IJSRP, Volume 9, Issue 11, November 2019 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Jimmy Rinaldo Tambunan, Dadik Wahyu Wijaya, Wulan Fadinie
Background: Postoperative pain is an unresolved problem even though understanding of pain management continues to grow. Several studies of preemptive analgesia show that administration of systemic opioids before surgery is more effective in reducing postoperative pain. Oxycodone and morphine sulphate are opioids that are often used as analgesia and have 1:1 analgesic potential.