IJSRP, Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2017 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Mr. Mensah-Brako Bismark, Prof. Wilson Agyei Agyare, Prof Ebenezer Mensah
Climate variability is a complex environmental problem facing the world with the smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa and south Asia been the most vulnerable group. However, farm-level adaptation is considered an important option to mitigate the adverse effect of climate variability on the smallholder farmers. This paper examines farm-level adaptation strategies adopted by farmers in the Offin river basin. A total of Three hundred and ninety eight farmers from eight communities were randomly sampled using a multistage sampling technique. The results showed that about 78.39 % of smallholder farmers have adopted soil and crop management practices to abate the effects of climate variability. The study revealed that soil and water conservation practices, improved food crop varieties, utilization of inland valleys and wetlands, changing planting dates, crop diversification and mixed cropping were the most preferred adaptations practices adopted by the farmers. Educational attainment, farming experience, access to agricultural extension services, access to credit facilities, training on climate information and farmer-based organization were the factors found promoting the adaptations. The paper thus suggests investment in climate information and collaboration between media and research institutions in climate change and variability studies which have a great prospect in promoting adaptation among the farmers.