International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 3, Issue 11, November 2013 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

All the papers will be listed in OARD latest by 30th November.
Online print version will be released latest by 30th November 2013.

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      Lusekelo Kibona, Godbless Swagarya, Michael Kisangiri

Abstract: The Tanzania telecommunication sector has witnessed fast growth in the number of mobile telephone users now served by seven cellular operators. Until February 2012, there were about 26 million mobile phone subscribers served by more than 4,000 base stations spread all over the country. Despite the many advantages brought by these systems, there is increased public concern over possible adverse health effects due to electromagnetic fields (EMF) radiated by these equipments. This paper aimed to analyze the impact of the electromagnetic radiations from cellular phones to male sperm infertility. The cellular phones with operating frequency of 900MHz and operating frequency 1800MHz were placed at a certain distance near the male reproductive organ (testis) and then electromagnetic wave radiated by the phone were analyzed by measuring the SAR of the testis. It was concluded that there is significant impact on the male sperm fertility on the exposure of the male reproductive organ to the radiations from the cellular phones at the specified operating frequencies near the testis. Several recommendations has been provided, that radiating devices should not be placed on the male pocket trouser for storage and also making calls while the cell phone is in pocket trouser (ie using headphones to receive or make a call) should be completely avoided.

      Tamer Elyan, Ebrahim .A. Badran, M. A. Abd-Allah, Abdelsalam H. Hamza

Abstract: This paper simulated a generator circuit breaker model using ATP-EMTP simulation package. The frequency of oscillations produced at current zero is reduced as the short circuit current increased. At 80 kA short circuit a resignation is happened at first current zero, while the success interruption is happened at the second current zero, at a capacitance of 8.3nF. As the short circuit current increases, more than 80 kA, the circuit breaker fails to interrupt with the small terminal capacitor, i.e. 8.3nF, 10nF and 20nF. The TRV is decreased as the value of the terminal capacitor increased. At a certain value of the terminal capacitor, the TRV is increased with increasing the short circuit current. The RRRV decreases as the value of the terminal capacitor increased. Also, at a certain value of the terminal capacitance, the RRRV decreases with decreasing the short circuit current.

      Rajesh Kumar Dubey

Abstract: This paper presents the findings of a case study of a Tribal community pursuing a green growth & livelihood strategy based on organic agriculture. Using the sustainable rural livelihoods framework, the paper identifies three different organic livelihood strategies involving varying degrees of capitals. The paper concludes that understanding the implications of these different organic strategies and their rationales is a prerequisite for policy-makers to tailor policies and programmes aiming to assist rural communities benefit from organic agriculture as a vehicle for advancing green growth & sustainable rural development.

      Tippu Junaidi, Umesh Kamble, Viraj Kalkur, Haridas Kavindra,Y.C.Kiran

Abstract: Along with the rapid development of Internet technologies, the instant messaging has become nowadays an important medium for a huge number of people to communicate with friends, family, and even colleagues while working. People who come from different corner of the world speak different native- languages. Even if the instant messaging technology is now so developed, there is a barrier to communication for people having different native-languages.

      Thilina Ranbaduge

Abstract: Currently, online learning has gained a huge recognition within the higher education context and it has become a vital need in the current society to find such improvements, to increase the level of knowledge in people. In the modern society e-learning is recognized highly where it connects the students with the learning resources limitlessly. People have introduced various Learning Management Systems (LMS) in order to overcome the problem of managing large information sources and they are currently playing a remarkable role in e-learning environments.


Abstract: IEEE 802.11-2007 Standard for wireless network classifies security algorithms into: RSNA and Pre-RSNA. Pre-RSNA algorithms are the algorithms used before RSNA. Pre-RSNA security comprises the algorithms; WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) and IEEE 802.11 entity authentication. RSNA security comprises the algorithms like TKIP, CCMP, RSNA establishment and termination procedures, including use of IEEE 802.1X authentication, key management procedures and providing mechanisms for protecting management frames.

      Dr. Jitender Kumar, Mr. Sunil Kumar

Abstract: Education includes all those life experience of a child from which he or she learns something. It is important for the teacher to recognize that every activity of the pupil whether he is aggressive, co-operative, delinquent, or in fact doing anything, he is making adjustments. The adjustment he makes may not be a good one so far as society is concerned but it is an adjustment. Its purpose is to satisfy some or the other need of the individual. The teachers are more concerned with the adjustment because the primary purpose of education is to train children for life. The process of adjustment starts right from the birth of the child and continues till his death. When the internal needs of the human beings oppose external demands, conflicts arise in mind. This creates tensions, frustrations etc, and it produce anxiety.

      Nirmala Dharmarathne, Jagath Gunatilake

Abstract: As a developing country, protecting groundwater resources is extremely essential in Sri Lanka. Landfills are one of the main sources of water pollution. The filling of the Gohagoda disposal yard, takes place at a distance about 50m from Gohagoda water intake plant. In addition, there is several boreholes located close proximity of the landfill, which used for drinking and domestic purposes. A study of composition of landfill leachate and groundwater pollution conducted at Gohagoda landfill site, which is located at north-west of Kandy city. The Leachate sampled at nine different locations of the landfill. Groundwater samples were collected using auguring at five locations.

      Maher Guerchi, Mohamed Ali Hammami, Hajer Sehli, Makram Zghibi

Abstract: The study of the designs that put across the teachers of EPS on the teaching of sports with masculine implication contributed in a meaningful way to the understanding of the problems and difficulties that go along with the teaching of football discipline for girls. The results show that teachers’ design manipulates implicitly or explicitly the strategies of lessons.To all intents and purposes, this research depicts the pedagogical practices and instructional choice that encompass intense consequences for girls. It also tempts teachers of EPS of the Kef region and other regions to reflect seriously on the sexism of the programs and the sexual division of data actually taught in schools.

      J.E Mohd Salih, A.H Adom, A.Y Md. Shakaff, M.A Shuib

Abstract: A method for real time monitoring agricultural ecosystems is described in this paper. Soil moisture content and microclimate condition are regarded as the essential parameters in various agricultural activities such as irrigation scheduling and nutrient management. For the demand of real time monitoring soil moisture content and microclimate conditions at fertigation cultivation field, this study presents the hardware development of monitoring device that contained a microcontroller, wireless communication module, two soil moisture sensors, temperature and humidity sensors. Soil moisture sensor specifically calibrated for growing medium used in the field provides volumetric water content reading during irrigation intervals.

      Dr Parveen Prasad

Abstract: Employee Engagement is an important driver in an organization to achieve its goals. Engagement is known to be manifested in an employees’ deep interest in the organization’s principles and in an inculcation of a sense of job satisfaction and commitment. In a work context, the value of employee engagement as a continuous activity to work jointly with collectively discussed inputs is known to produce positive outcomes in an organization in terms of efficiency, productivity and innovation.

      Sruthi Gopal, Sajitha C.M.

Abstract: The production of biodiesel from vegetable oils stands as a new versatile method of energy generation in the present scenario. Biodiesel is obtained by the transesterification of long chain fatty acids in presence of catalysts. Transesterification is an attractive and widely accepted technique. The purpose of the transesterification process is to lower the viscosity of the oil. The most important variables affecting methyl ester yield during the trans esterification reaction are the molar ratio of alcohol to vegetable oil, reaction temperature, catalyst amount and time. Biodiesel is renewable, biodegradable, non-toxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.

      Dr. P.S.Vinothkumar, Dr. K.N.Prasad, Dr. Basavaraj M Ingalgeri, Dr. G.Gnanamani

Abstract: Patients suffering from fever are scared about the possibility of Dengue fever during the outbreak of Dengue due to uncertain clinical manifestation. The members of the community seek treatment irrespective of their social economic status. The cost incurred for such diagnostic and treatment activities are not known. Efforts have been made to estimate such costs in this study.

