IJSRP, Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2020 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
The history of Rome has always been an interesting topic for discussion among the scholars since the past centuries. Starting just as a city of Latium region, the Rome expanded its empire and dominance throughout a huge region including the many parts of modern Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia. Rome witnessed monarchical rule till 510 BCE; but after the expel of Etruscan monarchy, Republican government was established which testified democratic institutions and elements. These democratic elements and processes often became a model for the later democratic world, although Roman never followed proper democracy alike modern times. Even after the establishment of Principate rule by Augustus Caesar in 27 BCE, the democratic and republican institutions sustained without having any real power. Therefore, it raises a very interesting question how democratic was the Roman Republic and Empire, which has been discussed in my paper. Besides of showing the democratic elements and its limitations and changes throughout the consequent ages, I have also spoken about the symbiotic relationship between the institutions of democracy and aristocracy.