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IJSRP, Volume 6, Issue 10, October 2016 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]


All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

Important:
October 2016 publication has started and publication will continue till 26th October 2016
Authors who paid publication fee after 4th October, their paper will publish in October edition latest by 22nd October or before.
Online print version will release latest by 30th October. Download cover page for this edition.

Indexing and Correction:
Indexing will start after 26th October and minor corrections are accepted till 26th October 2016.
If minor correction required, send email to editor@ijsrp.org and ask for formatted (.doc/docx) paper.

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      Alaa Taha Younis Al- Hammadi

Abstract: Infections caused by beta lactam antibiotic resistant bacteria are common in hospitals and community and continue to be a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Hence, rapid laboratory diagnosis is necessarry to counter the effect of these bacteria. Several tests have been developed for screening for beta lactamases bacteria. The aim of the present study was to compare the validity of two tests used for this purpose. Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcuspyogenes, Bacillus subtilis, E.coli and Klebsiellapneumoniae were isolated from different clinical samples from Azadi teaching hospital, Kirkuk, Iraq and screened for beta lactamases production by antibiotic disk diffusion test and iodemetric test. Both tests seem to have same reliability when screening for penicillinase producing bacteria. However, when cephalosporin resistance is concerned, antibiotic disk diffusion test is recommended.



      Jonny S. Viray

Abstract: Students’ academic performance has various predictors. It is affected by so many factors. As the Department of Education aims to develop citizens who are holistically developed, which in a point is reflected by their academic performance. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of engaging student through board games on their academic performance. The research used a quasi-experimental approach. There were 44 students on the control group and 43 students on the experimental group. The total population of the two groups was used to be part of the study. Data were collected and treated using mean and t-test to determine the difference on the academic performance of the two groups. Results revealed that the experimental group who was exposed to the board games have higher academic performance as reflected in their mean. Moreover, it is also evident in the findings that there is a significant difference in the academic performance of the control and experimental group. The study recommends to engage students in board games as part of improving their vocabulary bank to increase their academic performance, while considering that the vocabulary must be words that they will encounter in their future lessons.



      N.Kandaraj and A.Arul Devi

Abstract: Motivated by some results on derivations on rings, and the generalizations of BCK and BCI algebras, in this paper, we de ne f -derivations on BP-algebras and investigate some important results.



      Aernan, P.T and Umeh, E.U

Abstract: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is among the most common pathogen causing nosocomial infections. The objective of this study was to investigate the multidrug resistance pattern of P. aeruginosaisolatesfrom pregnant women and to determine the presence of extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBLs) genes. A total of 28 isolates of P. aeruginosa were isolated from pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in a tertiary health care Centre in Makurdi, Central Nigeria. Susceptibility to fifteen antimicrobial agents was performed by disk diffusion method. ESBL-genotypic detection of the presence of the genes encoding for bla(TEM) and bla(CTX-M), was studied by a multiplex polymerase chain reaction. The prevalence of ESBLs gene was 10.7% as the presence of genes encoding ESBLs was confirmed in three isolates. P. aeruginosademonstrated the highest resistance rate to clindamycin (96.4%), ceftriaxone (89.3%) and clarithromycin (89.3%). A 100% of the isolates were sensitive to ofloxacin, perfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamycin and streptomycin. Also, all of the isolates were (Multiple antibiotic drug resistance) MDR (resistant to three or more antibiotics). Proper infection control practices and barriers are essential to prevent spreading and outbreaks of ESBL-producing and MDR P. aeruginosa in our environment and consequently in pregnant women.



      Dhia H. Hussain,Hussain I. Abdulah, Ahmed M. Rheima

Abstract: Pure ɣ-Fe2O3nanoparticles are prepared by photo irradiation method using complexes solution of iron and successfully used as a photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The samples were characterized by using powder XRD, SEM, TEM, UV-Visible and Current-Voltage curve. Results show that nanoparticles have uniform cubic shape with average size of 17 to 26 nm and it isapplied to fabricate novel Dye solar cellwhich has energy conversion efficiency about 4.13 % by (ITO/ Ɣ-Fe2O3Nps/ Dye (Rhodamine 6 G) /iodine / Ag film / ITO).



      Prof. AlpanaKateja

Abstract: Access to drinking water and sanitation is both a human rights issue and a key development challenge that has profound health implications. This study probes into the current scenario access to safe drinking water and sanitation in India, analyzes the progress made in last decades, and also evaluates its impact on infant mortality rate and child mortality rate. Applying Principal Component Analysis (PCA), the study aims to construct a comprehensive measure of sanitation. The index of sanitation so derived has been then used in regression analysis- to investigate its impact on health, and also in cluster analysis- to prepare typology of sanitation and health.



      Erichson Silitonga, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Anggraini Sukmawati

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the appropriate strategy should the firm to improve excellent performance of Sakalaguna Semesta as one of the distributors of Indosat. The analytical method used is quantitative method with AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process).There are five recommended strategy alternatives that are created to enhance Sakalaguna’s excellent performance which are investment in human capital, acquisition process, training and development process, employees’ KPI with monitoring system and leadership quality in the branches.



      IBRAHIM, D.O

Abstract: National Standing orders for community health practitioners is a powerful tool in primary health care. It is a basic tool that makes Physicians extension possible. They describe typical symptoms which the patients may present and the way they could be managed. It was drawn up with Nigerian health conditions. The book was a basic tool both in the training of community health practitioners and the services that they subsequently provide to the community. The whole point of developing the national standing orders for community health practitioners is to provide a tool that will allow the physicians extenders to treat 10-20 times more patients.



      Afrifa James, IshayaBitrust, Lami D Saraso

Abstract: Security in secondary schools is a growing concern in Nigeria. The cases of student unrests have been on the rise especially over the recent years that the country is facing security challenges owing to insurgency in the north eastern part of the country.This paper focuses the role of ICT ansearly warning security system for schools. The introduction of ICTs into many aspects of everyday life has led to the development of the modern concept of the information society. This paper seeks to highlight the state of insecurity in the country, and the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the development of an early warning security system in tackling these security challenges, The application of Information and Communications Technology in the development of an early warning system, Actors in the security system,School Security and Surveillance, ICT as tools to tackle security challenges in Nigeria.And finally make recommendations on the use of ICT and EWS in combating insurgency in schools within the north eastern part of Nigeria.



      Lalita, Rekhi T

Abstract: Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) is the World largest school feeding programme in the nation. It has been reported that MDMS has catered to the nutritional needs of school children in both rural and urban areas. The present study was, therefore, an attempt to evaluate the nutritional contribution of MDM norms at Upper primary Classes. For the purpose, sixty school children in the age group 10-12 years were randomly selected with equal number from both Girls and Boys schools. It was observed that a cyclic menu for six days provided by mid- Day Meal Cell was uniformly followed by both schools. The data revealed that Aloo Sabji with Poori was the most liked meal (45%) followed by Sambhar Rice (35%), Poori Chole (30%), Khadi Rice (30%) and Rice Chole (29%). The least preferred meal was Halwa with Black Chana (26%). The Mid day meal was found to be a substitute rather than a supplement for the home meal. The energy and protein content of six days menu varied from 350-386 Kcal and 10.9- 11.9 g protein per day which was below the recommended norms of 750 Kcal and 20 g protein. Attempts were made to replicate MDMs recipes at Institute to compute their nutritive contribution. These recipes were modified to include 75g seasonal vegetables (including GLVs), increasing pulses to 30g and also adding 10g soyabean (granules/ flour) to meet suggested protein norm (20g). Cereal amount was kept as 75g as consuming 150g was not possible by the children.



