International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 14, Issue 1, January 2024 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
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Analyzing Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants Life Cycle Carbon Footprint – A case of Zambia
      Moses Chimbulu Mweene; Ru Guo;Xiangfeng Huang; Hui Gong; Moses Mutyoka; David Omata; Abiola Akanbi Mohammed; Chiindi Chiputa; Mwamba Nakana
Abstract: Biogas technology has been widely used as an economical technology to manage and reduce carbon emissions of Faecal Sludge (FS) from pit latrines in developing countries. However, the carbon footprint of using this technology in faecal sludge treatment is not clearly quantified.

      Sonali Mewar, Renjith Thomas
Abstract: A catastrophe can happen anywhere, at any time. It is an occurrence that occurs suddenly and has an impact on the entire population. It causes victims to lose their lives, homes, and means of support.

      Sudrajat Abdrurrahman, Wisnu Isvara
Abstract: Apartment construction projects require certain processes and steps because it is a construction job that carries high risks. It is known that apartment construction work is work that has a high risk, this will increase the risks that exist if apartment construction work occurs in a superblock area due to interactions between one construction project and another construction project. The high risk and uncertainty in apartment construction projects in superblock areas can be one of the causes of project time deviations. One control strategy to minimize the occurrence of time deviations is to detect risks that may occur and review every procedure related to the apartment construction process in the companys superblock area, then categorize high risks so that it can become a reference for each party in controlling apartment construction in the superblock area.

      Chandan Kumar
Abstract: Identified the impact of Covid during lockdown on informal in Hyderabad, Telangana. There were maximum migrant workers who work in industries and MNCs in Hyderabad and nearby cities. Their companies and MNCs got shut down and compelled to return.

      Iyoha U.J, Iyevhobu, K.O, Ebode N.O, Iredia Q.I, Alao, B.M, Okodua, M.A, Ogbeide J.O, Ugiagbe O.
Abstract: Coinfection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a global public health problem, with a more severe outcome than HBV or HIV mono-infections, including an increased risk for liver-related morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of HBV among people living with HIV attending Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Edo State.

      Alyaa Abdelbar, Hana Haytham, Malak Ziad, Mariam Amr, Maya Haytham, Nermean Ashraf, Kareem Moussa, M. Saeed Darweesh
Abstract: The human faces are dynamic multidimensional sys- tems that require good recognition processing techniques. Over the past few decades, the interest in automated face recognition has been growing rapidly, including its theories and algorithms. Public security, criminal identification, identity verification for physical and logical access, and intelligent autonomous vehicles are a few examples of concrete applications of automated face recognition that are gaining popularity among industries. Re-search in face recognition started in the 1960s. Since then, various techniques have been developed and deployed, including local, holistic, and hybrid approaches, which recognize faces using only a few face image features or whole facial features. Yet, robust and efficient face recognition still provides challenges for computer vision and pattern recognition researchers. In this paper, the researchers offered an overview of face recognition, the different used techniques in previous literature and their applications.

      Muhammad ELSEKRAN, Kemal ALMHEMED, Tamer USTUNER
Abstract: Field dodder is a parasitic weed that causes significant damage to agricultural crops. In this research, the susceptibility of three tomato varieties (Koy, F1 pembe, and Bursa) to field dodder infection was tested under field conditions. The infection rate was determined at different stages of tomato growth, also the fresh and dry weight of field dodder parasitized on the tested tomato varieties were calculated.

      Archana Ghosh
Abstract: Background: Husbands involvement in seeking timely antenatal care is important. Their support can have a positive impact on health care of pregnant women, which successively depends on their knowledge and attitude regarding the importance of antenatal care. Use of antenatal health services is a good approach to scale back the chance of maternal morbidity and mortality especially in places where the overall health status of women is poor. By increasing the use of antenatal care (ANC) the risk of maternal death can be reduced.

      S. I. Laskar, Gajendra Kumar and S. D. Kotal
Abstract: The weather systems that predominantly affect the north-eastern parts of India during the pre-monsoon summer months (March-May) are severe thunderstorms, locally named as ‘Kalbaishakhi’ or ‘Nor’westers’. The storms are devastating in nature particularly due to strong (gusty) winds, heavy rains and hails associated with it. Although these storms are well known for its power of causing damages, studies on them are relatively few due to their small size and sparse network of observations over the region.

      Ivie A. Azote, Julia Rosel A. Claro, Elvie C. Maglasang, Trixie E. Cubillas
Abstract: This study explored the level of challenges and extent of initiatives of BEEd student commuters in traveling to and from Caraga State University. Specifically, the study aimed to determine the profile of the BEEd students, the level of challenges encountered by the participants in traveling to and from the university, and the extent of initiatives to counter the challenges met in commuting. The study employed a quantitative research design.

