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IJSRP, Volume 5, Issue 7, July 2015 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

Important:
Online print version will release latest by 30th July. Download cover page for this edition.

Indexing and Correction:
Indexing will start after 22th July and minor corrections are accepted till 30th July 2015.
Corrections have been closed.

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      Entissar S. Al-Suhaibani

Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Tea (Camellia sinensis) is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. White tea is made from the buds and young leaves of the tea plant which are steamed and dried, whilst undergoing minimal oxidation.



      Cláudia Teixeira and Leandro Pereira

Abstract: This paper intends to provide a deeper understanding about the current ROI in Training practices applied in organizations. Although the well advanced practices on how to estimate and measure business initiatives benefits, it is still an uncommon practice to apply this knowledge and methodologies on HR initiatives, in particular, training programs. The ability to keep a business sustainable in such a current globalized world, hugely comes from the human capital in organizations, or in other words, from the dynamic competences owned by the company teams. For this reason, the investment in professional training is increasing hence the need on assuring that the right training programs are implemented and contributing to the business goals.



      Mohammed H. Moawad͙͙, Hala F. Zaki, Ezz-El-Din S. El-Denshary

Abstract: The potential of pioglitazone and certain micronutrients, namely, α-lipoic acid, taurine and chromium or their combinations to improve glycemic status and insulin resistance (IR), and their role in treating oxidative stress insults and dyslipidemia were studied.



      Kuliya Muhammed, Isma’il Zaharaddeen, Kabir Rumana, Abdulkadir M. Turaki

Abstract: Growing number of IT industries in the world are fast adopting cloud computing which has created the access needed by users and business organisation to have on-demand access to shared resources and applications online. The developed economies have long embraced the sturdy and cost effective cloud technology into their businesses leaving behind the developing countries who are still struggling to reap the benefits of this technology. The objective of this paper is to highlight the benefits of adopting cloud comput¬ing and highlight the challenges in adopting and utilizing services offered by cloud computing. Recommendations were also made on how ease the adoption of the emerging technology in Nigeria.



      Ajibade V. A, Julius, O. O., and Ajayi, F. A

Abstract: The incidence of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from pediatrics admitted into various hospitals in Ekiti and Ondo States from the months of January 2009 to July 2010 were investigated. It was observed that out of the 400 samples collected from children in both states, 57 (14%) were positive for the isolates, while 295 (74%) were negative. Indicating a low incidence in both states but higher in Ondo State. Out of the 57 positive samples, 44 (77%) were isolates from sputum, 4 (7%) from urine, 1 (2%) from blood and 8 (14%) from ear swab. The highest number of positive isolates were 41 (68%) from males while 16(32%) were from females. From sputum, 33 (97%) were susceptible to Ciprofloxacin and 5(14%) to Cloxacillin. From urine, 3(75%) isolates were susceptible to Ofloxacin. The isolates from blood samples were susceptible to both Ciprofloxacin and Gentamycin. The isolates from ear swab were susceptible to Erythromycin and Ciprofloxacin but 1(50%) was susceptible to Ofloxacin, Clindamycin, Gentamycin, Cotrimoxazole Ampicilin and Cloxacillin. All isolates from urine samples show resistance to majority of the antibiotics. All isolates from blood showed resistance to all antibiotics tested except Ciprofloxacin and Gentamycin. Two isolates from ear swab showed resistance to Ceftriaxone and Argumentin. The most active antibiotics tested were Ciprofloxacin (92%), Gentamycin (78%), Erythromycin (70%), Ofloxacin (60%) and Clindamycin (46%).



      Dr. Naeem Ijaz, Muhammad Abdullah Alvi, Muhammad Umer Farooq, Masood UR Rehman, Usmaz Afzal, Qammar Abbas, Muhammad Farhan Arshad, Shahbaz Talib, Zeeshan Khaliq

Abstract: Instead of using conventional approach researchers are, nowadays, taking interest in replacing the waste material with the ingredients of concrete to achieve the following benefits. First benefit is to minimize the pollution, second is to make the concrete cost efficient and third is to enhance the properties of the concrete i.e. Compressive Strength and Splitting Tensile Strength of Concrete. Cement is being replaced with different types of waste materials to achieve the aforementioned benefits. This research paper reveals the effect of the partial replacement of cement with the Stone Quarry Dust on Compressive Strength and Splitting Tensile Strength of concrete. Cement was replaced in the following percentages to test the samples; 0%, 15%, 25% and 35%. It was found after testing that strength was increased 2 time for Q25 sample.



      Madu, Catherine Omeriyang(Ph.D), Ewelum, Johnson Nnadi (Ph.D) & Chieke, Joseph Chukwuto

Abstract: Security is an enabler of national development. There can be no sustainable development without peace and security in any nation. Building peace and adequate security involves a wide range of efforts by diversed actors in government and civil society at the community, national international levels to address the root causes of violence and ensure that people have freedom from fear of humiliation, war and conflicts. This paper, therefore, x-rays peace and security as necessities for sustainable national transformation. It also discussed some concepts, challenges and came up with the way forward.



      F. M. Makokha, P. M. Wanjala, J. Githuku, and H. L. Kutima

Abstract: Measles is a major cause of death and complications among young children worldwide despite the availability of a safe and effective vaccine. Per annum over 158,000 cases of measles mortality are reported globally, especially in Africa and Asia. In Kenya, 59 per a million measles incidence were reported in 2011. Approximately 80.1 % of the children aged less than 5 years receive a first dose of measles-containing vaccine in Kakamega County. In 2013 a second dose of measles-containing vaccine was introduced in the routine immunization system. A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine the coverage of second dose of measles-containing vaccine among children in Kakamega County. Thirty clusters were selected using probability proportional to size with replacement, 19 households were surveyed per cluster and data of the youngest child aged between 24-35 months collected. Among the 571 children surveyed; the coverage of second dose of measles-containing vaccine was 102 (17.9%) (95%CI = 14.9% to 21.3%).The caretaker’s awareness of the second dose of measles-containing vaccine, time taken to the nearest health facility, uptake of Pentavalent 3 and uptake of at least two doses of Vitamin A was significantly associated with the uptake of the second dose of measles-containing vaccine, p-value of 0.0000, 0.0010, 0.0281 and 0.0000respectively. The second dose of measles-containing vaccine coverage in Kakamega is very low, strategies focusing on demand creation, conducting outreach services in hard-to-reach areas and ensuring that there are no missed opportunities should be put in place to increase utilization of the second dose of measles-containing vaccine across the County.



      Roopali D Pai, Prof. Srinivas Halvi, Prof. Basavaraj Hiremath

Abstract: Low contrast and poor quality images are the main problems in the medical field. Wavelet transform based techniques are of greater interest because of their performance over Fourier and other spatial domain techniques. By using the wavelet transforms using Haar wavelet followed by the Laplacian operator to obtain the sharpened image gives a novel method for medical image enhancement. First, a medical image is decomposed with wavelet transform. Secondly, all high-frequency sub-images were decomposed with Haar transform. The contrast of the image is adjusted by linear contrast enhancement approaches. Filters are applied to identify the edges. Finally, the enhanced image was obtained by subtracting resulting image from the original image. Experiments showed that this method can not only enhance an image’s details but can also preserve its edge features effectively.



      Surabhi Surendra Tambe

Abstract: The following research paper presents an overview regarding the emerging technology of Wireless Brodband networks. It focuses on the history,tools,standards and implementation of Wi-Fi networks.However the main purpose of this research paper is to understand the various problems associated with the implementation of these WLANs and propose recommendation and measures to solve these problems and mitigate potential risk factors.



      Dr. K. S. Amaravathi, Dr. R. Nagamani, Dr. P. Sakuntala, Dr. M.N.Shyamsunder, Dr.P.V. Rajasekhar, Dr. V. Gopalakrishna

Abstract: Background: Epilepsy can be associated with profound physical, social and psychological consequences. Seizures beginning in adult life are likely due to an identifiable cause as compared to those beginning in childhood which are more likely to be idiopathic.



      Monika Y.E, Naveen Kumar S.M, Dr. M Rame Gowda, Sanjith J, Ranjith A

Abstract: Advancement in technology demand certain properties of the concrete related to strength and durability to be improved to some extent possible. In this regard, self-compacting concrete was emerged to overcome certain fresh properties also.. The SCC was first developed in 1988 to achieve workable and durable concrete structure. In the present article summarizes the improvement in certain fresh properties even with mechanical properties was found to be improved with metakaolin and silica fume as admixtures at different ages of concrete curing.



