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IJSRP, Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2017 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

Important:
December 2017 publication has started and publication will continue till 24th December 2017
Authors who paid publication fee after 4th December, their paper will publish in December edition latest by 24th December or before.
Online print version will release latest by 30th December. Download cover page for this edition.

Indexing and Correction:
Indexing will start after 26th December and minor corrections are accepted till 26th December 2017.
If minor correction required, send email to editor@ijsrp.org and ask for formatted (.doc/docx) paper.

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      Nurkolis Siri Kastawi

Abstract: This article aims to find out the relationship between the budget of education function and quality of education. The research approach is quantitative descriptive using statistical analysis with percentage and Pearson correlation. The data used are secondary data of education budget to describe the quality of the education quality measure with of teachers competency test results, the rate of literacy, and rate of school participation. The results show that there is no positive and significant relationship between the budget of education function and quality of education.



      Dr. Margaret W. Nyongesa, PhD, Prof. Rosebela O. Onyango, PhD * , Prof. James H. Ombaka, PhD.

Abstract: Quality is the ability to deliver services that satisfy the consumer’s needs whereas service quality is the ability to meet or exceed customer expectations, providing quality healthcare is an ethical obligation of all healthcare providers and receiving quality care is a right of all patients. Africa Countries including Kenya has witnessed general deterioration in health indicators due to rapid population growth, child nutrition problems, poverty, HIV/AIDS, acute respiratory infections, malaria, diarrhea, and poor quality health facilities and services. Nairobi city with high population and Kiambu a neighboring County, the Public and some Faith-based hospitals in these two counties experience shortage of drugs and medical supplies, unaffordable out-of-pocket costs for health services’ consumers, poor quality of care due to overcrowding of the patients, thus services provided are considered unsatisfactory.



      Paulini, Sudiarso, Budi Prasetya, Aminudin Afandhi

Abstract: Ammonia (NH3) emissions from livestock sector are one of the large contributors of greenhouse gas. The objective of this research is to determine ammonia emissions at three broiler farmings in Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan, emissions measurement was conducted at the top and bottom of the poultry house using NH3 sensor conducted in the morning, afternoon and evening. In addition, the measurement is also conducted to the climatic factor, i.e. air temperature, humidity and wind speed. An analysis of the sample of chicken manure is also conducted to determine N and crude protein contained in chicken manure and ration used by poultry farmers during the study. The result of this study reveals that a number of ammonia emissions of the three farming measured on the top of the poultry house is 20,55 ppm, 14,61 ppm and 15,85 ppm, while at the bottom is 18,81 ppm, 15,50 pm and 14,91 ppm. A lot of ammonium emissions of those three farming are influenced by the lack of waste management, crude protein in the ration is not well-digestible so the content of N in the chicken manure is still high and the factor of climatology and humidity surrounding.



      Danfulani Mohammed, Gele I. Haruna, Ma’aji M. Sadisu, Saidu A. Sule, Muhammad A. Musa

Abstract: Choanal atresia is a rare malformation in newborns and infants. It could be a life threatening condition in neonates. We present a 15 year old female with history of recurrent right sided nasal discharge since birth. With Computed Tomography (CT) and CT Choanography, she was diagnosed to have unilateral (right sided) membranous choanal atresia which was treated by simple puncture transnasally with post-op stenting.



      K.M. Bamunawita, J.M.D.Y. Jayawardena, W.J.B. Thissera, S.H. Meegahapola and V.N. Vithana

Abstract: Technology expansion has numerously contributed to marketing. The researchers built “ShopPal” to provide hassle-free shopping experiences to users. This is a mobile application displaying advertisements of individual shopping areas, not shopping malls. It also consists of billboards in shops that would display promotions in the shopping place based on age category of majority present in the area at a given time. A stored procedure was used to find preferences of given age categories. It is used to provide suggestions when consumers select product choices, when registering. Customized offers based on location, tracked using Global Positioning System (GPS), are sent to users. Customer connects to billboard via Bluetooth. Clustering is used to identify age category of majority of gathered customers and promotions are displayed accordingly. The system would be greatly beneficial to consumers and shop owners. “ShopPal” is an ideal location-based offer advertising system that gives consumers a hassle-free shopping experience.



