International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 11, Issue 1, January 2021 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

January 2021 publication has started and publication will continue till 28th January 2021
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      Hitesh Mangtani

Abstract: A Test Match is like a new novel, an autobiography, or a fictional book we just bought, or about to buy. There is a lot of excitement, a lot of planning, a pinch of emotions, and a jiffy attitude attached to it (in a positive way). The more we read, the deeper we go, it gets even more exciting to a point where we feel so attached and think like we are that player in that very moment, dealing with that situation of the match. Cricket enthusiasts have this belief that test-match cricket has often made them jump from the seats and scream, to be able to feel the joy in that moment, or may even feel the pain as if they had lost by the end of Day 3, 4, or Day 5 of a test match.

      Abdelwadoud A. Elkhalifa

Abstract: The morphological characteristics and chemical composition of two fast growing, lesser-used wood species viz: Prosopis juliflora and Conocarpus lancifolius were investigated with the aim of assessing the suitability of these species as potential sources for pulp and paper making.

      Oswell Binha

Abstract: The study empirically investigated the impact of FDI on Tax Revenue Growth in Zimbabwe using annual time series data spanning from 1980 to 2015. The study aimed at establishing whether FDI inflows boost or stifles tax revenue growth in Zimbabwe. The motivation behind the study arises from the theoretical and empirical ambiguity that exists regarding the nature of the influence of FDI on Tax Revenue Growth of host nations.

      Alves A.I, Freitas C, Viveiros A, Ribeiro L, Faria S, Faria J, Freitas D, Faria R

Abstract: Introduction: Since the first official case of COVID-19 in China in December 2019, researchers have been trying to uncover the mechanism of action of the severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (Sars-CoV-2), which attacks several organs in addition to the lungs and causes circulatory changes that can lead to death not only from lung failure but also due to commitment of other organs. Objective: The aim of this study is to find out the neurological consequences of COVID-19.

      Dr. Venkata R Chaganti, Murali K Cheruvu, Venkata Nagendra Sai Ram Karumanchi

Abstract: Too many cement factories around Jaggayyapet City, in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, India, are causing lots of air, water and soil pollution in all nearby cities. COVID active cases making the situation even worse. We conducted experimental Yajna, also known as medical smoke, proven vedic science methodology, in Jaggayyapet as an attempt to reduce the pollution caused by the nearby cement factories and increase immunity in living beings in the surround areas.

      M.F. Hibathul Careem

Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the Leadership Style of Supervisors and how it influenced on organisational commitment; special reference to the construction workers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). UAE is a promising country in the region for infrastructure development and other industries of tourism, and real estate. Studies on Leadership styles showed that different kinds of leadership styles of the supervisors were having influence on job dissatisfaction, employee retention issues, reduced productivity, less commitment, and ultimately failure of the company.


Abstract: Batticaloa Lagoon is a very large estuarine lagoon in Batticaloa District, Eastern Sri Lanka. The city of Batticaloa is located on land between the lagoon and the Indian Ocean. Batticaloa district is flourished with three lagoons, such Batticaloa lagoon, Valaichchenai Lagoon and Vakari Lagoon.

      Archana Puttappa Betur

Abstract: Aim: The aim is to report a case of bilaterally impacted mandibular canines treated with a different approach.

      Das Nirupama

Abstract: Background- Angul district of Odisha has achieved a major reduction in Malaria incidence and multiple challenges. This case study is an example of Malaria Control over last 10years.

      Lilly.KV and Dr.Sudhakar Venukapalli

Abstract: Art is uniquely human and helps us to experience the joys and sorrows of life. Art plays a vital role in the culture of a society. A child begins to express itself from birth and the reason for a child’s free expression is one of the ways of his adjustment to the society. It is important that we allow children to continue with the creative activities which has the power to heal them and the society and will ultimately make us united with nature and offer us beautiful hearts and minds. Art appreciation is an act and a state of understanding and enjoying art. Gustav Fechner is regarded as the pioneer in empirical aesthetics.

      Jeanne D’arc Uwanyiligira

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of strategic management practices on service delivery of the public institution in Rwanda and National Land Centre. The specific objectives were to determine the effect of strategic formulation practices on service delivery in National Land Centre, to examine the influence of strategic implementation practices on service delivery in National Land Centre, to assess the relationship in strategic evaluation, control practices and service delivery in National Land Centre. Methodology used here, research design mixed approach to facilitate the researcher to earn qualitative was drawn from literature and quantitative data from the field primary data and other review of secondary data.


Abstract: With the acceleration of Chinese dialect towards the rest of the world and the promotion of international breakthroughs in Chinese language, the study of the development status and problems of Chinese teachers, especially local Chinese teachers, has become the core topic of more and more researchers. Many researchers take the initiative to study this topic because the study of the development status and problems of local Chinese teachers is conducive to improving the professional quality of Chinese teachers. At the same time, it is conducive to training Chinese teachers in various countries. On the other hand, the study of the current problems of local Chinese teachers is conducive to the development of nationalized Chinese textbooks and teaching methods, as well as to the improvement of the ability of Chinese teachers to use textbooks. Cameroon local Chinese teachers are the focus of this research.

      Shah Fahed, Muhammad Asif, Muhammad Umair

Abstract: In our paper, motivated by the extended b-metric space’s concept, we prove two main results regarding fixed point theorems in extended b-metric spaces which holds true for both linear and non-linear contraction mappings. H. Aydi and S. Czerwik worked and showed that the results in generalized b-metric spaces hold true for Linear-Quasi and Non-Linear Contractions.

      Gurpreet Singh, Dr. Aarthy Chellasamy, Siddhant Agarwal

Abstract: As various countries are progressing, so are the opportunities for companies to grow on the global level. In todays world, various companies are going international, meaning they are setting up in more than two or more countries leading to diversification, increased operations, sales, purchases, etc. This led to an increase in the advertisement sector, as the company tries to grab different available opportunities, leading to a popular advertising technique called global advertisement.