      Mr. Kunal Madhukar Shirkande, Prof. Prajakta A. Satarkar

Abstract: Insider data theft attacks are characterized by an adversary stealing a legitimate user's credentials and using them to impersonate the authenticate user and to perform malicious activities. Prior works also combines a user behavior profiling technique with a baiting technique, but profiling user behavior using single modeling technique suffers from a considerable number of false positives. Also decoy documents are placed at conspicuous locations rather than using automatically generated decoys which may not give significant accuracy to the detection system. Proposed system will extend prior work and presents an integrated detection approach where behavior profiling will be done by combining more than one classifier, each uses different modeling algorithm to reduce false positive rate. Along with this proposed system will include a baiting approach based on automated generation of demand decoy documents on the user's file system and user authentication by challenge questions, to provide more accuracy. Proposed system could provide a strong defense mechanism against malicious insider data theft attacks.



      Dr. R. Nagamani, Dr. K. Sudarsi, Dr. K. S. Amaravati, Dr. Musa Khan, Dr. P. Sakuntala and Dr. Deepthi

Abstract: Acute renal failure is a common clinical condition encountered in most of the hospitals. This study is an attempt to evaluate the clinical profile of acute renal failure in 50 patients admitted in Osmania general hospital.



      Dr. Gaurang K, Dr. Basavraj Savdi, Dr.Rudrappa G., Dr.Sabithabai T.

Abstract: Pre-eclampsia is defined as development of hypertension and proteinuria (> 300mg urinary protein in 24 hrs.) after 20th week gestation. Hypertension is defined as blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg or a rise in blood pressure of 30/15 mm Hg from the baseline confirmed by two measurements 6 hrs. apart. The objective of the study is to estimate urinary Calcium-Creatinine ratio in cases of preeclampsia.



      Saranjit Kaur, Kawaljeet Singh

Abstract: The premise of this research paper is to identify the important factor of Business Process Re-engineering(BPR) with an aim to improve the efficiency of institutions by eliminating redundant efforts / activities. This empirical study takes on primary data concerning to BPR of fifty institutes of Delhi i.e., Union territory of India. Important factors have been identified using data reduction technique Principal Component Analysis (PCA)[Tool: SPSS version 20.0]. The result states that among twenty numbers of different attributes three attributes are significant.



      S.Subash, M.Sathyamoorthy, P.Karthikeyan, P.Paramanantham, P.Manoj Kumar Reddy

Abstract: Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip or palate syndrome (EEC syndrome) is characterized by the triad of ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia and facial clefting (lip/palate). However, manifestation of all the three anomalies is very uncommon. The incomplete forms, with absence of one or more of the cardinal signs, are often noted. Neither of the two cases, recently reported from India, had all the three anomalies. We report a case of EEC with all three classical features



      Martin Joseph Sto. Tomas, Patricia Megan Baluyot, Ana Loraine Delos Santos, Jenelle Faustino, Eunice Licudine, Ella Marie Mendoza, Steven Truelen, Ma. Jennifer Tiburcio

Abstract: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional 21-27kDa glycopeptide with 184 amino acid residues. IL-6 is also responsible for various proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory processes (Agorastos et al., 2014). This study aimed to determine if Interleukin 6 can be used as a biomarker of Ischemic heart disease (IHD). The study employed twenty-four (24) patients and was divided into two groups: IHD patients (n=12) and patients without IHD (n=12). Plasma samples were obtained and IL-6 levels were determined through an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Results show that there is a significant difference (p<0.001) in the IL-6 levels of IHD patients (median of 33 pg/mL) from patients without IHD (median of 3.8 pg/mL). Based on these findings, those with an increased IL-6 level (> 5 pg/mL) are 25.0 times more likely to have IHD than those without increased IL-6 levels. Furthermore, it was found that for every 1 pg/mL increase in IL-6, the chances of developing the disease increases by 1.24 [CI95%: 1.03 to 1.48]. From these findings, it can be inferred that Interleukin 6 can be used as a biomarker of ischemic heart disease.



      Vijay Bhushan Gupta, Dr. M.P.Jakhanwal

Abstract: The authors have checked the Design Criteria & Design Loads being adopted in Delhi Metro Rail and have also checked the safety of Radial Bolts used in tunnel lining segment by DMRC. The research paper thus shall help in detailing the design criteria & design loads in the most successful and time bound Metro Rail work being executed by DMRC in NCR Region comprising of New Delhi/Old Delhi and surrounding areas of UP & Haryana states. The Delhi Metro Rail network is a masterpiece and a landmark civil work in India and matches with all International standards and practices adopted to suit local conditions. All other Metro Rail networks in India are following the knowledge and experience of Delhi Metro Rail as the main guiding factor. Further, in this research paper the safety of most important Radial Bolts being used in Reinforced Cement Concrete segments is checked in both radial and circumferential directions against the moment and axial shear force at the two critical points, i.e. at the Crown and at the Springing, in the Circular tunnel lining segments. In detailed calculations, the design of radial bolts is found to be safe from International Standards and thus through this paper, the authors emphasize the importance of checking of safe bolt design in tunnel lining segment along with the design criteria and design loads.



      Saminath.V, Sangeetha.M.S

Abstract: Hadoop is an open-source framework to storing and processing of Big data in a distributed environment. Big data is collection of complex and large volume of structured and un-structured data. Hadoop stores data throughout clusters located in geographically different machines and distribute workload using parallel computing. MapReduce is software framework derived on Java, to analyze the large scale data. MapReduce uses Distributed Data processing model. HDFS is another component in Hadoop, storing large volume of data. Google File system supports immense amount of data stored into distributed data nodes, each node has redundant data storage maintained to avoid lost. This paper explains the HDFS, details of jobs node cluster environment, stack layered component on Hadoop framework, various Application development on Hadoop.



      Dalia AbdulHadi AbdulAmeer

Abstract: “Big Data” is a new paradigm that is introduced in the field of computer science to abstract the size of data. It refers to huge quantities of data which need special processes according to business requirements. To get exact information and gain knowledge, professionals must apply intelligent tools, technologies and methodologies in the field’s major areas. Yearly a lot of people lost their life because of medical mistakes. Diagnosing and treating patient’s case is crucial matter to the medical team. Providers should deliver more accurate and personalized clinical data to improve the quality and efficiency of care. This paper discusses big data term in medical sector and how to analyze this clinical big datasets to discover knowledge to use it in clinical prediction. We discuss the deployment and the new trends with big data and explore two paradigms on building real data infrastructure for future studies and review some of on-line health care applications. Afterward, this paper propose framework which figure-out how to analyze big data and how to discover knowledge from the extracted information. Knowledge discovery and data mining are correlated terms; data mining is a step in knowledge acquisition processing journey, it is about applying data analysis and discovery algorithms, which should convey the widespread growth of data collection. As conclusion, big data analysis is expected to reveal the knowledge structure which guided the decisions making.



      Manjula Scaria, Binoy Joseph

Abstract: The dignity of man, who is endowed with both body and soul, was the basis for all social activities and humanitarian services of Kuriakose Elias Chavara. He gave prime importance to the dignity of a human being from his faith that all are created in the image and likeness of God. The foundation of empowerment of dalits and minorities are education and employment. Chavara was keen to initiate a movement which ensure public education, and thus open possibilities for decent employment. The establishment of a Charity home at the small village of Kainakari in the state of Kerala in India distinctively emphasize the concern of Chavara towards the sick and suffering in society where the uncharitable practices are predominant because of the caste- system and its numerous norms. Chavara’s success in all his many undertakings was undoubtedly originated from his spiritual vision. It led him to be an innovator of many socio-pastoral, cultural, educational and social reforms. While he most assiduously lived the life of a Religious, dedicated to the love and service of God, the same divine love in him inspired him to devote himself, as much as he could, to the love and service of men. It is a long and most praiseworthy record, his varied enterprises and activities for the religious, social, cultural and educational advancement of his fellow men.



      Dereje Wakene, Negussie Bussa, Shemelis Mekonnen

Abstract: This study was conducted to compare the effect of short duration high intensity and long duration low intensity progressive aerobic exercise on selected health related fitness components and hematological parameters on male students of Haramaya University. Subjects were randomly assigned to short duration high intensity and long duration low intensity groups. Both experimental groups participated in aerobic exercise 3 days/week for 12 weeks. The variables selected for the study were: cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility, body composition, WBC, RBC, hemoglobin and platelets. Throughout the training program, tests were taken at pre training, during training, post training. The results obtained in this study indicated that there were significant improvement in selected variables in both groups except BMI, hemoglobin and platelets under long duration low intensity group in which they showed insignificance (p < 0.05). According to this study when both groups compared, the short duration high intensity training program was significantly better than long duration low intensity training program in improving cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility, body composition, white blood cell, red blood cell, platelets and hemoglobin.



