Atanda Ibrahim Samuel
The aim of this study was to carry out comprehensive investigations on both microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of wastewater generated from catfish ponds within Oyo town in Oyo State. Data on microbiological concentration revealed that the wastewater from the ponds are highly loaded in organic pollutants and in pathogens bacteria, predominantly; Bacillius Spp., Pseudomonas Spp., Aeromonas Spp., Proteus Spp, Staphycoccus Spp showing that the water is not save for irrigation and when applied, the crop planted under the study area could be detrimental to the health of people when such crop consumed. Data was also collected and analyzed for a number of standard physicochemical parameters including pH, hardness, total dissolved solids, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, nitrates, ammonia, sulphates, phosphates metals and heavy metals namely: Ca, Na, K, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Al, Cr, Pb, Ni, Mn and Cd using standard analytical methods. And comparison was made between the parameters analyzed with World Health Organization recommended level and Nigerian Water Quality Standard. It was then revealed that majority of the physicochemical viz; magnesium, sodium, total dissolved solid were found to be within the Nigerian water standard limit, except in some view months where the average values were found to be higher than the recommended values.
The study aims to explore the Reproductive and sexual health capabilities of Adolescent women in Kashmir valley. WHO defines adolescence as the segment of life between the ages of 10 to 19 years, this transitional stage of life is characterized by rapid physical and psychological development, sexual maturity and transition from dependence to relative independence. Adolescents are a group of apparently healthy individuals. The health status of an adolescent determines the health status in his/her adulthood. Many serious diseases in adulthood have their roots in adolescence. We can categorize the health needs of the adolescents broadly into three categories- physical, psychological and social. Reproductive health is an important area of concern in adolescence especially in girls and is a sensitive issue especially in Indian society. In such circumstances it is difficult to assess reproductive health problems and needs of the adolescents. Kashmir region has been going through turmoil and these years of turmoil has left its mark on the health of the inhabitants of Kashmir. Children including adolescents have different socio-psychological needs and necessities from rest of the peaceful states due to the conflict situation in the state. In this backdrop, our study will focus on the health and development needs of adolescent girls in Jammu and Kashmir with special focus on reproductive health capability.
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