      Ronald M. Marty, Ed. D, Antonio E. Pegos

Abstract: Granite tiles are expensive construction material usually use for tiling of floor. The main focus of this study was the development of synthetic granite tiles as an alternative construction material. The development and fabrication of synthetic granite tiles underwent different procedures. It started with the design and construction of molder. Based from the experimentation of the synthetic granite tiles can be fabricated in different sizes, shapes and thickness which is comparable to the existing granite tiles. During the try-out and revision period the following were observed: The proportion of pebbles resins and hardener had a relation on the drying time of the product.

      Zewdu Wondifraw, Berhan Tamir

Abstract: This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding different levels of Brewer’s Dried Grain Yeast mixture (BDGY) on the performance of white leghorn chicks. A total of three hundred twenty four day-old white leghorn chicks were grouped in to 18 pens of 18 chicks each, and randomly assigned to six treatments (control; 6% BDGY; 12% BDGY; 18% BDGY; 24% BDGY; 30% BDGY) according to a completely randomized design (RCD). Brewer’s Dried Grain Yeast mixture was composed of 80% brewer’s dried grain (BDG) and 20% brewer’s dried yeast (BDY).

      Soma Sekhar Srinivas V.K, Suresh Babu.C, Madhu Mohan Reddy. P

Abstract: In this paper we study a P-AGENTS SEASONAL JOB COMPLETION MODEL problem with seasonal job completion model. There are N-cities (N=1, 2, 3….n) and J jobs (1, 2,…q). The distance between each pair of cities is mentioned and is denoted by dij. For each city seasonal jobs have been mentioned for the agents whom they have to perform them in two seasons/periods. In the distance matrix the distance between each pair of the cities is symmetric.

      Ahmad Kainuwa, Najeemah Binti Mohammad Yusuf

Abstract: This conceptual paper titled the cultural traditions and practices of the parents as barriers to girl-child education in Zamfara state Nigeria, aimed at enumerating cultural activities of the parents in the study area that prevent them from sending their girl children to school. The paper reviews literature on how cultural traditions practiced by the parents affect the education of their girl children. The paper also examines the negative role of parents’ cultural traditions and practice on the Educational process of their girl children. The study reveals that cultural practices serve as hindrance to girl-child education and that inaccessibility of the girl-child to education makes her vulnerable to diseases such as HIV/AIDS, early marriage, denial of rights and child labor.

      Dr. Sangeeta Yadav, Sunil Kumar

Abstract: The present study aims to find out the effect of an intervention program on the opinion of secondary school teachers about disability and various disabling conditions of Bhiwani district of Haryana. The study employed pre-test, post-test field experimental design. The data was collected using an opinonnaire. The result revealed a significant positive change in the opinion of senior secondary school teachers after they were exposed to the intervention programme.

      Rehna Nalakath, M P Nandakumar

Abstract: The use of vector valued performance index as a performance measure in the design of optimal control systems has invited much attention from researchers in the field of control engineering. The problem is of practical significance as the system presents an optimal solution for multiple criteria optimal control problems. A general performance index is defined in the form of a norm which can be expressed as the sum of p¬th power of deviations of the different performance index elements from their optimal values considering individual performance measures separately.

      Sanjay Singh chandel, Rajesh Singh Baghel, A K Nigam, K K Singh

Abstract: We report a case of testicular tumor which is presented with axillary and supraclavicular mass, after confirmation of diagnosis bilateral orchiectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy with VIP regimen and radiotherapy to Para aortic region. Patient is asymptomatic now and on regular follow-up and completed 4 years of follow-up with no complications.

      Dr.Suman Dalal, Ms.Sarla Rani

Abstract: The importance of leadership cannot be overstated in an environment where the goal is that every student will achieve at high levels. In effective educational environment, leadership capacity is developed and supported at every level. Teacher’s development is another aspect of leadership. The Leadership strategy is a powerful way to help administrators and teachers embed new skills and strategies in their daily work. In building a "good school" the single most important factor is effective leadership. In the present study researchers want to find out factors which improve and affect leadership quality in secondary school teachers, and improvement in secondary schools by good leadership.

      G.G.G.M.N.Hemamali, G.R.A.Kumara

Abstract: The solar energy is an abundant, continuous and clean source of energy that can be used to produce electricity using many different photovoltaic designs. Dye sensitized solar cells based on TiO2 have drawn attention worldwide due to their low cost and easy preparation techniques compared to conventional silicon based photovoltaic devices. The objective of this work was to develop dye-sensitized solid-state solar cell (DSSC), in which the liquid electrolyte, commonly applied in photoelectrochemical cells, is replaced by CuSCN and compared the performance of the solar cells with anthocyanin extracted from grapes.

      P.Jaya prakash, B.Venkateswarlu, S.Abdul Jeelan

Abstract: Data quality is a critical problem in modern databases. Data-entry forms present the first and arguably best opportunity for detecting and mitigating errors, but there has been little research into automatic methods for improving data quality at entry time. In this paper, we propose USHER, an end-to-end system for form design, entry, and data quality assurance. Using previous form submissions, USHER learns a probabilistic model over the questions of the form. USHER then applies this model at every step of the data-entry process to improve data quality.

      Hussein Kothari, VivekchandKharwar, VipinSuthar, Mukesh Patel

Abstract: The aim of this research was to explore the possible integration of Google Glass with Brain Mapping technology towards the development of enhanced version of Google Glass that can directly mapping the brain impulses and execute commands of users.

      AmrutaNaik, PallaviAnsulkar, Dr. AbhayChowdhary

Abstract: The Glycemic index (GI) is a measure of the effects of carbohydrates in food on blood sugar levels. It estimates how much each gram of available carbohydrate (total carbohydrate minus fiber) in a food raises a person blood glucose level following consumption of the food, relative to consumption of glucose. Cane sugar requires further processing to provide the free-flowing white table sugar required by the consumer.

      Loum Janani, Drajoru Winifred

Abstract: Natural dyes from leaves of mulberry and coffee was extracted by aqueous method and used for dyeing silk using different mordants. The selected eco-friendly mordants used include; iron water, ash water, cow dung and lemon juice. Silk yarn which was not bleached was knitter into small fabrics (8 x 10 cm). The knitted fabric pieces were degummed and bleached by soaking in ash water for 24 hours and heating in a solution containing hydrogen peroxide respectively. Sodium bi-carbonate was used as a catalyst, powder detergent and sodium silicate were used as stabilizing agents. Post-mordanting method was used during the dyeing of the pretreated silk fabrics.

      Kanika Klainatorn, Supeecha Panichpathom, Ph.D., Atcharawan Ngarmyarn, Ph.D., Yawaman Metapirak

Abstract: The sector for condominiums in Thailand has rapidly increased concurrently with the rising of demand in this market. This research aims to identify DINKs preferences in order to enable the better overview of condominium choice behavior. Distance, Price, Unit Size, and Design are the basic factors for condominium preferences. However, this research using conjoint analysis to investigate other factors which may affect the preference of condominium choice for DINKs.

      Mehari Muuz Weldemariam

Abstract: The water quality of GudBahri River, an important domestic and potable water source of Wukro, has been assessed. Water samples were collected from the river along different points and analyzed for various physio-chemical quality parameters during winter. Effects of industrial wastes, municipality sewage and agricultural runoff on the river water were investigated. The study was conducted between the Kaziha and Shigar-arho including Adi-akawn. The study involved determination of physical and chemical parameters of surface water at twelve different points. The mean values of Water Temperature, Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Solids (TS), Turbidity, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Bio-chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), pH, Electric Conductivity (EC), Salinity and Chloride content were 26.030C, 1233.33 mg/L, 470.17 mg/L, 1703.50 mg/L, 9.60 NTU, 7.89 mg/L, 3.88 mg/L, 7.27 mg/L, 7.90, 672.83µs/cm,0.33PPT, 77.5 mg/L, respectively.

