IJSRP, Volume 6, Issue 5, May 2016 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Hawraa Hussein Ghafel, Rabe'a Mohsen Ali, Ala’ Hazim AL-Rahawi
Background: Infertility is the inability of a person to reproduce by natural means. infertility may describe a woman who is unable to conceive as well as being unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological and other causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat. Infertility rates have increased by 4% since the 1980s, mostly from problems with fecundity due to an increase in age. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman, and 20% result from complications with both partners (1) In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) was first successfully used in humans over 25 years ago; since then, more than one million children have been conceived using this technology. IVF is a procedure designed to enhance the likelihood of conception in couples for whom other fertility therapies have been unsuccessful or are not possible. It is a complex process and involves multiple steps resulting in the insemination and fertilization of oocytes (eggs) in a laboratory. The embryos created in this process are then placed into the uterus for potential implantation. Each stage of the procedure is associated with specific risks, IVF may provide a couple who has been otherwise unable to conceive with a chance to establish a pregnancy.