      Raveen Purohit

Abstract: It’s all about the attitude and style that a leader adapts to represent himself. The behavioral propensity is the backbone which majorly emphasize and reflect the leader’s capabilities and qualities. Their behavioral approach mainly emphasizes on the aspect as to what the leaders do and how they proceed with the things. This approach reflects the commitment which is combined with excellence gets positive impact from the followers reflecting the leadership skills. This feature differentiates it from the earlier discussed chapters, Trait Approach and the Skills Approach.

      D.N.P Attanayake, R.G.S. Thilanka

Abstract: Today, there is a growing interest in web-based management system all over the world and also systems have a great importance to the academic institutes. In this sense, web-based management system is greatly concerned in the Advanced Technological Institute (ATI) community functioning under the Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education (SLIATE). Focus of this study is to design and implement a web-based management system which automates ATI management system of Galle. Due to the inefficiency of the current manual system, the need arises to automate web-based ATI management system in order to efficiently handle processes currently take place.

      Raseesha Nauratul Gustia, Yusuf Latief, Rully Andhika

Abstract: The phenomenon of the increasing rate of construction failures in Indonesia on projects carried out by highly qualified contractors is very detrimental in terms of physical, material, and the level of confidence in the quality of the work. Based on previous research, the dominant factor affecting construction failure is the application of quality culture within the organization. This study aims to determine a strategy based on a gap analysis of the existing conditions of quality culture by using the Quality Maturity Model approach to reduce the failure rate of construction in Indonesia.

      D.V.D. Hemalika

Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS CoV-2) is the responsible pathogenic RNA virus which is responsible for current ongoing pandemic covid 19. This review provides an updated summary of the current knowledge of phospholipase enzymes and its role on SARS CoV-2 virus, discussing the reported evidence as a potential bio marker and future directions that could be used to develop PLAs as a therapeutic target for covid 19 pandemic.

      Muljadi Djaja, Sonny

Abstract: Transfer pricing is basically aimed at measuring company performance, on the other hand it can also be used as a medium for manipulating taxes, resulting in state revenue which results in state stability, national problems and global challenges.

      Dr. Rutuja S. Kamble, Prof. A. B. Pandit

Abstract: The performance of a tailor-made design of membrane module was studied at different aeration intensities (120, 240 and 480 L/h) to comprehend the concept of membrane fouling control using aeration. The effect of aeration on membrane fouling control is evaluated by observing the structure of cake layer, the quality of effluent and the flux of filtrate obtained.

      Harizal Hamid, Zuraida Khairudin, Muhidin Arifin, Nor Suhaila Yaacob, H.R.Zakaria

Abstract: A mathematical modelling is applied to illuminate and predict the mechanism of electron transfer in microalgae photosynthesis. A magnetic field can accelerate its reaction by decreasing the frequency of reverse reactions in the radical pair mechanism.

      Saswat Panda, Abhishek Sunil Tiwari, Manas Ranjan Prusty

Abstract: Developing countries, specifically India, do not have sufficient hospitals and doctors to reach out to the population. Forget about skin specialists, there are still thousands of villages without even a basic hospital. But, there is one thing that reaches out to every person in this country which is the internet. This research paper focuses on training different pre-trained models on our dataset and suggests the best one for skin lesion classification.

      Sonali Sanjay Thakrar, Stephano K. Cheruiyot

Abstract: This study sought to establish the prevalence of problematic internet use among the students in Kenyatta University. The objectives of the study were to find out psychological effects of problematic internet use. The objectives also established the factors leading to problematic internet use among the students then assess the level of internet use among the students in Kenyatta University.


Abstract: Many countries compete to impose lower tax rates to obtain domestic investment to encourage the economy and domestic development. This creates opportunities for Multinational Companies to aggressively do tax planning to cause losses to the country where the business is located. To reduce Harmful Tax Competition, world organizations such as the OECD released the BEPS, which is a business challenge and seeks to harmonize global competition.

      Mrs Behera Anusuya, Mrs Rath Kalyani, Mrs Jena Elina

Abstract: “Effectiveness of music therapy on physiological parameters of antenatal mothers with pregnancy induced hypertension in obstetric department at PBMH, KIMS, Bhubaneswar Odisha”.

      Irwandi, Soekimin, Delyuzar

Abstract: EEC is a primary epithelial malignant tumor in the endometrium, a glandular neoplasm with an acinar, papillary or partially solid configuration. Histopathological grading is made based on the degree of structural differentiation and cell atypia. The ALK gene is oncogenic in three ways; 1) forming a fusion gene with one of several other genes

      Dr Kollipara Sumanth, Dr B A Shastry

Abstract: To assess clinical features, risk factors and etiology of stroke in individual’s age group of 15-45 years. All young patients in the age group of 15-45 years admitted to Kasturba hospital, Manipal with ischaemic strokes (based on CT or MRI Brain scan) from October 2018 to June 2020 were recruited in this prospective study after obtaining prior informed consent.

      Pavithra.S, Manikandan.K.M

Abstract: Graph theory is used to model many types of relations and process in real world network systems such as internet, power grids, telephone, transportation, affiliation networks, food webs, electricity, water and so on. Many practical problems can be represented by graphs. In this paper we study about finding minimum spanning tree and the shortest distance between two place using algorithms. We have developed a network model to find the minimum distance and the minimum time of transporting a product from place A to place B through an airline.

      Jacinta Mukonzo, Marsellah Ogendo, Kelly Oluoch, Egglah Kiplagat, Claris Ambale

Abstract: Background: The global health crisis from the corona virus disease pandemic is not precedent. Globally, it has been shown that the control of the spread of this disease and other diseases is closely related to the situation of Human Resource for Health in a country. (Figueroa-Munoz et al., 2005).Health personnel include front line workers (clinicians, nurses, pharmacists, public health practitioners, medical laboratory personnel) among others as well as auxiliary personnel to the health care system. Auxiliary health personnel play a pivotal role in prevention of spread of the diseases as well as supporting the functioning of a health care system.

