IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 8, August 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Umang Supekar, P.K.Singhal
In this paper a hexagonal patch microstrip antenna with hexagonal slot behaves as a wide band monopole antenna having great return loss. It is designed for 1.1194-2.7078 GHz frequency band with wide bandwidth of 1.5884 GHz and return loss of -73.63dB. A hexagonal patch with etched ground plane monopole antenna with hexagonal Slot is fabricated on the glass epoxy (FR4 lossy) of dielectric substrate with relative permittivity (εr) of 4.3, thickness of 1.6mm, loss tangent of 0.02 with a ground plane, fed with a 50Ω rectangular microstrip feed line. This prototype antenna having an omnidirectional radiation pattern is measured for frequency range of 0-3 GHz. The novelty of this antenna is that hexagonal patch with hexagonal slot gives it uniqueness in design and also getting a bandwidth approx 1.6 GHz with -73dB Return loss is big achievement in 0-3 GHz frequency Band itself. As the antenna is designed only in 0-3GHz band, having all such properties in one antenna proves its novelty and uniqueness. The measured reflection coefficients are far below of -10dB.The simulated result and experimental results are analyzed and verified after comparison.