      Dr. Rajshekhar. D. Kerure, Dr.Umashanker

Abstract: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common bacterial infections during pregnancy. Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is a major risk factor for the development of urinary tract infections during pregnancy, and with further risk of preterm birth & pyelonephritis if untreated. So, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) in pregnant women & to isolate, identify the causative organisms; and to test the antimicrobial susceptibility of isolated pathogens.

      Pratibha Patanwar, KKN Sharma

Abstract: There are about 1.2 billion adolescents, a fifth of the world’s population, and their numbers are increasing. Hence, it is essential to assess their nutritional status. Objectives: 1. To assess the nutritional status of adolescent girls and 2. To identify the correlations between socio-demographic characters and nutritional status among them.

      Olaide Ismail Aro

Abstract: The end of 2011 general election in Nigeria results to mass recognition of another set of militant popularly called Boko Haram. These set of militant during the cause of prosecuting their objective have destroyed properties worth Billions of Naira, killed thousands of innocent people and add to religious misconception in Nigeria. It should be noted that the scope of this paper were not restricted to Boko Haram matters alone because the present writer belief that certain factors that applied to other groups that had emerged in Nigeria also laid foundation for emergence of Boko Haram. As a result of the above fact, militancy instigating factors as well as the effect of Boko Haram’s means of prosecuting their objective along with way forwards toward avoidance of future insurgency are object of discussion here.

      Nidhi Singh, Anurag Vijay

Abstract: - The present Article is an attempt to analyze the scheme of Separation of Powers as envisaged under the Indian Constitution and the difficulties faced by the three wings of the government in practice while implementing the provisions of the Constitution in letter and spirit. The author also draws a comparative analysis with the American Constitution scheme of Separation of Powers. Throughout the course of the paper various foreign and Indian cases have been discussed wherein the Courts have recognized that there is no clear straightjacket formula to determine separation of powers. Given the complexity of the democracies all over the world, overlap in jurisdiction is bound to arise.

      Renuka R., Norli I., C. K. Lee , MH Ibrahim

Abstract: Coco peat was used as biomass to produce reducing sugar with worm tea, rich with diverse microbial content, to assist sugar hydrolysis biologically. The aim is to determine the morphology of bacteria and ability to breakdown cellulose. Comparison of water and dilute acid pretreatment to produce reducing sugar from coconut peat at different pH was also studied. The bacteria were found to be Bacillus pumilis, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus spp, Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus fumigatus. All of them were investigated for starch hydrolysis test and cellulase clearance zone for breakdown of amylase and cellulase. Sugar yield was recorded the highest for acid pre-treatment and worm tea hydrolysis at 7.94 Brix%, pH 9. These results indicated that compost tea has great potential in bioethanol production.

      Dr. G.Nirmala &K.Uma

Abstract: The current widespread use of location-based services and Global Positioning System technologies has revived interest in very fast and scalable fuzzy shortest path queries. We introduce a new shortest path query type in which dynamic constraints may be placed on the allowable set of edges that can appear on a valid fuzzy shortest path (e.g., dynamically restricting the type of roads or modes of travel which may be considered in a multimodal transportation network).

      Mrs.N.Neelima, Ms.S.Sri Lakshmi, Mr.T.Jaya Vardhan

Abstract: A Real-Time accident prevention system has been proposed in which the drowsy condition of the driver can be detected and appropriate action will be performed for each condition automatically. There are different ways to detect drowsiness one of them are using camera that points directly towards the driver’s face and monitors the driver’s eyes in order to detect fatigue. We have developed a drowsy driver detection system using Brain Computer Interface ,the system deals with EEG Signal obtained from the brain ,when rhythms are plotted on PC we can see the fluctuations of rhythms when subject is falling to drowsy or deep sleep in accordance with a appropriate voltage under normal condition and drowsy condition are read on software application, using these voltage under two states we have developed a warning tone for drowsy driver.

      Sumegha Sakhreliya, Neha Pandya

Abstract: Vehicular Ad-hoc networks (VANETs) are very likely to be deployed in the coming years because of the safety requirements and thus become the most relevant form of mobile ad hoc networks. Security is the main issue in VANETs because of the main use of the VANETs is for safety related application and in that case the viability of the security may cause harm to human lives. In this paper, we address the security issues of this networks and the methods are used to solve the security issues and its consecuses overhead in VANETs.

      Alok Jha, Ramasare Prasad

Abstract: The stereoselective oxidation of an unreactive alkane C-H bond is most often carried out by monoxygenases or oxygenases including dioxygenases which use iron as a cofactor and constitute a family of enzymes, e.g. Redox enzymes. A dioxygenase is an enzyme which incorporates both the atoms of molecular oxygen into kinds of substrates. The oxidative transformation reactions are common reactions during fruit ripening and Abscisic acid biosynthesis in strawberries. The main substrate of 2-OG (orthoglutarate) dependent dioxygenases is glutarate which is converted in succinate during flavor biogenesis.

      N. Latha and M. Ramachandra Mohan

Abstract: A survey of the occurrence of fecal indicator bacteria (total coliform TC, fecal coliform FC) in Kengeri lake was carried out during the period of 3 years (Jan 2005 to Dec 2007) using membrane filter (MF) technique. The study was implemented to assess the hygiene of water quality in order to give an indication about the actual magnitude of fecal pollution post the discharge of domestic sewage discharge. The total coliform was high in April, may and low in September while fecal coliform was high in June, July and September and low in April.

      Dr G Gnanamani, Dr K N Prasad, Dr Basavaraj M Ingalgeri, Dr P S Vinoth kumar

Abstract: Dengue fever is one of the major health problem and leads to death in few cases. It is an emerging disease of tropical and sub-tropical regions, affecting urban and semi urban areas. Eight cases of dengue fever were reported to our hospital from semi urban area of Pondicherry, so an insight investigation was carried out.

      Sukhada Aloni

Abstract: Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) framework for diverse collection of medical images of different imaging modalities, anatomic regions with different orientations and biological systems is proposed. Organization of images in such a database (DB) is well defined with predefined semantic categories; hence, it can be useful for category-specific searching. The proposed framework consists of machine learning methods for image pre-filtering, similarity matching using statistical distance measures, and a relevance feedback (RF) scheme.

      Mangwiro Magodora, Kisswell Basira , Precious Sibanda

Abstract: A steady incompressible boundary layer flow over a permeable vertical plate in the presence of a chemical reaction and wall suction is investigated. The governing fluid flow equations are transformed into a set of coupled ordinary differential equations with the help of similarity transformations and solved using asymptotic approximations in the presence of large buoyancy to obtain closed form solutions of the skin friction, Nusselt and Sherwood numbers.

      Yuet-Meng Chin, Puteri J Noor, Azli Ismail, Mohd Fadly Md Ahid, Zubaidah Zakaria

Abstract: Cytogenetic abnormalities at diagnosis are important prognostic indicators in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML is categorized into 3 risk groups according to cytogenetic abnormalities; favorable, intermediate, and unfavorable. A new cytogenetic risk group called the monosomal karyotype (MK) had been identified in AML with unfavorable-risk cytogenetics. The MK was reported to be associated with a dismal prognosis. The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze the type of chromosomal abnormalities found in adult AML patients with MK at diagnosis.

      Rachna P. Gajre, Dr. Leena Ragha

Abstract: Although various Automatic Image Registration methods have been proposed in past few years, several drawbacks avoid their common use in practice. The recently proposed scale invariant feature transform approach has already revealed to be a powerful tool for the obtaining keypoints in general but it has a limited performance when directly applied to remote sensing images. In this paper, we are comparing work done on image registration methods on basis of technique used to register the images.

      Pratiyush Guleria

Abstract: This paper presents a DNA Computing potential in areas of encryption, genetic programming, language systems, and algorithms. DNA computing takes advantage of DNA or related molecules for storing information and biotechnological operations for manipulating this information. A DNA computer has extremely dense information storage capacity, provides tremendous parallelism, and exhibits extraordinary energy efficiency. DNA computing devices could revolutionize the pharmaceutical and biomedical fields. It involves application of information technology to the management of biological information. DNA Computing is brought into focus mainly because of three research directions.