      Fadia M. Sultan; Walaa M. E. Mousa and Zeinab E. Ghareeb

Abstract: The present investigation was carried out at the experimental farm of Giza Agriculture Research Station, ARC, during 2018 and 2019 summer seasons. Seeds of the ten genotypes of cowpea (as stretched crop) and seven genotypes of guar (as standing crop) were separately sown in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications to determine the magnitude of variability and the degree of association between the different traits that is important to provide the base for effective selection for yield improvement. Analysis of variance revealed significant differences among both cowpea and guar genotypes for all studied traits.

      Claris Ambaleª٭, Brian Ngatiaª, Jonathan Nthusi ͩ ᵇ, Jacinta Mukonzoͨ

Abstract: Background: Sepsis continues to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates. One of the most important portals of entry for infections is the umbilical cord. In Kenya, the use of chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX) gel was introduced to scale in 2016 and received with mixed reactions in some hospitals with reports of medication errors and ineffectiveness received. This study sought to find out the knowledge, practices and attitude on its use in Kangundo Level 4 hospital.

      Ikpoku, Isaiah Omemam, Dr. Obinna, Victor Chika, Emeruem, Jane, Dr. Weje, Ikezam Innocent

Abstract: Although recreation plays important role in the well being of an individual, user satisfaction is critical in determining people’s inclination to take to recreation. This study looked at user satisfaction, expectations and patronage to selected recreational centers in Port Harcourt with a view to determining how user personality attributes underpin user participation and patronage as a basis for more informed policy making on recreation in Port Harcourt metropolis. Adopting the cross sectional survey design, data were sourced from both primary and secondary sources. The multiple classification analysis was used to examine the relationship between users’ personality attributes and frequency of use of recreation centers.

      M Sharifi and B N kunchirman

Abstract: Different mangrove soils were screened for bacterial cultures with antimicrobial activity against common pathogens. Out of 80 bacterial isolates obtained from mangrove soils from various regions of India, 20 cultures were found to inhibit most tested pathogenic microbial cultures, however only 3 cultures designated as JF6, MP15 (2) and JF14+1 were found to be non-toxic in sheep blood haemolysis test. Anti-microbial activity of these cultures was found to be extracellular and maximum activity was observed when grown at pH 6 at 30℃ and after 36 hr of incubation. The activity of the culture was stable even after treatment with proteinase K and temperature up to 80℃. By biochemical and molecular identification methods, these cultures were identified as Bacillus tequilensis.

      Ar. Swarna Junghare

Abstract: Religious places are most important constructions in India in every religion. In Hindu religion, the temples have supreme importance and different god and goddesses like Vishnu, Mahadeva, et. Are being worshiped. among them we are focusing on sun temples because they are believed to be built either because of some vow or to celebrate victory. Concept behind building sun temple is sun as a celestial body in universe, earth’s rotation around sun, period of completion of one rotation. elements of ornamentation are focused on the above-mentioned factors. In India the origin of the worship of the Sun is several centuries old. Sun temples are constructed in different time period by various dynasties.

      Isreal Ufumaka

Abstract: Machine learning has become popular today as so many of its algorithms are now commonly used in different data science projects in various industries especially in the health care sector. It is imperative for researchers and medical professionals to be assisted by machine learning methods in early detection of diseases such as heart disease which is one major killer of humans in our world today.

      Matundura Erickson

Abstract: Unemployment is a major challenge for policymakers in both developing and advanced countries, as it can lead to a negative impact on economic welfare, misery and social unrest. Structural change generates deals with reallocation resources on agriculture, manufacturing, and services esteemed in reducing unemployment rate. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of changes in employment and income on unemployment across this sectors. Success of structural transformation is measured by the contributions of agriculture, manufacturing, and the service sector to growth and reduction of unemployment problem in Kenya. Data from World Bank ranging from 2000 to 2020 was used to research the changing impacts of economic complexity an indicator of structural transformation on unemployment. The long run study findings indicated that: changes in value addition a proxy for income changes has a positive effect on unemployment in the long run sectorial employment in the short run has a positive and significant impact on the level of unemployment. These will inform policy makers by designing policy recommendation that will foster structural transformation aimed at reducing unemployment in Kenya.

      Sumba Shitambasi, Sylvia Antonia Nannyonga-Tamusuza and Pamela Mbabazi

Abstract: The study of music as a subject is very vital since among other importance may lead to income generation through a teaching career, music production and marketing of music resources. Kenya National Examinations Council annual report for the last twenty-eight years indicates that the number of candidates who enrol for Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education music has consistently declined from 2,544 in 1989 to 1,100 in 2017. Education Management Information System, indicate that the Muslim students who sat for KCSE between the years 2011-2015 in Mombasa County were three. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of Western secular music in the secondary school curriculum on the choice of music subject by Muslim students in Mombasa county, Kenya

      Venkata Chaganti

Abstract: We have done extensive work in the past to test the reduction in air pollution and increase in precipitation by burning Indian Cow Ghee in a process called as Yajna. We are interested in knowing whether the humidity can be increased due to anthropogenic aerosols and in particular due to burning of aromatic compounds such as Indian Cow Ghee (clarified butter) that too in winter (December) in GA? We found that even in peak winter the Yajna process could increase the humidity by about 40%.

      Venkata Chaganti

Abstract: We have done extensive work in the past to test the reduction in air pollution and increase in precipitation by burning Indian Cow Ghee in a process called as Yajna. We are interested in knowing whether the humidity can be increased due to anthropogenic aerosols and in particular due to burning of aromatic compounds such as Indian Cow Ghee (clarified butter) that too in winter (December) in GA? We found that even in peak winter the Yajna process could increase the humidity by about 40%.

      Dr. Mya Thett Oo and Thant Thura Zan

Abstract: Many sectors all around the world todays are inevitably influenced by the information and communication technology (ICT). The evolution of ICT had profound implication for economic and social development. ICT plays an important role in tourism, and hospitality industry. Smart tourism is the latest trends in tourism based on smart technologies. Smart tourism has emerged over the past few years as a subset of the smart city concept, aiming to provide tourists’ specific travel related needs. In Myanmar, Yangon, Naypyitaw and Mandalay have been trying to implement smart city platform to engage various stakeholders. The main objective of this paper is to explore smart tourism development in Myanmar beyond COVID-19 pandemic by integrating ICT with smart tourism practices that could enhance tourism experience through offering products/services that are more customized to meet each of visitor’s needs.