      Studi Kasus Pada Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Pratama Bekasi Utara
Abstract: Pelaksanaan sistem perpajakan yang baik dapat meningkatkan penerimaan pajak karena dilakukan sesuai dengan sistem yang telah ditetapkan. Modernisasi pajak dilaksanakan untuk aktif melaksanakan kewajiban perpajakan namun terdapat beberapa kendala dan hambatan dalam pelaksanaan perpajakan.

      Kamgba Joseph Odu, Opue Job Agba, Kamgba Sebastien
Abstract: The study evaluates the meaning of comfort and explores factors that enhance it from the perspective of patients who received treatment at private healthcare facilities in Cross River State, Nigeria. The evaluation is focused on patients, patients family members, and providers. The Delphi method was used with 15 participants: three providers, four family members, and seven patients. Data was collected within one week with two focus group meetings at a private medical facility. Content and descriptive analysis were used for the analysis of qualitative data.

      "Pramod Wagle 1*, Bisheshwar Prasad Yadav1, Santosh Rasaily2, Anand Chaudhary1 Anand Mishra1, and Subash Subedi2 "
Abstract: Rapeseed is major oilseed crop of Nepal but its yield is limited due to various factors and one of the major limiting factors is leaf blight disease caused by Alternaria brassicae (Berk.). An experiment was conducted at Oilseed research Program, Nawalpur, Sarlahi, Nepal during two consecutive years viz. 2019 and 2020 to screen the rapeseed genotypes against alternaria leaf blight disease.

      "Pramod Wagle , Bisheswar Prasad Yadav, Janga Bahadur Prasad, Anand Chaudhary, Anand Mishra, Buddhiman Yonjan, Parashuram Budhathoki, Raj Kishor Mahato, and Sundar Shrestha "
Abstract: Various rice genotypes received from National Rice Research Program, Hardinath, Dhanusha were tested against leaf blast disease at DoAR, Madhesh province, Parwanipur, Bara in 2020 and 2021. During 2020 four hundred and seven rice genotypes including susceptible and resistant check were evaluated whereas four hundred and sixty four rice genotypes including checks were evaluated in the year 2021.

      Anand Chaudhary, Pramod Wagle, Anand Mishra, Mitali Kumari Sah, Pradeep Sah, Ram Das Chaudhary, and Bisheshwar Prasad Yadav
Abstract: A study was carried out at Oilseed Research Program, Nawalpur, Sarlahi, in 2020 and 2021 to compare the impact of plastic and organic mulch on groundnut yield and weed biomass. The randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was used in this experiment. Seven treatments were as follows: rice husk, rice straw, black polythene sheet, Lantana camara, living mulch, sawdust, and control.

      Anand Chaudhary, Anand Mishra, Mitali Kumari Sah, Pramod Wagle, Ram Das Chaudhary, Buddhiman Yonjan, Parashuram Budhathoki, and Pradeep Shah
Abstract: A long-term fertility trial is continuously being conducted at Directorate of Agricultural Research, Madhesh Province, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal since 1980. The experiment included two crops per year, rice (July–November) and wheat (December-April), with twelve treatments arranged in a randomized complete block design and three replications.

      Anand Chaudhary, Anand Mishra, Mitali Kumari Sah, Pramod Wagle, Ram Das Chaudhary, Suman Bohora, Padam Paudel, and Pradeep Sah
Abstract: Sixteen rice varieties were collected from Banke, Bardiya, Kailali and Kapilvastu districts to select the superior varieties for upland rain-fed condition. These varieties were tested in RCBD with three replications in the years 2018 and 2019. The parameters compared were heading and maturity days from sowing, plant height, and number of tillers per square meter, grain and straw yield per hectare. Varieties were significantly different for all the traits studied.

      Anand Chaudhary, Anand Mishra, Mitali Kumari Sah, Bisheswar Prasad Yadav, Pradeep Sah, Buddhiman Yonjan, Parashuram Budhathoki, Ram Das Chaudhary, and Padam Paudel
Abstract: In order to select the superior genotypes for Nepals central terai, sixteen mungbean varieties from the Grain Legume Research Program, Khajura, Banke, were tested at the Directorate of Agriculture Research, Parwanipur, Bara. In the years 2021 and 2022, an experiment with alpha lattice design and two replications were conducted on these genotypes. Plant height, number of pods per plant, seed per pod, 100 seed weight, flowering and maturity days from sowing, and yield ton per hectare (t/ha) were the parameters compared.

      Sain Kritika, Harjai Kirti
Abstract: Stress can be defined as a state of worry or mental tension caused by a difficult situation. Stress is a natural human response that prompts us to address challenges and threats in our lives. Everyone experiences stress to some degree. The way we respond to stress, however, makes a big difference to our overall well-being.