      Sanskriti Pahinkar, Harshita Negandhi

Abstract: In today fast growing world, efficiency and speed plays an important role. Asynchronous design has been proposed to overcome various problems incurred due to synchronous architectures. This thesis starts with comparing synchronous and asynchronous designs and further describes different asynchronous process designs.

      M.Sirisha , Sanjeeva Rao Sanku

Abstract: An adaptation process is described to adapt a ranking model constructed for a broad-based search engine for use with a domain-specific ranking model. It is difficult to applying the broad-based ranking model directly to different domains due to domain differences, to build a unique ranking model for each domain it time-consuming for training models.

      Mohammad Aneesh, J.A Ansari, Ashish Singh, Kamakshi, S.S Sayeed

Abstract: In this paper, S-shape microstrip patch antenna is investigated for wideband operation using circuit theory concept based on modal expansion cavity model. It is found that the antenna resonates at 2.62 GHz. The bandwidth of the S-shape microstrip patch antenna 21.62 % (theoretical) and 20.49% (simulated). The theoretical results are compared with IE3D simulation as well as reported experimental results and they are in close agreement.

      Shameer V. Hameed, Shameer K. M.

Abstract: Power plant condition monitoring systems are pervasive around the industrial space of mechanical systems due to the ever-increasing demand for improved reliability and fail proof operation. Much of the downtime can be obviated with proactive maintenance by measuring vital machine parameters to discover imminent failures. The condition of the turbine and the generator are monitored using the characteristic signatures present in the Acoustic Emanations generated by the vibrating components of the reciprocating parts.

      Krishnasree V and Andallu B

Abstract: Methanolic extract (Me) of vanilla pods and commercial vanilla, hexane (He), benzene (Be), ethyl acetate (Ea), n-butanol (nBu) and aqueous (Aq) fractions of methanolic extract of vanilla pods and commercial vanilla essence were analyzed for radical scavenging activities viz. DPPH radical, hydroxyl radical, superoxide radical and nitric oxide radical scavenging activities to screen the best fraction of the methanolic extract (Me) of the samples that posses the highest free radical scavenging activity. All the fractions and methanolic extract of both the samples have individualized and concentration dependent activities.

      N.H.S.Ray, M.K.Mohanty, R.C.Mohanty

Abstract: Currently, much of our biodegradable wastes such as kitchen wastes, agricultural wastes & animal wastes are used to produce Biogas, a powerful greenhouse gas. Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a treatment that composts these wastes in the absence of oxygen, producing a biogas that can be used to generate Heat & Power. Producing renewable energy from our biodegradable wastes helps to tackle the energy crisis. It is effectively a controlled and enclosed version of the anaerobic breakdown of organic wastes which releases methane. AD produces a biogas made up of around 60 per cent methane and 40 per cent carbon dioxide (CO₂).

      Anwar Daud, Arif Atul Mahmudah Dullah, Anwar Malongi

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the risk management of Cadmium (Cd) for people who consumed Leiognathus sp., Portunus pelagicus, Anadara sp. and Penaeus sp., from Tallo River in Tallo Village of Makassar City, Indonesia. Observational study was used by appliying environmental health risk assessment approach. The Cadmium levels in Leiognathus sp., Portunus pelagicus, Anadara sp. and Penaeus sp, were measured with the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Perkin type 210 Germany. Ninety six (96) respondent’s body weight, consumption rate and exposure time duration were analyzed quantitatively to calculate the risk quotient (RQ). Result implied that the risk quotient value due to Leiognathus sp. consumption was 0.1655 (for a level of 0.00048 mg/gram).

      Parveen Kumar

Abstract: In the present article I would like to stress on the potential research agenda for lasting reforms in the area of computational fluid dynamics. On the theoretical frameworks, I have tried to propose that a scope for lots of research is needed in this area of stretching sheet in fluid dynamics. On the basis of varied problem domains carried out in various researches in the past, I have proposed to divide this field into segments namely flow past a stretching sheet, magneto hydrodynamic flow, mixed convection flow and mass transfer flow. These areas have potential applications in industries which have made them important contributor for the progress of the society.


Abstract: Improving the conditions of the underprivileged and backward has been the major issues while forming the policies of India as a welfare state. The target is children in many policies, acts and also in schemes. The Government of India started Mid-day meal (MDM) scheme in the government primary schools with the objective of improving health of the poor children. In addition, Right to Education implemented in April 2010 to enable these children the education starting from the age of 6 up to the age of 14 years. Though the quality has been gaining importance in all domains, yet, in both the quality factor seems to be missing. The paper will bring out the quality issues related to these two (Mid-day Meal scheme and Right to Education Act, 2010.

      Alka Thakur, Dr.Sulochana Wadhwani, Vandana Sondhiya

Abstract: Induction motor is mostly utilized in industrial application due to its favorable, economical and technical reasons. It has been observed that during the operation of drive system, motor faces different types of abnormal condition which in turn create various types of faults and failures in machine thereby affecting the production system. Hence to avoid such faults health monitoring of induction machines have become necessary. Different techniques are used for motor health diagnosis. Basically this techniques are classified into model based technique, signal based technique and soft computing technique. By using these techniques motor can be prevented from various catastrophic failures which in turn increase the efficiency and production. This literature presents a review of various techniques used for fault diagnosis.

      Bannor K. Antwi-Boasiako, Kwasi Preko and Kenny. M. Graham

Abstract: Magnetic susceptibility measurements and chemical analysis were performed on samples of water taken from the academic and residential areas of the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) campus, Kumasi. The aim of these measurements was to see if water delivered through metallic pipes was clean. Magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed using the Bartington MS2 magnetic susceptibility meter, with MS2G single frequency sensor and the chemical analysis was performed with the Varian SpectrAA 220FS Atomic Absorption Spectrometer.

      Mohamad Johdi Salleh , Muhammad Hatta

Abstract: The main focus of the study is to analyze the principal management of school mission and instructional programs of secondary schools in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The framework of the study is based on the models by Dwyer (1984), Hallinger and Murphy (1985), and, Latip (2006). Data was collected using survey methods and the questionnaires are the main tool of the study. Questionnaires used were the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) that had been adopted from Hallinger and Murphy (1985). One hundred and sixty three teachers and twelve principals of twelve public secondary schools in Banda Aceh were chosen as the respondents of the study.

      A.L. Rantetampang, Alimin Maidin, Muhammad Furqaan Naiem and Anwar Daud

Abstract: The use of biomass indoor Honai (traditional house) in Wamena have been conducted for several decades and become a traditional habit of Honai occupants. Since air temperature at night in Wamena Regency is cold the inhabitans burn the Kasuari woods to warm their body. As a result, they continuously inhale the Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) and Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) and some contaminated air in Honai room daily which may lead to varies illnesses. This study aimed to investigate the SO2 and NO2 contaminated Honai indoor air, record the air contaminated inhalation rate and lung vital capacity among the honai occupants at five villages in Wamena regency. Samples were collected from 15 Honai before and after the honai modification by recording the SO2 and NO2 levels.

      P.Jayachitra, Dr.A.James Albert

Abstract: This paper studies the optimal control of an N-policy M/Ek/1 queueing system with server breakdowns and multiple vacations. The server is turned on when N units are accumulated in the system. The server is turned off and takes a vacation with exponential random length whenever the system is empty. If the number of units waiting in the system at any vacation completion is less than N, the server will take another vacation.

