IJSRP, Volume 11, Issue 5, May 2021 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Sanoj Kumar Karki
Globally there is an energy disparity that emanates from supply shortages of clean energy that is adequate to the growing population. Clean energy is vital for poverty eradication through social-economic development in a country. Nepal has not been an exemption in an energy crisis, despite the potential for generating, 2,100 MW of solar power and 3000 MW wind power which are eco-friendly and renewable sources of energy. Nepal, as a country, is a less developed economy, with more than 80% of the population residing in rural areas. This rural population depends on non-renewable energy sources, like traditional stoves and fuel woods, which are detrimental to the environment. Besides, fossil fuels in the country are imported, creating an economic burden on the country. Nepal has the potential to utilize solar energy as a sustainable energy source. However, this potential requires mitigation of anticipated challenges from the supply side. This research project will seek to develop recommendations for viable solar energy supply technologies by assessing and identifying possible limitations in the energy supply side; this includes analysis of solar concentrations technologies that affect the solar power output and reliability. The final report will be instrumental in developing solar thermal concentrations systems that are effective, efficient and reliable.