International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications

IJSRP, Volume 5, Issue 4, April 2015 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) and seropositivity Among Jaundice Children in Katihar
      Kumar Shambhu Nath, Vimal Kumar, D P Banerjee
Abstract: This study was carried out to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and risk factors of transmission among children in katihar district of Koshi zone of Bihar State, India. In order to estimate the prevalence rate of HBsAg and to evaluate the influence of children demographics on HBsAg seropositivity, well-designed questionnaire was used to obtain data, considered risk factors for contracting HBsAg from consenting children. A total of 305 blood samples were collected from children attending the Katihar Medical College Hospital, Katihar. The male: female ratio was 1.38:1in the control group and 1.5: 1 in cases of jaundice. Blood samples were screened using HBsAg test kit, supplied by J. Mitra & Co. Pvt. Ltd, Delhi, India. HBsAg positivity rate among control was 3.5%. It gives fair idea about prevalence of HBsAg among healthy children of this region and does not indicate the carrier rate. The prevalence of HBsAg was higher among age group 9-12 years in jaundice patient. There is no significant difference in incidence of HBsAg positivity among males and females (p=0.317). Horizontal mode of transmission is found very significant. A higher rate of HBsAg positivity (17.64%) was found in patients of fulminant hepatic failure.

Reference this Research Paper (copy & paste below code):

Kumar Shambhu Nath, Vimal Kumar, D P Banerjee (2018); Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) and seropositivity Among Jaundice Children in Katihar; Int J Sci Res Publ 5(4) (ISSN: 2250-3153). http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0415.php?rp=P403952
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