IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 9, September 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
In wireless sensor network nodes position estimation in space is known as localization. Node localization in wireless sensor network is important for many applications and to find the position with Received Signal Strength Indicator requires a number of anchor nodes. However the estimation of distance from signal strength decay in not very accurate especially in time varying environmental conditions and the estimation of exact direction required highly directive antenna but, may still affected by multipath fading. A Genetic Algorithm for wireless sensor network localization is proposed in this paper to solve the issue that the positioning accuracy is low with minimum anchor nodes. Hence in this paper we are presenting a combine distance and angle based optimization approach which tries to find the optimal location by satisfying both the criteria with minimal error. The simulation results also validates that the proposed algorithm effectively outperform both the techniques.