IJSRP, Volume 2, Issue 8, August 2012 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
DR K N PRASANNA KUMAR, PROF B S KIRANAGI , PROF C S BAGEWADI
In quantum physics, in order to quantize a gauge theory, like for example Yang-Mills theory, Chern-Simons or BF model, one method is to perform a gauge fixing. This is done in the BRST and Batalin-Vilkovisky formulation. Another is to factor out the symmetry by dispensing with vector potentials altogether (they are not physically observable anyway) and work directly with Wilson loops, Wilson lines contracted with other charged fields at its endpoints and spin networks.