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IJSRP, Volume 9, Issue 11, November 2019 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

November 2019 publication has started and publication will continue till 28th November 2019
Authors who paid publication fee after 3rd November, their paper will publish in November edition in next slots i.e. 12th November or 18th November or 28th November.
Online print version will release latest by 30th November. Download cover page for this edition.

Indexing and Correction:
Indexing will start after 26th November and minor corrections are accepted till 26th November 2019.
If minor correction required, send email to and ask for formatted (.doc/docx) paper.

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      Jian Gao

Abstract: This paper shows a two-week internship report of medical learner in first year undergraduate course. It introduces what medical learner participated the medical professional engagement; how they observed daily clinical working environment in hospital. Also, the transformation of medical learner has been shaping base on these comprehensive experience, not only professional behaviors, but also psychological maturity. The discussion about how a short period time of internship would be able to create a life-long impact to the first-year medical undergraduate.

      Cosmas Chikwawawa, Jeremiah Bvirindi

Abstract: Governments today face a broad range of complex healthcare challenges prompted by changing demographics, a growing burden of chronic diseases, escalating healthcare costs and rapidly changing healthcare technologies. Due to these challenges healthcare delivery systems are increasingly strained and are struggling to expand access and deliver high-quality healthcare services in line the implementation of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and the overarching objective of achieving Sustainable Development Goal 3, which seeks to ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all at all ages by 2030.

      A.Abdu; Dr. Z.S. Saheed; Dr. A.A.Alexander, Dr. (Mrs) Buk. Farouk & Dr. O.A.Adeneye

Abstract: Despite small-scale rice farming been seen as an integral part of Kebbi Economy, however, the extent to which small-scale rice farming affect the internally generated revenue in Argungu LGA of Kebbi State, is yet to be empirically examined. Low internally generated revenue as resulted to array of economic problems such as low level of employment generation, low per capital income, poverty and underdevelopment of the rural area etc., Thus, this study examines the effect of small scale rice farming on the internally generated revenue in Argungu LGA of Kebbi State. Econometric technique of logist regression analysis was employed to analyze the primary data sourced from field survey on this subject matter.

      Naga Satyaprasad Putcha

Abstract: To meet the emerging credit needs of the self-employed production spectrum (with institutional credit as agent of change) and to create a socially responsible Commercial Banking system, the Government of India had acquired 14 large Scheduled Commercial Banks from the then Private Sector Banks in July 1969 and 6 more in April 1980 (nationalisation). These banks are known as Nationalised Banks.

      Lai-Wang Wang, Ke-Duc Le

Abstract: The challenge that all developed countries are facing is how to grow their economies in a sustainable way. To do this, energy efficiency is proposed as one of the keys solutions. In Europe, energy efficiency is one of the key elements; therefore; Europe the worlds largest energy importer worldwide.

      Rodgers Ombeck Oyoo,Professor Pontian Okoth, Professor Frank Matanga

Abstract: The causes and types of conflicts are multifaceted as they are deeply embedded in ethno-political and cultural issues of the community. The study was guided by Galtung’s theories of structural violence and structural peace-building and Agenda Setting theory. The study employed qualitative and quantitative methods. The data were collected through questionnaires, interviews schedule, FGDs guides and review of literature through document analysis.

      Penina Chepkorir Langat, Peter Kimutai Cheruiyot, Isaac Kiprotich Naibei, Willitter Chepkemoi Rop

Abstract: The market for stocks plays a crucial role in the lives of many individual households. They stand to gain from higher returns that they earn from participating in the stock market. In reality, few individual households participate in the stock market. Many researches have tried to provide explanation for the limited individual investor participation in the stock market. This study sought to explain whether financial literacy could also provide explanation for the stock holding puzzle by assessing the relationship between financial wealth and individual investor stock market participation decision among secondary school teachers in Nakuru County.

      Choirun Nikmah, Tukiran, Harun Nasrudin

Abstract: The subjects in this study are the development of learning media using the ADI (Argument Driven Inquiry) learning model on electrolyte and non-electrolyte material. Learning media developed aim to improve self-efficacy and student learning outcomes.