      Sattar Motaqed, Annapurna. M

Abstract: This study tried to analyze language of advertising from linguistic point of view and specifies linguistic means used in advertising texts. To this end one hundred and fifty English advertising slogans taken from various magazines were depicted and analyzed based on syntactic linguistic means used. The work brings knowledge about the use of syntactic linguistic devices in print advertising. By analytical method, author found out the type and frequency of syntactic devices used in advertising slogans, even in relation to product specialization. Findings also shows that declarative sentences are the most frequent type of sentence as used in slogans.



      Nandasena H.M.R.K.G, Ekanayake E.M.J.S.K

Abstract: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem throughout the world. It is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among women in Sri Lanka.Screening is one ofthe most cost effective strategies for the disease control.



      A.D.N.M. Fernando, H.M.P.M.B. Herath, M.L.R.K. Senarathne, D.P. Brandiwatta, T. Kiroshan, M.P. Madushika, P.A.D.A. Senarathne, Mr. Dhishan Dharmmearatchi.

Abstract: For most businesses stepping into Electronic-commerce (E-commerce) is a great advantage. It helps them to improve on supply chain operations, step into new markets, improved customer services, easy operations with suppliers as well as with customers. As a business when they step into E-commerce they need to protect their online transaction securely with privacy safeness and trusting issues that comes up with different type of intruders.



      Terry NyachombaMachira, Dr. Dennis Juma

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting implementation of green procurement programs in the manufacturing industry in Kenya. The objectives of the study were: To find out the effects of organizational support on implementation of green procurement programs; To examine how availability of environmental friendly products affects implementation of green procurement programs; and assess the influence of Supplier Selection on implementation of green procurement in Coca-Cola Bottling Co of Nairobi Ltd. The study was guided by the systems theory. The research employed a case study research design.



      RazzaqJ. Khalaf, ArkanB. N.PhD, Maan H. I. PhD

Abstract: Study aims: To evaluate Effectiveness of an Educational Program on Secondary Schools Teachers' Skills about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) in Baghdad City and To Find out Relationship between Socio-demographic data and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Skills.



      Terry NyachombaMachira, Dr. Dennis Juma

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting implementation of green procurement programs in the manufacturing industry in Kenya. The objectives of the study were: To find out the effects of organizational support on implementation of green procurement programs; To examine how availability of environmental friendly products affects implementation of green procurement programs; and assess the influence of Supplier Selection on implementation of green procurement in Coca-Cola Bottling Co of Nairobi Ltd. The study was guided by the systems theory. The research employed a case study research design. Data was collected from procurement officers, assistant procurement officers and stores personnel. These were the in the best position to answer questions on issues of green procurement.



      Gayan Madhushanka Abeyrathna, Shanika Ishari

Abstract: This study investigates the effect of ownership structure on firm performance of listed manufacturing companies in Sri Lanka. The study was used secondary data for conducting this research. Ownership structure consists with two variables. Those are institution ownership and block ownership. And also researcher used some control variables. Return on Equity (ROE) was used as measurements to measure the firm performance. This study was used 20 companies for the analysis to achieve the set objectives. The Descriptive statistics, Correlation analysis and Multi- variant analysis were used in this study to analysis the data. The study found that the block ownership have negative and insignificant relationship with firm performance. Institutional ownership has positive and insignificant relationship with firm performance, and also firm size has positive and significant relationship with firm performance



      Mr. Rohan V. Nalawade, Dr. S.G. Sonar

Abstract: Building construction is witnessing growth at highest rate in last 10 years in India. This has an impact on available resources of material for construction also direct and indirect effect on natural environment and increase in green house Gas emissions. Green building rating systems have been contributing to assess building performance based on their efforts to minimize this impact on natural environment. This study analyze the criteria and their significance in two basic green building rating systems in India LEED and GRIHA. This is a part of research study where an attempt is made to quantify the role of each criterion in both systems as performance indicator by post occupancy evaluation. In this paper, author performs comparative analysis of assessment criteria.



      L.S.Y. Dehigaspege, U.A.A.S. Hamy, H.A.H. Shehan, S.A. Dissanayake, H.P. Dangalla, W.H.I. Wijewantha and Dhishan Dhammearatchi

Abstract: Advance development of technology internet plays an important role. When pointing out internet social networking is an essential thing to people, the usage of social networking sites is dramatically high compared to other websites. Reason behind this is people who lives in 21st century has been addicted to social networking sites to keep connection with others. Social networking sites are not only to communicate or interact with each other currently it is used as a way of business promotion. Due to tremendous growth of social networking sites it also under arrested to cyber-attacks. This issue has led even with data sharing process, this raise number of cyber issues on security and privacy through social networking sites.



      Devarassou @ Tinehe koumar. K

Abstract: The Dinosauria were the most successful land vertebrates ever, and survived for 165 million years, until most became extinct 65 million years ago. Dinosaurs first appeared about 230 million years ago, at the beginning of the late Triassic period. By the end of the Triassic period, dinosaurs dominated the then continent Pangaea, possibly contributing to the extinction of many other reptiles. Though, dinosaurs were successful, but they could not manage to survive longer after 165 million years, due to a mass extinction which happened during Cretaceous period. Sun’s solar energy is the main source of energy for sustanence of all life forms on earth. An imbalance of energy within the biological system of biosphere and non-sustenance could be possible reason for mass extinction of dinosaurs.



      Prajval.S and Dr. P. Rajendra Prasad

Abstract: Aluminium based composites offer high strength, stiffness and resistance to wear. The combination of properties produced on the surface makes hybrid composites attractive to a wide range of applications in Automotive and Aerospace industries. In this present study, Aluminium A356 Matrix Material is reinforced with different weight percentage (1wt%,2%wt,3%wt,4%wt) of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) and Titanium dioxide (Tio2) by stir casting technique. The hybrid composite was then tested for tensile strength and compression strength in Universal Testing Machine (UTM) in two cases of with heat treatment and without heat treatment. The test result showcases the improvement of the tensile and compressive strength of the hybrid composite material.



      Sudana Visudha, Muhammad Firdaus, Kirbrandoko

Abstract: Share price index is constructed as a guide for investors to monitor the movement of the company shares as investment portfolio. Macroeconomic variables and the level of risks need to be identified to produce the best and most profitable portfolio. This research aims to build an index specific topalm plantation subsector calledPalm Price Share Index (IHSS). The index was arranged using Market Value Weighted Average method, with 12 palmcompanies in Indonesia as the sample, within the period between 2010-2015. The risk was calculated by measuring the volatility using ARCH/GARCH. Macroeconomic variables such as interest rates, inflation, Food IPI,exchange rate to USD, and Global CPO against IHSS volatility using multiple regression to make it easier to analyze the movement of part or all IHSS. The result of the research shows that palm stock is quite risky because of its high volatility, and all the five macroeconomic variables aresignificantly influential to the movement of IHSS.



