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International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 14, Issue 3, March 2024 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
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Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) and Diarrheal Diseases Among Under-fives: A Public Health Perspective
      Ilukor Geresom
Abstract: The health of children under the age of five is of paramount importance for the well-being of communities and nations. Diarrheal diseases, a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in this age group, are often linked to inadequate Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) conditions. This article explores the critical connection between WASH and diarrheal diseases among under-fives from a public health perspective, highlighting the importance of addressing these factors to promote child health.

      Ilukor Geresom
Abstract: Introduction: The study “to assess socio-cultural determinants influencing menstrual hygiene practices among the school going adolescent girls in primary schools in Namanyoyi Sub County, Mbale District.” Study objectives: The broad objective of the study was to assess socio-cultural determinants influencing menstrual hygiene practices among the school going adolescent girls in primary schools in Namanyoyi Sub County, Mbale District so as to improve on menstrual hygiene in primary schools and Uganda amongst the adolescent girls.

      Hannah Ngobeh
Abstract: The gendered impact of non-farm businesses on household adoption of clean energy in Sierra Leone from 1980 to 2023 is examined in this study. A comprehensive time series analysis is performed, emphasising the importance of marital status, cultivated farmland area, and household size.

      Jun M. Aranquez
Abstract: The study determined the relationship of English teachers’ proficiency and approaches and students’ acquisition of phonological English language learning. This generally ferreted out the significance of teachers’ practices in teaching English language and their approaches in using the language that impact the students’ phonological English language learning. This anyhow observed teachers’ language fluency through their grammatical accuracy and sound production that were quite crucial in students’ language learning aside from the fact that educators’ approaches manifest and become a huge influence in students’ learning.

      Jeptanui Flomena
Abstract: Groundwater quality has recently received a lot of concern as a water resource problem. Contaminant’s transport is best described by a mathematical model. In this paper, we study the contaminant transport phenomenon using an advection-diffusion equation. The contaminant transport equation is solved numerically, we apply the finite volume method. Here we use Adams-Bashforth Difference to extrapolate advective terms from previous time step in an explicit manner and handles diffusive terms implicitly using Crank-Nicolson second order scheme.

      Ilukor Geresom, Okiror Emmanuel
Abstract: The study was designed to determine the factors that influence relapse of mental illnesses among patients being treated at MRRH psychiatric unit. This study was chosen due to high cases of readmission into the psychiatric unit of MRRH and it was conducted under the following specific objectives; to determine the patient factors that influence relapse among patients with mental illness, to investigate the family/care givers factors that influence relapse in patients with mental illness, and to identify the treatment factors that influence relapse in patients with mental illness.

      Shabir Ahmad Punzoo
Abstract: When we think of trade and commerce, a few things immediately come to our mind, like commercial groups, means of transport, commodities and their carriers, the taxation system, and so on. The current research tries to analyse the modes of transportation prevalent in Rajputana during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Furthermore, our study sheds light on commercial communities involved in the profession of transport.

      Dr.Shib Shankar Chowdhury
Abstract: The paper explores what an integrated concept of autoethnography in a composition for bringing new ideas in behavioral science to observe the behavioral change in human beings during pandemic situation with reference to my song “I Am Virus” released in July 2020. Being sole researcher of this autoethnogrpahic track to delve into behavioral science during pandemic situation I wrote, composed and sang “I Am Virus” which got produced by Steve Robin at The Barn Recording Studios, Brisbane, Australia.

      Dr. Kephar Nyandoro
Abstract: Despite the Kenyan government taking a number of steps to fight corruption, such as establishing an Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission, there is still much work to be done to address this issue. It is heartbreaking to witness the virtual cost of corruption in Kenya. Thus, the purpose of this article to establish whether corruption in Kenya is being normalized regardless of the social costs it brings.

