IJSRP, Volume 3, Issue 2, February 2013 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Neelima Chakrabarty, Reetesh Riku
Road traffic crashes are still a major cause of death, injuries and economic loss in India due to increasing number of old and unmaintained vehicles, inexperienced drivers and increasing the number of aggressive and impulsive road users. But, unfortunately road safety is still not considered as a major priority for a sustainable transport system. So there is an urgent demand to develop comprehensive Road Safety Policies. The key components of such policies should be based on strong commitments in increased acceptance of road safety as a problem, development of safety culture in society and coordination of all the policy makers.
To inculcate safety culture within the society, dynamic safety standards should be introduced in all components of the transport system to stimulate continuous development. In particular this applies to: a) vehicle component for developing safety awareness among consumers and manufacturers, b) road component for introducing compulsory Road Safety Audits of Roads at the construction stage and develop safety assessment methods for existing roads and c) driver component for continuous development of effective testing and evaluation system with awareness plan for driver licensing, education and testing of professional drivers.
A case study conducted by Central Road Research Institute for driver components highlight that the specially trained drivers had significantly give superior performance in different evaluation criteria (tests) as compared to the normally trained group of the drivers. Present paper emphasizes the urgent demand of an effective and uniform driver testing and training system for inculcating safety culture in India.