IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 5, May 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Chonika, Manoj, Mr. Kumar Dhiraj
Due to the rapid technological progress, the consumption of electric energy increases continuously. But the transmission systems are not extended to the same extent because building of new lines is difficult for environmental as well as political reasons. Hence, the systems are driven closer to their limits resulting in congestions and critical situations endangering the system security. Power Flow Control devices such as Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) provide the opportunity to influence power flows and voltages and therefore to enhance system security, e.g. by resolving congestions and improving the voltage profile. Several kinds of FACTS controllers have been commissioned in various parts of the world. This paper presents various types of FACTS devices such as: load tap changers, phase-angle regulators, static VAR compensators, thyristor-controlled series compensators, interphase power controllers, static compensators, and unified power flow controllers. There classification based on steady sate and transient state stability and Power electronic and control technology have been studied.