      Herdik Sodikin & Maya Ariyanti

Abstract: PT. Len Industri (Persero) as a State-Owned Enterprise (BUMN) which is engaged in the electronics and infrastructure equipment industry has a more difficult and complex future challenge to always provide the best to resellers. The sustainability of the company depends on the companys ability to keep its customers so that their customers can be loyal to the company and not move with other companies. So the purpose of this study is to determine the effect of Customer Relationship Management on Customer Satisfaction and Customer Loyalty. Based on the methodology, this study uses quantitative research. The study population was 54 resellers registered at PT. Len Industri (Persero), which consists of 20 E-Catalogs and 34 Non-E-Catalogs

      Langton Mutoya

Abstract: This study aimed to assess analysis of human insecurity linking human rights and sustainable development within a marginalized minority population of the Lesbians, Gays, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex and Queer (LGBTIQ) population. A Case Study of GALZ and Sexual Rights Centre (SRC). The targeted population of this research was ten key informants from the LGBTIQ community. Data was collected using key informants’ interviews, focus group discussions, documents review and structured questionnaire. The use of questionnaires assisted in the qualitative hypothesis by utilising descriptive surveys, closed-ended questionnaires, checklist of standards and observations.

      Sameer mohapatro, Tarun kumar behera

Abstract: Maize is regarded as an all season crop in most parts of India because of its better growth habits and withstanding abilities. As humans require nutrients to survive, plants too need the essential nutrients for better growth and development which ultimately fulfills the production desires of a farmer. The physiological development of maize completely depends on the required amount of nutrients that is made available.

      Fadhilaturrahmi, Delyuzar, H. M. Nadjib Dahlan Lubis

Abstract: Eosinophils have bactericidal properties through phagocytosis, respiratory burst, and cytotoxic protein mobilization if bacterial infection occurs. Even though neutrophils have been reported as predominant phagocytic cells in tuberculosis patients, eosinophils also play important role in it. To date, there have been some researches studied about eosinophil and lung tuberculosis. But, data about the association between eosinophil and eosinophilic amorphous structure in tuberculous lymphadenitis patients hasnt been studied so far.

      Tadewos Mentta (Ph.D.)

Abstract: Procurement integrity is related to the commitment and honesty of individuals and teams in performing their assignment at the required level to ensure transparency and accountability and curb corruption. The main purpose of this study is to examine integrity in procurement system of the federal organizations. The organizations considered in this study are ministries, agencies, and commissions.

      Muhammad AL SAKRAN, Kamal ALMHEMED, Tamer USTUNER, Sena DAL

Abstract: Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers. is one of the most dangerous and widespread weeds in the world. It is an invasive plant that the allelopathic characteristic helps to establish and persist.

      Aria Sarwary

Abstract: It is very important to know about the importance and significance of how much household sector of a country contribute to the growth of respective economy, this paper briefly explore the concepts of household savings, household investments which are so closely related and dependent variables, it has been stated that a household saving holds the more than 50% capital formation of a country, and it goes up and down due to many factors impacting economy of a country, such as fluctuation, employment, technology growth etc. households as has major of their saving and investments in physical assets which is much better to gradually shift to financial assets, and different platform for saving and investment. therefor the trend of investment and savings will be transparently be traced and measured.

      Arina Mana Sikana, Catur Retnaningdyah, Nia Kurniawan

Abstract: Water conditions can be determined by examining the structure of the plankton community. The aim of this study was to evaluate the status of water quality and biota - primarily phytoplankton in the Spermonde Islands. Sampling was carried out at 3 locations in the Spermonde Islands, based on different types of anthropogenic activities, including: Bonebatang Island, Kodingareng Keke, and Barrang Lompo. The physical and chemical conditions of water at the test site in the Spermonde Islands were lightly polluted by organic matter, especially nitrates. The plankton community structure in the test islands shows the characteristics of diversity - low evenness; and high dominance by diatoms.

      Perera K.Y.D, Wijekoon M, Ihsan F.R , Chandrasena A.P.R.S, Abeynayake L

Abstract: The incidence of cancer is increasing globally, and Sri Lanka is no exception. Radiotherapy which has been recognized as the single most important type of oncological treatment for cancer patients, is only available at six oncology units in the country [1]. Therefore, patients of DGH Hambantota requiring radiotherapy treatment were referred to TH Karapitiya and Apeksha Hospital Maharagama, leading to a significant proportion defaulted from radiotherapy treatment (80%).

      I Putu Edi Ana, I Ketut Sudibia, A. A. I. N Marhaeni

Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of education level, rural infrastructure, income and number of dependents on the welfare of rural communities related to rural funds in Klungkung Regency. The population in the study are all rural communities in Klungkung with sample of 148 respondents who were determined by the quota sampling method. The data collected by observation, structured interviews, and in-depth interviews, and analyzed using moderated regression analysis.

      Karunatilaka, M. N

Abstract: The School of cardiography is the only institute in Sri Lanka which train cardiographers. It offers “Diploma in ECG Technology” after a full time one-year theory and practical programme.

      Raghav Sehgal

Abstract: Deep personalization is the need of the hour in todays digital sales systems. To optimize humanization within our sales funnels, sales channels and throughout the sales cycle, every organization needs to enhance the existing systems. The changes need to be brought into the user interface- such as customized landing pages, personalized product recommendations, global search, specific segmentation of customer based upon brand preference and customer needs. It has been observed by Nosto.com that a personalized web app experience generates approximately 1.3 times higher conversion rates, 18% higher average order amount as well as on an average two times increase in the customer time spent online. Most of our systems are not utilizing the data analytics in an efficient manner.

      Perera K.Y.D, Dharmarathne G.S.K, Panapitiya P.W.C, Maddage A.K, Perera U.A.A.S

Abstract: The second wave of COVID-19 infection which resurged in October 2020, stroked Sri Lanka comparatively with a larger number of cases. To cater the increasing trend of COVID-19 positive cases, more primary and secondary healthcare institutions were converted into COVID-19 treatment and intermediate care centers .

