IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 12, December 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
P.Sushma, Asiya Naaz, D.V.H.S.Sarma, R.Shireesha
A high proportion of women in both industrialized and developing countries become anaemic during pregnancy. Estimates from the World Health Organization (WHO) report that from 35% to 75% of pregnant women in developing countries and 18% of women from industrialized countries are anaemic (2). Many of these women were already anaemic at the time of conception, with an estimated prevalence of anaemia of 43% in non pregnant women in developing countries and of 12% in women in wealthier regions (2). The prevalence of iron deficiency is far greater than the prevalence of anaemia and iron deficiency. In pregnancy, anaemia has a significant impact on the health status of both mother and fetus. Nutritional anaemia is the most widespread nutritional disorder in the world affecting 30 percent world population. It is more common among the expectant mothers. According to Agarwal, maternal anaemia resulted in 12 to 28 percent of fetal loss, 30 percent of perinatal and 7 to 10 percent of neonatal deaths (2). The remaining births have about 50% chance resulting in a low birth weight.