IJSRP, Volume 3, Issue 2, February 2013 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Purvi K. Changela
Background & Objectives: Obesity is a major health problem worldwide having many long-term debilitating effects which may impair quality of life. Evidence suggests that exercise training improves CVD risk factors. However, it is unclear whether health benefits are limited to aerobic training or if other exercise modalities such as resistance training are as effective or more effective in obese female, so the aim of the study is to compare effect of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise and resistance exercise training programme which would induce and sustain improvements in cardiovascular risk profile in young obese sedentary female.
Materials & Methods: An experimental study was conducted on 20 obese sedentary female with age group of 19-25yrs (BMI>30). Subjects were selected by simple random sampling techniques. Subjects were grouped into aerobic training (n=10, 22.22±1.98 (SD) years) and resistance training (n=10, 22.67±1.50 (SD) years). Aerobic training was given for 3 days a week at and resistance training was given for alternate days for 6 weeks. The blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and metabolic parameters like cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and anthropometric parameters were taken before and after the training.
Result: The findings of the study showed statistically significant differences in recovery HR (t=8.066, P<0.001) and in post-DBP (t=6.249, p<0.05) in aerobic training and in SBP (Pre- t=4.617, P<0.001 and post-exercise t=4.590, P<0.001) in both training groups. Significant differences were observed in VLDL (t=5.378, p<0.05) and HDL (t=6.318, p<0.05) levels in aerobic training group while BMI and body fat percentage showed significant improvements in both aerobic and resistant training groups.
Conclusion: Both aerobic exercise and resistance exercise resulted in improved performance and exercise capacity in obese women. While aerobic exercise appeared to be beneficial with regard to improv