      Sheleme Gofe, Negussie Bussa and Molla Deyou

Abstract: Background: A variety of lifestyle modifications including weight loss in the overweight and regular aerobic physical activities have been shown in clinical trials to lower blood pressure in hypertensive patients. This study aims to investigate the effect of physical activities in lowering blood pressure in hypertensive patients subjected to consecutive physical activities training sessions. Method: A sample of 12 female hypertensive patients diagnosed with hypertension for more than one year were purposively selected from those hypertensive patients visited the primary care center for their regular follow up. A laboratory experiment was conducted in April, 2012 at Haramaya University Health Center. Patients whose systolic blood pressure reading < 180 mmHg, and diastolic blood pressure reading < 110 mmHg and heart rate reading <100 b/m were included in the study. Hematological and biochemical tests and systolic and diastolic blood pressure reading was employed for data collection. Data analysis was made using SPSS Version 15.0.



      Manik Khaparde, Nanda Rajput

Abstract: Classical Shewhart kind control charts are based on normality assumption and ignore the skewness of the plotted statistic in the construction of control charts. Generally the skewness is large enough to be overlooked and in such situation the traditional chart is improper to give satisfactory performance. In this paper, we present a comparative study and present best control chart based on skewness and kurtosis for random queue length for M/M/1 queueing model evaluated on the basis of performance measure false alarm rate.



      Dr Vigneswaran Sekar MDS, Dr Sendhilnathan D MDS, Dr Lakshmi S, MDS, Dr Abby Abraham MDS, Dr Annapoorni. H MDS.

Abstract: The success and draw backs of the compression molding are well studied and reported but there is no enough studies or reports on injection molding. This study is on a comparison and evaluation of palatal adaptation of two different denture bases fabricated in two different palatal forms namely Shallow palate and Deep palate were used. Orientation notches (OrN) were made in the Master Model and were duplicated. 20 Shallow and 20 Deep palate cast were made. Denture bases were processed by Compression molding and Injection molding technique. The casts were trimmed in the PPS area and midline and the palatal adaptation was evaluated using vision measuring system. The results revealed that the mean palatal adaptation of injection molding denture bases was statistically significant when compared to compression molding denture bases in both the shallow palate and deep palate (p≤0.05). But there was no statistical difference within the injection molding and compression molding denture bases in both palates (p≥0.05). The Injection molding denture bases had better palatal adaptation. The material of choice and the technique of processing plays a major role than the shape of the vault in deciding the palatal adaptation of the denture.



      Dalia Begum

Abstract: Human being is an interaction of body and mind which is known as psycho-physical unity. The better co-ordination between two, the better would be the performance. Intelligence is integral part of human nature. We do distinguish individual in our everyday life. Movement is the major part of motor fitness. In the field of sports, the performance of a particular motor task / skill requires a top level of intelligence depending upon the complexity of the skill or task.



      Christine Faith V. Tan, Maria Korina A. Dakis, Chiara L. Delos Reyes, Dong Yeob Ki, Shannen Jaye O. Langcamon, Denise T. Magdamit, Ma. Jennifer R. Tiburcio, Maria Ruth B. Pineda-Cortel

Abstract: Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived peptide that acts as a hormone with anti-inflammatory and insulin-sensitizing properties. Lower serum levels of adiponectin have been consistently associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in numerous prospective studies of diverse nationalities. However, few studies among Filipinos were documented. The objective of this study is to identify if adiponectin could serve as a biomarker of type 2 diabetes mellitus among Filipino respondents by determining the association of its levels with the presence of impaired fasting blood glucose, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and other anthropometric parameters. This study, conducted in University of Santo Tomas Hospital-Out Patient Department, compared the levels of adiponectin in normal, pre-diabetic and diabetic groups, with each having 28 randomly selected samples and equivalent gender ratio. Blood samples were analyzed for fasting blood glucose (FBS), insulin and adiponectin.



      Sonam Parihar

Abstract: RLC circuit response and analysis is modelled using MATLAB. We calculate the stability of system using bode plot method. Bode plot is one of the convenient method for stability calculation since using it we not only calculate stability but also phase margin ,gain margin, phase crossover frequency, gain crossover frequency at a time. The response of RLC is examined from different input form using MATLAB.



      A. Parimala, Nidhi Sharma, K. Jayashree, P. Sasireka

Abstract: Background :A medical student has more than just academic needs . A medical student needs to understand the basic preclinical subjects and in a short span of one year translate it into patient care. A problem based learning method was initiated in the final year curriculum of medical students to integrate the basic knowledge of anaemia in pregnancy with the final outcome of reducing maternal deaths due to anaemia in pregnancy.



      Vishnu M., Arun P. S.

Abstract: The key to medical image denoising technique is to remove the noise while preserving important features. Non-local mean filtering and bilateral filtering are commonly used procedures for medical image denoising. In this paper analysis and comparison of spatial as well as frequency domain methods including bilateral filtering , non-local mean filtering, wavelet thresholding, contourlet thresholding and non-subsampled contourlet transform are done. The non-subsampled contourlet transform applied prior to bilateral and non-local mean filtering gives improved PSNR and perceptual quality. From the results it is also found that introducing transform domain method prior to spatial domain method does not increase the processing time to a much extend.



      Vidya Rajbansi

Abstract: Every of us will have a large set of stored images such as scanned copies, multimedia files. Image retrieval is a process of finding similar images to that of query image or to find out to which database the query image belongs. Here we are using two linear transformation techniques Gabor-Walsh Wavelet pyramid technique and Curvelet transform 7method Feature vectors of each of the database images are extracted by applying these techniques, then by calculating Euclidian distance we find that to which database the query image belongs. The comparative analysis is done based on the FAR, FRR & TSR parameters.



      Priya Bhalla, Prodyut Bhattacharya, N. C. Gupta

Abstract: Travelling to relatively pristine or natural areas is rapidly growing among visitors worldwide, which not only stimulates impacts on landscape and its wildlife but affects the visitors’ experience -as well. Considering sound associated with anthropogenic activities as an impact causing indicator, the present study reports and discusses the result of monitoring sound levels in Binsar Wildlife Sanctuary, an ecotourism destination situated in mid of Kumaon Himalayas. The equivalent sound pressure level (Leq) was determined both in presence and absence of visitors, at key locations within high usage tourism sites of different zones of Binsar. The results indicated that the ambient noise level remains within the prescribed standard limit being stable around 50 dB in the absence of visitors, which increases up to 70dB in the presence of visitors. Using LN statistics five sites reported to exceed 50 dB of sound level for 10% of the recorded time. The outcome suggests non-violation of standard limits within sanctuary, however, it necessitates control of visitor activities by sanctuary management at locations where animal habitats exist, considering increasing visitation.



      Kailash Mittal, Abhishek Bahadur Singh, Nishu Bala

Abstract: Introduction: Head and neck cancers constitute 5% of all cancers worldwide with an annual incidence of about 5,00,000 cases of which two-thirds are locally advanced. Radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy forms an integral part of the multimodal management. Seven to eight weeks treatment is accompanied by its acute & late reactions, of which xerostomia is one of the major complications of Radiotherapy.



      Dr. Diptendu Chatterjee, Prof. Arup Ratan Bandyopadhyay

Abstract: An attempt has been made to study the correlates of knowledge of cervical cancer in a working women group. The survey undertaken is a part of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice study prior to initiation of cytological screening. Subjects for the present analysis consisted of a group of women who had never reported previous gynecological problems related to cervical cancer. The study brought out that younger women had better awareness and knowledge about cervical cancer and related information. Literacy status for education and exposure to family planning was influential in creating awareness about cervical cancer. Lastly, the earlier episodes of gynecological problems, and treatment seeking behavior lead to higher awareness (efforts may be made to innovate ways to reach older and illiterate women at risk of cervical cancer for better awareness in the group).



      Vipin Suthar, Sunny Nahar

Abstract: In India, the new generation is now a days understanding the need and importance of insurance of their assets, family-health, children’s future plans, etc.



      Mohd Hamid

Abstract: In this paper, applicability of Privileges on SIM Card during installation of applications is discussed. In addition, small descriptions of privileges, privilege coding in Global Platform 2.2 & Global Platform 2.1 is provided.



      Isam Syed Arshad , Talha Muhammad , Ahmad Yahia Mustafa Al Astal

Abstract: The concern about the corporate social responsibility activities which the organizations provide to their society and stakeholders increased as one reason for living in the era of globalization (Chapple & Moon, 2005). The study attempts to provide empirical evidence on the influence of the 2008 financial crisis on the disclosure about CSR among local banks in the United Arab Emirates. It also attempts to investigate the extent of CSR disclosure on these banks. For that reason, the study examined the annual reports of the local banks which work in the UAE in three different years. These years are 2007, 2009 and 2011. Additionally, this paper investigated the factors which influence the extent of CSR disclosure, namely; the number of the board of directors, the size of the bank, leverage ratio and profit of the bank (profitability ratio). Moreover, the study formulated four null hypothesis based on two theories namely stakeholder theory and legitimacy theory. The findings reveal that, the extent of CSR disclosure increased after the financial crisis. In terms of the factors which influence the extent of CSR disclosure. On the other hand, the multiple regression analysis indicates that the size of the bank, the board of directors and profit of the bank are positively associated with the CSR disclosure, while for the leverage ratio negatively associate with CSR disclosure.



