IJSRP, Volume 3, Issue 2, February 2013 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Farooq A. Rather
Kashmir’s conflict with India started immediately after the partition of the country in 1947. The protest movements / peaceful struggle for right to Self Determination continued till 1988-89. Thereafter resistance to Indian rule in Kashmir was taken up by some Muslims of the state who very often resorted to violent means to achieve their objective of Independence. By and large people supported the cause. In 1990s several mass rallies were conducted which led to the imposition of president’s rule. The government of India brought around 700,000 military and paramilitary troops to suppress the movement in Kashmir. This all resulted in frequent curfews, crackdowns, search operations, arrest, torture, custodial killings, and disappearances of youth, firing, shelling and the implementation of draconian laws like Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA), Prevention of Terrorist Activities (POTA) and Public Safety Act (PSA) which in turn gave birth to various kinds of human rights violations in Kashmir.