IJSRP, Volume 4, Issue 6, June 2014 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Sanjay Kumar K, Mr.Shivakumara Swamy.R, Dr. V. Venkatesh
Transmission lines, among the other electrical power system components, suffer from unexpected failures due to various random causes. These failures interrupt the reliability of the operation of the power system. When unpredicted faults occur protective systems are required to prevent the propagation of these faults and safeguard the system against the abnormal operation resulting from them. The functions of these protective systems are to detect and classify faults as well as to determine the location of the faulty line as in the voltage and/or current line magnitudes Then after the protective relay sends a trip signal to a circuit breaker(s) in order to disconnect (isolate) the faulty line.