      Mohd Saleem, Matloob Ullah Khan, Dr. Sadaf Siraj

Abstract: The main objectives of this paper are to trace the emergence and importance of interest based banking and it impact on socio-economic environment. The impact of interest based banking system was focused and analyzed with best efforts and also tries to define the working mechanism of Interest based system. How interest and banking system affects the society and how it propelled the society to go to hazardous situation? How do the lives of the people get affected by this system due to which so many social evils such as depression, anxiety and even suicide are growing rapidly among the borrowers?

      Sanchita Basu, Ashish Srivastava, Abhishek Goswami

Abstract: The study of Microstrip patch antennas have made great progress in recent years. Compared with conventional antennas, Microstrip patch antennas have more advantages and better prospects. They are lighter in weight, low volume, low cost, low profile, smaller in dimension and ease of fabrication and conformity. Moreover, the Microstrip patch antennas can provide dual and circular polarizations, dual-frequency operation, frequency agility, broad band-width, feed line flexibility, and beam scanning omnidirectional patterning. In this paper we discuss the Microstrip antenna, types of Microstrip antenna, feeding techniques and application of Microstrip patch antenna with their advantage and disadvantages and the benefits of using slots.

      Dhivya Balakrishnan, Dhamodharan Shanmugam

Abstract: Multilevel converters offer high power capability, associated with lower output harmonics and lower commutation losses. Their main disadvantage is their complexity, requiring a great number of power devices and passive components, and a rather complex control circuitry. This paper proposes a single-phase seven- level inverter for grid connected PV systems, with a novel pulse width-modulated (PWM) control scheme. Three reference signals that are identical to each other with an offset that is equivalent to the amplitude of the triangular carrier signal were used to generate the PWM signals. The inverter is capable of producing seven levels of output-voltage levels from the dc supply voltage.

      Mayekar Jyoti, Dhar Vijay, Srinivasan Radha

Abstract: In this work, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures were synthesized by using zinc chloride and sodium hydroxide as the precursors at different temperatures. The ZnO nanostructures obtained were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electronic Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X ray Spectroscopy (EDAX).The ZnO powders have hexagonal wurtzite structure and nanometric-sized crystallites. The size of the particle increases as the reaction temperature is increased. An attempt has been made to find out the effect of temperature on the morphology as well as particle size and to optimize the value of temperature for stable smaller sized particles. Once the temperature is optimised effect of base concentration is studied.

      Gayathri Devi Kotapati, Bhargavi Vepuri, Mannam Venkata Deepak

Abstract: In the past years; wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have gained increasing attention from both the research community and actual users. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) are used in variety of fields which includes environmental, healthcare, military, biological and other commercial applications. The critical aspects to face concern how to reduce the energy consumption of nodes and sensor nodes are generally battery-powered devices so that the network lifetime can be extended to reasonable times.

      S. Devikala, P. Kamaraj and M. Arthanareeswari

Abstract: Using PVDF and ZrO2, polymer composites were prepared by sol gel method. Various measurements such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) were used to characterize the composites. Thermal and electrical properties of the composite samples were studied. The conductivity of composites was found to increase with increase in temperature as well as with zirconia content. As temperature increases, the polymer chain acquires faster internal modes in which bond rotations produce segmental motion.

      Barnini Banerjee

Abstract: Pulmonary nocardiosis (PN) is an infrequent and severe infection due to Nocardia spp. It is more common in immunosuppressed individual. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical features, evolution and prognosis of PN in immuno-competent hosts. The study group comprised 4 consecutive immuno-competent patients with pulmonary nocardiosis acquired in a community setting, diagnosed and followed in a tertiary care hospital. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary tuberculosis were the underlying diseases. Two patients had received anti-tubercular treatment before isolation of Nocardia spp. Clinical course was chronic and diagnosis was delayed 2 weeks or more in two out of four patients. Lobar or multilobar condensation was the most frequent radiographic pattern. The disease remained localized in the lung in all the four cases, with a trend toward chronicity in one with bronchiectasis.

      Chetan Deo Singh, Yuvraj Singh

Abstract: The addition of two binary numbers is the most fundamental and widely used arithmetic operation. This operation is used in microprocessors, digital signal processors, data processing application specific integrated circuits and many more. There are many adders designed till now. ETA is one such efficient adder which speeds up binary addition. ETA is the Error Tolerant Adder which consumes less power and delay. Design of ETA is done using backend tool under real time simulation conditions. This paper compares the performance of the ETA in terms of accuracy, delay and power consumption with that of conventional adders.

      Ahmed H.I. Elfaig, Ibrahim M. Eltom and Abdelrahim Salih

Abstract: This article focuses on studying and analyzing rainfall variability in the Sahel area with a case study from Sudan. The main objective of the article is to analysis the rainfall variation over both space and time during the last four decades. The data for rainfall variability was collected from five meteorological stations namely, Elobied, EnNuhud, Elfashir, Nyala, and Elginaina for the period 1970-2010 including four strong Elnino events. The descriptive and statistical analytical methods, the mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and Geographical Information System (GIS) have been used for data analysis. The results show that rainfall is highly fluctuated and varied over both space and time indicating a real variation in annual average rainfall values. the coefficient of variation ranges between 0.22 to 0.37 and the standard deviation ranges between 76 to 127.6 which are presented in GIS formats. Results also show a successive decade of small rainfall variatbility followed by a decade of high rainfall variability. Two positive and four negative anomalies have been found during the period 1970-2010.

      Rasna Rajkhowa

Abstract: We present particular and unique solutions of singlet and non-singlet Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov- Altarelli-Parisi (DGLAP) evolution equations in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) at low-x. We obtain t-evolutions of deuteron, proton, neutron and difference and ratio of proton and neutron structure functions at low-x from DGLAP evolution equations. The results of t-evolutions are compared with HERA and NMC lox-x and low-Q2 data. We also compare our result of t-evolution of proton structure function with a recent global parameterization. PACS No.: 12.38.Bx, 12.39-x, 13.60Hb.

      Poonam Muktawat, Dr .NilimaVarma

Abstract: The present study was made to assess the intake and preference of ready to eat food by single living male and female in Bhopal town. The study was conducted in selected areas in Bhopal town. A sample of 300 single living male and female (Widow/Widower, Divorcee, Unmarried and Separated) aged 25-45years were selected randomly for the study. The multistage stratified purposive technique was used for the selection of the sample. The developed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The data were analyzed by using chi- square, significant level. The result of the study showed that majority of single living male and female used different type of ready to eat food due to their own reason.

      M. N. Moitra

Abstract: Soil samples were collected from three different habitats at monthly intervals. Order Oribatida was the highest numerically abundant group of acrarines followed by order Mesostigmata. ANOVA indicated significant difference (p<0.05) in population density of oribatid mites among the sites. Five, eight and ten species of oribatid mites were recorded from the waste disposal site at Panga, Denguajhar tea estate and Bodaganj forest respectively. Tectocepheus velatus, Lamellobates palustris and the species of genus Scheloribates were dominant in all the sites. Species abundance distribution at waste disposal site fitted well to geometric series while log normal model appeared applicable at tea estate and forest site. Population density as well as Shannon’s index of diversity (H’) was highest at forest site. Right tailed sum diversity ordering showed following order- forest floor > tea estate > waste disposal site. Richness and evenness indices were also highest at Bodaganj forest for the higher number of species and population density. Dominance index was highest at the waste disposal site. Greater similarity was recorded between tea estate and waste disposal site. Beta diversity was a moderately high in the sampling region.

      Garima Bharti

Abstract: Since millennia India has been the land of Cultural tradition and religious value, which spreads rich and varied cultural heritage. This heritage have scattered all over the India in the form of Archaeological Monuments and sites of various type like Temples, Mosques, Churches, Monasteries, Stupas, Step Wells, Megalithic Pillars, Kos Minar, Mausoleums, Forts and Fortification, Tombs and ancient sites belonging to Pre-historic, historical and Medieval period. Among all these monuments Ajanta caves (which are located in Maharashtra state) are one of the most significant examples of Buddhist site and has been the proud of our cultural history related to 2 century B.C. to 4 century A.D. Not only its structure, painting, carving, stone work, sculptures are peculiar but also its paintings which are related to Buddhist are the most authentic example of our Buddhist Indian History. They have its own identity which told the story of its magnificent past. Yet Ajanta caves are in deterioration process but there are so many conservation work is being conducted by chemical branch of Archaeological Survey of India which are very laudable. So the main aspect of my paper is to throw some light on deterioration and conservation problems related to Ajanta caves.

