IJSRP, Volume 12, Issue 6, June 2022 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Abhilasha Goyal, R H Kamble, Sunita Shrivastav, Eshan Awasthi
Objective : To evaluate condylar head characteristics in skeletal open bite and deep bite cases. Material and Method: The sample consisted of 60 lateral cephalograms of post pubertal patients who were divided on the basis of cephalometric analysis into three groups : skeletal open bite, skeletal deep bite and normal growth pattern. The selected lateral cephalograms were assessed for condylar head inclination, condylar head height and condylar head width for all the three groups. ANOVA, Least significance difference test were done. Results: The skeletal deep bite group showed more anteriorly angulated condyles as compared to skeletal open bite and normal growth pattern groups. The condylar head width was smallest in skeletal open bite group and largest in skeletal deep bite group. No significant difference was found in condylar head height in all the three groups assessed. Conclusion: There exists a variation in the condylar morphology in the various skeletal malocclusions examined. The individuals with Skeletal deep bite had a tendency towards having more anteriorly angulated condyles. Also the width of condylar head of individuals with skeletal open bite is smaller than skeletal deep bite cases.