IJSRP, Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2016 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
K.H.K.L. Piyasiri, M. Wijeratne
Ceylon Cinnamon, which is popularly termed as ‘True Cinnamon’ is a derivative from the bark of an indigenous to Sri Lanka plant Cinnamomun zeylanicum Blume. The competition pertaining to Ceylon Cinnamon in world trade has already become significant, as the worlds’ total Cinnamon market is comprised not only of True Cinnamon, but of Cassia; the closest substitute and a spice inferior to True Cinnamon as well. Sri Lanka has to compete with three Cassia producing countries in the total Cinnamon market, as China, Indonesia and Viet Nam; the three major Cassia producers are the major producers of the total Cinnamon market as well. According to the experts, lack of productivity of Ceylon Cinnamon cultivated lands and insufficient production to fulfill the worlds’ demand for Cinnamon is one of the major issues and, which have to be immediately addressed to be cope up with and to withstand the competition in the total Cinnamon market. In this context this research aimed to identify the cultivated area and production trends of Ceylon Cinnamon comparing them with those of major cassia producers. The FAOSTAT (Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics) database was used as the data source. Results revealed that Ceylon Cinnamon cultivated area has expanded in a minute pace and Ceylon Cinnamon production remains almost constant throughout the years compared to the major Cassia producers. The average annual productivity of ‘Ceylon Cinnamon’ have remained constant at about 500 kg/ha, throughout the past thirteen years, in which China and Indonesia have shown an average productivity of about 1350 kg/ha and 1000 kg/ha respectively.