IJSRP, Volume 7, Issue 12, December 2017 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Fabiano Gibson Daud Thulu, Estiner Walusungu Katengeza, Malazi Mkandawire
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rainfall trend for El Niño seasons over Malawi and its impact on electricity and agricultural production from 1970 to 2016. Monthly and annual rainfall time series of over 45 year period to 15 meteorological weather stations across Malawi were constructed for all El Niño rainfall seasons. This study reveals a high variability of both monthly and seasonal El Niño rainfall seasons. From the selected rainfall stations, 34.7% had rainfall above normal in the south, 39.2% in the central and 52.6% in the north. Substantial rainfall was recorded in the months of December, January, February and March. 70.4% of the stations in the southern half Malawi showed decreasing November rainfall, while the northern half of the country had decreasing December rainfall for 63.7% of stations therein.