      G.J.L.N. Grero, M.K.C. Liyanage, W.H.H.L. Kulawansa, A. Nirojan, DhishanDhammearatchi

Abstract: At present congestion in local and wide area networking protocols has become a major issue in computer networking. Due to this issue in congestion in computer networking there is a large number of negative outcomes. One of the most major negative outcomes have been the increased number of dropped data packets. Solely because of this reason, another number of issues come to life, such as since the sender buffer needs to keep the segments, until it receives an acknowledgement from the receiver.



      W.M.G. Kanishka, R. Suresh, M.F.A.E. De Silva, Thennakoon T.B.S.P, Amarasinghe G.C.J, D.B.D.R.B Ehelepola, Dhishan Dhammearatchi

Abstract: In the past decades Wireless Fidelity, wireless internet(Wi-Fi) networks have enhanced its features and got closer to the home users. Back in the day home users used wired internet connections in their homes. Due to the technical revolution and the vast use of mobile devices it became a must to have a Wi-Fi network in a regular home. There is a down side in every technology, the major down side in Wi-Fi is the integrity of the network password. This research paper is focuses on “How to improve the integrity of the Wi-Fi network password”.



      Dr. Mary Mugwe Chui

Abstract: The potential for computers and information systems to deliver smart organizations has grown exponentially in the last decade. This potential and promise of smart organizations in the has been considered by policy makers for transforming schools into smart digital environments where data is used to make the best decision to improve student performance. Schools globally, just like other organizations are gathering massive amounts of data; although not all this data has been put into meaningful use, efforts have been directed towards dependency on the analysis of data in schools to drive the decision making. The benefits to the schools, brought about by these transformations in relation to their performance in various aspects have continuously magnified the critical importance of depending on data driven decision making for schools. However, challenges have constantly been highlighted by these institutions as they try to make this technological shift. Senior management in educational institutions has been considered an obstacle in accelerating the shift to knowledge driven decision making. This paper highlights the potential of transforming school management and decision making to smart-digital institutions. This is based on a review of existing literature especially in the areas of data capture, knowledge management and data mining in schools.



      Mostafa Mohammad Ali Fadil Al-fatlawi, Dr. Sabah Abbas Ahmed

Abstract: Background: Discharge planning is a process where patients’ needs are identified , and a plan formed for a smooth transfer from one environment to another. A discharge plan means puts down on paper (writing ) the end-goals of the care plan, which ultimately aims to empower the patient to make decisions and be resilient, to maximize his potential to live independently (Driscoll , 2000) Nurses' knowledge and inadequate information are the most common barrier for putting down patient discharge planning .



      Ahmed Saleh Otheeb, Dr. Leila Fakhir Aburaghi

Abstract: A descriptive study design carried out at the Pediatric Teaching Hospitals in Baghdad starting from November 22th, 2015 to the August 8th, 2016. In order assess the Nurses' Knowledge and Practices toward Isolation Techniques among Children with Hepatitis .



      Asstt.Prof.,Department of Education, Paschim Dhemaji College, Dhemaji

Abstract: "Education is considered as the most potent force of social change. Today we considered Education as basic need as like as food, Shelter and cloths, because without education no people have good knowledge. Only education can modify our behavior. Only educated people can lead a healthy nation. To become a healthy nation we should produce high quality of human resource. So for the quality development we need a problem free education system. But our education Specially Higher Education has been facing a number of problems still now. It unable to caters to the need of the needy people.



      MS Mohamed Rifnas, DulanNimesh, RavinduBathiya, Dilan Madura Jayaneththi, DulminiWijesinghe and Mr. DhishanDhammearatchi

Abstract: Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) is an open-source real-time interactive audio, video communication framework and potentially useful standard that allows to incorporate features such as voice calling, video chatting, messages features and peer to peer (P2P) file sharing directly into the browser. New Firefox Hello video and chat client that lets user talk securely to anyone else using an up-to-date Firefox, Chrome, or Opera browser, without the need to downloaded any add-on, or configure any new settings. In WebRTC, Communication is extremely sensitive to affected by errors. Research paper discusses some of the mechanisms utilized in WebRTC to handle data missing, Virtual Private Network (VPN) bugs, Reporting errors and WebRTC traditional error in the communication path while WebRTC processing. In this case tried to solve the problems on the WebRTC communication. This Paper’s reviews the techniques that have been developed for error detect, locate and correct in the WebRTC. More importantly, this system design can correct an error at a small modification of the basic structure.



      N.A.M. Liyanage, V.W.R.M.W.B. Ranaraja, N.S. Vithanage, P.S.M. Alavatta, S.M.R.B. Samarakoon, P. Navaratnam and Dhishan Dhammearatchi

Abstract: As per today, the mobile phone has become the major equipment which is being used by people for multiple purposes. Due to the advancements of technology, the capabilities of the mobile phone have been increased. One of the major uses of mobile phones is accessing the Internet. One of the biggest issues in mobile devices is consuming higher battery life especially when the phone is connected to internet. As more and more technology like Third Generation (3G)/Long Term Evaluation (LTE) have come with more improved data transmitting speed and none of the technologies focuses on the power consumption of the Mobile stations (MS). Unlike 3G /LTE the Worldwide Interoperability of Microwave Access technology (WiMAX) provides some additional features like sleep and idle modes which will allow the base stations (BS) to suspend the connection often when needed. WiMAX is a wireless data transmission technology same as Wi-Fi but affects to a closer range. Additionally, these standards (sleep and idle) define mechanism which will enable the control of MS stations transmitting power to BS. In this research paper the research team first gives an overview of the key aspects of WiMAX, and its Media Access Control (MAC) layer and finally describes a mechanism to implement the sleep mode protocol which will highly decrease the power consumption of the MS.



      RMLW Rathnayake, RRAR Shirantha, GRH Rupika, HMP Kithsiri, WAD Nayananjalie

Abstract: Endemic fish species contribute 4% of the total freshwater ornamental fish exports in Sri Lanka. Most of them are collected from their natural habitats, wild population are depleting. Pethia reval is a newly described highly threatened, fish species endemic to Sri Lanka. This study was carried out to determine the best feed type out of Moina (T1), Ox – heart (T2) and Pellet feed (T3), to optimize the growth and reproductive performances of P. reval. Brooders P. reval were (total body length ranged from 20 to 25 mm) collected from Aththanagalu Oya, and stocked in cement tanks (5’x 3’x 3’) at NARA. Feed consumption, total body length and body weight of all brooders were recorded monthly. Acceptability of feeds was determined by visual observations.



