IJSRP, Volume 5, Issue 12, December 2015 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Sidrat Ul Muntaha Anees, M. Sultan Bhat, and O. P. Mishra
The purpose of the present research is to identify the earthquake resistant features of some selected Historical monuments of Srinagar city. The historical monuments selected for the study include, Jamia Masjid, Shrine of Shah-e-Hamdan, Mosque and Tomb of Madin Sahib, Patthar Masjid, Tomb of Zain-ul-Abidin’s mother and Mosque of Akhun Mulla Shah. A qualitative vulnerability assessment of the monuments is performed. The methodology includes the Literature survey and Rapid inventory of the monuments under study. The main indicators which were selected in the study for the visual inspection of the historical monuments include; Age of the monument, Building material, Earthquake resistant features, Renovation, Inspection of structural elements, Damages to structural features, Surrounding site conditions and Emergency measures available. The results of this study bring forth the traditional construction practices used in the construction of the surveyed historical monuments. We inferred that traditional methods of constructing structures may found more effective measures for safety of those structures, which can also be adopted into the present scenario to help construct disaster risk resilient buildings under the climate change scenario that influencing several types of natural disasters under the name of climate change induced disasters. In order to generate a comprehensive earthquake risk resilient building design codes it is imperative to augment the traditional building design codes with seismic microzonation observations of the Srinagar city that may provide information about the basement materials and properties of soils lying beneath the historical buildings in Srinagar that help assess the vulnerability map of the city for better urban planning.