      Dr. Ambekar Neeraja Bai, Dr. Bathala Ramu, Dr. Kakani Venkata Nagendra
Abstract: Normal HR in a neonate is 110-160 bpm lower cut-off range is 107bpm (5th centile), physiologically bradycardia is seen during sleep and HR can go upto 60-80bpm2. Risk factors for congenital bradycardia are SLE in mother, lymes disease in mother, maternal intake of drugs(placental transfer of anaesthethics & anti-hypertensive drugs-labetalol) structural and conduction anomalies in neonate, sinus bradycardia3

      Msc Sylus O. Openji and Dr. Anthony Osoro
Abstract: This study sought to explore on projects contract management and performance of water contract in Baringo County, Kenya. The specific objectives of the study were: To determine the effect of project planning, community participation, project implementation and project evaluation on performance of contracts in Baringo County, Kenya.

      M.Sc. Maxmilla Kiptoo and Dr. Anthony Osoro
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between logistics optimization management and performance of manufacturing firms in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya. The specific objective were: warehouse and materials handling, packaging management, inventory control management and transport management respectively. This outcome was acceptable from this study findings.

      Festus Muema Muoki, Dr. Judy W. Mwangi
Abstract: Mariakani Township, located in Kilifi County, Kenya, presents a unique challenge in terms of elevated levels of criminality compared to neighboring areas. Despite being situated within Kilifi County, where crime rates are comparatively lower, Mariakani Township stands out due to its disproportionately high incidence of social crimes. Given the gravity of the situation, there was an urgent need to investigate the underlying factors contributing to the disproportionately high incidence of social crimes in Mariakani Township, particularly the influence of low socioeconomic status.

      Amel Abdyssalam Alhaag
Abstract: Education and technological innovation are intrinsically interlinked. New ideas lead to digital transformation, which feeds back in turn to help us improve education systems. Together, education and technology can lead to holistic system level quality improvement and greater equity.

      Vuong Huu Vinh, Mai Van Can
Abstract: This paper employs the conceptual metaphor theory to analyze and discuss the representation of the Sun as a mental symbol in 10 English song titles. By examining the association of the cultural context and content of the ten songs to their title each, this study aims to explore the conceptual meanings and implications associated with the metaphorical use of the Sun in association between the titles and their music lyrics in a qualitative approach. In other words, through a cognitive semantic analysis, this paper studies how the Sun shows up in the title and serves as a mental symbol within the lyrical content association of the songs.

      Jubilee Grace B. Avenido, Ariel U. Cubillas, Peter Paul H. Miralles, Cristine B. Real
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to identify the level of procrastination and coping mechanisms of Bachelor of Elementary Education students related to making and submission of academic course requirements. In line with this, the study pursued to determine the significant difference and relationship in the participants academic procrastination and coping mechanisms when grouped according to profile.

      Gamlath, G.R.V.S., Jayasinghe, J.A.A.K., Wimalachandra, S.D., Bandara, T.A.R.W.M.M.C.G., Wadugodapitiya, R.R.W.M.U.G.K., Kanchana, G.S., Wijesinghe H.G.I.M
Abstract: The paper investigates the effect of carbon black (CB) types and loading on curing and physico-mechanical properties of solid tire tread compounds comprised of Natural Rubber (NR) and Butadiene Rubber (BR) blend. N326, N330, and N375 were the CB types loaded in the rubber compounds at 53-60 parts per hundred parts of rubber (phr), which was a predetermined loading level. Tensile strength, tear strength, hardness, abrasion resistance, and cure characteristics were tested, keeping the N330 CB type at 60 phr loading as the control compound. The cure characteristics of all the compounds showed good processability, processing safety, and curing efficiency. The CB type N375 at 55 phr loading showed better tear strength, tensile properties, hardness, and abrasion resistance than the other compounds. Of the three types of CBs used in tire tread compounds, the N375 CB type was the ideal type for solid tire treads, according to this study. However, there is a choice of CB type and loading level as the requirement of mechanical properties.

      Anis Ananda M, Utiya Azizah
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe the feasibility of group investigation (GI)-oriented interactive worksheets to improve students problem-solving skills on reaction rate material. This research uses the Research and Development (R&D) method adapted from Sugiyono (2015).