      Deni Nugroho Setyabudi, Melisa Wahyu Fandyansari, Theodorus Dangga Wewu

Abstract: Human and Nature Resources Management Textbook for Teaching Economic Education Students was developed for students. The materials presented in the Human and Nature Resources Management textbook were expected to be able to help in the learning process and facilitate the students in understanding what they wanted to understand. This research was conducted using a research method which according to Borg and Gall has been simplified into seven steps.

      Anto, Moina

Abstract: In most countries including Indonesia, entities are given liberty to use their own discretion in deciding the most appropriate methods in measuring transfer prices. Consequently, it leads to a non-uniformity on methods applied to similar arm’s length transactions by entities from similar industries. The loopholes in this area has been susceptible to tax avoidance practices since a few decades ago.This paper aims to compare the available methods for transfer pricing measurement. In addition, disparities in methods adopted by Indonesian multinational enterprisesacross similar transactions will be analysed.There are three steps involved in this study.

      Hassan, Olalekan O, Dr Adegbie, F.F

Abstract: Shareholders are discourage with the traits of financial instability. To curb this companies require an efficient and competent managers to manage financial leverage to ensure financial stability this study investigated the effect of financial leverage on financial stability of quoted manufacturing companies in Nigeria.

      Joni, Handryno

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pros and cons between multinational companies and the government on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS).

      Milkessa Negeri Gemechu, Dr.M.Madhavi Latha

Abstract: MIMO-OFDM (multiple input and multiple output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) system is a new wireless broadband technology which became famous for being capable of high data rate transmission & robustness against multi-path fading. Fading effects must be mitigated at the receiver before demodulation by using equalizer techniques. Equalizer is used to allow recovery of the transmit symbols, which is the major factor responsible for the BER. OFDM has many numbers of sub-carriers.

      Anjana Devi.S

Abstract: Atal Pension Yojana is a pension scheme provided by Government of India, primarily targeted at the unorganized sector. A large number of persons employed in India worked in unorganized sector. Employees of enterprises belonging to the unorganized sector have lower job security and poorer chances for growth, and no leave or paid holidays, they have lower protection against employers indulging in unfair or illegal practices.

      Salem Shehab Ahmed, Mohammad Salih Khalaf Alkaisy, Mahmoud Mohammed Ahmed, Nasir Muwfaq Younis

Abstract: Background: ECT is a procedure usually performed under general anesthesia and muscle relaxation in which modified seizures induced by the selective passage of an electrical current through the brain are used for therapeutic purposes.

      Raju Khadka, Majeed Safa, Alison Bailey, Birendra KC, Raju Poudel

Abstract: Increasing metropolitan solid waste and absence of concrete information sources is a developing worry in urban areas of developing countries like in Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) in Nepal. Two goals of this study were: (1) to estimate household solid waste generation and its composition; and (2) to assess the socioeconomic factors impacting on household waste generation. Using stratified sampling, 288 families were chosen from the 32 wards of KMC for household survey. The quantification of total waste and its composition was undertaken for each household using digital weighing scales. Socioeconomic variables affecting household waste generation were analysis by using regression model.

      Dr. Mizanur Rahman

Abstract: The special focus on technological change in farm situation: economics of vegetables cultivation in Darrang District of Assam. Darrang is one of the most important district of Assam in respect of technological change of agriculture and situated at attitude of crops growing in the district are paddy, jute, mustard, potato, tomato, vegetables etc. Paddy is the staple food crop of the district. The major field crops grown in Darrang district are cereal, pulses oilseed, jute and the indigenous vegetables are common part of the diet of the cultivators. Most of these vegetables are eaten for their properties. Proper documentation is need for these probable endangered indigenous crop. For the purpose of the present study, a structured questionnaire was prepared and presented the development of the technological inventions.

      Ni Kadek Riana Mustika Dewi, I Wayan Wenagama, I Ketut Sudibia, A.A.I.N Marhaeni

Abstract: This study aims to determine how the effect of Village Government Worker readiness on IEC village funds and community empowerment in Klungkung Regency. The study population are all government workers and people who live in Klungkung Daratan, with a sample size of 259 respondents who are determined based on the sample quota. The sampling technique used is a non-random sampling technique. Data collected through a questionnaire and analyzed using path analysis

      Ernie, Marcelino

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyze the application of the Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) and / or Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) in Indonesia. This research will discuss about international tax disputes, the process of agreement or appeal (domestic settlement), the process of Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) and / or Advance Pricing Agreement (APA). Based on data obtained by the Directorate of International Taxation, it can be concluded that the minimum number of taxpayers who take advantage of the Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP) and Advance Pricing Agreement (APA).


Abstract: The novel coronavirus has been sweeping the globe. According to the previous researchers, it is another major infectious disease after human beings suffer from malaria, cholera, Ebola virus etc. This disease appeared at the end of 2019 year and is named "2019 new corona virus" by the World Health Organization (WHO), which is called "covid-19" for short. It has a great impact on human society compared with malaria, Ebola and AIDS, and has also caused great losses to all countries in the world. This study focuses on the situation of world after the pandemic, in particular African countries.

      Prianto Budi Saptono, Cyntia Ayudia

Abstract: This study aims to analyze the implementation of the ultimum remedium principle on a case of tax crime in Indonesia based on the legal certainty principle in law enforcement. This research is descriptive, applying the case study method and using secondary data in documentary materials and library research. This study concludes that the tax auditor initially put forward criminal tax law enforcement rather than administrative tax law enforcement.

      Dr. Balyogeshwar Sharma, Dr Khyati

Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus is a disease which hampers body functions and structure by its complications in long run. Madumehaj Vrana (Diabetic Foot Ulcer) is a major Complication leading to maximum number of Amputations in India and world. A report shows that 30 percent of patients gets healed with the Standard treatment in 20 weeks, which is not an encouraging situation as 70 percent of them will continuously be impacted. So there is a need of accessible affordable and fast technique for management of Madhumehaj Vrana. Raktamokshana through Jalauka is such a powerful Para surgical Procedure which can be the boon to society. It has been clearly mentioned by Acharya Sushruta that Jalaukavcharana can be easily done in any person who is Parama Sukumara, and it removes the deep seated vitiated doshas and improves blood circulation thereby increasing the healing of ulcer fast .

