Evaluation of Health Promotion Behaviors for Elderly Population at Geriatric Homes in Baghdad City Comparative Study

Anwar Jabbar, Mohammed F. Khalifa

Abstract


Study aims: To evaluate health promotion behaviors
for elderly population at Geriatric Homes in Baghdad City, to
compare between health promotion behaviors for elderly
population at public and private Geriatric Homes in Baghdad
City, and to determine the relationships between health
promotion behaviors for elderly Population and their
demographic characteristics of age, gender, education,
occupation and socioeconomic status.
Methodology: A descriptive Comparative design is carried
throughout the present study to evaluate health promotion
behaviors for elderly population at Geriatric Homes in Baghdad
City the period of October 22
nd
2015 to July 19
th
2016. Nonprobability
(purposive)
sample
of
(108)
older
adults
whose
age
is

65
years
old
and
over,
(54)
males
and
(54)
females,
(54)

participants
from
public
and
(54)
participants
from
private

Geriatric
Homes
are
selected
for
the
present
study.
Questionnaire

is
constructed
for
the
purpose
of
the
study.
It
includes
three
parts

socio-demographic
data,
general
information
and
health

promotion
behaviors
domains
which
include
physical
activity

domain,
dietary
patterns
domain,
drug
use
domain,
psychological

and
mental
well-being
domain
and
seeking
health
care
domain.

The
internal
consistency
reliability
of
the
questionnaire
is

determined
through
a
pilot
study
in
which
split-half
technique

and
Cronbach
alpha
correlation
coefficient
are
employed.

Content
validity
is
achieved
through
a
panel
of
(16)
experts.
Data

are
collected
throughout
the
utilization
of
the
constructed

questionnaire
and
interview
technique
as
means
of
data

collection.
Data
are
analyzed
through
the
application
of

descriptive
and
inferential
statistical
data
analysis
approaches.

Results: The study results indicate that the elderly at
geriatric homes have moderate health promotion behaviors of
physical activities, dietary patterns, psychological and mental
well-being, and health seeking domains, while they exhibit high
health promotion behaviors at the drug's use domain, and their
demographic data have no impact upon heath promotion
behaviors. Also, the study findings present that there is a
significant difference between the overall evaluation of health
promotion behaviors between the public and private geriatric
homes.
Conclusion: The study concludes that the elderly are
practicing moderate health promotion behaviors because of these
behaviors require a high degree of life style change and also it is
a complex behaviors. So, the elderly are not able to adhere
completely to such behaviors. Also, there is a difference in
elderly health promotion behaviors among those in public and
private homes and that is because of the differences in the levels

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