      Uttera Chaudhary, Ankita Asthana, Dr Puja Singhal

Abstract: There has been a continuous open deliberation about whether the exercises of brands and organizations in online networking space has a quantifiable rate of return. A few analysts accept that social media platforms give a one of a kind chance for brands to cultivate their associations with clients, while others accept the opposite. Some see it as a rising medium for generating brand mindfulness and reliability though other contend that there is no successful rate of return from such activities. This paper, based on investigation of distributed writing in the Indian market, expects to highlight the developing significance of social media for advertisers in India by aggregating how a few brands are now harvesting advantages from their ventures and moving beyond just “likes” and “followers”



      Miss. Kanchan Manohar Sontakke

Abstract: In order to the drowsy driver, this paper contains a new fatigue driving detection algorithm. Experts told that such drivers who do not take usual break, when driving long distance can be feeling sleepy. Most of the severe road accidents are caused by sleepy drivers than drink driving.



      Yogini B. Hirave,Prof. R.T. Patil ,Mr Ketan Bagade

Abstract: Traditionally inexpensive analog components are used for the design purposes of Motor drives. The weakness of analog systems is their susceptibility to temperature variations and component aging. Another drawback is the difficulty of upgrading the systems. Digital control structures eliminate drifts and, by using a programmable controller, the upgrades can be easily accomplished by software. The high performance of digital signal controllers allows them to perform high-resolution control and minimize control loop delays. These efficient controls make it possible to reduce torque ripples, harmonics and improve dynamic behavior in all speed ranges. The motor design is optimized due to lower vibrations and lower power losses such as harmonic losses in the rotor [2].



      Mohammed Viqar Nadaf Pinjar, Dr. Shivakumar S, Dr. G V Patil

Abstract: To stand up in today’s highly competitive world, the manufacturers need to find a way to reduce the production time. Elimination of the wastes can improve the productivity of the company. By making use of the lean manufacturing tools the company can remain in competition and they can survive in modern world. The main objective of this project is to reduce the setup time of the Gear Hobbing Machine by 20 – 25 % through Single Minute Exchange of Die (SMED) Technique and thereby improving the productivity. The work is carried out at a gear manufacturing company. Careful observation is done while changeover or setup and maximum possible internal activities have been converted to the external activities and then some of the activities were made parallel, hence saving a considerable amount of time.



      Ms Vandana M(SRS),Mr Sunil Sharma M(RS),Mr Prasoon Kumar M(RS),Mr Gaurav Tripathi M(RS),Ms Asha Meena M(RS),Ms Sonali Rajvanshi M(RS)

Abstract: Command and Control systems are the key components of defence arena. In today’s world there is a need for automating these systems with intelligence. The paper below describes in brief the challenges faced during the development of such systems along with benchmarking of a prototyped application.



      Prof. (Dr.) R. S. Rohella, Prof. (Dr.), S. K. Panda and Prof. Parthasarthi Das

Abstract: The earth receives 2.9X1015 kW of energy every day in the form of electromagnetic radiation from the sun, which is about one hundred times the total energy consumption of the world in a year. Bell Telephone Laboratories produced a silicon solar cell in 1954 with an efficiency of 4% efficiency which later enhanced to achieve 11%. The cost of generation of one watt of solar power in 1977 was $77/watt which was later brought down to about 80 cents/watt. Recently a new substance called a perovskite used for solar cell preparation could cut the cost of a watt of solar generating capacity by three-quarters. The potential of this material that it could lead to solar panels that cost just 10 to 20 cents per watt has been presented.



      Saminath.V, Jung Su

Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) is extending your physical devices to internet lively connected with human. Controller based intelligent devices connected with low power wireless and sensor nodes, it accesses over the Internet. The power of internet makes intelligent interaction between human being and smart devices. Smart devices run autonomously self-decisive devices or externally monitored and controlled by human, anywhere in the universe. IoT brings ability to connect network automated devices and communicates remotely to manage multitudinous number of functioning over internet is viable solution. IOT device should have low power usages like Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), sensor measures and control specific characteristic of the target device. The intelligence of IoT enables devices to perform their tasks and recognize and counteract threats. IoT brings you new shape on your business, Day-to-Day regular activity. This paper explains the details of BLE devices, IoT cloud connectivity, protocol communication and Android Platform Bridge for IoT communication. To Demonstrate IoT the development kit (WICED from Broadcom) integrated with Open source Cloud service architecture.



      Ksh.Sangeeta Devi,N.Rajen Singh,M. Damayanti, D.Velmurugan

Abstract: From centuries human has been afflicted by urinary calculi (Urolithiasis). These calculi are formed from crystal aggregation and retention in the urinary tract. The incidence and prevalence of urolithiasis may be related to various factors including age, sex, ethnicity, diet, fluid intake, genetic predisposition, climatic conditions, and urinary tract infections. Study of chemical composition and ultrastructure of various types of calculi helps in understanding mechanism of urolith nucleation, growth and aggregation; subsequently, it helps in prevention and management of urolithiasis. In the present investigation, PXRD technique was used to determine mineral composition of renal calculi. Results of the present investigation revealed that renal calculus of calcium oxalate is more abundant than calcium salts of phosphate. Among the calcium salts of oxalate, whewellite form is more abundant than weddellite form.



      T. Sreenivasulu Reddy, M. Vasudeva Reddy, K.T. Ramakrishna Reddy

Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) thin films doped with molybdenum (Mo) have been grown on corning 7059 glass substrates by spray pyrolysis technique. The layers were deposited for different solution concentrations ranging from 0.01M to 0.2M, keeping Mo – doping constant as 2 at. %. The change in properties of the films by varying Zn molarity was studied. X-ray diffraction studies showed polycrystalline nature of the films with (002) preferred orientation and exhibited wurtzite structure. The layers formed at 0.1M molar concentration exhibited better crystallinity compared to other layers. Raman studies are in good agreement with XRD. Surface morphology varied significantly with Zn-molar concentration. An average transmittance of the layers was 80% in the visible region and the band gap varied from 3.31 eV to 3.5 eV. The detailed analysis of the results including photoluminescence are reported and discussed.



      Dr Takesure Beta

Abstract: Zimbabwe is a religious country with freedom of worship, yet it has seen itself with mushrooming dubious African Independent Churches (AICs). This article investigates the reasons for division. Furthermore, the research study addresses how the Apostolic and Zion churches can predict the likely- would of church split so that the church leaders can prevent such splits in a biblical manner that benefits the spiritual health and growth of the church.



      Sandeep Vivek Gurav, Tulika S. Khanna, Nandeeshwar DB

Abstract: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare and correlate the accuracy and dimensional stability of commonly used interocclusal recording materials.



      Kansham Modar Maring, Kansham Angphun Maring

Abstract: Hardware Interfacing Using Parallel Port Programming is designed to control electrical appliances using computer printer port. The electrical appliances are controlled by using software through an interfacing circuit. The software used in this is TURBO –C. A windows based program is used to control eight LEDs, through an interfacing circuit, by using computer printer port. The base address used is LTP1 (0378 H). The program accepts input signal from the keyboard, decodes the keyboard hit and accordingly send signal to the corresponding pins of the printer port which in turn controls the LEDs. It is further extended to the automatic control i.e. in random or sequential order of the LEDs. The LEDs will be controlled automatically according to some delays provided in the program. The purpose of this work is to reduce human effort in controlling large number of switches as in stadiums, buildings, apartments etc. This effort can also be extended to controlling up to 256 electrical switches by the use of proper interfacing circuits. By proper implementation, 256 electrical switches can be controlled using only eight keys from the keyboard.



      Rinku Raichel Thankachan, Joseph John

Abstract: In this paper an accelerometer based portable device for digit and gesture recognition is being presented. The recognized data will be displayed on the monitor. A speech module is also embedded. The system finds its application in assisting patients. Apart from its HCI and gaming applications, it can be incorporated to assist the communication of deaf and dump with the visually challenged people. The digital pen consists of a tri-axial accelerometer, a microcontroller and a display unit. The system operates with microcontroller as its heart. The system is capable of identifying the digits written on air, display it on PC and also give a voice corresponding to the digit written. Users can use the pen to write digits or make hand gestures, and the accelerations of hand motions measured by the accelerometer are transmitted to a computer for online trajectory recognition. The digital pen can also control the operation of other devices. Here a fan and light are made to turn on and off with the aid of gestures made by the digital pen. As a future application more devices can be controlled with its aid.