      Huynh Thanh Toi, Nguyen Thị Hong Van

Abstract: Artemia were reared, under zero water exchange, on four different microalgae feeding regimes: standard ad libitum feeding (SF1), half of SF1 (SF1/2), one third of SF1 (SF1/3), and a quarter of SF1 (SF1/4). In additional treatments, for each of these feeding regimes nitrogen waste from Artemia in the cultures was converted into bacterial biomass by addition of carbohydrate to produce carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio 10. The objective was to investigate what the contribution of bacteria to the Artemia diet was at different degressive algae feeding rations. After 15 days of culture period, the results of survival and biomass production (WW g/L) indicated that stimulating bacterial growth increased survival and biomass production of Artemia in all feeding rations when compared to the corresponding control treatments with algae only. Particularly, manipulating the C/N ratio in the SF1/3 treatment induced the improvement of Artemia biomass production equal to that obtained in the treatment where Artemia were offered solely algae at SF1 ration. Moreover, the results of fatty acid assimilation and especially 15N accumulation in Artemia indicated that Artemia utilized relatively more bacteria for the treatments with the lowest algae supply. These findings open perspectives for using bacteria to substitute or supplement microalgae in Artemia biomass production.



      K.I.L Perera, B.C Weerasooriya, N.C Abeysundera, L.M.A.H.B Thennakoon, G Fernando

Abstract: There are many applications that are capable of making personal daily tasks convenient, but there is no application which includes the features of an intelligent alarm, Item tracker, Navigation, Health reminder. The application explained in the paper is an integration of all the features mentioned. The goal of this research is to play the role of an assistant, so called a Virtual Assistant capable to perform on its intelligence to make the daily chores convenient. “AssistME” application will be built on the technology of Bluetooth and Global Positioning System which enables the application to track the presence of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags attached to the personal belongings of the user.



      Jibril Lawal, Abubakar Usman Mohammed, Mansur Muhammad, Musa Murtala Abubakar

Abstract: The rapid increase in population in Nigeria has brought the need for a massive increase in agricultural produce to cater for the population. In view of this, traditional farming only during the annual rainy season cannot suffice to cultivate enough farm produce for the nation. Therefore, irrigation farming that allows farmers to plant crops throughout the year is now embraced across the country. However, lack of knowledge about the crops that can grow best in a particular land and the exact amount of water and fertilizer needed in the farm is leading to poor output. This study proposes intelligent irrigation software system to improve irrigation farming in Nigeria by acquiring and sharing information about crops requirements (soil, quantity of water and fertilizer) with farmers. With the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and expert agricultural information, data is capture by the software, analyzed and shared with the selected farmers. The final output is generated and sends to the Farmer via Short Message Service (SMS) describing the accurate farmland size, suitable crops to plant, as well as the agrochemicals needed in the farmland.



      Gopal Krishan

Abstract: Breathing is simple inhaling and exhaling of air, which we all are doing 24 hours continuously. It is a process which goes on unconsciously. PEOPLE DON’T KNOW WHETHER THEY ARE BREATHING PROPERLY OR NOT. No one is breathing consciously. Our saints, sadhus & preachers practised this and got the knowledge of proper breathing, so they enhanced their ages and lived for hundreds of years.



      Panjiyar RK, Twayana RS, Laudari S, Gupta M, Dhungel S, Dubey L, Subramanyam G

Abstract: Heart failure is growing epidemic condition and nearly half of the patients have preserved ejection (EF>50%). We aim to observe the baseline clinical characteristics and factors affecting hospital stay and outcomes after 28 days of follow up. An observational study was conducted among 200 patients who presented clinical features of heart failure according to Framingham Criteria, with Left ventricular EF > 50%, in College of Medical Sciences in the Department of Cardiology over a period of June 2015 to January 2017.Data were analyzed using IBM-SPSS 20.0 and descriptive and inferential analysis was performed.



      Mulugeta Tegegn, Akalu Dafisa

Abstract: Globally, agriculture takes center stage as the engine that can transform nations’ economies. Smallholder farmers, who produce the majority of agricultural products, face various challenges, including access to adequate information, services, and key value chains. ICT is believed to play a pivotal role in disseminating information and linking farmers with clients in the agricultural value chain. The latest information and training tool, which many famers already carry in their pockets, is the mobile phone. Information plays a vital role in agricultural development and production and their effective communication will help facilitate mutual understanding among farmers, agricultural scientist and extension workers. Increasing production is a major challenge facing present agriculture. Smallholder farmers which dominate the landscape of developing world need to improve farming through acquiring adequate knowledge and information. The objective of seminar is to review the potential of mobile phone usage by farmers for dissemination of agricultural information in Ethiopia. Main factors that influence the use of mobile phone as: high cost of available technologies, inadequate infrastructure and low ICT skills, poor and expensive connectivity, inappropriate ICT policies, language barriers, low bandwidth, inadequate and/or inappropriate credit facilities and systems. The ministry agriculture when designing strategies for effective and efficient use of mobile phone for disseminating agricultural information, they have to consider those identified factors of mobile phone usage.