      Mercy Njoki and Professor Hellen Mberia

Abstract: This study sought to establish the influence of televised music programs on the sexual behaviour of students in secondary schools, Nairobi County, Kenya. More precisely, the study evaluated the influence of nature of televised music programs, the influence of programs watching environment, the influence of frequency of watching televised music programs and the influence of program gratifications on the sexual behavior of secondary school’s students in Nairobi County, Kenya.

      Dr Akhtar Un Nisa Salaria

Abstract: Background: Objective of the study was to analyze the histopathological spectrum of heart diseases in autopsy specimens that play a major role as cause of death.

      Eddy Suprayitno

Abstract: Gelatin is a water-soluble protein obtained from animal collagen through a controlled hydrolysis process. Groupers are one of the large pelagic fish that are used as fillet products, while for waste that can be used to make gelatin. Gelatin is then used as a raw material for Marshmallows. Marshmallow is a kind of candy which has a texture like soft foam.

      Ayesha Rehman, Tehseen Hameed, Hassan Altaf Khan

Abstract: Background: Obesity and its associated disorders are a growing epidemic across world. Many genetic, physiological, psychological, environmental and behavioural factors play a role in etiology of obesity. Diet and exercise are known to play a valuable role in treatment and prevention of obesity and associated disorders. Therefore, purpose of this review is to examine, prevalence, etiology, consequences and treatment of obesity.

      Rishabh Sancheti

Abstract: Growth synergies have been obtained by Kotak and hence the merger has been a success. Having evaluated the Cost-Benefit Analysis, we obtain that an increase of profit with the benefits including the presence in SME and deposit base strengthening are outweighing the costs in the merger. Additionally, the AT Kearney synergy curve shows us that the initial IT cost and documentation have been short-term issues as with time, the cost efficiencies have expanded as economies of scale was obtained and hence growth synergies would be resulted.

      A. S. Thanuja Nishadi

Abstract: The use of mobile phones has skyrocketed during the last decade hence it has generated bulk of junk messages. However, emerging machine learning algorithms are one such solutions which are used to detect and filter spam messages recently. Naïve Bayes is a powerful yet simple classification machine learning algorithm which used in predictive modelling. Thus, Naïve Bayes categorize as four forms of its implementations; however, Multinomial Naïve Bayes is used in this study.


Abstract: A varietal trial was conducted to evaluate growth and yield attributing characteristics of nine commonly grown potato varieties collected from central region of Nepal namely; Khumal Upahar, IPY -8, Khumal Seto-1, Jankdev, Khumal Ujjawol, Cardinal, Panauti Local, MS 42.3 and Khumal Bikash. The experiment was laid out on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications.

      Ezeike CI, Ibewuike C, Okike C, Orji MO, Uchendu E, Ugwu NI

Abstract: Introduction: Doppler sonography has revolutionalized the use of ultrasonography in medicine and its use in the vascular imaging of sickle cell patients is invaluable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the splenic artery Doppler indices in sickle cell anemia and to compare the indices with Hemoglobin AA subjects.

      Lidya, Haryati, Edison Saade

Abstract: This research aims to determine the combination of fresh feed of sardine fish (Sardinella) with artificial feed on the growth and survival of snakehead fish (Channa striata). This research method was carried out using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications.

      Lemuel Kim A. Garcia

Abstract: Language has many characteristics and one of which is its dynamicity. Words do not remain stagnant; they evolve over time based on the in – culture, or society where a particular language is used. Since language change affects all language and exempts nothing, Filipino language is counted in such phenomena.

      Ronoh Evans Kiprotich & Leonard Kimutai

Abstract: This study expounds on useful parameters for engine tests in the case of a single-cylinder, four-stroke, spark-ignition engine. Deviations from desired operation standards and the resulting losses provide reasons for the study and analysis of those parameters. Knowledge obtained from such studies is useful in planning for improvements and better utilisation of fuels – petrol and liquefied petroleum gas, (LPG) in this case.