      Sanjay Rambhau Salkute

Abstract: In India, prior to implementation of scheme for Lok Adalat, parties used to compromise their matter as per provisions contemplated under Order 23 Rule 3 of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908 or by any other available Traditional ways. Then ,the Lok Adalat mechanisms was introduced, consequently, amended provisions of Civil Procedure Code, 1908, and Legal Services Authority Act,1987, provided more provisions. Lok Adalat is an improved mechanism for Indian Citizens because it is based on the principles of Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi.

      Abdul Rahim Abdul Hamid, Bachan Singh and Muhammad Ammar Jamadi

Abstract: Demands on labour force nowadays increased rapidly each year as the globalization become a national core business, especially in construction sector. Construction sector provides all kind of national needs and Malaysia become a well-developed country in the world. But there is an issue where the citizens have their own demand on choosing work which they refused to work as a construction labour. However, work in the construction sector is often stigmatized with 4D (dirty, dangerous, difficult, and demeaning). Besides that, labour resources are important in ensuring the successful completion of a project. Therefore, Malaysia construction sector had been pulling factor for foreign labour migration in this country. Nowadays, the foreign labour holds the major composition of labour on construction project.

      Lusekelo Kibona

Abstract: The aim of this paper was to analyze the impact of rectangular plane ground on the radiations pattern of the monopole antenna. Several simulations have been performed where the monopole antenna with wavelength 4m was placed on top of the rectangular plane ground and then radiations pattern was obtained in terms of directivity, electric field and gain, and finally the results were analyzed and concluded that large the ground plane is, the lower the direction of maximum radiation and as the ground plane approaches infinite size, the radiation pattern approaches a maximum in the x-y plane.

      Kalpana Tripathi and Arti Saxena

Abstract: The field studies were carried out for evaluation of local, improved and hybrid varieties of rice for insect pest complex in rewa region. Study of insect pest complex was done from 2006-07 to 2007- 08. To study the incidence of various pests 16 rice cultivars five were local cultivars namely Dehula, Newari, Bhataphool, Loachai & Lohindi & six were improved varieties viz Pusabasmati, IR-36, IR-64, Vandana, IR-20 & Pusa Sugandha and five were hybrid varieties i.e. PA-6201, KRH-2, PRH-10, JRH-4 & JRH-5. The observations were made regarding the incidence of insect pests, their spread, type and extent of damage.

      Md. Abdus Salam, Md. Ejaz Anwer and Md. Safdar Alam

Abstract: The state of Bihar was reorganised on November 15, 2000 with 38 districts, 9 divisions, 101 sub-divisions, 533 blocks and 45,098 villages (Census, 2001). Bihar is the third most populous state and 12th largest state in terms of geographical area of about 94.2 thousand square kilometres (Census, 2001). It is divided by river Ganges into two parts i.e., (I) North Bihar with an area of 53.3 thousand sq. kms and (II) South Bihar with an area of 40.9 thousand sq. kms. After the bifurcation of the state, agriculture has become more important because all the rich mineral resources have gone to the state of Jharkhand.

      L. Manawadu, Manjula Ranagalage

Abstract: Air pollution has been identified as one of the silent killers in the present world as pollutants are taking lives of people without making any noise. Unlike other disasters, air pollution destroys human life gradually. People can see and people can predict when disasters occur. However, people cannot understand or cannot see when air pollution is taking place until people are seriously affected. The road transport and traffic significantly contribute to degrade the quality of air in any region of the world. This study attempts to examine the spatial pattern of Sulfur dioxide and Nitrogen dioxide in the city of Colombo using the data collected by the National Building Research Organization (NBRO), Sri Lanka from January, 2003 to December, 2005. Some socio-economic data which are used as explanatory variables for the spatial pattern of air pollutants were collected from different government organizations.

      Thakre SB, Thakre SS, Ughade SN Narlawar UW, Chavan AB, Parmar A, Dhok RS

Abstract: Association of Preventive and Social Medicine/Public Health Experts of India (IAPSM) is one of the most reputed scientific organizations. It provides a scientific forum for young professionals in public health professionals, public health practicing physicians and other allied disciplines. IAPSM holds its annual conferences at some premier established Community Medicine Department, Medical Colleges of the country. For the first time in the history of Annual National Conference of IAPSM online structured abstract submission has been introduced by the organizer of IAPSM Conference 2013 at Nagpur.

      S.Nithila, K. Priyadharshani, Y. S. G. Attanayake, T. Arani and C.D. Manawadu

Abstract: Agile software development methods have caught the attention of software practitioners and researchers worldwide. Several issues have arisen from the experience of software methodologies, including the nature of research questions that such studies address the advantages and challenges associated with being a member of the community under study, and how to maintain the rigour in data collection. A systematic review of empirical studies of agile software development up to and including 2005 was conducted. The search strategy identified 1996 studies, of which 36 were identified as empirical studies.

      Mrityunjay Choubey, R. Kumar, A. Chakraborty, J. S. Bisen , A.K.Singh, Mahipal Singh

Abstract: The experiment was initiated at the experimental farm of Darjeeling Tea Research and Development Centre, Kurseong (Darjeeling) during 2010-11 and 2011-12 to study the performance by morphological characteristics of tea clones in the nursery through vegetative propagation. The ultimate objective was to screen out the best planting material having good establishment potential in the nursery. For morphological study, cuttings were obtained from the selected mother bushes of different Tea Estates of Darjeeling. The performance of tea clones was evaluated in respect of survival percentage, plant height, number of branches¬¬ per plant, shoot and root volume, number of leaves per plant. During the study it has been observed that morphological traits such as shoot length, root length, shoot- root volume, number of leaves and branches can be used to distinguish between the camellia species. The information on morphological diversity can also be used for future breeding programmes. In this study it has been found that the highest survival percentage was obtained from old chinery plant (96.53%), followed by CP-1(96.17%), B-157(95%) and T-78(94.63). The clone T-78 perform best in respect of shoot length (60.22cm), shoot volume (30.89cc), number of leaves (39.78) and branches per plant (7.33) respectively as compare to other clones.

      Singh J.R. and Singh D.P

Abstract: In this paper we investigate the effect of non-normality and auto-correlation on the OC function of mean chart with known coefficient of variation. We synthesize the second order auto-correlation process by its three different roots. In particular, the shift in the auto-correlation structure from independent data to a random walk, this is a special case of the structural shift occurring in the process. For various values of roots the values of OC functions are tabulated with known coefficient of variation.

      Anuj Suhag

Abstract: An RLC circuit (or LCR circuit) is an electrical circuit consisting of a resistor, an inductor, and a capacitor, connected in series or in parallel. The RLC part of the name is due to those letters being the usual electrical symbols for resistance, inductance and capacitance respectively. The circuit forms a harmonic oscillator for current and will resonate in a similar way as an LC circuit will.

      Ashokkumar.R, Baskaran P

Abstract: MANETs are very popular because of its infrastructure less network. These mobile nodes serve as both hosts and routers so they can forward packets on behalf of each other. It has restricted computing resources and due to mobility of node there is much change in network topology. These restrictions raise several new challenges for data access applications with the respects of data availability and access delay. This result in lower data availability in mobile ad-hoc networks than in wired networks. One probable solution to avoid this problem is to take up replication techniques which increases data availability and decrease query response delay.