      W.S.P. Coonghe, W.M.D.S. Dayananda, M.S.H. Livera, K.G. Bataduwa Arachchi and S.G.S. Fernando

Abstract: Addict on to new technologies lead the children away from educational activities. The main problem is that will mainly affect to child’s future because of the early childhood does not developed on correct way. Considering about this problem project development team implemented an educational base gaming application based on how to use technologies toward to better future by navigate children to educational activities and reducing time wasting for useless things through the modern technologies.



      Abeera Tariq, Ayesha Khawar, Fatima Amin

Abstract: Objectives: the aim of the study was to observe prevalence of hepatitis C, the effectiveness of sofosbuvir in treating hepatitis C, various signs and symptoms of hepatitis C and their prevention, plot between the risks & benefits ratio associated with the use of sofosbuvir.



      L. Jayatilake, C. Darshana, G. Indrajith, A. Madhuwantha and N. Ellepola

Abstract: Chat applications have become a powerful media that assist people to communicate in different languages with each other. There are lots of chat applications that are used different people in different languages but there are not such a chat application that has facilitate to communicate with sign languages. Sign languages are used by deaf and dump people to communicate among them but those Sign languages vary from nation to nation as American Sign Language, British Sign language, Japanese Sign language etc. The developed system has based on Sinhala Sign language. The system has included four main components as text messages are converted to sign messages, voice messages are converted to sign messages, sign messages are converted to text messages and sign messages are converted to voice messages. Google voice recognition API has used to develop speech character recognition for voice messages. The system has trained for the speech and text patterns by using some text parameters and Signs of Sinhala Sign language is displayed by emoji. Those emoji and signs that are included in this system will pave a new way for the normal people to be more close to hearing disable people and also hearing disable people to be more close to normal people.



      Fabiano Gibson Daud Thulu, Estiner Walusungu Katengeza, Malazi Mkandawire

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rainfall trend for El Niño seasons over Malawi and its impact on electricity and agricultural production from 1970 to 2016. Monthly and annual rainfall time series of over 45 year period to 15 meteorological weather stations across Malawi were constructed for all El Niño rainfall seasons. This study reveals a high variability of both monthly and seasonal El Niño rainfall seasons. From the selected rainfall stations, 34.7% had rainfall above normal in the south, 39.2% in the central and 52.6% in the north. Substantial rainfall was recorded in the months of December, January, February and March. 70.4% of the stations in the southern half Malawi showed decreasing November rainfall, while the northern half of the country had decreasing December rainfall for 63.7% of stations therein.



      Abeyrathna R.M.R.D., Amaratunga K.S.P.

Abstract: Chili, a potential cash crop in the world is considered as one of the most important spices due to its multiple uses and vital role in most of the cuisines. Traditional drying systems use direct sunlight or indirect heating sources and hence difficult to control the drying conditions. Convective drying systems use hot air and because of high temperature, volatile compounds tend to remove from the product leading to a quality reduction. Use of dehumidified air for drying has been suggested as one of the solutions as drying can be done at relatively lower temperatures while preserving the volatile compounds. In this study, a heat pump drying (HPD) system was designed, evaluated and then validated to be used as an alternate method of drying chili in the industry level. Weight and the bulk density of the evaluated sample were 8,000 kg and 98 kg/m3 respectively. The Specific Moisture Removal Rate (SMER) value of the evaluated HPD system was 1.027 kg/kWh. The moisture content of chili was reduced from 10.8% to 5.05% (wet basis) within three hours. The relative humidity of the dehumidified room was reduced to 8% from 55% and the temperature of the dehumidified room increased from 29°C to 41°C within three hours. Average water condensed rate was 5.2kg/h. Results suggested that the developed heat pump drying system has performed well serving its purpose and hence it can be concluded that the established closed cycle heat pump drying system can be effectively used to dry chili in industrial level.



