Biosurfactants are surface-active substances produced by microorganisms. They are amphiphiles and consist of a polar (hydrophilic) and non polar (hydrophobic) group. Due to their amphiphilic structure biosurfactants tend to increase the surface area of hydrophobic water-insoluble substances and this makes surfactant an excellent emulsifier, foaming and dispersing agents. They are environmental friendly, biodegradable, less toxic and non-hazardous. Because of their potential advantages, biosurfactants are widely used in many pharmaceutical and industrial applications.
Sumaiya.M, Anchana Devi .C & Leela K (2017); A Study on Biosurfactant Production from Marine Bacteria;
Int J Sci Res Publ 7(12) (ISSN: 2250-3153). http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-1217.php?rp=P727013