      Febrina Tritama Kurniasih, Meidina Kusuma Wardani, Lukmanul Hakim Nasution

Abstract: Introduction: Dermatophytosis are superficial fungal infection of the hair, nail and skin. Causative organisms include fungi in the Trichophyton, Microsporum, dan Epidermophyton. Fungal infections can occur in all immune statuses, both in immunocompetents and immunocompromaise condition such as in patients with HIV/AIDS.

      Ugege Joseph, Ezenwa Samuel Chinenyeze

Abstract: This research examined the awareness, utilization and impact of viral marketing on the performance rate and global competitiveness of MSMEs in sub-urban area of Edo State, (Ekpoma and Uromi). Three research questions were raised in this study to investigate the awareness, utilization and impact of viral marketing on the performance rate and global competitiveness of MSMEs in sub-urban area of Edo State.

      Mesele Shiferaw, Mulugeta Abuye

Abstract: Micro finance institutions have a significant role for the development of one’s country economic development by providing a credit and also a saving service for those productive clients. This study was conducted with the aim of analyzing the factors that influence micro-finance loan repayment practice using primary data collected through self-administered questionnaire. The researcher used both primary and secondary sources of information to gather relevant data.

      K. Laxmi

Abstract: Medications of barbiturate class are used in the treatment of certain types of diseases like insomnia (difficulty sleeping), and for controlling certain seizures. One such type of medicinally important compound is Phenobarbital. It is also known for its activities .as anticonvulsant, antidepressant and antihypnotic. In view of medicinal importance of Phenobarbital its structure and properties were studied by using chemcalise software of Chemaxon and data obtained is interpreted.

      Anthony-Leol E.N. and Onita J. K.

Abstract: This study examined the crime occurrence, prevention and community resilience in Rumuolumeni Community in Obio/Akpor LGA. Rivers State, Nigeria. One hundred and ten copies of questionnaire were administered on the residents using random sampling technique. Archived crime data were from 2011 to 2017 were also used for the study. Descripitve statistics were used for the data analysis. Findings revealed that The yearly frequency of occurrence showed that there were 1295 cases of crime in total and the highest was recorded in 2015 with 236 cases (18.2%), followed by 2017 having 231 cases (17.8%) and the next is 2016 having 210 cases (16.2%).

      Yalo Gao (PhD Scholar), Prof. E. Hangsing

Abstract: The present study used the descriptive-correlation research design, the study aimed to examine the relationship between the scientific aptitude and academic achievement in science of tribal 12th grade students. The population of the study comprised of 298 class-XII science students from nine Govt higher secondary schools. Out of all the 298 class-XII science students, the researcher selected 221 12th grade science students through random sampling technique. Pearson’s product moment were used to treat the data as statistical tool.

      Fannanah Firdausi, Muslimin Ibrahim, Yuni Sri Rahayu

Abstract: Research was aimed to developed science learning with pemaknaan learning model on subject matter genetic substance through 4-D models to train moral sensitivity of Senior High School and tested on 15 students of SMAN 10 Samarinda with one group pretest-postest design.

      Yash Dekate

Abstract: CSMA/CD is basically a collision dealing arrangement which comes with a set of predefined persistent methods. It detects these collisions by sensing the medium first before sending the data and if there is collision, it immediately aborts the transmission and then later tries to send the data again according to any of the predefined persistent methods. Though this ensures the proper and safe transfer of data but when there are multiple nodes which have some data to send, it can happen that nodes might have to wait a longer time to transmit their data.

      Omole Timileyin Michael, Olaiya Abiodun Paul, Sanni Olaniyi Felix, Freddy Rukema Kaniki, Oluwasola Stephen Ayosanmi, Djibril Wade, Aturaka Olusegun, Ajani Olumide Faith, Gwa Zachary Terna, Abdulsalam

Abstract: Introduction: This study captures the perspectives of stakeholders on optimization of Nigeria vaccine supply chain with 3D printing technology. Temperature excursion, cold chain maintenance and the attendant issues of maintaining vaccine integrity across the supply chain network till the last mile remain a critical bottleneck to immunization and vaccine coverage. This study aimed at taking a pragmatic approach to assessing the awareness, acceptability, feasibility, and preparedness of the Nigerian supply chain professionals to take up the innovation of 3D technology to optimize the vaccine supply chain and immunization coverage in the Nigeria context. Internet-based questionnaire (Google Form) was used to reach different public health supply chain professionals in Nigeria.