      R. Yugo Pujonggo, Rizal Syarief, Amzul Rifin

Abstract: Strategic architecture is built to determine the grand design strategy and the activity needs based on identification of internal and external factors applied. When it comes to government sector, in this case Inspectorate General of Ministry of Trade of Indonesian Republic as an internal watchdog/consultant, strategic architecture will become a very useful tool to give management the layout condition of units and what it needs to improve with step by step activities in each year. This research was using primary data from observation, questionaire, interview, Focus Group Discussion, and secondary data from performance reports. SWOT analysis and modified Business Model Canvas for government and/or non profits were used to analyze the data. The result of this research shows the identification on existing Business Model Canvas combined with SWOT analysis and strategy, explaining Business Model improvement design, and the strategic architecture for managerial implication.



      Ismaeil Hammuda, NAWAL ELGADIRY

Abstract: Traditionally, audits were mainly associated with gaining information about financial systems and the financial records of a company or a business. However, recent auditing has begun to include non-financial subject areas, such as safety, security, information systems performance, and environmental concerns. With nonprofit organizations and government agencies, there has been an increasing need for performance audits, examining their success in satisfying mission objectives. As a result, there are now audit professionals who specialize in security audits, information systems audits, and environmental audits.In cost accounting, it is a process for verifying the cost of manufacturing or producing of any article, on the basis of accounts measuring the use of material, labor or other items of cost. In simple words the term, cost audit, means a systematic and accurate verification of the cost accounts and records, and checking for adherence to the cost accounting objectives. An audit must adhere to generally accepted standards established by governing bodies. These standards assure third parties or external users that they can rely upon the auditor's opinion on the fairness of financial statements, or other subjects on which the auditor expresses an opinion.



      Mudavanhu E,Chiwara T, Samson Chengetanai S, Tadyanemhandu C

Abstract: Physiotherapists work in wide range of clinical settings as members of multi-professional health care teams. This has implications for universities and clinicians, in that the responsibility is on the educators in academic institutions and health care facilities to prepare students to be responsible and self-sufficient practitioners who demonstrate competence in physiotherapy.The aim of the study was to assess the student learning experiences during the Intensive care unit clinical education block.



      M. S. Rahman, M. H. Rahman, M. F. N. Chowdhary, M. S. Sultana and K. U. Ahmed

Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at the Research farm, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh, during the period from November 2011 to April 2012 to study the effect of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) and cowdung on growth, yield and proximate composition of brinjal (BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8). Experiment was comprised of 5 treatments with three replications. The highest plant height (80.11cm, 75.56 cm), branch per plant (16.47, 18.80), the lowest days to first flowering (70.47 days, 70.20 days), the highest number of fruit per plant (7.4, 20.47), weight of individual fruit (262.3 g, 70.99 g), yield per plant (1.938 kg, 1.452 kg) and yield per ha (41.03 tons, 30.73 tons) were recorded in T3 treatment for BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8 respectively. In BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8, the highest dry matter (7.59 %, 8.60 %), carbohydrate (3.46%, 4.07 %) and lipid (0.367 %, 0.425 %) were recorded in T1 whereas the highest crude fiber (2.15%, 2.34 %) and protein (1.323 %, 1.42 %) were obtained in T3 treatment and the highest ash content (0.337 %, 0.41 %) were found in T2 treatment. On dry weight basis, in BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8, the highest amount of Zn (1.879 mg %, 1.903 mg %) and Na (36.50 mg 536.69 mg %) was recorded in T1 treatment whereas the highest P (272.6 mg %, 277.3 mg %), Ca (239.7 mg %, 235.4 mg %) and Fe (3.21 mg % 3.021 mg %) were found in T2 and the highest K (282.4 mg) and Mg (186.4 mg %, 186.9 mg %) were obtained in T3 treatment. The highest K (282.4 mg) in BARI Begun-6 was obtained in T3 treatment and in BARI Begun- 8, the highest amount K (288.3 mg %) was obtained in T2.



      Tubmun Otieno, Dr. Fridah Theuri

Abstract: The general objective of this study is to investigate the influence of strategic management practices on the organizational performance of County Government of Mombasa. Specifically to examine the level of influences on the formulation of strategic management practices, to analyze the degree to which organizational environment affects the strategic management practices, to establish the extent to which strategic management plan implementation influences organizational performance and finally, to determine the effects of monitoring, evaluation, accounting and learning of the management plan practices have in the organizational performance in the County Government of Mombasa.



      Mayuri Khakhlari, Arunima Nandy

Abstract: The morphometric analysis of the drainage basin and stream network deals with the measurement and geometrical analysis of the different aspects of a drainage basin. In the present study, morphometric analysis has been carried out using Geographical Information System (GIS) techniques to evaluate the different morphometric characteristics by considering three parameters: linear, areal and relief aspects. The basin is characterized by dendritic drainage pattern. The bifurcation ratio (Rb) between different successive orders varies revealing the geo structural control. The shape parameters (Rf = 0.37, Rc = 0.31, Fr = 0.18, Re = 0.52 and Wb = 11.88) indicate the elongated shape of the basin in association with areal (D = 0.99 km2, Dt = 1.66 km2 etc.) and relief (H, Sb etc.) parameters express that the basin has low discharge of runoff with permeable basement rock condition, high infiltration capacity and good groundwater storage and a flatter peak of flow of longer duration.



      Zainuddin, Antonius W Sumarlin, Bambang Purwoko

Abstract: The foreign brands such as Starbucks and Coffee Bean are currently leading the market of coffee shop chains in Indonesia. For the local brands, the strength of the aura of a brand is not yet considered as a very important factor in affecting the trust and loyalty of their customers. There has been little research on the role of brand aura against customer trust and loyalty. The purpose of this research is to analyze whether gap aura between the companies and their customers affects customer trust and loyalty. Three brands of Indonesian largest coffee shop chains will be examined so as to provide meaningful results. This research took 74 respondents drawn from each store of Coffee Toffee, Excelso, and My Kopi O in 4 cities. This research was analyzed by using Smart PLS 3.0 software. The results of this research show that the aura gap do not significantly affect customer loyalty but has a significant effect against customer trust. Meanwhile, customer trust has a significant influence towards customer loyalty.



      V. Naga Malleswara rao, D.Sreelakshmi

Abstract: In this paper we are proposing an improved privacy preserving and authentication based data transmission over network with ECDSA and QR vector model. QR Vector model generate quotient and reminder vectors for the sender data and digital signatures applies over vectors and signature verified at the receiver end and vectors can be converted to plain text with delta key value. Our proposed approach is more secure than the traditional approaches.



      Sachin Kumar

Abstract: Industrial applications of glass and ceramic materials have increased manifold due to their relatively low friction, high compression strength, high temperature and wear resistance, and excellent chemical inertness, etc. In micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) the use of glass, along with silicon and polymer, has become very popular. However, micro-fabrication of glass is a difficult process. The electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM) is now often used as one of the chip less machining solutions for these materials. The ECDM, however, is a complex process with multiple controllable parameters and exhibits stochastic nature. The mechanism of material removal in the process is yet to be understood well in spite of many theories.



