Babiker O. Mahgoub, Omima A. Mirghani, Sara A.E. Ali
The objectives of the study were to determine the optimum cropping pattern and assess the impact of some scenarios on farm income and resources use. The results of LP models revealed that the real cropping was different from the basic cropping pattern, the net farm income in the optimal models was over the current situation by 59.3%, most of the land was allocated to onion crop which was 8.68 feddans, followed by cotton crop which was 6.88 feddans, while sorghum and groundnuts entered in the optimal plan with small areas 1.74, and 0.92 feddans, respectively, wheat and chickpea did not enter in the optimal plan. In the real situation cotton, sorghum, and onion occupied about the same area 4 feddan, followed by wheat and chickpea, 3 feddan, and then groundnuts 2 feddan. Many scenarios were tried by developing the parameters of the free LP model to reflect a range of production options.