      D.Sivakumar, Dr. S.Adinarayana, Praveen kalla

Abstract: In these days condition monitoring plays a main role in many of the industries. Lubricantsare essential and expensive components of machine systems needing sampling, analysis and monitoring. Monitoring can be either performance testing or oil condition monitoring or vibration analysis. Hear wear debris analysis and vibration analysis plays a curtail role in the maintenance of the cooling tower. Components of the gear box fail without proper maintenance. For the reduce of the heavy expenses analysis is done. Key component of the cooling tower fan is the gearbox. Maintenance of gearboxes is difficult and expensive, given the location and therefore condition monitoring techniques have been applied to detect common failure mechanisms. Future condition monitoring may be possible using low cost on-line techniques. With these oil analysis and vibration techniques, monitoring has been done and gear box failures has been detected.



      Aladejana J. A., Talabi, A. O., Oke, S. A., Oyelami A. C.

Abstract: Stadium disasters due to inappropriate multiple engineering/geological errors have been part of history of the world necessitating pre construction site investigation using geotechnical and geophysical evaluation of a proposed Site for Afijio Local Government Stadium Ilora, Southwestern Nigeria. gGeotechnical aspect of this research involved, diging of three trial pits and seven samples were taken per pit at interval of 0.5m. The samples were taken to the laboratory for grain size analysis and consistency limits determination following the standards specified by ASTM D6913-04. Furthermore, five points on the proposed site were occupied employing Schlumberger electrode array, with a maximum current electrode spacing (AB/2) of 100m.



      Dr. Shweta Singh and Prof. Sant Prakash

Abstract: Chromosomal information of species are essential since species are considered to be the objective reality of some particular genetic continuity and karyological studies has come to recognized as an important tool in understanding the problem of taxonomy and biology. In the present investigation T. castaneum has been studied with the view to determine the diploid (2n) number, morphology, centromeric index, sex determination mechanism, C-banding pattern and NOR localization which are essential to obtain a complete knowledge of cytogenetics of any animal. The observations revealed that karyotype of T. castaneum, showed a diploid number of 2n = 20 chromosome and sex determining mechanism was of “parachute type” due to the X and y chromosome (9AA + Xyp). C- banded preparations showed positive staining in centromeric regions of all autosomes. In sex chromosomes only Xp chromosome indicated heterochromatised block. Nucleolar organizing regions were also localized.



      Dr. Shweta Singh and Prof. Sant Prakash

Abstract: In the present study for the establishment of culture in the laboratory adults of Tribolium castaneum were collected from two different areas, Dayalbagh and Cantonment area of the Agra city and pooled together to have a heterogeneous population with large variability. The progeny thus reared in the laboratory was designated as parental strain (P1). Effect of temperature and humidity were studied on the strains of this laboratory culture.



      By Peter Mbabazi

Abstract: This research paper focused on the nature and extent of persistent rural poverty in rural areas, and in particular to the ways in which rural residences may affect ones poverty status in Rwanda. The central theme of this study was to fully describe what rural poverty is, how rurality leads to extreme poverty and what it actually means to be poor especially when it comes to the eyes of the beholder; the poorest of the poor in the rural areas. It is these poorest of the poor who were the subject / unit of analysis in this study. Two villages in Rwanda’s Northern Province were selected as a case study. The study was mostly qualitative and much focus was put on a down to earth naturalistic inquiry about rural poverty as a whole. The study used participatory qualitative research methods which were supplemented with quantitative research methods.



      M.Shirly Treasa, Dr.J.Prema Kumari

Abstract: The present study aimed to improve the solubility and ultimate bioavailability of poorly soluble Mefloquinehydrochloride, an antimalarial drug by encapsulating it in α-cyclodextrin and Hydroxy propyl α- cyclodextrin. Effect of these complexes was studied by UV-VIS spectroscopy, Fluorescence spectroscopy, Phase solubility study, SEM-EDS and FTIR spectroscopy. The association constant of the inclusion complexes were determined by the Benesi- hilde – brand relation and the inclusion ratio was found to be 1:1. The water solubility of Mefloquinehydrochloride was increased by inclusion with α-CD and HP-α-CD according to the phase solubility diagram.The results obtained from SEM-EDS and FTIR spectroscopy confirmed the inclusion of Mefloquinehydrochloride into cyclodextrins cavity.



      Dr. Naresh Monigari, Dr. Sudha Vidyasagar, Dr. jyosthna Elagandula.

Abstract: Background: Sepsis, defined by an expert consensus definition as, the development of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome in presence of infection. (1) The current incidence of sepsis is at least 240 patients per 100,000 people in the United States population, whereas for severe sepsis it is between 51 and 95 patients per 100,000 people. The incidence rate for sepsis has been increasing over the past two decades, driving an increase in the number of deaths despite a decline in case-fatality rates. Sepsis is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States and accounts for more than 17 billion dollars in direct healthcare expenditures. (2) Sepsis has a high mortality rate, with estimates ranging from 20 to 50 percent. (3, 4) Mortality rates increase stepwise according to disease severity. In one study, the mortality rate of SIRS, sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock was 7, 16, 20, and 46 percent, respectively. (5)



      Simmon M. Tan Jr., RPAE

Abstract: This study was conducted to quantify the effect on the seepage rate through rectangular concrete canal sections with partial substitution of rice hull materials for sand and to evaluate its economic feasibility when practiced.



      Dr.Anshuman Pandey, Dr.Shakeel Masood, Dr.Ashok Kumar Singh, Dr.Rajul Abhishek, Dr.Yukteshwar Mishra, Dr.Gaurav Bhardwaj

Abstract: Background -Laparoscopic Ventral hernia repair now days is a method of choice. It has benefits of shorter hospital stay, lesser pain and fixation of a large sized mesh apart from the cosmetic benefit. Although, it remains a challenging procedure more so in re operative abdomen and malignancy. The procedure is expensive, as the mesh used is costly along with its fixation devices. The aim of this study is to evaluate our experience of Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair on various parameters.



      Divya Srivastav, Dr Jaya Yadav

Abstract: Performance appraisal is a systematically aligned process that accesses the individual’s performance in the job responsibilities given to him .It is a holistic process which brings together many activities which in a combined way contribute to the high levels of organisational performance. It helps the organisation to make the effective and efficient utilisation of their resources towards attaining their strategic goals by providing feedback to the employees. This study is focussed on current scenario of performance appraisal system of cooperative banks and its implication to employee’s performance and organisational growth as a whole.



      Dahanayake Nilanthi, Perera P.C.D. and PGTM Gunarathna

Abstract: Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) is one of the most important grain legumes cultivated in Sri Lanka. Drought is a major abiotic stress on Mung bean in the sub-humid, dry and intermediate zones of Sri Lanka. The present reveals the response of mung bean for the drought stress at germination to seedling stages. The major beneficiaries of the intervention are the poor, especially children and women, whose diets lacked much needed protein and iron. Supplementation with improved Mung bean recipes has effectively improved low body iron stores in children and women. Both urban and rural consumers now have access to improved quality mungbean at reasonable cost. The drought is a major environmental factor that determines the growth, the productivity of crops which is estimated to be one of the most serious yield reducing stresses in crops. Surface sterilized seeds were introduced to hormone free Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium with different concentrations of mannitol (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%). Seedlings heights, length of the roots and number of germinated seeds were recorded after 2nd weeks of culture. Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with five replicates was used for study. Statistical analysis was performed with Duncan’s multiple range test using SAS software (version 9.1.3). Results showed that highest seed germination (100%) from Mung bean variety MI 5 and Harsha in all mannitol concentrations. Reduction of seedling height and increasing the root length was observed while increasing the mannitol concentration in both varieties.



      Manoj Kumar Tiwari, Dr. Samir Bajpai, Dr. U. K. Dewangan

Abstract: Major generators of the industrial solid wastes are coal based thermal power plants and integrated iron and steel industries. A large amount of industrial solid wastes like fly ash and slag are yet to be utilized and still remains in the form of uncontrolled dumping sites in the study area. Leachate pollution should get appropriate attention as it may be a source of heavy and toxic metal in soil and it is possible to percolate and may lead to water pollution in the surroundings water sources. In the present investigation the soil samples were collected from the identified area for heavy metal analysis. The heavy metal pollution of the soil samples resulted that, concentration of certain heavy metals is above permissible limit. The heavy metals like Cr, Cd, Fe, Mn, and Pb, shows highest concentration, while metals such as Cu, Cd and Pb shows low concentration. The heavy metal pollution indicates that leachate produced by uncontrolled and unscientific disposal of industrial solid wastes contaminates soil samples of the identified area.