      Amit Kaniyattu Roy, Karthik VS
Abstract: "The aerospace sector is always changing as it aims to achieve higher efficiency, safety, and performance levels. A noteworthy progression in this endeavor is the application of composite materials in aircraft construction. One of the many benefits of composites is their high strength-to-weight ratio, resistance to corrosion, and flexibility in design. They have become commonly used in contemporary airplanes, which has improved structural integrity, decreased weight, and increased fuel efficiency. The review explores the use of composites in stealth technology, highlighting how they can be used to alter radar signatures and improve aircraft survivability. "

      Frank Agyei, Frank Agyei, Patrick Ocran, Isaac Gyan Ayeh, Yelley Edward, Rebecca Oteng Amoabeng, Maxwell Peprah Amonsem, Kingsley Oppong
Abstract: This study offers a comprehensive examination of the Elementary Teacher Preparation Program at Shaoxing University, China, aiming to shed light on its unique attributes and effectiveness. The research delves into various aspects of the program through a mixed-method approach. It combines quantitative surveys with qualitative interviews, including curriculum design, practicum opportunities, and educational technology integration.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored how workers in different major industries used employee assistance program (EAP) clinical services and examined the level of effectiveness of service use on common behavioral health and work-related outcomes. We used data collected over a 7-year period from employee users of individual counseling or coaching from a single national EAP business in the United States.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the government and municipality industry in the United States. It presents highlights for this industry group from a larger study in 2024 of eight different industries. Recent data on number of worker, number of employers, worker age, gender, private/public sector, union representation, compensation, and safety from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for seven other industry categories was presented to provide context for this one industry.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the manufacturing industry in the United States. It features highlights of a previous much larger study in 2024 of eight different industries. The 29.3 million employees in the manufacturing and related heavy labor industries (construction, wholesale trade, maintenance/repair, and energy utilities) accounted for about 1 in every 5 workers in the total U.S. workforce in year 2024.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues in the transportation industry in the United States. The 6.6 million employees in the transportation industry accounted for about 4% of the total workers in the U.S. in year 2024. Workers in the transportation industry are mostly male (74%) and most are of average working age (43 years). The study primarily featured EAP data collected over a 7-year period from employee users of individual counseling or coaching from a single national EAP business in the United States (CuraLinc Healthcare).

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the healthcare industry in the United States. It features highlights of our larger study in 2024 of eight different industries. The 24.9 million employees in the healthcare industry accounted for 16% of the total U.S. workforce. Recent data on number of worker, number of employers, worker age, gender, private/public sector, union representation, compensation, and safety from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for 7 other industry categories was presented to provide context for this one industry.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the education industry in the United States. The education industry accounts for about 1 in every 10 employees in the total U.S. workforce in year 2024. Recent data on number of worker, number of employers, worker age, gender, private/public sector, union representation, compensation, and safety from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics is also presented to provide a larger context for this industry. The EAP study featured client data collected over a 7-year period from employee users of counseling or coaching from a single national EAP business in the United States (CuraLinc Healthcare).

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the financial industry in the United States. The financial industry (including related fields of banking, insurance and business management) accounts for 6% of the U.S. workforce in year 2024.

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the technology industry in the United States. The technology industry account for about 5% of employees in the total U.S. workforce in year 2024. The study featured EAP data collected over a 7-year period from employee users of individual counseling or coaching from a single national EAP business in the United States (CuraLinc Healthcare).

      Dr. Mark Attridge & David Pawlowski
Abstract: This applied study explored the role of behavioral health issues among workers in the restaurant and retail trade industry in the United States. It features highlights of our larger study in 2024 of eight different industries. The 27.9 million employees in the restaurant and retail trade industry accounted for almost 18% of the total U.S. workforce in year 2024. The study primarily featured EAP data collected over a 7-year period from employee users of individual counseling or coaching from a single national EAP business in the United States (CuraLinc Healthcare).

      Prof. Sandy R. Eleponio,LPT, MAEd, Prof. Maria Elena Guevarra, MAEd, Prof. Rafael Tabunda, MAEd, LPT, Ms. Donalyn Dizon
Abstract: This study titled Effectiveness of Online Learning as Perceived by Selected Students at Quezon City University, College of Education was conducted in the main campus of QCU located at 673, San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City. The study involved 207 students from basic education department consist of Social Sciences, Mathematics, and Sciences students respectively. The researchers used triangulation approach in gathering data of the research.