      M.D. Saravanamoorthy, R. Sivasankari

Abstract: The present study aims at examining the river bed sediments for the distribution of organic matter and toxic heavy metal in the Amaravathi River. Two sediment samples were collected at both the banks from 6 sampling stations. The samples were acid treated and the concentration of metals, like lead, copper and iron were recorded using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The total organic matter and physico chemical parameters were analysed for all the samples. Most of the heavy metals have precipitated and settled into the river bed as carbonates, oxides and hydroxides. The pollutants are deposited in association with very fine particles of silt and clay. The silt and clay act as adsorbents along with the inorganic and organic mattes.

      Vibhor Gaur, Dr. Satbir Jain

Abstract: In this paper we present a statistical method using principal component analysis and latent semantic indexing to solve the problem of word sense induction and use the generated sense inventory to perform word sense disambiguation. We use standard co-occurrence graph algorithms and word dependency matrices (context words, dependency relations) and map them to a matrix.

      Gousia Gani, Avanish Kumar

Abstract: Osmotic dehydration of carrot slices in sugar solutions at different solution concentrations, temperatures and process duration of 120min. was analyzed for moisture content (% w.b.), ash content, pH and beta-carotene. The beta-carotene content increased with increase of syrup concentration and temperature, and the ash, pH and moisture content (% w.b.) decreased with increase of syrup concentration and temperature.

      Balaji C R K, Purushothaman P K, Anandhi Lakshmanan

Abstract: Fungal rhinosinusitis is an increasingly recognized entity in both immunocompromised as well as immunocompetent patients. Aspergillus spp. is commonest of all causative fungi. A case of chronic fungal rhinosinusitis in a16-year-old immunocompetent female is reported. Presenting symptoms were bilateral nasal block, discharge, and change of voice. Initially, it was diagnosed as nasal polyposis. Microscopy and culture established the diagnosis of chronic fungal rhinosinusitis due to Aspergillus versicolor.

      A.Pasupathy, S.Nirmala, M.Raja

Abstract: The inhibitive effect of a few thiols were examined as corrosion inhibitors for the corrosion of zinc in 1N HCl and 1N H2SO4 by conventional weight loss and gasometric methods. Results obtained show that all the thiols exhibited high inhibition efficiencies. The inhibition efficiency was found to increase with increase in the inhibitor concentration. The adsorption of the inhibitors obeyed Temkin adsorption isotherm.

      G.Radha, Jija.P

Abstract: This study aims to analyse the influence of celebrity endorsement on the consumers purchase decision. The research focuses on the consumers who have shown a very different yet interesting way of recognising celebrities and stars. In a place like India where stars and cricketers are idolised and looked up to, marketers can see this opportunity promote their products and create a wider consumer base.

      Shoiab Ahmad Bhat

Abstract: Education is a decisive component of human development, and progress towards this goal will deeply influence that towards other Millennium Development Goals. Primary education is the source for high-quality skills development in numeracy and literacy, which are critical for skills development in scientific and technological education. All human beings should have the prospect to make a better life for themselves. Regrettably, too many children in the world today grow up without this prospect, because they are denied their basic right to even attend primary school.

      A.Muthuchudar, Lt.Dr.S.Santosh Baboo

Abstract: Heart attack medically known as cardiac arrest is a killer disease. It is a felt need to invent a system which saves time between the precise diagnosis and appropriate treatment to the specific heart disease. This researcher has taken up the challenge of managing to devise a system that does 3 functions in a short time.

      Jhimli Bhattacharjee

Abstract: Movements against dams not only counts high among all environmental movements in India but also in the world. India’s North East with its increased emphasis on construction of dams has also triggered number of protests in the region. This makes it necessary to delve into the issue of movements against dams in North East India.


Abstract: Within the last decade, the importance of flexibility and efficiency has increased in the manufacturing sector. The rising level of uncertainty in consumer preferences has caused many organizations to aggressively search for cost reductions and other sources of competitive advantage. The small and medium scale industries (SMIs) are the backbone of the industrialization process in developing and developed countries. They play a crucial role in increasing the country’s economy. With globalization and free trade agreements, the SMIs are under increasing pressure to adopt advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) to be competitive or simply to survive.

      Udepal Singh, Upasna Garg

Abstract: Encryption is a process of generating secrect text from the input text using a secret key and a encryption algorithm. Input text is refered to as plain text and the secret text generated is known as cipher text. Encryption algorithms are mainly divided into two categories which are symmetric key encryption algorithm and asymmetric key encryption algorithm. In Symmetric key encryption algorithm the same key is used by both sender and receiver but in asymmetric key algorithm sender and receiver both uses the different keys. In this paper, we present a technique based on symmetric key encryption algorithm which uses ASCII vales of input text to encrypt the data. Text data encryption techniques are very useful in data communication where one user want to send some secret messages to another users.

      Anuj Suhag, Rahul Dayal

Abstract: The airless tire is a single unit replacing the pneumatic tire, wheel and valve assembly. It replaces all the components of a typical radial tire and is comprised of a rigid hub, connected to a shear band by means of flexible, deformable polyurethane spokes and a tread band, all functioning as a single unit. The Tweel, a kind of airless tire, though finds its generic application in military and earth moving applications due to its flat proof design can also render the pneumatic tire obsolete in domestic cars.

      Ashok D. Sagar, Radhakrishnan M.Tigote, Kishan P.Haval, Yuvraj P. Sarnikar, Sunil Khapate

Abstract: Phosphonitrilic chloride was found to be an efficient reagent for the preparation of 1,5-benzodiazepine derivatives of o-phenylenediamine and ketones. This method is an easy, rapid, and high yielding reaction for the synthesis of 1,5-benzodiazepine derivatives. The remarkable advantages offered by this method include green and reusable catalyst, mild reaction conditions, fast reaction rate, and excellent yield of products. This novel methodology maintains atom economy and an environmentally friendly approach.

      Manisha B. Patel, Rajesh S. Patel

Abstract: A study of callus induction of Tecomella undulata was conducted using a various concentrations of PGRs namely cytokinins such as BAP and KIN and auxins such as 2, 4-D, NAA and IAA. Internodal explants were aseptically cultured on MS medium supplemented with differ¬ent concentrations (1.0- 3.0 mg/l) of BAP, KIN, 2, 4-D, IAA and NAA. After two weeks callus was formed at the cut surface of the explants. The highest number of callus forming was obtained from explants cultured on the medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/l in 2.5mg/l 2,4-D alone were the induced calli were ceramish white in colour and structurally friable.

      Sheetal Marawar

Abstract: Performance Appraisal is the method of evaluating the behavior of the employees in the workplace, normally including both quantitative and qualitative aspect of the job. How the employee is performing, how the employee can develop, what the superior can do to make it happen and how the job is going.

      Kumara Swamy, Manjulatha Veluri

Abstract: In this paper, an active integrated antenna (AIA) system is proposed for mobile and wireless communication devices. The AIA system consists of a microstrip patch antenna and a low noise amplifier (LNA), which are integrated together with a matching circuit and printed on an FR4 PCB circuit board. The system is designed, analyzed, and optimized by targeting to satisfy the design specifications for both the microstrip antenna and the LNA in terms of the industrial parameters.

      Gaudencio M. Alaya-Ay, Jr, Rolando C. Cuizon, Nida O. Branzuela, Cherilyn M. Romarez, Concordia S. Talaid

Abstract: The Maranaos are practicing rido, a long time bloody culture wherein their families since in the past fought among themselves because of some feuds which greatly affected their plans, ambitions, and dreams in life. This knowledge led to determine the impacts of rido culture among the Maranaos specifically to their contemporary educational aspirations. The study also directed to answer the questions on the causes and modes of rido settlement as perceived by the secondary teachers, parents, and students and was conducted in the municipality of Balo-i, Lanao del Norte, Philippines, SY 2012-2013.