      MahammadHaroon Shaik, Rajasekharreddy Polam, Punnarao Bommaraboina

Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases are related to the heart and blood vessels. Aim: To assess the impact of patient counseling on the management of risk factors in cardiovascular diseases. Objectives: To analyze the impact of patient counseling in the prevention of disease progression and to assess the importance of medication adherence, lifestyle modifications in cardiovascular diseases.

      Salahedeen Ramadan Azwali

Abstract: The exchange rate is one of the most sensitive instruments of economic policy. The exchange rate policy of each country contains two relations: the ratio of the exchange rate to all other parameters of economic policy, which is the internal economic and political component of exchange rate policy and the ratio of national currency to the currencies of other countries, which is the interval component of the exchange rate.

      Gupto Andreantoro, Deva Agung Mahendra

Abstract: A related party between an entity that has the power to influence the entity either directly or indirectly, such as equity participation, family relationships, management control and technology. This study aims to analyze the related party tax based on Indonesian law and the Indonesian tax treaty with Japan. Researchers used a qualitative explanative research type in this study. To obtain the required data, researchers conducted data by means of study literature, observation and documentation.

      Hemadharsini. R, Jerald. A, Amutha. J

Abstract: Inclusive Education is defined as a learning environment that promotes the full personal, academic and professional development of all learners irrespective of race, class, gender, disability, religion, culture, sexual preference, learning styles and language. ((NCSNET1998) and (NCESS 1998). The aim of the current research is to study on the relationship between teachers’ attitude towards inclusive education and personality among teachers working in kendriya Vidyalaya, Madurai.

      Mohd Harridon, Haslinawati Besar Sa’aid, Hazariah Mohd Noh, Puteri Nur Syaza Wardiah, Muhamad Nurazmi Abas, Mohd Abdul Karim, Muhammad Zikry Hilmi, Mohammad Azlan Amran

Abstract: Several miniature rocket motors or engines were tested where a probe that measured the thrust of the engines was used to gain meaningful thrust data from 4 types of engines. The engines were positioned horizontally in a contraption to allow measurements to be taken. The breadth of variations from the designated thrusts indicated from the manufacturer were recorded, discussed, and concluded.

      Rashi Shah, Kritanshi Mishra

Abstract: As per the latest research there are 100 million Instagram users in India. Instagram plays a prominent role in influencing people in any aspect. This study focuses on examining the effect of Instagram food bloggers who promote healthy eating lifestyle on the users of Instagram. It examined various aspects of food blogging and its impact on the audience to move towards healthier lifestyle. The paper covers the tactics used by healthy food bloggers to influence people towards healthy eating lifestyle. To analyze the effect and its impact both the aspects were taken, of bloggers as well as followers followed by interview and survey respectively.

      Ida Sumiati, Nia Kania, Syamsul Arifin, Meitria Syahadatina Noor, Husaini

Abstract: Chronic Energy Deficiency (KEK) in pregnant women is still a serious problem in Indonesia. According to Riskesdas data in 2018, the prevalence of KEK in pregnant women in Indonesia reaches 17.3%. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a literature review to explain the factors associated with the incidence of KEK in pregnant women. There are 10 research articles related to factors related to the incidence of KEK in pregnant women obtained from the results of collection through Google Scholar, Garuda Portal, and Research Gate.

      Kush Malpani

Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of COVID-19 on the labour sector in India from a microeconomic perspective as well as from the eyes of migrant grass-rooted work-force. This pandemic will also cause a tremendous upheaval amongst the different factors of production from labour to capital. This will necessitate policy changes by the government in order to aid the labour sector in its recovery amidst this growing distress. This paper also seeks to suggest labour reforms that must take place in order to revive the economy post-coronavirus.

      M.D.Sharma, A.Bhargava

Abstract: Cadmium Sulphide (CdS) thin films prepared using sintering method have been investigated . The response of light illumination on the photocurrent is measured and analyzed. The effect of deposition time of powdered samples on the photoconduction process in the films is reported and discussed. Mention the abstract for the article. An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the papers purpose. When used, an abstract always appears at the beginning of a manuscript, acting as the point-of-entry for any given scientific paper or patent application.


Abstract: BEST tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is one of the breeding species of tilapia from the 6th generation of GIFT tilapia. This study aims to examine the effect of various media salinities on survival rate and growth of BEST tilapia juvenile. The research was carried out at UD Windu Mandiri Hatchery, Aeng Batu-Batu Village, North Galesong District, Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi uses 12 black plastic basin containers with a volume of 20 L. The study used a completely randomized design with 4 salinity treatments with 3 replications each. The four salinities are 5, 10, 15, and 20 ppt. The data obtained were analyzed using variance (ANOVA). The analysis of variance showed that salinity had a very significant effect (p <0.01) on survival and juvenile growth of BEST tilapia. The best survival and growth results at a salinity of 10 ppt and the lowest at 20 ppt.

      Muhamad Zayyinul Muttaqin, Murshid Saleh, Rudi Hartono

Abstract: The practice of grammatical cohesion is broadly significant to be procedurally employed for the students to accomplish academic writing. This scientific study informed how the grammatical cohesion in the texts applied to show the unity of the texts. This study was qualitatively designed to inform the units of grammatical cohesion which were realized in a single text of students’ manuscripts. The researcher served the documentation sheet as the principal instrument to classify the type of grammatical cohesion.

      Muhammad Zulfikar Faishol Ali, Abdurrachman Faridi, Zulfa Sakhiyya

Abstract: This study is to analyze the types of critical thinking skills are performed by the debaters, logical fallacies are made by the debaters, and the debaters’ responses using critical thinking skills to the opponents’ logical fallacies in debate. The writer chooses the topic of the study because debate contains critical thinking and logical fallacies. The object of this study is college students in IVED 2020.

