IJSRP, Volume 5, Issue 5, May 2015 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Jahnovi Brahma, Tribeni Mandal, P. Gajurel, B. Singh & P. Rethy
Bodos have a rich, multi-faceted and distinct culture of their own. The agricultural practices, food habit and belief systems of the Bodos reflect a conglomeration of features from both the Aryan and Mongoloid culture. Folk music is a traditional music of unknown authorship, which is transmitted orally generation to generation from the beliefs, and customs of ordinary people of this community. “Kham”, “Siphung”, “Serja”, “Jotha”, “Jabkhring”, “Gangona”, “Bingi” and “Thorkha” are eight musical instruments used by the Bodos of Assam. All these instruments represent various forms of traditional songs accompanied by folk dance. The plants mostly used to make these musical instruments are Bambusa assamica Barooah & Borthakur (Poaceae), Bambusa tulda Roxb. (Poaceae), Bambusa pallid Munro (Poaceae), Alstonia scholaris L. (Apocynaceae), Sterculia villosa Roxb. (Sterculiaceae), Sansevieria roxburghiana Schult.f (Agavaceae) and Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. (Moraceae). Detailed description of the instruments is given below as revealed by the Bodo tribes.