      A. Nirojan, V.N.Vithana

Abstract: Mobile applications and services make things simpler fulfilling people daily needs. There is a lack of applications, which can be really useful for the professionals to improve their working capabilities. Though mobile phones are used by people living in rural areas, but there are hardly any relevant applications for them to improve their productivity. In this paper research team proposed one such mobile application “Smart Cultivation Partner”, which can be operated on their mobile phones. In Sri Lanka Farmers Faced many problems because they do not know such technical and technology skills. They cannot find the actual merchants, they do not know the actual prices, they do not know the suitable market for their sales, and also they cannot predicate the price of their cultivated products.



      Hayden B. Siegel

Abstract: By utilizing proper technique one can produce a harmonic tone equal to a minor third from the fingered note.



      Galal A Ali, Yousif Mohamed Osman

Abstract: The environmental characteristics of the roads and the behavior of the drivers are the most important performance factors of signalized intersections highway capacity manual provide factors that may not correspond to the nature of local traffic.



      Haris Ali Khan, Dr. Danish Ahmed Siddiqui

Abstract: This research study investigated the impact of rule of law and other macro-economic variables on the performance of the stock markets. The independent variables for the study are rule of law, real interest rate, consumer price index inflation, gross capital formation, gdp per capita and trade. In the study, some of the advanced and emerging countries are selected. The data is examined annually from 2005 to 2015 in panel form. The measuring variable for the study which correlates the performance of stock markets with the economy is stock market return. To estimate the relationship Pearson correlation, regression analysis and descriptive statistics tests have been used. Regression analysis is performed in two models, one with rule of law and one without it. The results indicated that there is a significant relationship between real interest rate and the stock market return and a significant relationship between the stock market return and the inflation rate is also observed, this shows that whenever there is an increase in inflation and interest rates of an economy that will inevitably lead to the increase in the stock market performance of that economy. Rule of law makes an expressive impact on the research, a significance between rule of law and stock market return is seen which means that whenever the law and order is implemented the stock market performance tends to be increased. On the other hand, GDP, gross capital formation and trade shows insignificance with the stock market return. Most of the results are supporting the theories and literature.



      Sumaiya.M, Anchana Devi .C & Leela K

Abstract: Biosurfactants are surface-active substances produced by microorganisms. They are amphiphiles and consist of a polar (hydrophilic) and non polar (hydrophobic) group. Due to their amphiphilic structure biosurfactants tend to increase the surface area of hydrophobic water-insoluble substances and this makes surfactant an excellent emulsifier, foaming and dispersing agents. They are environmental friendly, biodegradable, less toxic and non-hazardous. Because of their potential advantages, biosurfactants are widely used in many pharmaceutical and industrial applications.



      G.Nirmala, M.Sheela

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of fuzzy in-dominating set ,fuzzy out-dominating set ,fuzzy characteristic function of fuzzy digraph .The theorems based on fuzzy kernel ,fuzzy absorbant ,fuzzy characteristic function are proved.



      Suman Kunwar

Abstract: The interest in digital image processing is growing at an enormous place in last decades. As a result, different data compression techniques has been proposed which are concerned in minimization of the information used for representation of image.



      Edward Kwaku Armah, Emmanuel Kweinor Tetteh, Bright Boafo Boamah

Abstract: Renewable energy could replace the conventional sources of energy such as fossil fuel and oil, serving as an alternative source of energy. Non-renewable energy sources have been found to pose various environmental problems such as greenhouse gas emissions as they tend to deplete at faster rates. Biological processes such as fermentation and anaerobic digestion for the past decades have given rise to the production of biofuels such as biogas and bioethanol. Biogas production is environmentally friendly and simple to produce although some drawbacks have limited its full exploitation in the past decades such as the physical and chemical treatment techniques required in the process.



      Eshetu kibret , Alem Amsalu, Aschale Tadege , Gebeyaw Teshager, Molla Bekalu

Abstract: Persistent high dropout rates of secondary school students generate huge social and private costs. Thus, this study was intended to identify the status and causes of secondary school students’ dropouts in East Gojjam administrative zone. To achieve this objective descriptive survey research design with mixed approach was employed. From 18 woredas of the zone, six woredas were purposively selected to conduct the study. From these six woredas, six secondary schools were selected using simple random sampling techniques. 175 teachers were selected through systematic random sampling technique to fill questionnaire and 168 of them were properly filled and returned the questionnaires.



