IJSRP, Volume 2, Issue 10, October 2012 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Sarala C, Ravi Babu P
The water and environment has become an emotive issue with the people and policy makers. The chief causes for the pollution of water and environment are anthropogenic activities of human beings. The primary objective of this paper is to study the groundwater quality parameters in the surrounding wells of Jawaharnagar, in upper Musi catchment area of Ranga Reddy district in Andhra Pradesh. The bore wells data is collected from the study area for two seasons i.e., post monsoon and pre monsoon in December 2007 and June 2008. The groundwater contour analysis is done by using Arc GIS software. The study reveals that the concentration of major constituents are well within the permissible limits of IS (10500-1994), except in few cases where total hardness and fluoride concentrations are high. From the analysis it has been observed that the groundwater is polluted in the entire study area. Due to this reason during the monsoon seasons the rainwater drains into the solid waste polluting the land leachate existing in the surrounding areas and in the low lying areas. During last few years, the utilization of surface and groundwater for drinking, industrial and agricultural purposes has increased manifolds but consequently it is observed that the water is polluted and affecting the human health, soil nutrients, livestock, biomass and environment in certain areas. Hence a study has been carried out for the quality of the available groundwater.