IJSRP, Volume 2, Issue 12, December 2012 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Silk Industry is an agro based industry, the end product of which is silk. Silk is a protein fiber produced by silkworm for spinning cocoon. Assam enjoys irrefutable reputation for its exquisite silk product. The silk industry of Assam mainly comprises the culture of eri, muga, and mulberry silk. Eri and muga are the exclusive monopoly of the people of Assam. The production of eri and muga silk are mainly concentrated in the Brahmaputra valley and is predominantly based in the rural areas. Mulberry silk is cultivated in less quantity then the others and almost in all parts of Assam. Natural surroundings, climate and humidity etc. play a vital role in the development of culture. Ecological condition of Assam provides help to the production of host plants for the silk worm and the silk fabrics. The industry here is just as old as “Free India”. Its advantage , such as, employment potential, assumed and regular income of the farmers, reelers and weavers at frequent intervals all round the year, non perishable nature of the final product and high export possibilities etc. caught the attention of people and other organizations too. It is found that silk of Tai-Ahom people of Assam has been attracting the tourists from the earlier period. The industry therefore may be developed as an attraction of both domestic as well as foreign tourists.
In this study, an attempt has been made to introduce the silk industry of Assam and its relation to the tourism sector. Problems related to the production, spinning, weaving, selling and focusing of the products, economic upliftment, modernization of the products, government and other organization efforts in this connection is also mentioned in the study. The study is based on primary and secondary data collection.