IJSRP, Volume 2, Issue 9, September 2012 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
M. Kishan Kumar, P. Kalyani, M. Mahender, D. Naga Lakshmi
The rate of increase in buffalo population is emphasizing the need to utilize unconventional feed stuffs in buffalo rations. The present study was aimed to study the effect of palm press fibre and sheanut cake based complete diet (PPF-SNC) on rumen fermentation pattern. The experiment was conducted on permanently fistulated graded Murrah buffalo calves in 3 x 3 latin square design (LSD) each trial consisting of 6 days with a switch over period of 20 days. Three experimental diets, D-I (conventional ration), D-II (complete diet with 18.5% NC and 20% PPF) and D-III (complete diet with 28% SNC and 15% PPF) were fed to the three groups of animals. The PPF-SNC based complete diet had significant effect on total volatile fatty acid (TVFA) concentration and pH values with highest concentration of TVFA (95.17b ± 14.81 mEq/L) and least value of pH (6.45a ±0.02) at inclusion of 28 % SNC and 15% PPF. The experimental diet and time of sampling did not have any effect on temperature and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) concentration. There was significant effect of time of sampling on TVFA concentration, pH and NH3-N concentration with maximum values of TVFA (123.12d ± 2.08 mEq/L) and NH3-N (16.78d ± 0.44 mg/100ml) at 4h post feeding. It can be concluded that PPF and SNC can be safely used as a feed ingredient in buffalo rations with maximum efficiency at 15% PPF and 28 % SNC.