IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 8, August 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Arun Kumar Laha, Dr. Soumendu Chatterjee, Kartic Bera
Floods are related to several environmental processes. Therefore, its causes are as diverse as its consequences, both of which vary with the nature of the flood prone environment. In the low lying parts of flood plains, atmospheric extremes, especially excessive rainfall- are the primary causes of most of the flood episodes. The river Kaliaghai was originated from the highlands of the Jhargram P.S in the Paschim Medinipur district. The combined flows of the Kaliaghai and kangsabati which meet at Dheubhanga in P.S.-Moyna in the district of Purba Medinipur is known as the river Haldi. The river Kapaleswari and Baghai are two main tributaries of the Kaliaghai. The Kaliaghai- Kapaleswari- Baghai drainage basin covers an area of 2145 Km2. The lower parts of the basin comprising of 1576.25 Km2 of low lying terrain historically suffers from flood and tidal inundation. Therefore it is essential to controlled flood, but practically we can’t control due to climatic condition. Better water management is necessary in order to achieve maximize returns per unit of water and land. Some anthropogenic activity will be restricted for reduce flood vulnerability.