      Manabhanjan Sahoo, Ivan Sunit Rout

Abstract: The demand of air conditioning is increasing due to the effect of climate change and global warming. If we still rely on the conventional electric air conditioning but electricity is generated from fossil fuels, the greenhouse gas emission would continuously worsen global warming; in turn the demand of air conditioning would be further increasing. In subtropical cities, air conditioning is a standard provision for buildings. However, air conditioning would commonly take up half of building electricity consumption. In the present work a portable air conditioning system is fabricated taking into account an indoor room.



      Ailapperuma D C R, Kaushalya A H L D C, Bandara H.M.P.M, Ranghadari M.I.T, A.B.M.U.I.Bandara, Mr. Dhammearatchi D

Abstract: Cloud computing implies the concept of accessing information over the internet as a unit of storage, which enhances the accessibility of a variety of services provided. Emergence of wireless and remote distribution of services all over the world using the technical innovations plays a key role in the global Information Technology (IT) boost, unfolding a new era of communication technology, where cloud computing provides a unique media of controlling and designing enhanced improvements in Security issues. The security of the cloud storages plays an exceptional role in respect of providing reliable services through the cloud. In the aspects of the security; the management of data and its control, the confidentiality over the information which are stored, the privacy of the users and their authentications focus on specific and parallel concentration with respect to each other. Moreover, with the enhancement of the technology over past decades, the security concerns acquire special attention by the users and clients over the internet. Depending on that, the Application Program Interface (API) security and the Service traffic hijacking have become major concerns over the access of cloud computing. Attending on to the overall purpose of this study is to address the improvement of security features over providing a specialized, reliable and a unique service with respect to the security measures. The research problem focusing on the arena of furnishing the improvements required in the research and the development of the required security enhancements concentrating on API security and the Service traffic hijacking through the Cloud computing services. This research paper analyzes on the references over the above addressed issues where the quality of the cloud services depends on. The research study examines on the major findings of the research, utilizing a specific methodology in emphasizing and drawing the necessary attention of the specified research problem, interviewin



      Sebastian Ongango Odunga & Mbabazi Mbabazize

Abstract: Cross-border tourism is a significant element of any country’s tourism industry. This is especially in the developing countries where tourism is a valued source of hard international foreign currency. Throughout the world, domestic tourism is bigger than international tourism. Trans-border tourist traffic in East Africa draws from the regional and international markets. Whereas the majority of regional travelers may not necessarily generate the much desired hard international currencies, their large numbers make them an integral part of local economic activities. An understanding of trans-border traffic flow within the East African Community is necessary for explaining trans-border tourism. The main objective of this study is to analyze trans-border tourist traffic at Gatuna border town.



      Ahmed Salem Megraf, Ibrahim Ali Ehmouda

Abstract: The quality and quantity of human resources available in the organization is very important. Thus, the human resources through which the various business activities are done. Hence it is considered vital to the organization's strategy.



      Arun Kapur, Dr. Rekha Jain

Abstract: Almost all the Indian cities have a core area. The core areas are often high density, congested areas with very less open spaces. They have high concentration of population and are also linked with the strong heritage of the cities. These core areas are in the process of decay due to numerous reasons and this decay is now posing a threat to the heritage value of the cities. Of many reason for this decay is the fast changing lifestyle of the inhabitants of the place, changes in the economy of the people living in core areas, the neglect by the local developmental authorities and the lack of connection with the new developed areas of the cities. Often the core areas are bound by within the heritage zone and is separated from the new developed areas of the cities. The congested roads connecting the core areas make them in accessible for the people of the city.There is a strong need to connect the heritage core areas with the main city to save the rich heritage of such places for the future generations. The research paper tries to find a solution in mass transit rapid system in renewal and conservation of core areas.



      Osman WechuliChesula, Dr. Mike A. Iravo

Abstract: This study sought to establishthe role of applying strategic inventory management systems on performance of petroleum marketing firms in Nairobi. The specific objectives were: to determine the effect of applying strategic chip based fuel management system on performance of petroleum marketing firms in Nairobi, to investigate the effect of applying strategic economic order quantity (EOQ) model on performance of petroleum marketing firms and to examine the effect of applying strategic Always Better Control (ABC) analysis on performance of petroleum marketing firms. The research design was descriptive in nature and the population consisted of management and supervisory staff from different departments of the petroleum marketing firms within Nairobi County.



      Lateef K.O, Ibrahim D.O

Abstract: The persistent trend of drug abuse among adolescents has become a public health concern across various regions, countries, continents and the world at large. Empirically, it has been ascertained that substance abuse is widespread globally with an estimated 120 million users of hard drugs such as cocaine, heroin and a host of other synthetic drugs. In 2013, drug use disorders resulted in 127,000 deaths up from 53,000 in 1990. Despite the efforts of National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) and other governmental agencies to stem the tide of substance abuse in Nigeria, there has been a consistent rapid rise in the number of cases of drug abuse among young people. In order to tackle the tenacious effects and the causes of prevalence, previous studies concentrated on different categories of people like drivers and artisans, while some focused more on both in and out-of-school adolescents; with little emphasis on factors determining drug abuse among in-school adolescents, particularly in Ido Local Government Area. This study, therefore, examined the social and psychological determinants of drug abuse among in-school adolescents in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria.



      Emmanuel Alphonsus Akpan, Imoh Udo Moffat

Abstract: The study examined that the linear relationship between Gross Domestic Product (Y_t) and Money Supply (X_t) from 1981 to 2014 is spurious and could be avoided by dynamic regression modeling. The fact that spurious regression always results in misleading correlations between two time series was a big motivation for undertaking this study. Therefore, exploring data from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin, we found that the linear relationship between the dependent variable (Y_t) and the independent variable (X_t) seemed spurious as the errors of the regression model were found to be autocorrelated. In a bid to correct this problem of spurious regression, we identified lags 0, -1 and -2 of X_t as predictors of Y_t using cross correlation function. Hence, the dynamic regression of current lag and past lags 1, 2 of X_t as predictors of Y_t revealed that the errors are uncorrelated and the coefficient of determination is as low as 0.2086, indicating that Y_t and X_t are totally unrelated.



      Dr. Chammika Mallawaarachchi

Abstract: Knowledge access happens in two ways at the digital knowledge society which are “open for all” and “open for select” as a result, there are two knowledge access executives are remain. Prensky (2001) urges they are as digital natives (DN) and digital immigrants (DI). Digital natives are more familiar with an advanced technology in contrast digital immigrants are new to the technology. However, at the digital knowledge society notwithstanding technology orient or not has to face competitive advantage and anyhow engage with knowledge economy.



      Tadyanemhandu C, Nyazika B, Nhunzvi C, Chengetanai S, Chibhabha F

Abstract: Background: There is a growing prevalence of non-communicable diseases worldwide. Addressing physical inactivity among other the risk factors becomes important in controlling these diseases. Medical students during the time of training and after completion of studies will also be involved in the modification of health lifestyles through patient education.