      Anshul Sarin, Aatish Goel, Tushar Sharma, Abhishek Misra, Shivam Tyagi

Abstract: This paper presents our research to utilize the otherwise waste heat of a domestic refrigerator. Through this investigation we want to suggest a method to improve the efficiency of the current system.



      Alejandro G. Pineda-Martínez, Israel Hernández-Medrano, Guillermo Tapia-Tinoco, David Granados- Lieberman, Francisco J. Ortega-Herrera

Abstract: In this work the implementation of a real-time emulator operating under the principle of Power Hardware in the Loop (PHIL) is presented. The system developed is a great tool for the study of electrical anomalies such as harmonics in smart grids. The general structure of the emulator, control scheme, sensors, instrumentation and amplification stages are described, which provides flexibility in terms of power ranges, topologies and control techniques. The algorithms of control and execution of the simulation models in real time are implemented in the platform dSPACE DS1103. The results of the real-time emulation with purely sinusoidal voltages and with harmonic content are presented, which show excellent performance and versatility to analyze study cases with diverse loads; besides, smart grids with different topologies and non-linear loads.



      Ossama Fazal, Sonia Kanwal

Abstract: The study intellectualizes to define the aspects that has impact on the brand loyalty of mobile phones brand in market of Asia. A Questionnaire has been designed in a layout of 7 point Likert scale for the purpose of data collection. Respondents varied between strongly agree and strongly disagree. Sample size of the study has been taken upto 250 respondents including customers having mobile phones of different brands using more than past 2 to 3 years in market of Pakistan. The study investigated that the customers are loyal to their brand attitudinally plus behaviorally. Brand loyalty is positively affected by the Brand trust of customers. Further it has been found that the satisfied customers are the loyal ones. In Pakistan customer preferred the price comparison among brand which influence their loyalty with their brand.



      Nur Laily , Dewi Urip Wahyuni

Abstract: The biggest responsibility of current teachers in this globalization era is to increase their knowledge so that they could give high contribution to better students’ characters. One of the best ways is to really comprehend rigidly the curriculum goals for preferable and optimum classroom settings.



      Nurul Aini, Soegeng Sutejo, Basuki

Abstract: This study aims to identify the role of corporate social responsibility in mediating the effects of foreign operation on tax aggressiveness. The sample used in this study was taken from Indonesian Stock Exchange during 2012-2016 period based on predetermined criteria set by the writer. The number of final samples was 33 corporations or 165 firm years. The analysis using Warp PLS 6 finds that CSR significantly mediates the effects of foreign operation on tax aggressiveness. Corporations with high foreign operation tends to have low CSR and low tax aggressiveness, meaning that these corporations are not performing tax aggressiveness.



      Ohnmar Zaw, Nang Su Le, Mya Thwin

Abstract: This paper deals with the strengthening of deteriorated reinforced concrete building by externally bonded carbon fiber composites. Four storied reinforced concrete residential building is selected for case study. It was constructed in 1992 and various deterioration symptoms are found. Static and dynamic analyses are performed by E-Tabs software using the various strength of members obtained from rebound hammer technique. The overstressed members are strengthened by externally bonded carbon fiber sheet. Experimental work for compression test on concrete cylinders externally bonded by carbon fiber sheets is performed. Compressive strength increment depends on the number of composite layers and percentage of wrap on concrete specimens. The required areas and thickness of carbon fiber wrapped sheet for the members are calculated by using Sika Carbodur FRP analysis software. For flexural strengthening, the maximum area required is 92 mm2, for shear strengthening and confinement the maximum thickness of FRP required are 0.35 mm and 0.18 mm respectively.



      Heshani Maheshika & Rev. Pinnawala Sangasumana

Abstract: Landslide is a geophysical event that has become one of the most calamitous natural hazards in Sri Lanka. Approximately, over 50000 people have been directly affected by landslide during the last five years and thousands of people are living at risk situation today particularly in the Badulla, Ratnapura, Kegalle, Galle, Matara, Kandy, Kaluthara districts. Since many unexpected adversities are emerged during and after the landslides, it is very important to have a proper mechanism of post disaster management in order to address the resettlement and rehabilitation phases.