      Gaudencio M. Alaya-ay, Jr, Milagros B. Basang, Amparo P. Fernandez, Farida Gracia B. Sabaduquia, Teresita B. Sambo, Concordia S. Talaid

Abstract: The implementation of peace education is practically a fulfillment of once aspiration in the quest for positive social changes. The educators who are the linkages for such function are having the possibilities in the attainment of a favorable place to live in. Hence, they are the most important elements in the quest for a serene situation then are tagged as ambassadors of goodwill. Being tasked about promoting peace, with no doubts they used the materials available, applied some teaching strategies, and invited personalities and agencies as advocates of the desired utopian environment.

      Suneetha Bobbillapati, A.Jhansi Rani

Abstract: In this Review paper, it is intended to summarize and compare the methods of automatic detection of brain tumor through Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) used in different stages of Computer Aided Detection System (CAD).In particular, Image Acquisition, preprocessing and enhancement, segmentation steps are studied and compared. In Preprocessing and Enhancement stage, medical image is converted into standard format with contrast manipulation, noise reduction by background removal, edge sharpening, filtering process and removal of film artificates. Segmentation determines as the process of dividing an image into disjoint homogenous regions of a medical image. The amount of resources required to describe large set of data is simplified and selected in for tissue segmentation.

      Adil Bashir, Sama Qazi, Shoeib Amin Banday, Liyaqat Nazir, Bisma Shah

Abstract: The mobile phone technology like Dual Tone Multi Frequency (DTMF) and Global System for Mobile communication (GSM) have pushed us to control the things around us with mobile phones and the world is going mobile. Whatever appliances we are dealing with, in our daily life, we want to control them without physically moving to the control unit. As we see in our schools and colleges, we are using manual notice boards that require enough time and man power to change the notices every time we wish to change.

      Vaibhav Sharma, Vivek Sheel Yadav, Vinay Kasana

Abstract: As we know refrigerator is a device use to keep items at respective temperature, generally at low temperature to preserve items and it is its main function. We have tried to make this device more versatile and efficient, by adding heat chamber. Heat chamber is an external chamber which is installed over our convectional chiller with the help of insulated pillars. We have installed an aluminium chamber over our chiller with the help of insulated pillars and we have wrapped this chamber via refrigerant flow tubes which are coming directly from compressor. Our study have found that refrigerant is compressed up to temperature 30-40 degree Celsius and this hot refrigerant is then allowed to flow through fins which are set at back side of refrigerator for lowering the temperature of refrigerant which is further expanded and allowed to flow through evaporator ( chiller).

      Vishal Pasi, Prateek Nigam, Dr. Vijayshri Chaurasia

Abstract: Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) effectively mitigates intersymbol interference (ISI) caused by the delay spread of wireless channels. Therefore, it has been used in many wireless systems and adopted by various standards. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey on OFDM for wireless communications. We address basic OFDM and related modulations, as well as techniques to improve the performance of OFDM for wireless communications, including channel estimation and signal detection, time- and frequency-offset estimation and correction, peak-to-average power ratio reduction PAPR, intercarrier interference (ICI) and multiple-input–multiple-output (MIMO) techniques. We also describe the applications of OFDM in current systems and standards.

      Prashanth Sai Manohara.S., A.B.Kalpana

Abstract: The memory bit cell is the most important block of any memory. It defines memory specifications and occupies a major portion of the area in any memory. Power performance & Area (PPA) are industry wide parameters which are used to evaluate a memory configuration. Larger the memory size larger is its power consumption. But designing the memory bit cell effectively minimizes the area consumption of the memory and the chip.

      M.U.Makandar , Dr.A.D.Lokhande

Abstract: In this paper we introduce the notion of anti fuzzy lattice ordered m-groups and investigated some of its basic properties. We also study the homomorphic image, pre-image of anti fuzzy lattice ordered m-groups, arbitrary family of anti fuzzy lattice ordered m-groups and anti fuzzy lattice ordered m-groups using T-norms. We introduce the notion of sensible anti fuzzy lattice ordered m-groups in groups and some related properties of lattices are discussed.

      Dr. Lily Bhushan

Abstract: Branding has emerged as a top management priority in the last decade due to the growing realization that brands are one of the most valuable intangible assets that firms have. Driven in part by this intense industry interest, academic researchers have explored a number of different brand-related topics in recent years, generating scores of papers, articles, research reports, and books. This paper identifies some of the influential work in the branding area of Bank of Baroda, highlighting what has been learned from the change in the logo of the bank and what is its impact on the financial perforce before and after rebranding . The paper also outlines some gaps that exist in the research of branding of the Bank and the significance of new logo of Bank of Baroda.

      Y Prabhavathi, N T Krishna Kishore

Abstract: The advent of Mutual Funds changed the way the world invested their money. The start of Mutual Funds gave an opportunity to the common man to hope of high returns from their investments when compared to other traditional sources of investment .The main focus of the study is to understand the attitude, awareness and preferences of mutual fund investors. Most of the respondents prefer systematic investment plans and got their source of information primarily from banks and financial advisors. Investors preferred mutual funds mainly for professional fund management and better returns and assessed funds mainly through Net Asset Values and past performance.

      Bamidele, F.A., Ogundipe, F.O., Adebayo-Oyetoro, A.O. , Aromolaran,Odeyemi O.A., Omonigbeyin, E.A

Abstract: Twelve preparation of the ethanol and water extracts of four medicinal plants,Anogeissus leiocarpus(root and bark), Terminalia glaucescens(root and bark), Adansonia digitata(bark) and Lennea welwitschii(bark) were screened for their inhibitory effect on Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhii, Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella dysentriae using the agar-diffusion method. The efficacy of the extracts was assessed by measuring the diameter of zone of inhibition around the colonies on nutrient agar medium. The result obtained showed that the ethanol extracts (root) from T. glaucenscens and A. leiocarpus were active against all the test bacteria. The ethanol and aqueous extracts of A. digitata did not exert any inhibitory effect on test organisms, while the other eight extracts exhibited variable antibacterial activities.

      Ashade, O. O., Odunlade, A. K., Kumoye, E. A., Ogundipe, F.O and Oki, O.

Abstract: Sawdusts are major by-product of wood processing with diverse uses. Extracts of sawdust of different wood type differ due to the different chemical composition inherent in them. The aim of this work was to utilize micronuclei test as a standard system to monitor toxicity using C. gariepinus as a bioindicator. For this, the fish were exposed for 21 days to extracts of five species of woodshavings /sawdusts collected from Okobaba Timber depot, Lagos. Extracts of Populus euphratrica oliver, N. dendiirichi, Eucalyptus botryoides, Acacia seberiana, Raphia hookeri mann were used. Micronucleus genotoxic studies were carried out at graded concentrations of the extracts. Genotoxic procedure was done through collection of blood from the peripheral caudal fin.

      Christopher Ndlovu

Abstract: The social fabric is the force that brings the society together so that there is social cohesion and stability. It is only when the society is in a stable condition that development and the realisation of social goals are attainable, hence the need to strengthen the social fabric. Over the past decade the social fabric of Zimbabwe has been in a free fall, leading to a state of anarchy and fear. Indicators like corruption, lawlessness, violence, indiscipline to name a few have been used as evidence that our fabric is now held by few threads. A study carried out at Solusi community has found out that this community has a very strong social fabric that binds the whole community together in a harmonious way.

      P Bama, M Thushyanthy, P Alvappillai, M Prabhaharan

Abstract: Effluent Coda originating from palmyrah toddy distillery units is the major source of environmental pollution in the Jaffna district of Sri Lanka. Spent wash produced from distilleries is rich in organic material and characteristically less toxic. A research was carried out to find the optimal dilution factor of the effluent before discharge through construction of wet lands which is a new, ecofriendly, economically viable and environmentally safe strategy to manage the distillery effluent. The effluent was diluted as 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1 times with ground water. Complete failures of first series of dilution, treatments were discarded and new effluent was further diluted 5, 10 and 20 times to facilitate the optimum plant growth.

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