International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications
Title: THE CONFLICT OF PHILOSOPHY
Author/s: RAWAA MAHMOUD HUSSAIN
I have been inquiring about the ongoing nature of human relations and wondering: Whether the conflict represents a fundamental value that determines the international relationships or is there a way to the possibility of human coexistence and world peace? Today, in my work, "The Conflict of Philosophy," I am trying to discover this idea in a new and different field, Philosophy.
This book has been written and designed to collect the philosophy and its history as a methodology of research to study the conflict of philosophy. It is started with an introduction to understanding Samuel Huntington's project of the Clash of Civilizations. It also maintains to search for the shadows and historical, social, cultural, scientific and religious extensions of this idea: Galileo Galilei (1564-1642): The message of science, the creation of the universe, Religion and life, the death of philosophy, and the turbulence of reason.
I have also started, in chapter 1, with the most prominent eras in philosophy, which is the era of Greek philosophy, represented by Socrates (470/469 - 399 BC), Plato (c. 427 - 347 BCE), and Aristotle (c. 384 - 322 BCE). In chapter 2, I moved directly to the modern philosophy stated by Francis Bacon (1561-1626) and Rene Descartes (1596-1650). Then, in chapter 3, I focused on Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679): The conflict of leviathan, Baruch Spinoza (1632-1677) and John Locke (1632-1704).
Chapter 4 gives an understating to the conflict of Enlightenment, with a concentration on Voltaire (1694-1778), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), and Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). While, Chapter 5 presents the shape of the conflict of Materialism and Idealism in the philosophy of G.W.F. Hegel (1770-1831): On Phenomenology of Spirit, Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872): in his Criticism of Religion and Hegelian Philosophy, Karl Marx (1818 - 1883): On Criticism of Idealism and Economic and Frederick Engels (1820-1895).
Nietzsche (1844-1900) and his philosophy 'Nihilism' is one of the philosophers that these books pay significant attention to them because he represents, in my understanding, one of the highest levels that philosophy has reached in its conflict. Concerning him, Chapter 7 exemplifies the type of conflict beyond Nihilism (or) Contemporary conflict, represented by Herbert Marcuse's Criticism of Industrial Society and Gianni Vattimo in his criticism of fundamentalism.
Finally, I had to find a way out of the conflict of philosophy. Therefore, I put a preliminary plan in chapter 8 by announcing that philosophers must bring to the attention of people the need to toleration, seeking knowledge, good morals, positive thinking, respecting the other, treatment of evil, and the value of time, etc.