      Leonardo Bastos Moraes, Maria Viviane Gomes Muller, Rosana de Cassia de Souza Schneider

Abstract: Since polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) can be obtained by utilizing organic waste as a substrate, they form one of the most suitable classes of organic acids with many applications, ranging from medical supplies to energy and biorefinery products. In total, PHAs are found in at least in 150 different molecular forms, with the basic differences determined by the length of the carbon skeleton (4 to 14 C-bonds) and the radicals, which are formed by many organic groups. These characteristics make up their unique physicochemical properties, biodegradability and nontoxicity. Many new approaches are now being developed to obtain PHAs and modify these molecules into new green chemicals as well as renewable alternatives for petroleum and other non-sustainable compounds. This mini review gives insight into the genetic characteristics of PHA synthases, the most important enzyme group related to this compound. This review addresses chemical techniques to modify PHAs to obtain compounds with a high market value. Therefore, this work shows new applications and possibilities for PHA, such as drug-delivery systems, building block chemicals, new polymeric structures for tissue scaffolds and certain energetic compounds, such as n-butanol..



      Charmon Mohammed, Amanda Carrington, Carol-Anne Stephens, Karen Pierre

Abstract: The Inaugural Caribbean Cancer Survivorship Conference held on October 21-22, 2016 provided a forum to discuss strategies and solutions to reduce the burden of cancer on both the patient and their communities. The event was structured around seven short presentations delivered by experts from the Caribbean and internationally, testimonials from cancer survivors, and question and answer sessions to encourage the audience to interact with the presenters, as well as a conference evaluation questionnaire.



      Qurratulain Munawar, Ramsha Zafar, Mariam Zaka

Abstract: Objectives: The aims of this activity were to study causes, prevalence and management of hypovitaminosis D and its extent in males and females.



      Sajid Hussain Raza

Abstract: Artificial Intelligence has the ability to represent the Highly-Autonomous Artificial Intelligence system that must be designed in such a way to return reactions and achievements which guarantee to align much similar to human values throughout their actions. In this paper, Alignment-based CPM is presented. The CPM does not impose restrictions on the process notation.



      M.Noor Alam, Sajid Hussain Raza

Abstract: Automated and having self-thinking sense of the machines are now become the focus point to the engineers as well as to the computer scientists. AI has the core development procedure for the automated machines which just not only thinks like a human being but can do the task more accurately through environment retrieving methods. The system is developed for the ease that the robot cleaner will sense to the dust by the sensor used e.g. sonar so that I’ll clean the dusty area, during the cleaning process if the battery of the machine gets down then it will go to its charging station by itself and let it be charged after the charging process I’ll get to work again so that in this way machine can work all the time. Data will be collected and stored to the system whether of the most dusty areas of the house and as well as about the low areas so that in next wave the machine will go and check the most dusty area first and then to the other areas. AIDL(Artificial Intelligence Description Language) is used for this problem solving technique, moreover the system based on AI and therefor as the system learn more from the environment the more the system will be able to improve its abilities to do the proposed work.



      Abhishek Bajpai, R.S. Goswami, Aayush Goswami, Shrikant Garde, Preeti Phadnis

Abstract: Ef-Chlor is a product manufactured by Hind Pharma containing Sodium dichloroisocyanurate (NaDCC) as its major component, which is an effective compound used for water purification, disinfection and sterilization. Ef-Chlor ensures maximum protection against a wide range of disease-causing pathogens. This paper provides information on different areas where Ef-Chlor tablets containing NaDCC can act in an effective manner and could substitute the old methods, formulations and compounds still used for purifying water. This paper summarizes the effectiveness of NaDCC (major component of Ef-Chlor) over of all other traditional formulations with emphasize on its good antimicrobial activity, more safety, better stability, long shelf life, prolonged protection and affordability.



      María de la Luz Pérez-Arredondo, Ricardo González-Barbosa, Juan Antonio Ramírez-Vázquez, Jóse J. N. Segoviano-Garfias

Abstract: The mimicking of natural processes and the development of alternative methods to obtain clean fuels such as H2, have been of great interest in recent years. In nature, the hydrogenase enzymes at some bacteria and algae are responsible of the fermentation and biophotolysis processes.