      Mahyuni, Erida Wydiamala, Lenie Marlinae, Husaini, Syamsul Arifin

Abstract: Background:Posyandu is one of the Community Based Health Efforts (UKBM) which is managed and organized from, by, for and with the community to empower and provide facilities for the community to obtain basic health services for mothers, babies and toddlers. The achievement of visits and weighing of children under five shows the indicator is below the national target with the standard set by the government of 85%. Many factors are related to and influence the use and visit of mothers under five to posyandu. Many previous research studies have examined the factors associated with maternal visits to posyandu.

      J. L. P. Chaminda

Abstract: Hospital equipment management plays a vital role in ensuring of good healthcare service in the region or country which indicates the need of properly managed hospital equipment in healthcare setting. Healthcare staff including doctors, nurses or other supporting staff cannot perform well to provide good health, without having properly managed hospital equipment. Delivery of poor quality health service may be resulted with the absence of well-developed hospital equipment management system which can leads to disability or death sometimes. Development of hospital equipment management system using Japanese 5S total quality management tool was propose with this paper. Although this is simple and cheaper method, can achieve dramatically significant change to healthcare system.

      Arundhati Chaudhary, Barsha Kumari, Meghna Choudhury, Shubham Singh, Dr. Ramneet Kaur

Abstract: As sickle cell disease is a well-known genetic disorder of point mutation, it is considered a leading candidate for gene-editing therapies. Studies published in 2016 described a successful proof-of-concept in treating sickle cell disease in mice using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing tool. CRISPR –Cas9 is a programmable RNA-guided DNA endonuclease, which has been gaining significant attention over the last decade due to its ability to treat genetic disorders such as sickle cell disease. Guided by RNA strand, the Cas9 nuclease- originally isolated from bacteria can be programmed to cut a target DNA sequence and modified by inserting, deleting, or replacing it with the normal copy of the genetic sequence. Though successfully demonstrated in mice species, this genome editing tool is still in a very nascent stage concerning utilization in the human population. Through this review paper, we analyze the scope, possibilities of CRISPR-Cas9 as a potential therapeutic tool in the management of sickle cell disease.

      Ankita Bhardwaj, Dr. Sanjeev kumar Sharma

Abstract: The service dominant(S-D) logic has changed the face of the marketing paradigm. It is based on the premise that customers are no longer the passive receivers of the products or services, but play an active role in the value creation process. For the purpose of this paper the research focus is to examine the influence of perceived ease of use of the mobile technology, involvement with the tourism product, interaction with the service provider and active participation of the consumer on customer value co-creation. To do so customer perspective is taken into consideration and a questionnaire is developed on the basis of an in-depth literature review. In specific tourism industry is taken into consideration as there has been tremendous growth in this sector in the previous years and consumer per-se play a pivotal role in planning and execution of the trip which further is an important part in success of the service provider.

      Francis U.M.G.S, Perera U. A. A. S, Jayakody J.A. P

Abstract: Access to timely, acceptable, and affordable health care of appropriate quality is a fundamental human right. Importance of service quality in healthcare has increased in the recent past due to its benefits to the patients and the healthcare provider. Assessment of the patients’ perspective regarding the health care quality especially infrequently utilized services such as Out-patient department (OPD) was a timely need to identify the service quality gaps and to take action to improve the level of quality.

      Mohamad Ropik, Maya Ariyanti

Abstract: The rapid era of globalization 4.0 has an impact on peoples increasingly consumptive lifestyle. This phenomenon also affects to producers in marketing their products, thus creating a competitive climate in an increasingly competitive industry. Honda Motor in West Java is the top of the automotive industry market in terms of motorcycles, which has dominated market share for the past five years. Event marketing is known as a promotional activity that dominates Honda Motors marketing strategy in West Java. However, the objective of event activities is not specifically directed at generating hard sales, while sales promotion programs are implemented intensively in each of these event activities.

      Prianto Budi Saptono, Cyntia Ayudia

Abstract: This study has two objectives. The first aim is to examine tax policies on virtual businesses in Indonesia. Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 1 of 2020, promulgated into Law Number 2 of 2020, regulates taxation policies on trade through electronic systems.

      Jossylyn Nzilani Mutua, Dr. Theresia Mutetei, Dr. Cavens Kithinji

Abstract: This article outlines how the transformational leadership style impacts organizational performance; the relationship between individual consideration and organizational performance (OP) in Kenyas Savings and Credit Co-operative (SACCO) movement. The study focused on Mwalimu National, Stima and Kenya Police SACCO Societies. It highlights that a transformational leader listens to each employees concerns and needs, provides support, is empathic of each person’s situation and background, portrays respect and trust to his followers positively and positively impacts OP. The findings from a study on the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational performance of Mwalimu National, Stima and Kenya police SACCO societies confirm that individual consideration is a transformational leadership (TL) element where management acts as a role model and displays a charismatic personality that builds trust with employers and customers who, in return, develop their confidence in the organization.

      Nureddin. A. S. Musa, Pro. Mohamed Elfadil. M

Abstract: Radiation therapy has been used in the treatment of malignant diseases since its discovery. It has been found that the use of radiation in the treatment in inaccurate ways causes irreparable damage and does not achieve the desired goal of treatment by itself. It was very important to use in vivo diode dosimetry techniques for radiotherapy measurement to accurately check the dose administered and deposited by the patient to during treatment.

      Nureddin. A. S. Musa, Pro. Mohamed Elfadil. M

Abstract: This study aims to examine and verify the accuracy of entrance radiation dose it is given to the patient by using the diode system and adopt it as a quality assurance protocol. Diode response was calibrated and tested to ensure that the objective of the study was achieved by using a radiotherapy device used to treat malignant diseases, four p-type Isorad diode were tested and calibrated. The diodes measured the entrance dose in each field in D max depth and were compared with the calculated dose from TPS at D max depth for every single beam. Approximately 97.77% of the 136 measurement for the head and neck treatment were within the action level set ±5%. In this study the entrance dose measurements were performed for total of 45 treatment fields of head and neck cancer patients, and 22 patients.

