IJSRP, Volume 10, Issue 1, January 2020 Edition [ISSN 2250-3153]
Wicak Kunto Wibowo, Achsanuddin Hanafie, Muhammad Arshad, Akhyar Hamonangan Nasution
Introduction: Most surgeries require general anesthesia, where one of its complication is sore throat. Sore throat can reduce patient’s satisfaction and increase postoperative discomfort ranging from 17% to 76%. Some way to reduce this complication are to restrict physical trauma arising from instrumentation and airway manipulation.