      Manlian Ronald A. Simanjuntak, Cucun Sunarsih

Abstract: Indonesian construction industry currently does not have a regulation concerning the applicable contract standard. But in practice, some of construction contracts used either refers to presidential decree (Perpres No 54/2010) and its amendmnets on procurement of government goods/services or international contract standards such as FIDIC, JCT etc. Case study in this research was conducted at an oil and gas company called PT X. It is one of the joint venture company whose majority shares are owned by one of the biggest Indonesian state-owned entreprises. PT X uses technical guidelines called Juknis as guidance in the procurement contract of good/services in which some of regulations used as reference are FIDIC and Perpres No 54/2010. Once construction contract is created and signed by employer and contractor, the important thing that must be conducted by both parties is to carry out contract administration. Some cases occurred in PT X were due to undisciplined of contract administration implementation, even though the construction contract had been well prepared. In the past ten years, the company has been experiencing dispute with several contractors which requires assistances of either court or dispute adjudication board. Besides such disputes result in substantial material losses to the company.



      Krishna Mochtar, Manlian Ronald. A. Simanjuntak, Yulius Adhi Wibowo

Abstract: Regulations in Indonesia requires foreign companies to have local partner in a joint operation if they want to enter Indonesia contruction industries. This study will examine company ”X”, who frequently get join operation project offers from foreign companies. Within that joint operation, beside many advantages, there are also some risks to manage. Risks in a joint operation project will be more complex than projects in general, because it involve two or more companies with different culture. The purpose of this study is to indentify important risk factors in joint operations project by company ”X”. The instruments of this study consist of primary data (interview and questionaire) and secondary data (books and journals of relevant studies). The datas gathered then analyzed using risk analysis method with Risk Significance and Relative Importance Index as to obtain the risk variables with significant influence on these three porjects in this study. Based on the study, it is found that the important risk variables in a joint operation projects with foreign companies by company ”X” are distrust between employees of each company (X9) and language limitations (X30). Therefore, it is recommended to set a minimum standard of language skills (especially English) for the staff who will assigned in the joint operation project with foreign company also to provide language skills training and it is recommended that the directors from each parent’s company could ensure staff commitment, coordination, and trust by enhancing communication quality and a conflict resolution technique. Carefully selecting a staff for joint operation proyek and employing unbiased and experienced staff are effective measures to remove the distrust within the staff



      Biplob Ozah, Niharika Sharma, Like Geiyi , Tana John Tara

Abstract: Nutritional status or nutritional health status refers to the state of health of an individual as it is affected by the intake and utilization of nutrients. The main purpose of this nutritional assessment was to find out the facts about nutrition and health status of Nyishi adults of Papumpare district of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The various parameters that were selected to assess nutritional health were socio-economic status, dietary habit and anthropometric parameters which were implemented with the help of food and health frequency questionnaire and other anthropometric tools. The study also showed that education, occupation as well as family pattern directly affects the food budgeting of the people that ultimately shades impact on health. The anthropometric measurement was done among 100 adults of both sex of the rural and urban area and BMI were calculated. Results showed prevalence of 14% chronic energy deficiency in rural adults whereas it was only 4% in urban. Likewise, 60% people were found to be as normal in rural against 52% in the urban. On the other hand, 14% rural adult found to be normal (optimal) and 26% adult found to be in prehypertension (normal) against 8% urban adult found to be normal (optimal) and 24% adult found to be in prehypertension (normal) condition. So, it may be concluded that the results of the epidemiological study with basic comparison of socio-economic, dietary and anthropometric parameters of the adult of same tribe of different conditions with a hope to have further exploration of this topic using other parameters and different age group.



      Samson Guantai Raiji

Abstract: Television content is engineered primarily for these roles in society; information, agenda setting, entertainment and education among others. While people consume this content there are other effects that are reached consciously or otherwise. These effects are studied under theories and scholarly debates popularly known as media effects. Most media effects theorists point out that these effects will mostly affect children negatively as they do not have a well developed capacity to guard against harmful content. It is for this reason that media policies are put in place; to safeguard or protect children against any harmful content on television.



      Abdelmajid Moh. Ali Alhwije

Abstract: All organizations, staffs, foundations and universities in this age depend completely on information and data to convoy the technical and scientifically development, and as its known today that this age we live in is called or known as the age of information or the age of technology , and we can say that having a greater amount of information means having control over several fields and the development of information systems has already done a huge qualitative leap in the field of information technology



      Manlian Ronald. A. Simanjuntak, Fitri Maulidya

Abstract: Observing the portrait of South Jakarta and Tangerang City environmental conditions is very solid, it is necessary infrastructure that can anticipate the risks that occur every day. One solution is to provide infrastructure for the public interest, in this case the construction of roads for public transport, which is expected to reduce and break down the congestion that occurred. Therefore, it is necessary to study Risk Management in preventing and mitigating the impact of the risk of fly over Non-Toll Ciledug-Tendean-Indonesia.