      AUB Pethiyagoda, K Pethiyagoda

Abstract: Haematuria is a common finding in urine full reports. The source of haematuria can be anywhere along the urinary tract. The study was a cross sectional descriptive type study. It was carried out in the general surgical clinics at the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya.The study was based on a closed ended self-administered questionnaire. Altogether 425 participants comprised of 258 (60.7% of the total population) female participants and 167 (39.3% of the total population) male participants. They were between 18 years and 75 years of age. Mean age of the population was 47.75 years. The mean average knowledge score of the population is 45.11% (SD=21.10). However the participants had good attitudes regarding haematuria.The majority believes that blood in the urine can be the presentation of a serious medical condition and it is essential to further investigate blood passing with urine. This attitude is very important as it can reduce the patient delay in presenting to a doctor. Though the attitude regarding haematuria seems to be good, knowledge regarding haematuria is poor in our study population. Therefore it is important to take measures to improve the knowledge by health care professionals. As a conclusion, surgical clinic attendees of General hospital Peradeniya have a poor knowledge regarding haematuria, but found to have good attitude and practice regarding severity and treatment.



      Bakhtyar Othman Omer, Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmad, Dara Abdullah Al-Banna, Nazar Ali Sherin

Abstract: Osteoporosis (OP) is a chronic progressive disease, it is a major public health problem; it is estimated to affect 200 million women worldwide and causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of women regarding risk factors and prevention of osteoporosis, to find out the women's practice for osteoporosis prevention and determine the association between their level of knowledge and practice with their Sociodemographic characteristics.



      Khanzad Hadi Rashid, Sadiya Abdulla Mawlud, Amanj Zrar Hasan, Salar Saady

Abstract: Objective: The major aim of this study is to assess the existence of cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD) among secondary school students in Erbil City.



      Maurice Mukinginyi Wekesa, Prof. Gregory Simiyu Namusonge, Dr. Elizabeth Nambuswa Makokha

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to analyze the determinants of effective fraud management in domestic tier one commercial banks in Trans Nzoia County. The analysis was focused on the domestic tier one commercial banks in the County as the population of the study. The study was guided by the following objectives; to analyze the effect of the independence of the internal audit personnel, the competence of the internal audit personnel, the presence of the internal audit charter and the management support as determinants of effective fraud management in the d0mestic tier one commercial banks.



      KRISHAN KUMAR

Abstract: Known Fact that HIV/AIDS is incurable disease and welcoming of several other opportunistic infections like cancer, tuberculosis etc. And it attach with several physical, psychological, social and financial problems, which creates vulnerability of people with HIV/AIDS. This paper elucidates the psychosocial and mental health care need of people living with HIV/AIDS. The literature included for paper is strongly supporting to the need of integration between psychosocial and mental health care and HIV/AIDS care.



      K.R.W.V.Bandara, T.S.Abeysinghe, A.J.M.Hijaz, D.G.T.Darshana, H.Aneez, , S.J.Kaluarachchi,K.V.D.L.Sulochana and Mr.DhishanDhammearatchi

Abstract: Distributed denials of service (DDOS) attack have strong impact on the cyber world. As far as cyber-attack is concerned that it halts the normal functioning of the organization by Internet protocol (IP) spoofing, bandwidth overflow, consuming memory resources and causes a huge loss. There has been a lot of related work which focused on analyzing the pattern of the DDOS attacks to protect users from them. A User datagram protocol (UDP) flood is a network flood and still one of the most crucial network floods today. This paper presents a comprehensive survey of preventing DDOS attack recognize by data mining techniques with the use of identifying DDOS attack patterns and analyze patterns by machine learning algorithms. There are some leading machine learning algorithms used to recognize the DDOS attack such as k-Nearest Neighbors algorithm (KNN), support vector machines (SVM), Random Forest as well as Naïve Base. The paper also highlights open issues, research challenges and possible solutions in this area. The result shows the highest accuracy rate of preventing DDOS attack recognizing by data mining algorithms.



      Muhammad Faisal Sultan, Habib ullah Khan, Shahid Khan

Abstract: It has been evident through literature that previously M-Commerce is treated as the part of E-Commerce but with the passage of the time researcher’s came o point that M-Commerce has its own unique features which can force customer to prefer M-Commerce over other type of virtual businesses. But there are some other risks which are associated with the use of M-Commerce therefore its use is not treated as the easy option for the customers. But in those location or countries where there is a scarce of resources and use of E-Commerce is not possible with ease customers are found to be more inclined towards M-Commerce and therefore the research work is required to check the level of significance of those points which are treated as point of difference for M-Commerce in the territories of Pakistan. Therefore this aim this research is conducted, and after applying tools from the Software known as Software packages for Social Sciences it has been found that the customers of one of the major city of Pakistan preferred M-Commerce over E-Commerce.



      K.D.V. Prasad, Rajesh Vaidya

Abstract: In this research study we reported the results of a comparative analysis among men and women on the employee factors influencing the evaluation performance appraisal system using multiple regression analysis with reference to Agriculture Research Institutes employees in Hyderabad Metro, India. The primary data collected from the performance appraisal forms of 400 employees working in the agriculture research institutes in and around Hyderabad, India consisting of from 300 men and 100 women employees. The seven independent factors Job Knowledge, Skill Level, Job Execution, Initiative, Client Orientation, Team Work, Compliance to Policies and Practices, and one dependent factor, the outcome of the Performance Appraisal System (PAS) the Rating measured.



      Jemmy Lozano

Abstract: This study aimed to determine the level of extracurricular engagement of the 295 students of Fort San Pedro National High School, Iloilo City, Philippines during the school year 2012-2013 when the respondents are taken as a whole and when they are classified accordingly to sex, age, year level and parental support. Researcher-made questionnaire was used to gather data. Frequency count, percentage, mean andstandard deviation were used to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed that students of Fort San Pedro National High School are “low” in extracurricular engagement in school. There is no significant difference in the level of extracurricular engagement of the students when they are classified according to sex, age, year level and parental support.



      Meschel L. Marcos

Abstract: The study was conducted in all municipalities in the Second District of Capiz during the Second Semester 2008 to: describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents.The questionnaire was used as data gathering instrument which was composed of the personal profile of the respondents. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentages and mean Chi-square test was used to test the association between the dependent and independent variables and the results were interpreted at 5% level of significance. Most of the women managers/executives were middle age, married, bachelor's degree holders, had a family size of 4-6 members, government employment as their main source and farming as their secondary source of income earning a monthly income from all sources of PhP30,000-39,999, were members of some organizations, had been in the government service for 12 - 25 years, occupying managerial positions with permanent status of appointment and attended many seminars/trainings.



      S.NIRMALA, A.PASUPATHY, M.RAJA

Abstract: The objective of this work is to study the removal of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using low cost adsorbent obtained from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata. Batch adsorption studies were carried out by observing the effects of various experimental parameters, such as dye concentration, contact time, adsorbent dose, effect of temperature and pH. The data were fitted into the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm equations. Thermodynamic parameters like change in free energy, enthalpy and entropy were calculated. The experimental data were fitted into the pseudo first model. Results indicate that Andrographis paniculata is a promising adsorbent for the removal of MB from an aqueous solution.