      Stow, May Tamara
Abstract: Research on child and maternal mortality risk factors has identified limited access to quality healthcare services as a significant cause of adverse outcomes. Inadequate prenatal care and skilled birth attendance increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

      Le Quang Dung
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of critical thinking skills on speaking ability among students of non-English major. The study was conducted at Dai Nam University with 74 students from three disciplines; linguistics, healthcare and technology. The research design were survey and experimental. The findings reveal that the levels of critical thinking skills vary across disciplines. Linguistics students hold the least (M=1.87). This indicates that the students were categorized as a "Basic Critical Thinker." The Healthcare students ranked the top (M=3.07). A ranking within this range (M= 3.00 to 3.99) places the individuals in the "Proficient Critical Thinker". Technology students were categorized as "Emerging Critical Thinker” (M=2.10). The aspects of Clarity of Communication and Problem Solving Skills contributed mostly to the development of speaking ability B = 0.79, t(69) = 3.51, p < .001 and B = 0.57, t(69) = 2.23, p = .005 respectively. The critical training course proved beneficial for students in terms of enhancing speaking ability; mean of post-test was significantly higher than mean of pre-test M= 6.28 and M=5.03 respectively.

      Sultanul Arefin
Abstract: While it comes to understanding complicated financial paperwork, such bank statements and property appraisals, which are essential for efficiently processing visa applications, English graduates employed in tourism companies have considerable challenges. The objective of this study is to examine the difficulties encountered by English-graduate agency officers in Bangladeshs tourism industry and to determine the fundamental competencies required of English graduates who wish to work as agency officers in travel agencies in the nation. Using a qualitative methodology and a purposeful approach, the study identified and interacted with ten tourist businesses that used English graduate officers in a methodical manner to learn more about their issues in the industry.

      Njeru Kenneth Ngari and Dr. Anthony Osoro
Abstract: The purpose of this was to establish the relationship between stock control management practices and organizational performance of the Kenya electricity generating company in eastern region, Kenya. The specific objectives of this study were; inventory optimization, EOQ, safety stock levels and tracking stock respectively. The study will employ a descriptive research design.

      Dolphine Kemunto Omosa and Dr. Anthony Osoro
Abstract: This study focused at procurement tendering practices and performance of preference groups in Kisii County, Kenya. The general objective of this study sought to determine the relationship between procurement tendering practices and performance of preference groups in Kisii County, Kenya. The specific objectives of this study were; tender planning, tender advertisement, tender evaluation, and tender award on performance of preference groups in the Kisii County, Kenya.

      Josephine N. Waronja and Dr. Charles Mogote
Abstract: The implementation of the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) patient system in Kenyan health facilities was aimed at enhancing the management of individuals living with HIV. The implementation of the Electronic Medical Record (EMR) patient system in many hospitals at the Comprehensive Care Clinics (CCC) in Mombasa County in 2013 aimed to enhance the management of individuals infected with HIV. Nevertheless, a comprehensive study of the impact of Electronic Medical Records (EMR) on patient management in Mombasa County health facilities has not yet been conducted.

      Yakubu Abdul-Fatawu, Theophilus Adjei-Kumi, Victor Karikari Acheamfour
Abstract: All the various stages of construction rely on professionals transferring appropriate and relevant information to develop a buildable design that meets the client’s requirements. As the project unfolds and the design is realized, information in the form of drawings, specifications and construction methods must be communicated from one expert to another. Therefore, using an appropriate communication method and communication medium to resolve construction and design problems is essential. In order to fully appreciate communication in the Ghanaian construction industry, the following questions were articulated for the research: how does project professionals communicate on construction projects in Ghana? How does project professionals value effectiveness of communication on construction projects? Also, the research sort to find out whether project communication has any effect on project delivery in Ghana. The research sampled 97 professionals working with consultants, project clients and contractors with D1K1 classification. The research established that within the Ghanaian construction industry, there is a strong appreciation of the importance of project communication and its importance within the industry. Indeed, various levels and channels of communications have been established within the construction industry notably the communication between the clients and consultants or consultants and contractors. In spite of that, there have been many hindrances to effective communication on construction projects in Ghana.
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