Diversity of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs): A Provisioning Ecosystem Services among the Marwet Community, Ri-Bhoi District, Meghalaya

Mr. Suraj Sharma, Prof. Parthankar Choudhary, Dr. Narayan Chetry

Abstract


A natural ecosystem provides a wide range of goods
and services to human society and plays a vital role in sustaining
livelihood of the indigenous community. Non-Timber Forest
Products (NTFPs) is a good source of income especially for the
tribal communities. The objective of this study is to investigate
the diversity of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) in RaidMarwet

Region, Ri-bhoi district of Meghalaya, India. Data was
collected and analyzed from 36 trees, 46 herbs/shrubs/climbers
and 10 grass species, using a systematic sampling method
through laying quadrat along the transect of 100 m
2
for trees, 25
m
2
nested (sub) quadrat for counting herbaceous plants, and 1m

nested (sub) quadrat for counting grasses in three differentiated
study sites i.e. North Raid-Marwet (S1), South Raid-Marwet
(S2), and Nongthomai Garo community forest (S3-control). Five
different types of NTFPs are mainly extracted from the forest by
the tribes that include plant species for Ethno botanical use, fuelwood,

animal fodder, construction materials, and edible forest
products. The average Shannon-Wiener Index of Diversity (H′)
among the three different sites, were 2.488 (Control site3), 2.128
(Site 1), and 2.113 (Site2), indicating that Nongthamai Garo
community forest (control site3) has higher importance and
diversity values in comparison to the Site 1 and Site2. Rapid
deforestation due traditional shifting cultivation (site2), and hill
cutting (Site1) in the region have relatively affected the diversity
of NTFPs. Based on the study, it be inferred that the diversity of
NTFPs resources can be used as a measure for sustainable
management of the forest by involving and allowing the local
community to utilize the NTFPs rather than involving in timber
harvesting or conversion of existing forest land into other land
use forms.

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