      AYANDOKUN, Esther Oluwafunmilayo, Ph.D

Abstract: This research work posits that there are family values that are cherished in each culture especially in Nigeria. Unfortunately, exposure to modernization and the influence of globalization are eroding many supposed cherished family values. Some teenagers on the pretense of accepting Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour are also guilty of some acts of disrespect and disobedience to their parents. Many teenagers deliberately turned down their parents instructions even when it has nothing to do with what the Bible prohibits. This research therefore investigates into what led to Pentecostalism, who are teenagers and how teenagers, parents, teachers at school and church with other guardians and older adults can help create an atmosphere where teenagers can be better behaved and at the same time be acceptable to God, their parents and others in the larger society.



      Gunathilaka T. M. A. U., Premasiri L. D. M.

Abstract: Mobile Computing seems to be a current trend in the world where many of the human needs are served by a single touch on the screen on a mobile device. Such services, facilitate through variety of mobile apps, have become a great effect on increasing the usage of mobile devices among the people in the world [1]. This addiction of utilization of mobile devices is because of the interest which is created in human mind through the technologies [1] applied within such apps and the advanced hardware and software features and capabilities rely on those particular devices. By having such a technology with advanced capabilities, still we are in a delay of using them in Education enhancement of the people. In this effort our focus was to deliver an interactive virtual mobile learning environment for the students to facilitate distance learning by embedding existing features and functionalities in Learning Management Systems which are popular in many of the educational firms for keeping a blended learning mode in the education [2, 3].



      Namal Anuradha, Dr. Jagath Munasinghe, Planner. Chathura de Silva

Abstract: As a collection of lively phenomenon city, life is dependent on series of factors which define the urban spatial structure also. Conventional urban planning typically takes the view that the classification of city activities as commercial, institutional, residential, public, etc. But understanding the urban space in the category of third spaces, gives that real meaning of the urban space. According to that classification there are three spaces as first (home), second (Work place) and third (Other) spaces in the urban environment. In urban planning the second space is the mostly concerned space. There are many different activity based locations and those can be identified within the category of ‘third spaces’, but the ones such as pubs, bars, cafes, special restaurants, brothel houses, illegal drug spots etc. are a special category that is generally regarded as ‘not­so­desired’ activities in a city but more functioning locations of the city. But this category of third spaces is not getting the attention of the urban planning activities.



      K J Yogesh, Md Rehan Desai

Abstract: As per standardized references definition of PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) is “An integrated information driven approach comprised of people, processes/practices & technology to all aspects of products life, from its design to manufacture, deployment & maintenance- culminating in the products removal from service & final disposal.” Due to the issues related to the inefficient production management in any enterprises it makes it essential to engineer & incorporate the knowledge of PLM in the production sites. Out of a wide knowledged body (PLM) some concepts are taken into consideration in our paper, like its importance, phases, product cannibalization & so on. The purpose of this paper is to provide a clear knowledge of what stages a product goes through starting from its appearance in the market, how companies are influenced in introducing updated version of their products, six-sigma & lean manufacturing methods, etc.



      Mubeena Muhammed, Dr.Sheeba R

Abstract: In this paper a design method for performance enhancement of Hydraulic Turbine Regulating System is proposed. A multi-objective Ant Colony Optimization algorithm is implemented to the PID controller of Hydraulic Turbine Regulatory System(HTRS).Multi-objective controller design method is differ from single-objective optimization and it has more than one objective functions. In this paper ISE and ITSE are chosen as two objective functions. Objective is to achieve shortest rise time and minimum overshoot simultaneously.



      Dr. Abdul Razak H. Al-nakash, Dr. Ferdous Ali Shehen

Abstract: Background: Transvaginal color Doppler has opened up exciting new possibilities for the better understanding of the physiology and pathophysiology of ovarian blood flow, resulting in a number of completely new diagnostic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome.



      JadhavAmitRajendra

Abstract: The train play a vital role in world i.e. mainly in transporting. The fuel used by train is getting increase in past few year because of population is reaching to its height, so how to utilize the natural energy for our needs. We see many vehicles use a alternator process for generation of electricity for their use, we can use this process of generation of electricity in train but in different manner so that every train single-single bogie can utilized this natural energy and also save the cost of fueland this energy is utilized for the safety of passengers in train and the suitable Automation features are helpful for the railway workers in train to manage the safety of train as well as passengers and also backup data.



      M. S. Rahman, M. H. Rahman, M. F. N. Chowdhary, M. S. Sultana and K. U. Ahmed

Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at the Research farm, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh, during the period from November 2011 to April 2012 to study the effect of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) and cowdung on growth, yield and proximate composition of brinjal (BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8). Experiment was comprised of 5 treatments with three replications. The highest plant height (80.11cm, 75.56 cm), branch per plant (16.47, 18.80), the lowest days to first flowering (70.47 days, 70.20 days), the highest number of fruit per plant (7.4, 20.47), weight of individual fruit (262.3 g, 70.99 g), yield per plant (1.938 kg, 1.452 kg) and yield per ha (41.03 tons, 30.73 tons) were recorded in T3 treatment for BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8 respectively. In BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8, the highest dry matter (7.59 %, 8.60 %), carbohydrate (3.46%, 4.07 %) and lipid (0.367 %, 0.425 %) were recorded in T1 whereas the highest crude fiber (2.15%, 2.34 %) and protein (1.323 %, 1.42 %) were obtained in T3 treatment and the highest ash content (0.337 %, 0.41 %) were found in T2 treatment. On dry weight basis, in BARI Begun-6 and BARI Begun-8, the highest amount of Zn (1.879 mg %, 1.903 mg %) and Na (36.50 mg 536.69 mg %) was recorded in T1 treatment whereas the highest P (272.6 mg %, 277.3 mg %), Ca (239.7 mg %, 235.4 mg %) and Fe (3.21 mg % 3.021 mg %) were found in T2 and the highest K (282.4 mg) and Mg (186.4 mg %, 186.9 mg %) were obtained in T3 treatment. The highest K (282.4 mg) in BARI Begun-6 was obtained in T3 treatment and in BARI Begun- 8, the highest amount K (288.3 mg %) was obtained in T2.



      Cleophas Ndiege Kaseya, Dr. Ephantus Kihonge

Abstract: The study was conceptualized with a view to addressing the following objectives: to assess the extent to which civic education influence public participation in County Governments; to assess the extent to which the provision of financial incentives influence public participation in County Governments and to assess the extent to which scheduling of forums affect public participation in County Governments. The study employed a survey design with a sample size of 240 beneficiaries, and 10 representatives of the government and civil society organizations. The sampling procedure used was purposive sampling technique. The study instruments used were questionnaires. For validity and reliability of the research instruments pilot study and test-retest were used. The data was coded and entered into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 20.From the findings of the study it was evident that civic education plays a major role on the effectiveness of public participation in the County Government.



      Esther Wanjiku Patrick, Dr. Assumptah Kagiri

Abstract: The study aimed at establishing the factors that affect sustainability of fish farming projects in public secondary schools in Kiambu County. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: to establish costs of inputs effect on sustainability of fish farming in public secondary schools in Kiambu County; technology effect on sustainability of fish farming projects in public secondary schools in Kiambu County; skills and training effect on sustainability fish farming projects in public secondary schools in Kiambu County and social-cultural factors effect on sustainability of fish farming projects in secondary schools in Kiambu County. The research used the descriptive survey approach.



