IJSRP, Volume 6, Issue 9, September 2016 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
The Union of India has been experiencing different movements or separatist tendencies since independence. This was seen to be developed for the first time among the Naga people during 1960s which resulted in the creation of Nagaland as a separate state in 1963. In the same way, the state of Meghalaya (1972), Mizoram (1986)and Arunachal Pradesh in 1987 had been created out of Assam.Telengana is the latest state created in India in 2009. The Bodos who are one of the major Plains Tribal communities predominantly inhabiting in the north western part along the foothills of the Himalayas had been struggling for a separate state. The Bodos have been contributing significantly towards the growth and development of the composite Assamese culture and society. But with the passage of time it was being felt by these people that they are being neglected, deprived, and exploited both by the government and the upper caste people. Besides, they have realized their identity with distinct socio-cultural attributes is being threatened and if not protected, their identity would be extinct from the soil of Assam. Considering their identity crisis they had started movement for a separate state adopting both democratic and violent means since 1986.