      A. Ali, N.B. Ibrahim And M. Usman

Abstract: Field experiments were conducted at the Teaching and Research Farm, University of Agriculture, Makurdi to determine the effect of fertilizer rates on soil chemical properties and yield of maize-soybean intercrop. The experimental design consisted of two factors: cropping system at two levels (sole and intercrops) and fertilizer rates at three levels (0, 150 and 300 kg/ha of NPK 20:10:10). The treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) in a split plot arrangement and replicated three times. The cropping systems were assigned to the main plots while the fertilizer rates were in the sub plots. A composite soil sample was obtained from a plough layer (0-15 cm) at the beginning and at the end of the experiment according to the treatments and analyzed for particle size distribution, pH, organic carbon, total nitrogen, available phosphorus and exchangeable cations [Mg2+, Ca2+, Na+ and K+] as well as cation exchange capacity (CEC). Data collected for the yield parameters of maize and soybean for both cropping seasons were subjected to the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) after which means were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD) at P<0.05.



      Mohammed Sakhawat Hossain, Md. Ruhul Kabir, Wim Reybroeck, Md. Zinnatul Alam

Abstract: An investigation on quality parameters of honey collected from mustard, litchi and sundarban (multiflora) flora of Bangladesh was undertaken to compare with European Union (EU) quality standard viz., moisture content, electric conductivity, specific rotation, hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content, invertase content, antibiotic content and sulfonamides content. Sundarban honey (multifloral) (17.7g/100g) and mustard honey (19.5g/100g) were found in standard moisture condition and the litchi honey was found above the limit of EU standard (20g/100g). All the honey samples were found in the EU standard limit in terms of electrical conductivity and specific rotation. The HMF content was found higher (200.5mg/kg) in sundarban sample and no HMF was observed in the litchi honey. Highest invertase activity (99 IU/kg) was found in the litchi honey where as mustard and sundarban honey showed very low invertase activity with 2.0 IU/kg and 0.0 IU/kg respectively which was far below than EU standard (50 IU/kg). All the samples had shown negative reaction with tetrasensor and sulfasensor. So, it may be concluded that the honey from sundarban was highly overheated. On the other hand, the mustard and litchi honey were overheated and not heated respectively. Sundarban and mustard honey had failed to reach the quality standard to the EU. But litchi honey was found to met the all the EU quality requirements except the moisture content.



      Onuigbo C. Martin, Elendu C. Onwuchekwa, Ekeleme Uzochukwu G

Abstract: A total of 1200 pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Hospitals in Okigwe Local Government Area, were screened for the presence of malaria infection and factors for pre-clampsia (proteinuria and high blood pressure) using Giemsa stain, dipsticks (Albustix) and sphygmomanometer. The prevalence of malaria infection, proteinuria and high blood pressure among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Okigwe Local Government Area (L.G.A) in relation to age group, malaria was highest among 17-21 years (26.1%), followed by the age group of 37-41 (20.6%) and least age group was >42 years (2.7%). The result also showed that the prevalence of malaria was highest at Divine Hospital (17.2%), followed by General Hospital Okigwe (13.9%), and the least was observed at Eve hospital (6.9%), was considered statistically significant. While proteinuria among the pregnant women revealed that the age group of 22-26 years had the highest prevalence rate of 7.5%, followed by 17-21 years (5.5%) and the least was >42 (1.3%). Proteinuria was more prevalent among pregnant women attending Okigwe General Hospital (5.7%), while the least was found at Divine maternity (3.0%). The prevalence of high blood pressure among pregnant women in relation to age group showed that, the age group of 37-41 years had the prevalence rate of 42.8%, followed by 22-26 years (13.9%) and the least prevalent was >42 years (1.3%). General Hospital Okigwe recorded the prevalence rate of 10.4%, and the least was Eve Hospital (5.1%), (p <0.05), age differed significantly in the study population. It is imperative to improve the quality of services in antenatal clinics so as to detect women who are at risk to malaria and complications such as pre-eclampsia.



      Vijay Bhushan Gupta

Abstract: In modern day times, construction of Multistory Buildings has become a necessity due to scarcity of land and increase in population of towns and cities. Any city we travel , though we find a number of Multistory Buildings but at the same time it is found that they are facing numerous maintenance problems from civil engineering point of view and these maintenance problems occur due to not paying enough attention to serviceability and maintainability during planning and construction stage. The problems, author has written down in this research paper are very small and trivial common sense issues, but at the same time these are neglected by site engineers and their supervisors with the result, the occupants who have put their life time savings in purchase of such exorbitantly costly apartments, sometimes feel cheated and frustrated due to frequent occurrence of maintenance problems.



      Astuti, Zaenal Bachruddin, Supadmo, Eni Harmayani

Abstract: The study was carried out to determine the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fish intestine to do deconjugation of bile salt. Bile salt deconjugation was shown by the production of cholic acid. This experiment was consisted of six treatments with five replicates.



      Sonal Rohilla

Abstract: This paper outlines the very basic concept of secure element. Also it talks about various types of secure elements, what were the needs which lead to the evolution of each type, how one better over the other, what are the challenges is faced by each step of this technology!



      Dr Kavita Sambharam, Dr Supriya Rode, Dr Anand Bhalerao

Abstract: To assess sonosalphingography whether it can be used to test tubal patency in infertility patients which is less invasive instead of diagnostic laparoscopy with chromopertubation which is associated with many complications?



      Deepak Kumar

Abstract: Today, it’s almost true to say that we live in a mobile world. There are over 5 billion mobile connections world-wide, almost 4 connections for every 5 people on globe. When people’s are roam across the world they most important things is to carry is Mobile phone but when they don’t have valid subscription with network operator for roaming, communication with external world is affected. There is two option either he can subscribe for expensive Roaming & other way to buy the local SIM of corresponding roaming location (which may lead to carry multiple SIM). With this White paper we try to solve the issue of National / International Roaming without carrying multiple SIM card. With this concept a single SIM card may contain multiple International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) belongs to unique mobile phone number known as Mobile Station International Subscriber Directory Number (MSISDN) where MNO (or MVNO) are manage the MSISDN mapping with currently used IMSI at server end.



      Dr. Kasphia Nahrin

Abstract: Objectivity (value-free) and ethics (rules of conduct) in empirical research are very essential for generating knowledge. However, intrusion of personal, participants and funders’ values (i.e. bias, belief, presuppositions) in research is unavoidable during empirical research process. This article aims to determine the positions of values and ethics in empirical research to achieve reliability, validity and generalizability, and the possibilities to accommodate objectivity and ethical rationally in research. Through content analysis of available literature, this article presents that values of the stakeholders intrude in empirical research both consciously and unconsciously. It is also sometimes problematic to maintain research ethics. This study established that there are opportunities to promote objective research (value-free research) within the premise of value relevance to an expected level. This article claims that appropriate research planning, effective sample design, carefully data collection and interpretation can promote and enhance objectivity of empirical research and achieve research ethics.



      Ngoc Tuan Tran, Ze-Xia Gao, James Milton, Li Lin, Yang Zhou, Wei-Min Wang

Abstract: This study was carried out to confirm whether Aeromonas hydrophila is a main haemorrhagic pathogen in blunt snout bream Megalobrama amblycephala (BSB). The fish was challenged with bacterial concentrations of 1.7×104, 1.7×105, 1.7×106 and 1.7×107 cfu/fish for 7 days post infection. The results showed that mortality was bacterial-dose dependent, with 100% mortality observed at 1 day at the highest dose level (1.7×107 cfu/fish). For comparison, control fish exhibited cumulative mortalities of 0%. The median lethal dose (LD50) was 5×105 cfu/fish. A total of 15 bacterial strains of Aeromonas were re-isolated from challenged fish and re-identified based on morphological characteristics, biochemical tests and genomic DNA gene sequencing. No bacteria were isolated from the control group. This study results indicated that A. hydrophila is capable of causing haemorrhagic septicaemia in BSB. Antibiotic susceptibility test with two strains D4 and HU201301 was investigated; both strains showed sensitive to most of the tested drugs.



      Mr. Muralidhara G B, Mr. Naranagowda, Mrs. Swathi Rani K S

Abstract: Vibrations due to natural dynamic loads generated by earthquake. The reducing of structural vibrations occurs by adding a mechanical system that is installed in a structure called Dampers .In this paper, the vibration control of multi degree of freedom (MDOF) buildings connected with selected types of dampers due to earthquake effect is studied. The application of Viscous and Semi active variable friction (SAVFD) damper for response control of seismically excited building is evaluated. Both dampers effectiveness is investigated in terms of the reduction of structural responses (displacements and accelerations) of the connected to building. The optimum number and the location of dampers are decided by the optimization procedure.



      Zeeshan Ahmed, Maleehah Gull, Usman Rafiq

Abstract: The consumer behavior is always remaining under influence of factors, which simulates the behavior of consumers towards either remain loyal with existing brand or switch towards other brands. This research study is aimed to analyze the switching behavior of mobile users in Manchester, UK, whose behavior is affected toward switching from exiting mobile phones towards new mobile phone. The focus of research study has been set to analyze the relationship between influencing factors (affecting consumer behavior) and switching intentions of consumers regarding their mobile phones. The other focus of the research study is to identify the factors, which de-motivates the behavior of consumers from switching towards other mobile phones.



