International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 14, Issue 7, July 2024 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.
July 2024 publication has started and publication will continue till 28th July 2024
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Conversion of waste heat, acquired from aerial vehicles and other equipment, via specially designed thermoelectric devices, into electricity
      İnji Aliyeva
Abstract: Every year, 16.9 million flights take place from all over the world. During the flight, each of these planes produces a huge amount of waste heat due to using fossil energy. This waste heat is produced as a compulsory outcome of energy- using machines and engines. As we all know, fossil fuels account for 70% of the energy produced worldwide, and this production generates a significant amount of waste energy. This means that 35–45% of the energy in fossil fuels results in electric power, and the rest becomes heat. In order to improve aircraft efficiency, my goal is to convert the waste energy released by an aircraft's engine into electricity.

      Sharon M. Musalimwa, Dr. Stephen Asatsa, Dr. Josephine Muthami
Abstract: The study aimed at examining family functioning and mental wellbeing of married couples in Ongata Rongai Ward, Kajiado County, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were to: assess the relationship between family communication patterns and mental well-being of the couples, establish the influence of family problem-solving techniques on the mental well-being of the couples, investigate the relationship between family behavior control and mental well-being of the couples, and determine the influence of family affection on the mental well-being of the couples in Ongata Rongai Ward, Kajiado. The study was guided by the Bowen’s System Family theory.

      Shriyansh Singh, Dr. Pramit Saha
Abstract: This paper presents a comprehensive study on meta-learning techniques for the efficient fine-tuning of large language models (LLMs). The research investigates the application of meta-learning strategies to enhance the adaptability and performance of LLMs with limited computational resources. The findings demonstrate significant improvements in fine-tuning efficiency and model performance, as evidenced by statistical analyses and experimental results.

      Danilo P. Facon
Abstract: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has evolved into a critical component of business strategy, crucial for sustainable development and enhancing corporate reputation. This research evaluates CSR programs and practices among selected companies in Metro Manila, focusing on planning, implementation, monitoring, and ethical responsibilities. Through descriptive research methods and purposive sampling, data were gathered from EEI Group of Companies and R.I. Chemical Corporation, analyzing responses from managers, employees, and beneficiaries. Statistical analysis, including weighted mean calculations and ANOVA, revealed insights into CSR implementation levels and identified hindrances such as resource constraints and environmental challenges. The study underscores the need for continuous improvement in CSR strategies, advocating for enhanced monitoring, alignment with global ethical standards, and targeted investments to overcome implementation barriers. These findings contribute to the literature by providing practical recommendations to strengthen CSR impact and organizational sustainability in Metro Manila.

      Nuwan Talawitage, Sumira Ariyasinghe, Sampath Dissanayake, Wasantha Bandara, Chaminda Karunasena, Sumith Baduge, Nanditha Hettiarachchi, Gayan Kahandawa
Abstract: Harnessing the power of ocean waves holds great promise for sustainable electricity generation. There is abundant sea wave energy around Sri Lanka as an island nation. There are numerous sea wave energy harnessing techniques implemented around the world. This study delves into buoyancy-driven wave energy conversion systems, specifically focusing on the up-pumping method. We explored how different shapes of buoys—cylindrical, spherical, and cubical—can optimize energy capture. Additionally, we investigated how placing a steel buoyancy cover at different heights within each buoy affects performance.

      KALISA Hafiz, Dr. MUGIRANEZA Faustin
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of TVET Programs on youth employability in Rwanda, Case of Rwamagana TVET schools. This research was supported with employment searching theory, Human Capital Theory and Transformation Learning Theory. The Researcher employed a descriptive and correlation research designs. The participants were trainees, trainers, school managers and company owners. All respondents were 890including 600 trainees,150 trainers,15 school managers and 125 company owners.

      H.L.S. Chathurika, R. Nanayakkara, H.L. Priyanka
Abstract: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) represents a significant public health concern due to its potential to cause preventable mental retardation. Early detection through screening programs is crucial, as it allows prompt initiation of treatment before irreversible damage occurs. In Sri Lanka, the Ministry of Health has implemented a nationwide screening program using TSH assay methods (Radioimmunoassay – RIA or Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay – ELISA) to identify infants at risk. This study focuses on evaluating the challenges encountered in the CH screening program at Teaching Hospital Mahamodara (THM) and District General Hospital – Matara, with the objective of improving service delivery.

      John W. Robbins
Abstract: Water pollution is a pressing global issue, with various comical constituents in water bodies playing a significant role in public health. Fluoride impact on health is a central aspect of this debate. On one hand, fluoride plays a crucial role in dental health. It strengthens tooth enamel and is known to reduce tooth decay and cavities, making it a valuable tool in public health dentistry. Water fluoridation, a common practice, has been credited with improving dental health, particularly in communities with limited access to dental care. However, the controversy arises from the difficulty in controlling the dosage of fluoride individuals receive through water fluoridation.

      John W. Robbins
Abstract: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder with a complex genetic underpinning. While most cases are late-onset and associated with aging, early-onset AD presents a unique and often more aggressive form of the disease. A specific genetic variant, the APOE ɛ4 allele, has been established as a major risk factor for AD. This comprehensive analysis explores the influence of rare genetic variants, particularly APOE ɛ4 alleles, on the emergence and clinical manifestations of early-onset AD. Understanding the genetic factors contributing to early-onset AD is critical, as it affects individuals in their prime years, imposing substantial burdens on both patients and their families. The age of onset is a critical determinant of AD clinical presentation. In typical late-onset AD, episodic memory impairment is the primary symptom. However, a subset of early-onset AD patients exhibits non-memory symptoms, including language difficulties, visuospatial impairments, or executive function deficits.

      HLS Chathurika, R Nanayakkara, HL Priyanka
Abstract: The National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL) is the largest teaching hospital in Sri Lanka and the country final referral center consisting of 3280 beds. As biochemical tests are widely used to diagnose diseases and monitor treatments, Biochemistry laboratory plays a significant role in providing health care. The Biochemistry laboratory of NHSL receives more than 1000 tests on average per day. An error that occurs at the laboratory may cause a complete change in diagnosis and the treatment process. Therefore, the quality of service provided by the laboratory should be optimized.
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