IJSRP, Volume 11, Issue 6, June 2021 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Mumba Mercy, Kilingo Flory Mkangombe and Prof. Zhang Yongji
Water is essential in all aspects of life such as health, economic growth, food production and support for the environment. Water is scarce mainly in developing countries and pollution of the water resources is a major challenge contributed by the discharge of wastewater from industries and municipal, agriculture runoff, household wastes and others. The mainly used water resources in African countries are Lakes, boreholes, rivers, shallow wells, streams and springs. People consume water from unprotected sources without treatment leading to an outbreak of waterborne diseases. The water resources recorded high pollution levels with contaminants concentrations above the acceptable limits by the Malawi Bureau of Standards (MBS) and World Health Organization (WHO) for drinking water.