      Sajjad Arif, Md Azad Alam, Md Reyaz Arif and Akhter H. Ansari

Abstract: PMMA/CaCO3 nanocomposites have been fabricated by in-situ polymerization. The influence of concentration and stirring speed on tensile strength have been studied. The experimental results were optimized using Taguchi’s approach. L9 Orthogonal arrays of Taguchi, the signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) are employed to find the optimal input parameter levels and to analyze the effect of these parameters on tensile strength. Experimental results showed that tensile strength PMMA/CaCO3 nanocomposites increased up to 53 % at 0.6 wt. % CaCO3 and 1000 rpm in comparison to corresponding pure PMMA. The experimental results and various statistical approaches namely, Taguchi methods, Conceptual S/N ratio and drew similar conclusions. The ANOVA analysis showed that speed is more dominant in comparison to concentration.



      Deepak Kumar

Abstract: Over the air (OTA) is a platform by which GSM provider can send and receive services from and to SIM card. Such OTA Platform are expensive and implemented on operator side only. If SIM vendor want to perform online testing of SIM services they need an special online account with Operator to access their OTA service. To overcome this limitation, GSM modem can be used to perform online testing without special access of operator OTA server with support of “exposesd” API of GSM modem.



      Ajibade V. A, Oyebode, J. A. and Oyeyemi, B. F

Abstract: Antibacterial resistance to common antibiotic has increased overtime; there is thus the need to look for an alternative medicine to stem the trend. This study reported incidence of β-lactamase producing Klebsiella pneumonia from patients. The antibacterial activity of crude aqueous and ethanolic extract of Phyllanthus niruri was also investigated against some test bacteria. Antimicrobial activities were analyzed using agar diffusion method. Experiments were performed in triplicate and reported as mean ± standard error of mean and difference was analyzed using one way ANOVA at p≤0.05. Sixty five percent (65%) and 25% of urine and wound samples were positive to β-lactamase producing K. pneumonia respectively. The highest zone of inhibition (22.0mm) was observed in a concentration of 0.5g/mL from ethanolic extract against K. pneumonia. While the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of aqueous and ethanolic extract of the plant was evidenced in 0.2g/mL and 0.1g/mL respectively. From the foregoing this study has shown that P. niruri extract have potential to be remedy for infectious disease caused by β-lactamase producing K. pneumonia.



      Amruta Chavan, R.D.Patane

Abstract: In high frequency satellite systems prediction of channel characteristics can be of immense value in improving the quality of signals. Signal attenuation impacts QoS in wireless and satellite networks. An intelligent decision support system is therefore necessary for service providers by accurately calculating cloud, fog, rain, gaseous, and scintillation attenuations using predicted signal-weather correlated database in collaboration with ITU-R propagation models combined with gateway, and ground terminal characteristics. The effect becomes a key feature in adjusting and improving satellite signal power, modulation and coding schemes, monitored and controlled altogether by a powerful and efficient intelligent-based attenuation countermeasure system. Weather attenuations can have a distorting effect on signal fidelity at higher frequencies that lead to excessive digital transmission error. This loss of signal is commonly referred to as signal attenuation. Signal attenuation impacts QoS (Quality Of service) in wireless and satellite networks. An intelligent decision support system is therefore necessary for service providers by accurately calculating the attenuations [1]-[5]. In this project we are calculating rain attenuation. The fuzzy logic is added into the system. The fuzzy system will determine the ambiguous signal during the attenuation performed.



      Ismail Mustafa Mohammed & Mohammed Ali Bashir

Abstract: Group representations play a central role in the classification of problems with group symmetries. In this paper we deal with the algebraic setup that provides this classification. In particular we relate the irreducible representations to the conjugacy classes of the symmetry group.



      Sumit L. Chauhan, Raju A.Bondre

Abstract: The paper describe the role of quarry dust In the construction of buildings and other structures to eliminate the demand of natural sand by using quarry waste to replace the use of natural sand. We are investigating the potential of using quarry waste and its effect on the strength and workability of concrete. This paper reports the experimental study which investigated the partial replacement of sand with quarry dust. Initially cement concrete cube was studied with various proportions of cement concrete + quarry dust (M 20, AND M25). The experimental results showed that the addition of quarry dust as fine aggregate ratio of 30%, 40% and 50% was found to enhance the compressive properties.



      N.Rema

Abstract: Kazuo Ishiguro a Japanese born British novelist has been celebrated as one of the renowned contemporary British writer. He has been nominated for several awards and possess’ Booker Prize for the novel The Remains of the Day. As a product of Nagasaki, he has the very feeling of the post war dilemmas and deliberations. Though his family move to Britain, London when he is five, his natural instinct has the ideal nostalgia within himself but to a little extent. A kind of hybridity is chief in his novels, serving as a dual background for his novels. He quotes “I have this experience of another culture. I m also a very Japanese writer, keeping back the really scary and important emotions”. The novels of Ishiguro are set in the past reflecting the 20th century confronting nasty life style. The novels are expressive about self-denial in the face of preserving the dignity that the protagonist faces. This self-denial is a fascinating feature that is associated with Japanese background. The setting of the novel deliberately changes to an English background narrating the story of an English butler who is the representative feature of Ishiguro’s and 20th century modern Britain. Ishiguro quotes that he has a liking towards both the pre and post war settings as that they try to test the values and ideas. The post war tensions are seen in all of Ishiguro’s narrative protagonists exhibiting human failings and the disclosing of their flaws of dilemmas.



      P. Senthil Kumar, B. Mohamed Harif, A. Nithya

Abstract: A growing body of data suggests that a significantly enhanced salivary cortisol response to waking may indicate an enduring tendency to abnormal cortisol regulation. More methods have been proposed to deal with forecasting problems using fuzzy time series. In this paper, our objective was to apply the response test to a population already known to have long-term hypothalamo–pituitary–adrenocortical (HPA) axis dysregulation. We hypothesized that the free cortisol response to waking, believed to be genetically influenced, would be elevated in a significant percent age of cases, regard less of the afternoon Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) value based on fuzzy time series and genetic algorithms. The proposed method adjusts the length of each interval in the universe of discourse for forecasting the Longitudinal Dexamethasone Suppression Test (DST) data on a fully remitted lithium responder for past 5 years who was asymptomatic and treated with lithium throughout the experimental results show that the proposed method gets good forecasting results.



      Manasa G, Mrs. Kulkarni Varsha

Abstract: Mining frequent patterns in transaction databases, time-series databases, and many other kinds of databases has been studied popularly in data mining research. Most of the studies adopt an Apriori-like candidate set generation-and-test approach. However, the candidate set generation is still costly, especially when there exist a large number of patterns and/or long patterns. Frequent-pattern tree (FP-tree) structure, which is an extended prefix -tree structure for storing compressed, crucial information about frequent patterns, and develop an efficient FP-tree based mining method, FP-growth, for mining the complete set of frequent patterns by pattern fragment growth. Training dataset repeatedly produces massive amount of rules. It’s very tough to store, retrieve, prune, and sort a huge number of rules proficiently before applying to a classifier. In such situation FP is the best choice but problem with this approach is that it generates redundant FP Tree. In this paper, the limitation of these two methods and an integrated techniques of both Apriori and FP-Growth, is used to overcome the limitation of existing methods.



      Dr.Amanatie, Prof. Dr.Jumina, Prof. Dr Mustofa, M.Kes, Prof. Dr M.Hanafi, Dr. Ria Armunanto

Abstract: Xanthones and their derivatives have been reported to exhibit inhibitory activities towards Plasmodium falciparum. In order to provide deep insight into the correlation between inhibitory activities and structures of xanthones, linear regression method was employed to establish QSAR models for 16 xanthones derivatives with different structure. The accuracy and predictive power of the proposed QSAR model were verified, optimized, and validated by semi empiric PM3 method. The result of this research showed that the best QSAR model was model 3.



      Sammy Yaah Baya, Dr. Hellen K. Mberia and Dr. Julius Bosire

Abstract: This paper examines the effects of parental mediation and television co-viewing on adolescents’ sexual initiation. Television plays an important role in the sexual socialization of adolescents. In Kenya, it has been established that sexual activity starts early, that 42 per cent of girls aged15-19 years have had sexual intercourse and 17 per cent are sexually active. Early sexual initiation (before age 16) is likely to involve sexual risk-taking and expose young people to unwanted sex, sexually transmitted infections, and teenage pregnancy. Research has revealed that in Kenya early sexual behaviour is manifested in the youth's high incidence of pregnancies, abortions, stress and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. The paper sought to investigate the effects of parental mediation and TV co-viewing on adolescents sexual initiation by addressing the following three fundamental concerns, (1) how television influences early sexual initiation of adolescents, (2) the extent to which parental mediation and television co-viewing may influence adolescents sexual initiation, (3) whether television can play a major positive role in promoting adolescents sexual awareness.