      T.T.Gunasekara, K.K.K.Nawarathna, A.G.B.Aruggoda, S.Kohombange
Abstract: Fertilizers play a prominent role in increasing the productivity of crops in the country. Phosphate solubilizing and nitrogen fixing microorganisms based biofertilizers can be used to reduce the inorganic nitrogen and phosphorous based chemical fertilizer usage and increase the plant availability nitrogen and phosphorous requirement.

      Isaac Gyan Ayeh, Patrick Ocran, Yalley Edward, Frank Agyei
Abstract: The study investigated the impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) integration in Chinese middle school mathematics teaching and learning. ICT integration in mathematics teaching and learning continues to assist mathematics instructors in the global requirement to replace the traditional mathematics teaching and learning method. ICT is considered one of the main elements in transforming and developing the education sector in China. China has invested much in using ICT tools and facilities and training its teachers to be equipped with the 21st-century demands of effective teachers. For the study, the researchers used survey questionnaires designed and distributed to 70 middle school mathematics students and 13 mathematics teachers from 3 public middle schools in Shaoxing City, China.

      Jerdan Paul I. Betco, Phoebe Cates M. Mendoza, Aubrey Sheen A. Pendejito, Trixie E. Cubillas
Abstract: This research delves into the perceived social support experienced by Bachelor of Elementary Education students at Caraga State University, examining its connection with academic performance across various living arrangements. The study focuses on profiling the students, assessing the perceived social support within diverse living setups, and evaluating their academic achievements. Employing a quantitative research design, the study utilizes various statistical analyses, including frequency counts, percentages, weighted mean, independent samples test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Pearson Product-Moment Correlation.

      Pyae Sone Thet, Kyaw Zwar Htoon, Khin Ohnmar Kyaing, Cho Mg Mg Myint
Abstract: Hyperuricemia is a recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, particularly prevalent in individuals with hypertension. Addressing hyperuricemia holds the potential to mitigate the onset of hypertension. This investigation focused on exploring the uric acid-reducing capabilities of losartan in patients exhibiting stage 1 hypertension (as per JNC VIII) accompanied by asymptomatic hyperuricemia.

      Nguyen Vy Ngoc, M.A.
Abstract: This research paper explores the intricate relationship between cultural and global awareness and the development of communicative skills. Effective communication is not only about language proficiency but also about understanding cultural nuances and global perspectives. This study examines how cultural and global awareness affects the development of communicative skills, considering both linguistic and non-linguistic factors.

      Dian Wahyudin; Ninu Hindriani Astuti
Abstract: The implementation of fiscal decentralization is to give authority to the regions to explore and manage the potential to finance regional development. Taxes make a major contribution to development, one of which is the restaurant tax which is managed by the Regional Government with the Regional Revenue Agency as the collection agency. At the Regional Revenue Agency of Bekasi City, there is ineffectiveness in collecting restaurant tax.

      Ashli Shaji, Dr. Prasanth Kumar
Abstract: A 32-year-old woman underwent her third cesarean section one week earlier. Following an initial assessment, the patient revealed a history of PDPH following the previous cesarean surgery under spinal anesthesia. Most obstetric procedures were performed under spinal anesthesia. However, due to the history of PDPH and the potential risk of aspiration in pregnant women, the anesthetic plan was changed to general anesthesia with rapid sequence induction. The patient underwent a one-hour emergency cesarean section under general anesthesia with uncomplicated tracheal intubation. The anesthesiologist decided to convert the anesthetic plan after carefully examining the severity and history of post-spinal headaches. Awareness of the history of complications associated with the anesthetic strategy helped to prevent unnecessary distress and problems for the patient and the clinicians.

      Amarasinghe H.A.S.L.
Abstract: The Practice of Technology-Induced Pedagogy has gained a large research interest due to changes that occurred in traditional ESL classroom practices. This study aims at exploring the practice of technology-induced pedagogy in Sri Lankan ESL classrooms at the Tertiary-level in terms of types of technology platforms and tools and the current status of classroom management. Fifteen lecturers of English who serve at different Higher Educational Institutes were considered as the sample of this study. Data were gathered regarding their perspectives on the practice of technology-induced pedagogy through a self-reported questionnaire and a semi-structured interview.

      Glory Joe-Ibekwe
Abstract: This research paper presents a comprehensive approach to disaster management, with a specific focus on preparedness for natural disasters in Texas. The study emphasizes the importance of early warning systems, utilizing advanced technologies like high-resolution satellite imagery and remote sensing data for effective disaster monitoring and response. The proposed integrated disaster management system is designed to enhance the resilience of communities through improved risk awareness, hazard monitoring, and efficient information dissemination.