      Eric Sullivan

Abstract: The values of mechanical, potential, and kinetic energy were found for each planet. The orbit of the planet was treated as an ellipse, producing two values- an aphelion and perihelion value. The data from “Equations for Planetary Orbits” was used as the “measured” values and the data from NASA was used as the accepted values. The percent error between the two values was between 0.1% and 0.9%. An adjustment to the equations in “Equations for Planetary Orbits” showed a decrease in this error.



      Diana Mbabazi , Dr. Julius Warren Kule, Dr. MbabazizeMbabazi

Abstract: The study entitled Effect of Change Management on the Performance of Road Construction Projects in Rwanda was carried to analyse the Change Management Practices in the Road Construction Projects in Rwanda and establish their relative effect on the Performance of such Projects in Rwanda. The fact that construction projects are continually confronting challenges to remain competitive and successful compels construction project managers to regularly re-evaluate their strategies, structures, policies, operations, processes and culture. Managing changes in such construction projects effectively is however a main challenge due to its massive activities and human involvement.



      Stephen Ginyera, Kule Julius Warren, Eugene Ndabaga

Abstract: This study focused on the effect of project monitoring on project success in educational non- governmental projects in Gasabo District, Rwanda. It examined the relationship between project monitoring and project success. This research used descriptive research design to establish the relationship between project monitoring and project success of Wellspring Foundation project.



      Krishna Kumar Kharwar

Abstract: Find out nth order root of any real number by division method



      Tum Kipruto Bensecilas, Dr. Kepha Andrew Ombui, Dr. Mike Iravo A

Abstract: Porter’s Five Forces model is a powerful management tool for analyzing the current industry profitability and attractiveness by using the outside perspective. The general objective of this study was to establish the influence of Porter’s five models on the performance of telecommunication companies in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific research objectives: to establish the influence of new entrants on the performance of telecommunication companies in Kenya; to determine how substitute products affect performance of telecommunication companies in Kenya; to establish the effect of bargaining power of suppliers on performance of telecommunication companies in Kenya and; to establish the effect of industry rivalry on the performance of telecommunication companies in Kenya.



      Fracier Wanjiku Nguru, Dr. Kepha Andrew Ombui, Dr. Mike Iravo

Abstract: The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of marketing strategies on the performance of Equity Bank. The study adapted a descriptive research design which was exploratory in nature to obtain qualitative information. The target population was customers of two branches of Equity Bank Westlands, Nairobi County. For the study, a questionnaire was the preferred instrument for data collection and before the study was conducted, the questionnaire was pre-tested to gauge its validity and reliability.



      Tipape, Samson Mpapayiai, Dr. Kepha Ombui

Abstract: The main aim of the study was be to establish the effects of Transformational leadership on Governance in Kajiado County Government.To capture the required information, the study was be guided by four specific objectives in determining how governance in Kajiado County government was affected by Individualized Considerations, Inspirational Motivation, Idealized Influence and Intellectual Stimulation. The general objective of this study was to assess the effects of transformative leadership on governance in Kajiado County government. Elected and appointed leaders in the Kajiado County Government continue to pursue their self-interest as opposed to County interest by agitating for better emoluments among others even when they are the most well paid public servants in the county.



      AberaTilahun, Zerihun Mohammed, and MelakuBekele

Abstract: Recurrent drought, the ultimate outcome of deforestation and degradation of resources, reduced access to grazing land and water, urbanization, and unwise mining affect the sustainability of enormous Dryland resources in Ethiopia. As a result, the Ethiopian government has initiated a number of projects including establishments of area exclosure and soil and water conservation.



      Shafiqul Islam

Abstract: Sociologists have again started meta-theoretical debates about their disciplines in terms of crisis, fundamental goals and purposes, cores and identities. The achievement of “objective knowledge” through this discipline was never beyond question. Hence, the articulation of “truth” through the scientific approaches applied in social science is also obscure to many extents. Of late, often both in academic and in public discussions we hear that truth is contingent on time, space and culture.



      Hilda Kanyua Bundi, Dr. Jane Omwenga

Abstract: Non-governmental organisations have since the colonial period played a major role in socio economic development in Kenya through designing and implementing projects as well as the actual provision of basic needs services to the disadvantaged groups in rural and urban areas. The main objective of this study was to determine the effect of financial planning on project deliverables of Non-Governmental Organizations. The study aimed at analyzing the financial planning that will lead to a better project deliverable of NGOs.



      Isaac Kiplagat Kurgat, Dr. Jane Omwenga

Abstract: Geothermal energy has been used for centuries throughout the world. Although geothermal energy is much more environmentally friendly than other types of energy production, there are still aspects of geothermal energy development that can have negative social, economic, and environmental impacts. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the Menengai Geothermal Development Project on the adjacent community. Specifically, the study sought to examine the effect of landscape alteration, environmental pollution, population change, and social responsibility activities associated with the project on the livelihood of adjacent communities.



      Prof.Sonali.M.Kankriya

Abstract: Concrete is traditionally a solid, substantial building material. It needs to makeover. Small buildings are replaced by high rise buildings and skyscraper. This arises one of the major problem in deriving natural light in building, due to obstruction of nearby structures. To overcome this problem, artificial sources are used to illuminate building, but artificial light leads to increase of heat level in the buildings. To evaluate the effectiveness of the smart transparent concrete, the present study aims at producing the concrete specimens by combining glass rods and optical fibers with different percentage and comparing it with the normal concrete. Two tests are carried out compressive test and light transmission test and cost comparisons are also done.



      GASHUGA DOREEN, Dr. Julius Warren Kule, Prof. NDABAGA Eugene

Abstract: This study entitled the effect of funds management on project performance in Rwanda. The general objective of this research is to assess the effect of funds management on project performance in Rwanda. Specific objectives were to analyse relationship between budgeting and project performance in Rwanda; to determine the influence of fundraising on project performance in Rwanda; to determine the effect of funds allocation on project performance in Rwanda; and to analyse the effect of funds control on project Performance in Rwanda. This research was a descriptive-correlational design and used both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The population of this study was 91 employees. Questionnaires were used in this study as data collection instruments. Descriptive statistics were used to determine frequencies and percentages of respondents, while regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to establish relationship between variables under study. The Statistical Packaging for Social Sciences version 16was used in this study. The researcher found that there is a positive relationship between funds allocation and project performance in Rwanda, there is a positive relationship between funds control and project performance in Rwanda, there is a positive relationship between budgeting and project performance in Rwanda, there is a positive relationship between fundraising and project performance in Rwanda. The study also found that the regression analysis equation is projects performance (Y) = -0.274 + 0.178* budgeting + 0.635* fundraising + 0.136* funds allocation + 0.583* funds control. This implies that the transition from managing projects requires more focus on budgeting, fund raising, funds allocation and funds control. Based from the discussion, it is concluded that, budgeting, fundraising, funds control and funds allocation plays a big role towards performance of the project. The techniques used during this process of budgeting are sup


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