      Fangnon Firmin Fangninou, Prudence Houedegnon, Janet Nassali, Ahyana Maxine Bowen, Naila Benarab, Ithabeleng Anna Moleli

Abstract: Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are chemical compound classes based on carbon, classified persistent organic pollutants (POPs), and produced for agricultural purposes. OCPs are used in the cotton-growing, which nowadays is one of these compounds attraction mainstays in Benin, although their use has been banned as a result of the 2001 Stockholm Convention. Indeed, OCPs brought up problems including environmental contamination (soils, sediment, water, air, and biota), hazards to organisms and also human health disorders. Due to their fate solubility and persistence, they were detected in Benin food commodities, food chains and webs (vegetables, meat, milk, fish, crabs, amphibians, birds).

      Madan Sapkota, Bishal Shrestha, Divya Pandey

Abstract: The experiment was conducted to study the effect of ethephon on post-harvest characteristics of kiwifruit during February to April, 2019 in laboratory of Rural Development Tuki Association, Dolakha, Nepal to address the problem of late and uneven ripening in Kiwi. Monty variety of kiwi was used under study.

      Wilson G.S. Oduori Abangi, Dr. Stanley Omuterema and Dr. Humphrey Wanjala Nyongesa (deceased)

Abstract: Farmers Field Schools have been in operation as an alternative Agricultural extension approach from South East Asia, Philippines under Integrated Pest Management (IPM) from 1989. This study was on Examination of the differences between staff run and farmer run Farmers Field School on attainment of sustainability in Busia County in Western Kenya region.

      Jimmy Rinaldo Tambunan, Dadik Wahyu Wijaya, Wulan Fadinie

Abstract: Background: Postoperative pain is an unresolved problem even though understanding of pain management continues to grow. Several studies of preemptive analgesia show that administration of systemic opioids before surgery is more effective in reducing postoperative pain. Oxycodone and morphine sulphate are opioids that are often used as analgesia and have 1:1 analgesic potential.

      Mintesinot Abebe

Abstract: Nowadays nothing is more worth than health. It is the most important aspects of human life. Pneumonia is one of the health related issue which is the foremost murdering illness in Ethiopia indeed in Africa. The reason for its high level of killing is the difficulty of the disease nature to treat as well as the deficiency of health professionals.

      Aye, A.M., Aguoru, C.U Gberikon, G.M., Onyilokwu, S.A

Abstract: Molecular characterization of bacteria associated with diarrhoea in children (0-5) years attending selected hospitals in Makurdi was carried out. A total of 377 stool samples were collected from children attending Federal Medical Centre, General Hospital North Bank and Bishop Murray Memorial Hospital, High level Makurdi. Standard methods involving microbiological, biochemical and molecular analysis using PCR were employed in characterizing bacteria associated with diarrhoea in children (0-5)

      Cut Mirshella Amanda, Meidina Kesuma Wardani, Lukmanul Hakim Nasution

Abstract: Background: Dermatomycosis is estimated to affect about 20-25% of the worlds population and is one of the most common forms of infection in humans. The causes of dermatomycosis are dermatophytes and Candida species.

      Tseganesh Tesfaye

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the current status of accounting and financial reporting practices by the Small and Medium Sized Entities/SMEs in Wolaita Sodo, Southern Ethiopia. Most of the studies conducted previously in relation to SMEs focus on the importance of SMEs and challenges faced by the SMEs in Ethiopia. Despite the importance of accounting to SMEs, little has been researched about the accounting and financial reporting practices of SMEs in Ethiopia.

