International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 14, Issue 5, May 2024 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.
May 2024 publication has started and publication will continue till 28th May 2024
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Assessing the Performance of the Anti-Microbial Stewardship (AMS) Program in a leading private Healthcare facility in Sri Lanka
      Dr. RMWS Ratnayake, Dr. HMTI Siriwardana
Abstract: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), as defined by the WHO, refers to the ability of a microorganism to resist an antimicrobial agent (drug) that was previously effective in treating an infection caused by that microorganism. It represents a significant crisis within the healthcare system, leading to high morbidity, and mortality, as well as imposing a substantial economic burden. Hence, AMR is currently considered as a global health priority.

      Dr. RMWS Ratnayake, Dr. HMTI Siriwardana
Abstract: Background: Supply chain management is a process that creates a product or a service from raw materials to the final product that is consumed by the consumer. The pharmaceutical supply chain management in a healthcare facility is a vital procedure that ensures the availability of good-quality drugs for patient care management at all times. Maternity care centers are health facilities that offer a range of services including pre-natal, natal, and post-natal care, and gynecological care.

      Trinh Thi Huong, Do Thi Minh Tam
Abstract: This study investigates the efficacy of corrective and directive feedback strategies in enhancing writing proficiency among second-year English students. Drawing on a framework proposed by Bitchener and Ferris (2012), the research examines the impact of feedback on mechanical errors, structure errors, content errors, and rhetorical errors in writing tasks.

      Gladys L. Lagura and Lorly P. Caperida
Abstract: Quality education relies on effectively preparing pre-service teachers. A study conducted at North Eastern Mindanao State University (NEMSU) examined the preparation of pre-service teachers across five campuses in Surigao Del Sur, focusing on resource needs, competencies, and professional development opportunities. Involving 236 participants including faculty members, pre-service teachers, and Department of Education resource teachers, the study employed a descriptive-correlational design to identify specific needs, competencies, and relationships between resources, competencies, and professional development participation.

      Dr. Orech Charles, Dr. Nyakure Calvin, Prof. L. K. Lelei, Ayumba, Henry R. Mwangi
Abstract: Long bone fractures are prevalent globally, especially in Low and Middle-Income Countries

      Wilson Kemei MPH, Jackline Nyaberi, Simon Ruttoh
Abstract: Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) are increasingly becoming important agents of illness and death worldwide. With the rising burden of NCDs in LMICs, Universal health coverage (UHC) has emerged as a priority intervention central to improving access to quality essential health services without suffering financial hardships among households and communities. Kenya adopted the 2030 agenda for SDGs and committed to achieve SDG target 3.8 on UHC.

      Terer Erick, Ayumba Barry, Kisorio Joshua
Abstract: Humeral fracture account for 5-8% of all fractures in adults. Most of these fractures tend to heal; however, up to 33 % will develop non-union. Humeral fracture non-union causes major functional disability, chronic pain and reduced quality of life. Data on the functional outcomes of operational management of humeral fracture non-union at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) Eldoret are scanty. This study intends to close the knowledge gap and advance the field.

      Grace T. Flores, Lourdes L. Bauya
Abstract: This study explores how universities and external stakeholders can optimize student internships for workforce development by identifying and implementing critical success factors and overcoming potential barriers at Northeastern Mindanao State University Bislig (NEMSU Bislig). Employing a descriptive-correlational design and analyzing data from 145 stakeholders at NEMSU through Mean and Spearman rho Correlation. Key elements include establishing well-defined policies, fostering collaborative ecosystems, and implementing robust monitoring mechanisms to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of internship programs.

      Md Tawfiqur Rahman
Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly transforming national security strategies worldwide. Bangladesh, a nation demonstrating a concrete commitment to technological advancement, is actively harnessing this potential to strengthen its national security posture. This paper explores Bangladeshs AI progress, its applications in crime prevention, counterterrorism, and counterintelligence, as well as the associated challenges and ethical considerations. Analyzing recent data and citing credible sources, the paper sheds light on Bangladeshs journey towards becoming a leader in AI-based security.

      Nirumala Rothinam
Abstract: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) focuses on developing learners communication abilities in a second language, shifting the emphasis from grammar to practical communication skills. Widely accepted among English as a Second Language (ESL) and English as a Foreign Language (EFL) educators, CLTs principles are embraced globally.

      Erick John E. Endres
Abstract: This paper, employing a rigorous research methodology, randomly used the data of 35 large-cap companies in the Philippine stock market. It constructed seven model portfolios whose performance in 2021, after the COVID-19 pandemic, was empirically tested using the metrics Portfolio Alpha, Beta, Sharpe, Treynor, and Information Ratio. The initial results revealed that the 5-stock model portfolio was among the worst performers and had the highest level of volatility during the observed period.

      Godfrey Emina
Abstract: This increasing number of displaced populations has become one of the major human rights and health problems worldwide. With more than 1.4 million refugees as of February 2020, Uganda is among the countries that house the most refugees worldwide. Few studies, nevertheless, have examined the quality, accessibility, and associated difficulties of healthcare for both host communities and refugees.

      Eddah Rabera Nyakango, Dr. Peter Philip Wambua
Abstract: The performance of government ministries in Kenya is rated poorly with unresponsive, delayed and poor quality of services. The increased staff turnover in the ministry also reduces capacity to deliver on the mandate and the adopted measures including performance contracting has not resolved the declining performance rating. Thus, this study sought to determine the effect of promotional schemes employee performance at the Ministry of Education.

      Mofid Khalifa Elbakbak
Abstract: If diplomats who write about diplomacy are to be believed, diplomacy is both distinct from and opposed to war. It is the ‚‚art of resolving negotiations peacefully.” Similarly, many scholars of diplomacy distinguish diplomacy from war and align diplomacy with peace. After a war breaks out, what factors influence warring parties’ decisions about whether to offer talks, and when may their position on war time diplomacy change? Decision makers and academics tend to believe that the transition from pure fighting to “talking while fighting” is pro gress, but both tend to overlook or misunderstand how we get from one to the other. Alongside war, there has always been diplomacy; alongside the warlord, the diplomat seeking a nonmilitary solution. Diplomatic efforts have shortened some of our worst wars and exacerbated others.
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