      N.Peetabas & R.P.Panda

Abstract: The Chilika lake is one of The Asia’s largest brackish water with rich biodiversity. It is the winter ground for the migratory Avifauna in the country. This lake is a highly productive ecosystem for several fishery resources more than 1.5 lakh fisher folks of 132 villages and 8 towns on the bank of Chilika directly depend upon the lagoon for their sustenance based on a unique biodiversity and socio-economic importance. The lagoon also supports a unique assemblage of marine, brakish water and fresh water biodiversity. The lagoon also enrich with avi flora and avi fauna , fishery fauna and special attraction for eco-tourism. The other major components of the restoration are based on the management of lagoon by local community participation for the sustainable of the ecosystem. A wise step is taken by CDA for conservation and management of lagoon is that the salt sustainable mechanism and integrated the terrestrials aquatic resource management.



      Dr. Monika Sharma, Dr. Abby Abraham, Dr. Vigneshwaran .S , Dr. Lakshmi .S , Dr. H. Annapoorni

Abstract: Replacement of missing anterior tooth is the most esthetic challenging situation. Following tooth loss, reduction in bone height is often accompanied by alteration in gingival architecture. Immediate implant placement in freshly extracted socket is said to decrease these. This case report describes the step by step procedure for the same. Implant placement was followed by immediate implant loading by cementing a zirconia crown. Review check up were done till 36 months and showed implant to be functional. In addition to reduced treatment time and fewer surgeries, good esthetics and patient satisfaction are obvious advantage of immediate implant placement.



      Ibrahim M.M.M, Ibrahim S.I, Elhag A.M.H and Dafalla M.S

Abstract: Heavy mineral assemblage of sediments in Almanaqil Ridge, Gezira State, Sudan has been studied, to identify, and if possible, to know their source and transporting agent. Four sediment samples were analyzed for determinations heavy mineral assemblage. The separation of these minerals was carried out using bromoform (specific gravity 2.85). These were followed by slide examination under the petrographic microscope. Heavy minerals grains of soil samples collected from outside the study area (sample 1 and 2) were compared with those inside the study area (sample 6 and 7). The heavy minerals assemblages of Zircon, Tourmaline, Rutile, Silimatate, Andalusite , Garnet, Epidote, and Quartz indicated its derivation from mixed sources of acid igneous rock to medium and high grade metamorphic rocks. The calculated % ZTR (Zircon, Tourmaline, Rutile) values varied between 47.99% to 26.08 % in in the samples from outside the study area compared with values of those inside study area which varied between 12.92% to 17.95 % and the mean ZTR percentage indices was 37.035 % of outside the study area and 15.5% of those inside study area. The three most abundant were Quartz, Garnet and Andalusite with values 50.33 %, 34.2 % and 24.52, respectively. Heavy minerals assemblages in the sediments of study area and that outside the area indicated low Zircon Tourmaline Rutile indices. This index is used as a clue for the identification of the source and as measure of the maturity of the sediments. The low ZTR index might indicate mineralogical immaturity and mineralogical composition. Heavy sand mineralogy revealed that the origin of the sand in the area was the Nubian sandstone.



      Dr. Jacob Nganga Kinyanjui, Prof. Christopher M. Gakuu and Prof. Harriet K. Kidombo

Abstract: This paper presents results of the influence of Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) skills on the relationship between Performance Contracting (PC) system and organizational performance in government ministries in Kenya. Descriptive survey design and correlational research designs were used in a mixed methods research approach. Quantitative data was collected through a questionnaire while qualitative data was collected through an interview guide. Research instruments were pilot tested for validity through content related method and reliability through test-retest criterion. A sample size of 310 respondents was selected by use of Sekaran’s (2003) sampling size criterion from a population of 103,010 employees in government ministries through multi-stage sampling technique. Arithmetic mean and standard deviation were used for analyzing descriptive data while Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) and Stepwise Regression (R2) analysis were used for analyzing inferential data. F-tests were used to test the hypothesis in the study. Tests of statistical assumptions were carried out before data analysis to avoid invalidation of statistical analysis. With R2 = 0.14, F (3,177) = 9.588 at p < 0.05, the null hypothesis was rejected and it was concluded that the strength of the relationship between PC system and organizational performance depends on M&E skills. Monitoring and Evaluation skills, therefore, moderate the relationship between PC system and organizational performance in government ministries in Kenya. It is recommended that implementers of PC system in government ministries in Kenya should be equipped with M&E skills.



      D.Gaya

Abstract: A traditional forward dictionary is where the user inputs a word and gets one or more definitions as output. Whereas, in a reverse dictionary the user enters the desired phrase with logic and gets a certain number of words as outputs similar to the concept of the user input phrase. The reverse dictionary addresses the wide spread problem of knowing the meaning of a word, but unable to recall the appropriate word on demand .In this paper introduce a broad overview of the reverse dictionary and what are the techniques is used in reverse dictionary, some limitation of the reverse dictionary.



      M. Manikandan, Dr. S. Krishna Kumar

Abstract: Heart Rate Variability (HRV) can be measured with the variation of RR intervals exhibited in a sequence of ECG sample. For a short-term HRV, measuring time is usually defined. However, with numerous possibilities of shortening the measuring time to evaluate the HRV further precision can be exhibited. This paper elucidates on analyzing raw ECG data and then further pre-processing it to obtain a smoothened data to detect mean HRV value .Further the ECG Data subsets of different age groups is taken and analyzed to find out the implications HRV has in patient’s lives and as a predictor of mortality. Heart rate variability (HRV) has been a strong predictor of heart failure and its prognostic significance is yet to be explored. The data in the experiment are taken from publically available source physionet.



      M. Anjaneyulu, K. Nagaraju, Ravi Vorsu

Abstract: India is the third largest producer of manganese ore in the world. The countries most important ore deposits are Syngenetic, epigenetic and lateritic. Supergene enrichments associated with the first two groups. On the basis of mode of occurrence and association with different kinds of country rocks, the Indian manganese ore deposits have been classified as Gondites, Kodurites and Laterite.



      Rhodora L. Ticar

Abstract: This study was conducted at Mambusao, Capiz, Philippines, at DOST-VI, Iloilo Philippines last September 2011 to determine the pH value of raw oyster samples from selected outlets in Capiz. Raw oyster samples from Sapian, Ivisan and Roxas City outlets of Capiz were bought, extracted from its shell and frozen last September 6,13,20 and 27, 2011 and were then transported and subjected to pH analysis at Department of Science and Technology, Region VI Laboratory last September 7,14 ,21 and 28, 2011. The pH of raw oyster meat samples are within the microbial growth range for salmonella spp, staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.



      Joiceswarnalatha.R

Abstract: Education is illumination. It plays extremely significant role in the lives of individuals by empowering them with various abilities, skills, competencies, and thus paving way for enhancing the quality of life. The students come from various backgrounds such as rural and urban regions. The students undergo a lot of pressure to with stand today’s competition, mainly at the moment of their establishment stage in career. In order to cope up with the stress and pressure of today’s competitive world, the students should have a balance in their emotional stability. Emotional Intelligence is a type of intelligence that has been heavily studied in social sciences, psychology and business sector, but not in educational arena.



      Sweta Tiwari, Deepak Arora, Vineet Singh

Abstract: Electronic communication is becoming an important issue now’s day. Hiding the details of communication, content, nodes from the adversaries like an eavesdropper, hacker etc is usually not considering before. Encryption is becoming the most important part of all the communication channels. Onion routing is an anonymous connection that can provide support anonymous mail as well as other applications. The nodes include in the network cannot be always trusted, since a valid node may be captured by enemies and becomes malicious. Onion routing with salt is the secure network topology that help to protect the data and the network after the enemy captures the node path. Onion routing with salt make the network more secure and data more protected.To create this and provide main aim of onion routing its uses public key encryption with salting method to put multiple layer of encryption around the original data thus making an onion like structure and each layer between source to destination peel off each layer of encryption.



      P. Mishra, Dr. G. K. Panda

Abstract: In the present study, an attempt has been made to characterize the natural resources and terrain condition and prescribe suitable action items towards sustainable development of Kundeimal micro watershed using geo informatics tools like satellite remote sensing, Global Positioning System and Geographic Information System. Satellite image of WORLDVIEW-II sensor and limited ground observations have been utilized for generating the thematic layers .The spatial layers have further been integrated and analysed using different geo informatics tools in GIS platform to generate alternate sustainable land use plan and watershed based suitable soil & water conservation measures for the micro watershed. The logic used in this study to generate the site specific action plan items is based on concept of sustainability.


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