IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Mardiana Idayu Ahmad, Nur Anis Ahmad, Syahidah Akmal Muhammad, Norizan Esa
In agriculture, the use of pesticide has been the dominant form of pest management since the 1950s to kill pest organisms including insects, weeds, plants diseases, fungi and nematodes. In recent times, use of pesticides in rice farming has increased rapidly and this scenario contributes significantly towards adverse effects on human health and environment. This study investigated types of pesticide and identified their hazards and potential risks used by rice farmers in a village of Permatang Keriang, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Pesticide use, pesticide formulation, groups, classes, major pests as well as pesticide risks and toxicity were examined. Forty selected rice farmers which represent 33% of total rice farmers’ population in Permatang Keriang were interviewed based on 40 questions. From the survey, eight pesticide formulations including Actara (85%), Karate (93%), Nurelle 505 (73%), Nominee 100 SC (83%), Tapisan (65%) and Yasodion (62%) were found commonly used by the farmers in rice farming activities to control several major pests including plant diseases, fungi, insects and rodents.