Out-migration and Poverty Reduction –Evidence from Northern Ghana

John Agyei, Nicholas Awuse, Patrick Tandoh

Abstract


Internal migration has been recognized to play crucial
role in overall welfare, particularly poverty reduction. Among
other things, the purpose of this paper is to find out which
variables accounts for poverty reduction efforts in Ghana
especially those that have implications for rural livelihood
diversification. The study used data obtained from primary
source in five key settlements of administrative and commercial
importance in Ghana and household members of out-migrants
from the Upper East Region. A structured questionnaire covering
pertinent issues related to migration and household poverty was
administered to them through interview. The sample size was
345 and snowball approach was adopted to reach the target group
in the selected metropolises. The study also employed factor
analysis to determine poverty reduction variables relating to
internal migration and its implications for socio-economic
development. It emerged that institutional, economic and sociocultural
factors
are
key
in
determining
the
ability
of
migration
to

contribute
towards
poverty
reduction.
It
is
concluded
that
internal

migration

for livelihood purposes is important as it enables
households to improve their living conditions in a sustained
manner.

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