      Shib Sankar Das

Abstract: This paper presents the paradigm shift of value education in school since ancient period. It highlights the basic structure of ancient education which contributed quality manpower imbibing moral, social and civic values to the society. It also shows the erosion of values and how values shifts from the ancient base to modern era. As a result, calls for several reforms in present situation which can be implemented from the ancient education for overall development of students as a human being. The quality of education generally influences on the quality manpower for social benefits.

      Moneeb Enamul Haq, Zalmai Saniullah, Danish Hidayatullah, Azizi Mohammad Javid

Abstract: Introduction:Variation in hepatic arterial system (HAS) is common and has importance in preoperative planning to reduce the risk of accidental vascular injuries during surgical and radiological intervention of the liver. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of celiac trunk and describe different types of variations using Computed Tomographic angiography (CTA).

      Willy Bett, Dr. Williter Rop, Dr. Patricia. C. Chepkwony

Abstract: The major role of Business Intelligence (BI) Techniques in an enterprise is data resource utilization. Banks could create more value by leveraging on the data they have. However, greater portion of contemporary banks confront difficulties such as data underestimation, fragmented financial systems, small banks serving niche markets and are not contributing to competition in the sector, limited Outreach program of financial systems, fraud detection, mismanagement and even loss of business among others have remain glaring in the sector.

      Nohan Arum Romadlona, Budi Utomo

Abstract: The adolescent knowledge and perception on such risk behaviors might be shape by whom the health related information has been discussed. Smoking has negative impact for the future adolescent life. This research aims to assess to what extent discussion partner influence on adolescent smoking behavior. Data used in this research is Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey 2012, Adolescent Reproductive Health component. The population of the research is unmarried young men and women aged between 15-24 years old.

      Akwanyi, O. William, Wakhungu W. Jacob and Obiri, F. John

Abstract: Fish farming in Kakamega County, Kenya faces the challenges of underinvestment and poor management, which often results in low yields. Many farmers have shied away from investing in fish farming and some who have tried fish farming have later on abandoned their fishponds. This study determined the relationship between the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of fish farmers and fish farming management practices in Kakamega County, Kenya. The study focused in Lugari, Lurambi and Khwisero sub-counties in Kakamega County, Kenya.

      A Hanum, U Azizah, S E Cahyaningrum

Abstract: Critical thinking skills are one of the high-order thinking skills that students need for survival living in the 21st century. Critical thinking skills are needed to solve various problems by questioning what they hear and reviewing certain thoughts. The aim of this research is to describe learning activity and students critical thinking skills through implementation of problem solving models on reaction rate materials.

      Chomini, M. S., Peter, M.K., Ayodele, A.O., Mazeli, P.

Abstract: The effects of anaerobic co-digestion of five ratios of mixtures of cow dung and maize cobs as treatments A, B, C, D and E respectively assessed on biogas yield and some proximate properties of their their by-products. Triplicate slurries of these wastes (1:3 w/v) separately fed into 13.6L locally made digesters, under strict anaerobic condition, were monitored for eight weeks retention period. Separate treatment fractions were also subjected to standard methods to determine their proximate compositions before and after anaerobic digestion (AD).

      M. S. Chomini, M Ameh, F. O. Osaseboh, E.A. Chomini

Abstract: Co-digestion trials of poultry droppings and maize cobs were carried in order to assess its effects on biogas yield and some proximate properties of their by-products. Five different treatment ratios A(25:75), B(50:50), C(75:25), D(100:0) and E(0:100) of these wastes in triplicates were made into slurries (1:3w/v ratio) and separately fed to 13.6L locally fabricated digesters for 56 days retention time. There was a progressive increase in biogas yield across the treatments within the first six week of digestion, followed by a sharp decline at the 7th and 8th weeks.

      Vivian Ngozi Nwogbo, Perpetua N. Okorji

Abstract: The central focus of this paper is that economic recession in Nigeria which is associated with high rate of poverty, increasing unemployment rate, high inflation and declining gross domestic product could be mitigated by improving the quality of education given to teachers inthe country . This is not far-fetched as teachers are responsible for imparting requisite skills and knowledge to individuals to become self-reliant and positively contribute to the development of the society.