      Glory Joe-Ibekwe
Abstract: Cloud security is a discipline dedicated to securing cloud computing systems by ensuring that data and privacy of individuals and organizations are safe across online-based infrastructure, applications, and platforms. Whether it is an individual, enterprise or small to medium businesses, any user who uses cloud services should ensure the security of these systems as these can be beneficial to both the cloud providers and the clients. Although cloud computing offers a lot of benefits

      Eyob, D. G, Munyao, S., M, Gathogo, N
Abstract: We live in an era where genuine spirituality is under question. There is spiritual decline among church members today. Serving others is one of the elements of ethical leadership that can bring spiritual formation of church members However, lack of serving others set back the growth of spirituality among church members and results spiritual decline. The main purpose of this study is to explore the effect of serving others on the spiritual formation of church members in Wolaita Sodo Kale Heywet Church in Ethiopia.

      Ashli Shaji, Gurulingappa I Herakal
Abstract: Elderly patients have altered physiology in systems such as the cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, digestive, and metabolic systems, which influences the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anesthetic drugs used during surgery. The free percentage of anesthetic drugs available is also affected by variations in plasma protein concentrations in geriatric individuals. The death rate among older individuals rises after surgery due to various comorbidities which additionally impact the effect of anaesthetic drugs. Pre- or post-operation, the clinically significant parameters such as vital sign monitoring in geriatric patients, positioning, induction and maintenance doses of the anesthetic agent, and anesthesia type must be chosen carefully to optimize the perioperative care practices and better outcomes. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide current information on the effects of anesthetic agents on older patients, as well as to optimize perioperative care practices.

      Najmi A Wafi, Ausama H. Ahmed, Mahamed A. Saleh
Abstract: Control systems have played an important role in the development and growth of modern technology and civilization in recent years. Almost every aspect of our daily lives is affected in some way by some type of control system, which has simplified our lives. One use of automatic control is color matching and mixing, which requires specialized and expensive equipment that can only be utilized in industrial applications and for big quantities.

      Ebifuro Odubo and Eniye Mienye
Abstract: This research is aimed at examining the temporal behavior of swash and backwash on shorelines in some selected settlements in Bayelsa State in order to promote a better understanding of the causes and impact of shoreline changes on settlements along the coast.

      Roquia Amor B. Adormeo, Jonalie B. Brao, Ariel U. Cubillas
Abstract: This study examined the academic self-efficacy of the college of education students and its implications to their academic workload of all levels of BEEd and BSEd Science. The study utilized random sampling to collect data from 247 participants across different academic levels, genders, and said programs. In line with this, the study pursued to determine the significant difference in the level of students’ academic self-efficacy when grouped according to demographic profile. The findings of this research served as the foundation for developing an implication that academic workload may be crafted to uplift students’ self-efficacy.

      Ibrahim Mohamed Diriye
Abstract: One of the most important problems facing modern Somalia on its way to security and rebuilding is the lack of a fair and equal justice system. Thus, this study aimed at determining the status of the Somali’s Legal systems. Guided by the theory of Change, Institutional Theory and Stakeholder theory, the study employed case study design.

      Md. Shamim Hossain Biswas
Abstract: The aim of research was to investigate and reveal the construction mechanism of a component based nonlinear S-box. The nonlinear S-box is a vectorial Boolean function. A vectorial Boolean function used in S-box as straight, compressible and expandable. The application of S-boxes is noticeable in modern block ciphers. In this article, the construction of a nonlinear S-box based on Vectorial Boolean function is presented for scientific readers. Actually, the Substitution box is a Boolean-space where substitution takes place through an action of s-box (mathematical function) and provides confusion in block cipher. The computational and exploratory research approach were applied in this research. Reviewing a number of current s-box construction techniques and applying ideas mathematically to construct a new S-box was a primary initiative to conduct this research. Critical thinking was the main key to capture the mathematical notion behind the Nonlinear S-box. The data collection procedure was literature review, online survey questionnaire and focus group discussion. The population of the research work were doctoral students and professors.

      Golan Hasan, Jenny Lim
Abstract: The aim of this research is to determine how factors related to service quality influence the level of customer satisfaction in the Batam City banking sector. In today era of ruthless globalization, improving service quality is critical to attracting new customers and retaining old ones. In this research, customer satisfaction is the dependent variable, while the independent factors are price, trust, loyalty, service quality and product quality. Customer experience is also used as a mediating factor. This research involved 304 people selected at convenience using online Google Forms. Data analysis was carried out using the SmartPLS 3.0 and SPSS 25.0 programs. According to the results of statistical studies, service quality significantly influences customer satisfaction. However, research also shows that theories about customer experience and loyalty are unlikely to be accepted given the existing evidence. These results show more clearly how important service quality is for the Batam City banking industry to make customers satisfied.
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