      Avi Wulandari and Feybe Brigite, STIAMI Jakarta

Abstract: Multinational Corporation taxation is an area of research that encompasses academics in accounting, finance, and economics, aiming to maximize business profit over less tax paid across locations. Over the years, these researchers have endeavoured to understand the role of taxation on multinational corporation ("MNC") behaviour. International taxation arises from several activities: cross-border economic activities or investment and international trade that provides economic benefits.

      E. Sandeep

Abstract: The article attempts to discuss the regional dimension of democracy promotion in India’s foreign policy. While there have been many studies on different aspects of his foreign policy, the article attempts to focus the democracy promotion dimension with special reference to South Asia. The major aim is to analyse the changing nature of democracy promotion, after decades of negligence and hesitation. The paper focuses mainly on the first one and decade of twenty-first century. The study concentrates on the changes occurred in the democracy promotion policy of Vajpayee government and Manmohan governments. How much continuities are there or how far has it gone in a distinctive way? These questions will be addressed in the article. As part of this, the foreign policy approach towards South Asian countries except Pakistan will be discussed here.

      A.V.L. Chandima

Abstract: Colombo Stock Exchange (CSE) is one of the best performing stock exchanges in South Asia. Presently lots of investors (i.e. people who buy or sell stocks) connected with the CSE. Generally stock market domain is a dynamic and unpredictable environment. However, stock trading (buy / sell) process doesn’t exist without prediction. In the current stock trading process investors predict the following day stock price solely based on the stock broker’s assistant. Stock brokers are the one who directly connects with the stock trading process regularly. Therefore, they have massive experience and ongoing knowledge, so they can use this to assist the investors. But current stock trading process in CSE, stock brokers do not have much time to completely disclose their knowledge and assist investors uniformly.

      Ched Nyamanhindi

Abstract: This paper analyses the healing and reconciliation policy in Zimbabwe as embodied by the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission (NPRC). Zimbabwe has a history of cosmetic attempts at healing and reconciliation dating back to the 1980s. Informed by secondary data, the paper explores the strengths and flaws of the current healing and reconciliation policy. It argues that political reforms in Zimbabwe are a prerequisite for peace and reconciliation. With the alleged perpetrators of the atrocities still in power, the ideals of justice, peace, healing and reconciliation are difficult to achieve.

      Dr Abolade Francis AKINTOLA, Olubukunmi Adeboye ADESANYA

Abstract: Over the years, the Nigerian banking industry has become deep and experienced and there has been a high level of improvement and development, but the economic growth has not attained the same level attained by the banking industry, hence, the reason for this study which focussed on the relationship between deposit money banks (DMBs) and economic growth in Nigeria from 1994 to 2017. The study was carried out on secondary data obtained from real gross domestic product (RGDP), money supply (M2), bank credit (BC) and interest rate (INT).

      Sanchari Basak, Ankita Ghosh

Abstract: Vishal Bhardwaj’s film Haider(2014) reproduces Shakespeare’s Hamlet amidst the insurgencies and civilian disappearances that affected the 1990s in Kashmir, a region over which India and Pakistan have fought since Partition in 1947. Basharat Peer, the screenwriter and the author of the book Curfewed Night (2008) transforms the tragedy of a single individual into the collective tragedy of an entire region. Unlike Bollywood traditional representations of Kashmir

      Aditya Astu Bhairawa, Abdurrachman Faridi, Rudi Hartono

Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate how effective was brainstorming and brainwriting strategy to teach writing to students with different interest. This paper showed that the result of experimental research on writing skills to students with high and low interest at MTs Ma’arif Nu 1 Kembaran. A 2x2 factorial design of experimental research was used to collect the data from 60 students which divided into two groups; they were experimental group one and experimental group two.

      Atanda Ibrahim Samuel

Abstract: The aim of this study was to carry out comprehensive investigations on both microbiological and physicochemical characteristics of wastewater generated from catfish ponds within Oyo town in Oyo State. Data on microbiological concentration revealed that the wastewater from the ponds are highly loaded in organic pollutants and in pathogens bacteria, predominantly; Bacillius Spp., Pseudomonas Spp., Aeromonas Spp., Proteus Spp, Staphycoccus Spp showing that the water is not save for irrigation and when applied, the crop planted under the study area could be detrimental to the health of people when such crop consumed. Data was also collected and analyzed for a number of standard physicochemical parameters including pH, hardness, total dissolved solids, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, nitrates, ammonia, sulphates, phosphates metals and heavy metals namely: Ca, Na, K, Mg, Fe, Cu, Zn, Al, Cr, Pb, Ni, Mn and Cd using standard analytical methods. And comparison was made between the parameters analyzed with World Health Organization recommended level and Nigerian Water Quality Standard. It was then revealed that majority of the physicochemical viz; magnesium, sodium, total dissolved solid were found to be within the Nigerian water standard limit, except in some view months where the average values were found to be higher than the recommended values.

      Nurgiss Nazir

Abstract: The study aims to explore the Reproductive and sexual health capabilities of Adolescent women in Kashmir valley. WHO defines adolescence as the segment of life between the ages of 10 to 19 years, this transitional stage of life is characterized by rapid physical and psychological development, sexual maturity and transition from dependence to relative independence. Adolescents are a group of apparently healthy individuals. The health status of an adolescent determines the health status in his/her adulthood. Many serious diseases in adulthood have their roots in adolescence. We can categorize the health needs of the adolescents broadly into three categories- physical, psychological and social. Reproductive health is an important area of concern in adolescence especially in girls and is a sensitive issue especially in Indian society. In such circumstances it is difficult to assess reproductive health problems and needs of the adolescents. Kashmir region has been going through turmoil and these years of turmoil has left its mark on the health of the inhabitants of Kashmir. Children including adolescents have different socio-psychological needs and necessities from rest of the peaceful states due to the conflict situation in the state. In this backdrop, our study will focus on the health and development needs of adolescent girls in Jammu and Kashmir with special focus on reproductive health capability.

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