      Thaanyane, Mamosa

Abstract: This study is based on a larger study undertaken by Thaanyane, 2010, whose aim was to investigate the teachers’ experiences of implementing Business Education in three secondary schools in Maseru, Lesotho. Lesotho is recently experiencing high rate of poverty and unemployment which impact badly on its economy. This paper tries to bridge the gap between schooling and world of work. It examines how Business Education can be used as an instrument for poverty and unemployment reduction. It, specifically, explores how Business Education teachers equip learners with entrepreneurial skills and allow learners experience the business by running their own projects.

      Reward Milambo , William Sakala

Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of incorporating Ethno-mathematics strategies on students’ achievement in functions among the eleventh grade students. In addition, this study sought to examine gender differences on achievement and attitude. The respondents of this study comprised 122 conveniently selected eleventh grade students of Mpongwe Day Secondary school in Mpongwe District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia. A pre-test and post-test Quasi Experimental research design was used by randomly assigning treatment variables to the two classes which were used for the research. The experimental group (N=64) received instructions on functions using ethno-mathematics strategies while the observational group (N = 58) received instructions on functions using conventional teaching methods.

      Balwinder Kaur

Abstract: All human societies have a social structure that divides people into categories based on a combination of achieved and ascribed traits. The kinds of categories McCall cites gender, race, age, and membership in exclusive social organizations. Most Americans also increasingly disagreeing with the statement “the American Dream has become impossible for most people to achieve” leading to the conclusion that most Americans are increasingly satisfied with the opportunity to get ahead. To answer these questions, data was taken from a survey conducted on Brigham Young University (BYU) students from various class backgrounds. It is interesting to see that 61% of rich people strongly agree that there are still great differences between social levels in the United States. This is against McCall’s findings.

      Dr. Balwinder Kaur

Abstract: Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, soil. The destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. The United Nation International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines environmental degradation as “The reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives and needs”. Today environmental degradation and preservation have emerged as major issues in globalization studies. Our environment is being deteriorated every now and then due to various factors like population explosion, uncontrolled and lavish consumption of precious environmental resources, industrialization, urbanization and exploitation of abiotic and biotic components of environment have resulted in the present day environment crisis condition.


Abstract: This paper presents a study on Blockchain and its application in operations management. Blockchain technology, characterized by its transparent, decentralized and fraud resistant properties, has endless use cases. Different industries ranging from banking, infrastructure, ride sharing, voting to public policy are now using blockchain for greater transparency in digital ecosystem. This study is not limited to a particular industry or function, but it will question the effectiveness of using blockchain in improving efficiency across industries. Research is conducted through multiple in-depth interviews by professionals working on blockchain.

      Ashraf Khalil Adam, Adam Ahmed, Dr. Zainab Mahmoud University of Bahrey

Abstract: I really enjoyed my experiments Dr. Zainab Mahmoud university of Bahrey and other employee even though it was not easy starting for me. Evaluation and control of vandalism impact in oil and gas field were my first trial, and I didnt know how to do my research and who to start my work (Power plant acting superintendent in NEEM field) Mr. Adam Mohmedani support me and offer all the required information related to power section, I had only a slight understanding of my research topic, the progress of experiments, and data analyzing. Dr. Zaunab Mahmoud answered all my questions and helped me to make great progress in my research. Finally, I understand my research topic well and I did my poster presentation.

      Godfrey Magorombe Matiku Maswe

Abstract: Despite the success enjoyed by players in Tanzania tele-industry, a number impediments have been drawing back firms’ initiative to realize their goals; that attract scholars’ attentions to have a shared understanding for effective strategic formulation in annulling them. The main study question was, “what are challenges facing tele-firms in e-marketing of services in Tanzania tele-industry?” The specific research questions were three, namely; what are technological challenges facing Tele-firms in e-marketing of services in Tanzania Tele-industry; what are socio-marketing challenges facing tele-firms in e-marketing of services in Tanzania tele-industry?

