THE IMPACT OF SPATIAL URBAN EXPANSION ON PERI- URBAN AGRICULTURAL LAND USING GIS AND REMOTE SENSING, HARAR CITY, ETHIOPIA
In developed and developing countries, Spatial Urban Expansion is a common phenomenon. It is associated with economic progression and urban centers are seen as engine of growth enhancing rural development by creating market for agricultural products and providing agricultural inputs for more productivity. However, in developing countries urban expansion are with negative Impacts.
The major factors contributing for rapid urban expansion in Ethiopia are higher natural population growth, rural to urban migration and spatial urban development. Harar city is one of the most expanding cities in the country. The main objectives of this study are to assess the impact of spatial expansion of Harar city on peripheral agricultural farming communities. This study has employed descriptive research design; the study had applied mix methods of both qualitative and quantitative approaches. household survey conducted on 146 households sampled thorough systematic sampling and non - random sampling techniques .method backed by tools such as open-ended interview closed ended questionnaires and focus group discussions while the secondary data was collected from different written and documented sources. Socio economic data was analyzing by SPSS software and also spatial data was analyzed using erdas2014 and arc gis10.1 software. For this study the populations were 3694 farmers that are already registered to take land certification since 2014. The sample size was 146 respondents. The result of the study indicated that urban expansion program around harar city was not participatory, people were not given awareness, and the dislocated households did not have opportunity to bargain in the determination of the amount and kinds of compensation and calculating the value of assets. The compensation package provided so far did not capacitate the dislocated farming community around the city. urban expansion, displacement and compensation program that may be proposed in the future needs to adequately aware and involve the community and compensation should be revised both in kind and amount involving skill development and other training and follow up.
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