garbhini Paricharya in classical texts of Ayurveda for pregnant women more than thousands of years ago. This study was aimed to analyze the Masanumasika Garbhini Paricharya, to understand its clinical importance and to promote the health of mother with fetus. Literature review was carried out in Brihatrayee (Charak Samhita, Susruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita) and important Ayurveda classics for Prasuti Tantra (Kashyapa Samhita, Harita Samhita and Ayurveda Prasuti Tantra and Stree Roga). Searched keywords were Garbhini Paricharya, Masanumasika Pathya, Garbhopaghatakara Bhavas and Garbhasthapaka Dravyas.

      Catherine Ruiz

Abstract: Current water distribution systems are not very sustainable, including a lack of maintenance, the lack of attention to stormwater and runoff, and inadequate purification methods. However, the Inca engineers of the 11th century were able to keep water clean and reduce waste with limited resources. Part of this had to do with their focus on and their need to work with nature instead of against it when designing and constructing. This is something that is often overlooked today, where many times designers aim for the cheapest and simplest solution instead of the most sustainable, environmentally-friendly, and safest. This paper presents research on issues with current water engineering practices as well as potential solutions through ancient engineering.

      M. Aldi Rivai Ginting, Akhyar Hamonangan Nasution, Soejat Harto

Abstract: Introduction: Assessment of intravascular volume are essential in improving the patients condition during critical care, but no single standard examination is ideal.2 Sonographic examination is emerging as a potential non-invasive diagnostic tool for assessing intravascular fluid status by measuring IVC diameter.3

      Peter Gitau, Wanjugu Wachira, David Gichuhi

Abstract: Despite allocation of huge Constituency Development Fund (CDF) amounts to the education sector, many projects had stalled and others failed to kick off despite availability of funds. This study therefore sought to examine how risk mitigation affects the completion of CDF secondary school projects in Mwea Constituency. Specifically, the study sought to assess risk mitigation practices, determine project completion and establish the effect of risk mitigation on the completion of CDF secondary school projects in Mwea Constituency. The current study employed a descriptive survey design.

      Dipti Ashish Bhavsar, Dr. Kezia Njoroge, Ms. Lillian Muiruri

Abstract: The World Health Organization recommends a focus on the six building blocks of a health system in order to strength health systems. The focus of this study was medicines, vaccines and technologies, with rational use of medicines of the psychotropic variety being the area of interest. An equity, quality, affordability and efficiency of the health care system hinders due to inappropriate use of medicines. It is evaluated that, in low-income and middle-income countries, 80% people with genuine mental issues do not get the treatment that they require. Lack of access to psychotropic medicine may be attributed to irrational use of these medicines and is seen to lead to inflated treatment costs, mortality, and morbidity and may be reason for undesirable drug reactions or discouraging psychosocial impact.

      Gresshma Bharathan

Abstract: With rapid digitalization currently taking place in India, young Indian adults have been heavily relying on digital media for entertainment content that discusses unconventional topics and resonates with their mindset, which traditional Indian TV programs often fail to do. This change in viewing habit coincides with marketers looking for new marketing communication tools to cope with the changing advertising landscape. This change can be attributed to the ailing effectiveness of traditional advertisements due to clutter, technology-enabled ad-zapping which is accompanied by declining attention paid to advertisements and increasing defensiveness of consumers towards ad-persuasions. Branded web-series are produced or co-produced by the brand themselves and hence, the narrative is centred around the brand.

      Mrs Pusparani Loitam

Abstract: Pain is a stressful experience that is considered to be a global health problem, and children are the most vulnerable and under-served population. Intravenous cannulation is a distressing and painful procedure for patients. It causes moderate or severe pain in a substantial number of children.There are numerous pain reduction methods for children undergoing venipuncture, these are not widely used due to the increased time it takes for implementation or their cost and availability in medical offices/hospitals.

      Daniel Kayijuka

Abstract: Sustainability is the motive of any development project layout, when not attained all the energy used seems like wasted. The outcomes of a project depend really on the commitment of the participants of the project. The overall objective of this research was to identify the relationship between beneficiary participation and project sustainability in the Community-based Watershed Management in Kirehe. This study aimed at searching about the project targeted community participation in the planning, implementation of the KWAMP looking and aiming at finding if this project was or will be sustainable.

      Enkhtaivan Batzaya, Prof. Wang Rongchang

Abstract: The mаin chаllenges аnd threаts in the field оf wаter suррly оf Mоngоliа аre the use оf wаter-cоnsuming technоlоgies, imрerfectiоn оf technicаl аnd ecоnоmic tооls оf wаter regulаtiоn аnd wаter distributiоn, glоbаl аnd regiоnаl climаte chаnges. The relevаnce оf reseаrch оn wаter resоurces аnd wаter use рrоblems is increаsing аll оver the wоrld in relаtiоn with the grоwth in ecоnоmic аctivity аnd glоbаl climаtic chаnges. Such studies аre esрeciаlly relevаnt fоr аreаs with limited wаter resоurces. Rаinwаter hаrvesting is аn innоvаtive technоlоgy used tо cоllect rаinwаter frоm rооfs аnd оther аbоve-grоund surfаces fоr subsequent use.

      Enkhtaivan Batzaya, Prof. Wang Rongchang

Abstract: The mаin chаllenges аnd threаts in the field оf wаter suррly оf Mоngоliа аre the use оf wаter-cоnsuming technоlоgies, imрerfectiоn оf technicаl аnd ecоnоmic tооls оf wаter regulаtiоn аnd wаter distributiоn, glоbаl аnd regiоnаl climаte chаnges. The relevаnce оf reseаrch оn wаter resоurces аnd wаter use рrоblems is increаsing аll оver the wоrld in relаtiоn with the grоwth in ecоnоmic аctivity аnd glоbаl climаtic chаnges. Such studies аre esрeciаlly relevаnt fоr аreаs with limited wаter resоurces. Rаinwаter hаrvesting is аn innоvаtive technоlоgy used tо cоllect rаinwаter frоm rооfs аnd оther аbоve-grоund surfаces fоr subsequent use.

      Amel Mohamed Kriw

Abstract: Workforce diversity occurs when there is a wide range of people with different histories, different nationalities and ages. Diverse and inclusive organizations bring innovative results. Technological industry still struggles with diversity and inclusion, often failing to attract diverse talent due to problems integrating in the workplace. For organizations that want to shape their diversity and inclusion programs and policies, change can be challenging and rewarding. Most companies make changes to bring business value, and many who launch diversity and inclusion initiatives state that companies with more diverse teams outperform those with a more homogeneous workforce. Studying the integration and impact of diversity, ie diversification, of human resources and their potentials in companies and companies operating in world markets, human resources are the most relevant and constitute the real strength of the company.

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