      Godfrey Magorombe Matiku Maswe

Abstract: In the evolution of global business, a number micro-financing players have faced many defies in due course of their lending-borrowing interrelations. The group lending by MFIs has been one of the model perceived to guarantee the security of loans provided by the said funding institutions. This study aimed “to determine the challenges of group lending on MFIs loans security in Tanzania”. The specific objectives of the study were: to examine the challenges of diluted group norms on MFIs loans defaulting; and, to examine the contribution of deferred group interests on MFIs loans defaulting. A research was a multiple case study in nature undertaken in four selected MFIs (FINCA, BRAC, NMB & CRDB) based in Arusha– Tanzania.

      Melisa Wahyu Fandyansari, Putri Vina Sefaverdiana

Abstract: The development of Virtue-Based Sharia Economics textbooks conducted at the Economic Education Study Program is a study that uses research and development techniques. The implementation of this research based on the majority of participants in Islamic economics courses who are non-Muslim, thus experiencing difficulties in using textbooks because there are many verses of the Quran. Based on the results of the pretest and posttest, the results of expert validation, as well as small-scale and large-scale tests, obtained the results that Virtue-Based Sharia Economics textbooks included in the criteria of good and feasible to use.

      Yuni Bintarawati, Budi Jatmiko, Soenarjo

Abstract: This research is a type of research development that is about developing learning instrument. Development of learning instruments including the Learning Implementation Plan, Student Activity Sheets, Student Teaching Materials, with Sheets Assessment oriented towards guided inquiry learning. The subject in this study was Newtons Law of Motion. The research was conducted at SMA Negeri 20 Surabaya, for trial I held for 12 students of class X academic year 2011-2012.

      Purwono, Wahono Widodo, Zainul Arifin Imam Supardi

Abstract: This research includes research and development (Research and Development). Research and development are research methods used to produce certain products and test the effectiveness of the product. To be able to produce certain products used research nature of needs analysis and to test the effectiveness of the product so can function in the wider community, research is needed to test the product.

      Julius Kirui Sholle, Akuonga Paul Papa and Kipkorir Bett

Abstract: 21st century Africa is embroiled in problems that have stalled the developmental gains postulated in yesteryears. Conflict, poverty, ill-health and illiteracy continue in prevalence, jeopardizing the reversal of gains already made. Solutions to this stalemate are varied, but leadership is according to the most practical step in the direction to finding solutions. Leadership provides the path and bridge to finding solutions that fit the 21st century Africa. Leadership is supposed to be within the context of good governance, transparency, rule of law, private sector development, and respect for property rights, prudent macro-economic management and cognisance of the international community of states.

      Kipkorir Bett, Cosmas Kemboi and Gideon Kemboi

Abstract: Economics and Politics are bedfellows. An increment in either leads to the increment of the other. The cooperation of more than one economy to achieve common development has a definite impact on politics. How this is impacted is based on the manner with which economic cooperation is undertaken, and secondly by the factor of power politics. Democracy and governance in Africa are embroiled in several circumstantial factors, integration of African economies being one of them (Mwencha, 2008:26). These factors do influence each other, either positively or negatively.

      Lydiah Wamocha, Joseph Nasong’oS

Abstract: After being demobilized, former combatants constitute a weak and marginalized group in need of economic, psychological and social assistance in order to survive. Making sure that such assistance is given poses a major challenge to local communities and international donors. There is need to address the issue of reintegration of former combatants in Mt. Elgon in Bungoma County, but the process has been undermined by persistent instability in the region. The problem of follow up, re-recruitment of former combatants by different armed groups and the lack of long-term funding are some of the obstacles to successful reintegration in Kenya. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which there is trust between the reintegrated members and community members in Mount Elgon region, Kenya.

      Toni DiDona, Coral La Rosa

Abstract: Locus of control is one of the most relevant and important concepts that affects outcomes in modern organizations. It is psychologically connected to how we cope with stress and our overall well-being. Research has shown that as a construct locus of control, specifically whether a person displays an internal or external orientation, plays a substantial role in a person’s attitudes and beliefs in the workplace (Spector, 1988). A person’s age is also interrelated to how they perceive life events.



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