      Gayathri Rathnayake, Usha Hettiaratchi, Rasika perera

Abstract: Obesity is associated with insulin resistance and subsequent development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Usage of measures of obesity including anthropometric parameters and body fat percentage assessment, in general practice is scarce in some counties except for body mass index.



      Nifal M.N.M, Logine.T, Sopitha.S, Kiruthika.P

Abstract: A code based analysis of the user’s performance in selection tasks using a space mouse in comparison with a standard device is presented in this paper. A new contact free gesture based human interaction with declared point to point accuracy has been used in space mouse. Systematic evaluation of this new system as not been done prior to this point. Accurate tacking of hand fingers, and the track movement was proved testing, accuracy is last when the hand moves in to a position obstructing the controller’s ability to view.



      Lusiana Idawati, Manlian Ronald A. Simanjuntak, Lukman Afif

Abstract: As a growing metropolitan city, Jakarta has to provide for the growing needs of its inhabitants for facilities and city infrastructures. Facing the fact that land for new constructions is limited, the construction of high-rise buildings becomes one of the most possible alternatives. However, the construction of high-rise buildings is more complicated compared to low-rise buildings in general. Considering the complexities and the impact of the construction to its environment, most high-rise building owners prefer to utilize the service of a construction management consultant to ensure the performance of the construction project, as measured in time, cost, or design specification.



      R.M.B.N. Siripala, M. Nirosha, P.A.D.A. Jayaweera, N.D.A.S. Dananjaya, Ms. S.G.S. Fernando

Abstract: It is a universally accepted truth that raising a child is an extremely responsible task. One of the major problems faced by parents/guardians nowadays is monitoring their children while they are away at work. To monitor them constantly, there should be a system that can be easily handled, user friendly and smart in accordance with the rapid advancements in technology. Though the applications of Internet of Things (IoT) are diverse, this system is based on IoT which will be implemented by using Raspberry pi technology.



      Melisa Garcia, Toni DiDona, Ivan Santos, Yaris Gonzalez and Waleska Garcia

Abstract: Organizations throughout the world are faced with understanding the importance of having a culturally diverse workforce. Research on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) may hold the key to cultivating the next generation of proactive and involved workers, yet the literature on the cultural components of OCB is lacking. This potential inspired the purpose of this study, to add to the literature of cross-cultural differences as it relates to the display of OCB. Participants were recruited through a convenient snowball sampling method and limited to employed individuals 18 years or older.



      Rojali Rokhman H, Hermanto Siregar, Tubagus Nur Ahmad Maulana

Abstract: This study aims to analyze the influences of three factors: (1) interest rate of KUR Micro loan, (2) interest rate of Non KUR loan and (3) proportional migration of outstanding and borrower bank XYZ, on migration of non KUR loan. Analytical method used is multiple linear regression. The results of the study showed that all the three independent variables have significant negative effect on migration both of outstanding and borrower. The effect of Non KUR loan interest rate on migration differ from the hypothesis. This can be explained because of the difference in the maximum amount of loan that can be borrowed. Non KUR loan product is a credit granting service with the amount of loan up to 200 million, whereby the KUR Micro loan plafond is only up to 25 million. Therefore, it is expected that if there is an increase in interest rate of Non KUR loan will not cause migration.



      Adam Adoma Abdalla

Abstract: The objective of this research is to assess the impact of the funds offered by the Microfinance institution in Sudan and administrated jointly between the Sudanese Agricultural Bank (ABSUM) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) on the development of rural women in Dindir locality in Sinnar state. Specific objectives were set to identify the socioeconomics characteristics of the beneficiaries (loan receivers), assess the effect of microfinance on increasing the cultivated land and animal holding, assess the effect of microfinance on improving the productivities, identify the benefits generated by the microfinance on crop production, identify the benefits generated by the microfinance on the livestock production, determine the types of most effective loans offered by microfinance, assess the overall revenue of microfinance compared to revenue prior to microfinance, and to assess the effect of microfinance on the life of the beneficiaries.


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